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Hillgrove, Sandon Co., New South Wales, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Hillgrove- not defined -
Sandon Co.County
New South WalesState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 34' 3'' South , 151° 54' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.56759,151.90643
GeoHash:G#: r6s40eqfu
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Armidale22,673 (2017)24.2km
Lower Creek189 (2013)38.3km
Guyra1,990 (2016)45.2km
Ebor160 (2015)46.2km


A sediment hosted syn-orogenic lode gold deposit also known as a shallow mesothermal deposit (Au-Sb +/-W-Ag sub-type).

The area near Hillgrove has over 200 old mines and workings centred on NW-NNW trending faults and shears; although some of the larger structures trend E-W. The lodes are mostly hosted in a 2 x 5km block of meta-sedimentary rocks of the Anaiwan terrane; although some granite-hosted structures occur in the north of the field. The field has mainly been worked for its gold and antimony contents although most lodes contain some tungsten. The mining of tungsten has been restricted to a few minor lodes in the NW of the field; generally during times of war.

Most of the gold is held cryptically in pyrite and arsenopyrite with typical grades of 2-7ppm but local enrichment sometimes exceeded 200ppm.

The deposits were first discovered in 1887 and mining commenced several years later, the area was almost continuously mined up until 2001. ~1.6M ounces (~50 tonnes) of gold, ~150k tonnes of antimony metal and ~1,700 tonnes of scheelite mineral have been produced from the area or are current resources.

Hillgrove is located 30 km East of Armidale.


Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
New England Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Woolomin Province, New England Orogen, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L. (1990) Occurrence and significance of aurosibite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Vol. 12, pp. 539-551.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Judy Rowe collection
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mackinawite ?
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Melnikovite'
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Alan Melbourne collection, http://www.mindat.org/article.php/2151/Metastibnite+from+Hillgrove+NSW+Australia
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Owyheeite ?
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Silica'
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/article.php/2151/Metastibnite+from+Hillgrove+NSW+Australia
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Barron, L.M. Dr. (1983) Sediments, hydrothermal cherts and aplites from the Uralla & Hillgrove areas. Geological Survey of New South Wales - unpublished Petrological Report 83/17, GS1983/252.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Jamesonite ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Mackinawite ?2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Owyheeite ?2.HC.35Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite ?2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Owyheeite ?3.5.10.1Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O HematiteFe2O3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S StibniteSb2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S CinnabarHgS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As RealgarAs4S4
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
SbAntimony
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb AntimonySb
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 794593
Hillgrove Monzogranite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Hillgrove Monzogranite

Description: Biotite monzogranite; commonly foliated S-type biotite granitoids commonly with blue quartz, minor amphibole, garnet and graphite

Comments: igneous felsic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3191148
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Comments: New England Fold Belt

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Carpenter, C.W. (1897) The Mines of New South Wales. George Robertson and Co. Melbourne, 548 pages.
Andrews, E.C. (1900) Report on the Hillgrove Gold-Field. New South Wales Geological Survey-Mineral Resources 8, 44 pages.
Popescu, M. (1984) Mineragraphy of rocks from Hillgrove. Geological Survey of New South Wales - Unpublished Mineralogical Report 1984/25, Geological Survey Report GS 1984/214.
Henley, H.F., Cameron, R.G. (1985) Contributory notes on the geology and mineralisation of the Hillgrove-Metz mining field near Armidale, northern N.S.W. New South Wales Geological Survey Report, GS1985/024.
Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L. (1990) Occurrence and significance of aurostibnite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 12, 539-551.
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L., Kent, A.J.R. (1994) Shoshonitic lamprophyre dykes and their relation to mesothermal Au- Sb veins at Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Lithos, 32, 249-272.
Ashley, P.M., Creagh, C.J., Ryan, C.G. (2000) Invisible gold in ore and mineral concentrates from the Hillgrove gold-antimony deposits, NSW, Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 35, 285-301.
Simpson, C. (2010) Gold, antimony & arsenic trends in the Syndicate Deposit, Hillgrove. New England Orogen 2010, 314.

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