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Birchtree Mine, Thompson, Moab-Setting Lakes area, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 42' 7'' North , 97° 55' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.70222,-97.92472
GeoHash:G#: ccfkgsm2u
Owned/operated by:Vale SA
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Underground nickel mine.
Originally opened in 1965 until 1978 when it was put in "standby" until 1988. The mine reopened again in 1989.

In 2017 the mine was closed again and put on care & maintenance.

Operated by Vale Inco.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Reference:  
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Daniel Layton-Matthews, C. Michael Lesher, O. Marcus Burnham, Janice Liwanag, Norman M. Halden, Larry Hulbert, and David C. Peck (Date Modified: 2008-08-26) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny Magmatic Ni-Cu-Platinum-Group Element Deposits of the Thompson Nickel Belt. Geological Survey of Canada; Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Daniel Layton-Matthews, C. Michael Lesher, O. Marcus Burnham, Janice Liwanag, Norman M. Halden, Larry Hulbert, and David C. Peck (Date Modified: 2008-08-26) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny Magmatic Ni-Cu-Platinum-Group Element Deposits of the Thompson Nickel Belt. Geological Survey of Canada; Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Daniel Layton-Matthews, C. Michael Lesher, O. Marcus Burnham, Janice Liwanag, Norman M. Halden, Larry Hulbert, and David C. Peck (Date Modified: 2008-08-26) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny Magmatic Ni-Cu-Platinum-Group Element Deposits of the Thompson Nickel Belt. Geological Survey of Canada
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Westerveldite
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Co)As
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; I. S. Oen, E. A. J. Burke and C. Kieft (1977) Westerveldite from Igdlúnguaq, Ilímaussaq Alkaline Massif, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 41:77-83.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Maucherite'2.AB.15Ni11As8
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tellurobismuthite'2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Westerveldite'2.CC.15(Fe,Ni,Co)As
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Westerveldite-(Fe,Ni,Co)As

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
TeTellurium
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3

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