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Argentiera della Nurra Mine, Sassari, Sassari Province, Sardinia, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Argentiera della Nurra MineMine
Sassari- not defined -
Sassari ProvinceProvince
SardiniaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera Argentiera della Nurra, Sassari, Provincia di Sassari, Sardegna, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 44' 30'' North , 8° 8' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.74167,8.14750
GeoHash:G#: spjzc2uc6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Palmadula375 (2014)3.6km
Monte Forte148 (2014)9.8km
La Corte151 (2014)11.1km
Pozzo San Nicola145 (2016)13.3km
Santa Maria la Palma133 (2014)13.8km


Syngenetic submarine exhalative mineralization (Ni-Co-As-Sb-Fe-Pb) and late Hercynian Pb-Zn-Ag-Sb veins cutting the Palaeozoic basement, located along the northwestern coast of Sardinia in the historical district of Nurra.
A stratiform sub-paragenesis (willyamite, galena, jamesonite, pyrite, marcasite, and ullmannite) exists in the basement, in connection with Silurian graphite-siderite-phyllite black shale facies.

The Pb-Zn-Ag-Sb deposit was known to the Ancient Romans, as some artifacts (fibulae and weapons), found by Alberto La Marmora [Alberto Ferrero della Marmora] in ancient mining works, demonstrate (La Marmora, 1860; Ottelli, 1997). Ag-bearing galena was also exploited during the Middle Ages by the Pisans, as demonstrated by a document dated 1131, in which Judge Gonario II of Torres gave one half of Monte dell'Argentiera to the Primatial church of Santa Maria Maggiore (the Cathedral) of Pisa. In more recent times, exploitation rights were granted to Marquise Caterina Angela Tola di San Saturnino in 1867, Société Anonime Minière et Metallurgique Sardo-Belge (1870-1872), Company L. De Laminne of Liège (1872-1873), Compagnia Generale delle Miniere (1874-1889) and Società di Correboi [later taken over by the French company Peñarroya] (1890-1963). Argentiera mine, during the recent exploitation period (almost 100 years), was one of the most important Sardinian mines for silver extraction from lead ore (Ruju, 1996; Fadda, 1997). The main mineralised vein, which cropped out at Miniera Vecchia (to the south of Argentiera village) and La Plata (to the east), dips 45° W with an average width of 5-15 m. Underground workings reached the depth of 500 m below the surface, i.e. 365 m b.s.l.

Over 40 mineral species have been described from the main deposit, various prospecting excavations, and old dumps (Barelli, 1835; Jervis, 1881; Lovisato, 1902; Del Caldo et al., 1973; Mariani & Scaini, 1978; Venerandi Pirri, 1992; Fadda, 1997; Orlandi & Gelosa, 2007). A series of mineral crusts and speleothems currently forming in the abandoned tunnels and shafts of the Pb-Zn-As-Sb mine have been recently sampled and analysed (Ara et al., 2013). Over 20 crystalline phases have been determined, among which many sulphates (baryte, copiapite, epsomite, gypsum, jarosite, melanterite, metavoltine, and sideronatrite) and carbonates (aragonite, calcite, dypingite, giorgiosite, hydromagnesite, and hydrozincite). Also pseudoboleite, hematite, akaganeite, goethite, lepidocrocite, and todorokite have been found. The most interesting paragenesis (akaganeite, dypingite, giorgiosite, and hydromagnesite) has been discovered on a nail that has given both iron and magnesium necessary to the mineral formation.

Note: Some authors have erroneously included "tantalite" in the list of minerals from Argentiera della Nurra mine, probably in consequence of a misinterpretation of the general assertion of Lovisato (1898) about the presence of tantalite in quartz veins in the Palaeozoic basement between Capo dell’Argentiera and Capo Falcone. However, the real locality reported by Lovisato is Istintino (nowadays Stintino) [see: http://www.mindat.org/loc-266063.html].

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia PlatePlate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


67 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Feldspar Group'
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Giorgiosite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Willyamite
Formula: (Co,Ni)SbS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Willyamite2.EB.25(Co,Ni)SbS
Group 3 - Halides
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dypingite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Giorgiosite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4(Co,Ni)SbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dypingite16b.7.2.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Giorgiosite16b.7.2.2Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
C GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MassicotPbO
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mg GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
KPotassium
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
CoCobalt
Co Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb MassicotPbO

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3186397
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Barelli V. (1835): Cenni di statistica mineralogica degli Stati di S.M. il Re di Sardegna, ovvero Catalogo ragionato della raccolta formatasi presso l'Azienda Generale dell'Interno. Tipografia Giuseppe Fodratti, Torino, 686 pp.
- La Marmora A. [Della Marmora A.; Ferrero della Marmora A.] (1860): Itinéraire d’île de Sardaigne pour faire suite au voyage en cette contrée. Fratelli Bocca, Torino, Vol. 1 (619 pp.) + Vol. 2 (603 pp.).
- Sella Q. (1871): Sulle condizioni dell’industria mineraria nell’isola di Sardegna. Relazione alla Commissione parlamentare d’inchiesta. Tipogr. Eredi Botta, Firenze, 125 pp.
- Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
- Lovisato D. (1898): Notizia sopra alcune specie minerali nuove per la Sardegna. Rend. R. Accad. Lincei, Classe sci. fis. mat. nat., ser. 5, 7, 1, 246-250.
- Lovisato D. (1902): La bournonite nella miniera della Argentiera della Nurra (Portotorres, Sardegna). Rend. R. Accad. Lincei, Classe sci. fis. mat. nat., ser. 5, 11, 2, 357-361.
- Dana 6:A2:19.
- Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
- Mariani P., Scaini G. (1978): I minerali d'Italia. Compagnia Generale Editoriale, Milano, 574 pp.
- Venerandi Pirri I. (1992): Willyamite from the Pb-Zn-Ag-Sb deposit of Argentiera, Nurra, NW Sardinia. Eur. Journ. Mineral., 4, 395-397.
- Ruju S. (1996): L’Argentiera. Storia e memoria di una borgata mineraria in Sardegna 1864-1963. Casa Editrice Franco Angeli Storia, Milano, 416 pp.
- Fadda A.F. (1997): Siti minerari in Sardegna. Ambiente e riutilizzo dopo l’abbandono. Coedisar, Cagliari, 208 pp.
- Ottelli L. (1997): L’Argentiera. Il giacimento, la miniera, gli uomini. Casa Editrice Gallizzi, Sassari, 103 pp.
- Carmignani L., Oggiano G., Barca S., Conti P., Salvadori I., Eltrudis A., Funedda A., Pasci S. (2001): Geologia della Sardegna. Note
illustrative della Carta Geologica in scala 1 : 200.000. Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. It., LX, Servizio Geologico d’Italia, Roma, 283 pp.
- Orlandi P., Gelosa, M. (2007): Argentiera della Nurra. I minerali di alterazione della miniera di sfalerite e galena argentifera. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 31, (1), 22-31.
- Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.


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