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Belton Quarry, East Stone Gap, Wise Co., Virginia, USAi
Regional Level Types
Belton QuarryQuarry
East Stone GapGap
Wise Co.County

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 51' 54'' North , 82° 44' 9'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.86499,-82.73582
GeoHash:G#: dnt1tr1d5
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
Big Stone Gap5,614 (2014)2.1km
Appalachia1,671 (2017)6.2km
Norton3,939 (2017)12.2km
Keokee416 (2011)15.0km
Wise3,119 (2017)18.8km

Located near East Stone Gap.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

4 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Virginia Minerals Vol 29. No 2:
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Strontianite is calcian.
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:170.; Virginia Minerals Vol 29. No 2:
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Virginia Minerals Vol 29. No 2:
Formula: SrCO3
Description: Strontianite is calcian.
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:170.; Virginia Minerals Vol 29. No 2:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification


List of minerals for each chemical element

C StrontianiteSrCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
S CelestineSrSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

251.902 - 541 Ma

ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

419.2 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 2903995
Hancock, Rose Hill, and Clinch Formations

Age: Silurian (419.2 - 443.8 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Hancock Formation; Rose Hill Formation; Clinch Formation

Description: Hancock Formation (Keith, 1896). Dolomite, limestone, and sandstone. Dolomite, locally calcareous, locally siliceous, light-olive-gray and light-to dark-gray, aphanic to fine-grained, finely-laminated to massive-bedded, locally stromatolitic and vuggy. Lime stone, medium- to dark-gray and bluish-gray, aphanic to fine-grained, laminated to thickbedded, ribbon-banded, mottled, locally emits petroliferous odor when broken. Sandstone, locally calcareous, generally quartzose, medium-grained to pebbly and conglomeratic locally at base of formation; and fine- to medium-grained sandstone locally interbedded with limestone. The formation grades from dolomite with minor limestone and a basal sandstone in southwestern Lee County (Cayuga Dolomite of Miller and Fuller, 1954) to limestone with an underlying or interbedded dolomite with sandstone partings, and a basal sandstone to the northeast and east (Harris and Miller, 1958; Miller and Roen, 1971). The Hancock Formation ranges from 75 to 225 feet in thickness and correlates with the Tonoloway Limestone. Rose Hill Formation . Refer to description under Skrt. Clinch Formation (Safford, 1856). Quartzarenite and shale. Quartzarenite, very-light gray, olive-gray, and brownish- gray with local grayish-red beds, very-fine-grained to very-coarse-grained with local conglomeratic zones, thin- to thick-bedded with thin, green ish-gray and dark-gray shale beds and partings in upper part. Shale, light-olive-gray to gray ish-green; with thin, very fine- to fine-grained sandstone interbeds in the lower one-third to one-quarter of the unit. Erosional unconformity at base of unit identified in northern Lee County (Mill er and Roen, 1973). The Clinch Formation ranges from 220 to 330 feet in thickness. The Division of Mineral Resources uses the name Clinch Formation for exposures in Lee, Wise, and Scott counties where the lower Silurian rocks include the lower Hagan Shale Member and the upper Poor Valley Ridge Sand stone Member. The name Tuscarora Formation is used for the lower Silurianquartzitic sandstone unit in all areas northward in the Valley and Ridge of Virginia, including the Clinch Mountain area where the name Clinch Formation was first used, because of similarity between the Tuscarora and the rocks on Clinch Mountain. In the past many geologists used the name Clinch Sandstone in the southern part of the Valley and Ridge of Virginia and the name Tuscarora Formation in the northern part of the Valley and Ridge of Virginia (Butts, 1940) for essentially the same group of quartzitic sandstones. Dennison and Boucot (1974) and Mill er (1976) described the facies change of the lower Silurian Clinch Sandstone of Southwest Virginia from quartzitic sandstones in the Clinch Mountain belt in Scott and Wise Counties to sandstones and shales in the Lee, southwestern Wise, and western Scott counties area.

Comments: Appalachian Plateaus and Valley and Ridge Original map source: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{limestone,dolostone,shale}, Minor:{sandstone,conglomerate,siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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Rocks & Min.:60:170.
Virginia Minerals Vol 29. No 2:

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