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Berkeley pit, Butte, Butte District (Summit Valley District), Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 0' 0'' North , 112° 31' 60'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.00000,-112.53333
GeoHash:G#: c2pvxnp9r
Locality type:Pit
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


A copper property owned by Anaconda. The Berkeley Pit consumed these mines during its operation: Rarus Mine, Moonlight Mine (?), Berkeley Mine, Pennsylvainia Mine, Anaconda Mine, South Shaft of The Anaconda Mine, Ramsdell, Parrot Mine, Mountain View Mine, Leonard Mine, Colusa Mine, Never Sweat Mine, East Colusa Mine, Tramway Mine, Dutton Mine, and the Silver Bow Mine. This is not a complete listing.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Berkeley Pit, Butte, Montana

Regions containing this locality

Rocky Mountains, North America

Mountain Range - 2,037 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

67 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Apatite'
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mining Ann. Review(1985):55.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Colusite (TL)
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
Reference: Can Min 19 (1981), 423; Roberts et al., "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1974; Dana 7:I:387.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'commodity:Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Natrojarosite ?
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Daniel C. Evanich specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'Quartz-monzonite'
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33:1
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Betekhtinite'2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Colusite' (TL)2.CB.30Cu12VAs3S16
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Djurleite'2.BA.05Cu31S16
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Goldfieldite'2.GB.05Cu10Te4S13
'Luzonite'2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stromeyerite'2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Wittichenite'2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
'Wurtzite'2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hübnerite'4.DB.30MnWO4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rhodochrosite'5.AB.05MnCO3
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Antlerite'7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Boothite'7.CB.35CuSO4 · 7H2O
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Coquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natrojarosite' ?7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Römerite'7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
'Szomolnokite'7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
'Voltaite'7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
'Wulfenite'7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beraunite'8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Hinsdalite'8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Vivianite'8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Pyrophyllite'9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Rhodonite'9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
'Sepiolite'9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Quartz-monzonite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite (TL)3.1.1.1Cu12VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6Cu10Te4S13
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Boothite29.6.10.2CuSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Natrojarosite ?-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Psilomelane'-
'Quartz-monzonite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HübneriteMnWO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
S BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ColusiteCu12VAs3S16
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu12VAs3S16
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CuCopper
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Cu BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ColusiteCu12VAs3S16
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ColusiteCu12VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Calabrian
0 - 1.806 Ma



ID: 2864433
Gravel

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 1.806 Ma)

Description: Variable deposits that range from pebble to boulder size and include sand, silt, and clay. Dominantly alluvial terrace, abandoned channel and floodplain, remnant alluvial fan, and local glacial outwash.

Lithology: Major:{gravel}, Minor:{sand,silt,clay}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Holocene - Pleistocene
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2073258
Surficial deposits

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: alluvium, fan gravel, terrace gravel, landslide deposits, travertine, till, glacial lake deposits, outwash deposits

Lithology: Sand, gravel

Reference: Zientek, M.L., P.D. Derkey, R.J. Miller, J.D. Causet et al. Spatial Databases for the Geology of the Northern Rocky Mountains - Idaho, Montana, and Washington. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1235 Version 1.0. [25]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187684
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 387.
Guilbert and Zeihen (1964), The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana.
Roberts et al. (1974), "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.
Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 423.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 55.
Mineralogial Record (2002): 33: 1.
Mercer, C.N. & Reed, M.H. (2013): Porphyry Cu-Mo Stockwork Formation by Dynamic, Transient Hydrothermal Pulses: Mineralogic Insights from the Deposit at Butte, Montana. Economic Geology 108, 1347-1377.
Mercer, C.N., Reed, M.H. and Mercer, C.M. (2015): Time scales of porphyry Cu deposit formation: insights from titanium diffusion in quartz. Economic Geology 110, 587-602.

Localities in this Region
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