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Camp Bird Mine, Camp Bird, Sneffels District (Sneffels - Red Mountain District; Mount Sneffels District), Ouray, Ouray District, San Juan Mts, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 58' 11'' North , 107° 43' 33'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.96972,-107.72583
GeoHash:G#: 9wg2h8hmw
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


A former Au-Zn-Ag-Pb-Cu mine located in sec. 35, T43N, R8W, NMM, 0.3 km (0.2 mile) S of Camp Bird (town) and 2.7 km (1.7 miles) NW of Hayden Mountain (Hayden Mountain South) (coordinates of record), about 6 miles South of Ouray, on private (patented) land within a National Forest. Discovered by Thomas F. Walsh in 1896. Owned by the Federal Resources Corp. (100.00%), Utah (1992). Operated 1900 to 1990. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 10 meters.

NOTE: The Yale Peabody GNIS database provides three sets of coordinates for this mine based on the levels that have tunnels exiting the mountain plus a set of coordinates for the populated place (town). NOTE: The USGS MRDS database provides 2 additional file numbersd as relevent to this mine. In fact, they pertain to another Camp Bird Mine in another county.

Mineralization is a polymetallic replacement deposit. The main ore body is the Camp Bird vein, with replacement ore bodies on three other veins. The ore body strikes E00W and dips 70S at a thickness of 2.5 meters, a depth-to-top of 300 meters, a width of 380 meters, and a length of 2,000 meters. It is a tabular, fissure vein replacement body. The primary mode of origin is hydrothermal. Secondary mode was lithology. Wallrock alteration is moderate (propylitic, intermediate argillic and advanced argillic). Local rocks include pre-ash-flow andesitic lavas, breccias, tuffs, and conglomerates.

Workings include extensive underground openings with a length of 7,200 meters and an overall depth of 248 meters.

Production information: Produced about 1.5 million Troy ounces of Au to 1990. Also produced 4 million Troy ounces of Ag.

Reserves and resources data: Type In-situ; Estimate year: 1980 ; demonstrated 77,095 mettric tons of ore; measured 77,095 metric tons of ore; total resources: 77,095 metric tons of ore. Ag: 133.000000 grams/metric ton (1980); Au 3.200000 grams/metric ton (1980 ).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Camp Bird Mine, Ouray, Sneffels District (Mount Sneffels District), Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
Camp Bird Mine

Regions containing this locality

Rocky Mountains, North America

Mountain Range - 2,059 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


48 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:140-141;71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min: 62:9, 64:140-141, 65:114-149, 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: cubes; cubo-octehedra
Colour: pale to intense green: colorless; pale lavender
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:704; 64:140-141; 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min: 23:704; 62:9; 64:140-141; 65:114-149; 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:140-141.; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min.: 23:704; 62:9; 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).; 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 298-310; 71:168-169
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141; 65:114-149; 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Japan law twins, scepters
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64:140-141; 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Description: found on levels 5-7 of the east campbird workings.
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141; 65:114-149;1:168-169; 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388; Rocks & Min.: 23:704; 62:9; 64:140-141; 65:114-149; 71:168-169; Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):388 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9, 64:140-141 & 65:114-149).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
'Wad'
Reference: Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901) A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bull 182
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hübnerite'4.DB.30MnWO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Ferrimolybdite'7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Wad-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O UraniniteUO2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene - Eocene
5.333 - 56 Ma



ID: 3190650
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 56 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: San Juan Mountains

Comments: Southern Rocky Mountains

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Rupelian - Priabonian
28.1 - 37.8 Ma



ID: 2786229
Pre-ash-flow andesitic lavas, breccias, tuffs, and conglomerates

Age: Paleogene (28.1 - 37.8 Ma)

Description: Includes several named units

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., 1992, The Digital Geologic Map of Colorado in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-0507, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{andesite}, Minor:{volcanic,conglomerate,igneous}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cross, W., and Purrington, C.W. (1899), Telluride Folio, Colorado, USGS Geologic Atlas, Folio No. 57, 19 pp.
Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1901), A report on the economic geology of the Silverton quadrangle, Colorado. USGS Bulletin 182, 265 pp.
Cross, W., et al (1905), Silverton Folio, Colorado, USGS Geologic Atlas, Folio No. 120, 34 pp.
Irving, J.D. (1905), Ore Deposits of the Ouray District, Colorado, USGS Bulletin 260: 50-77.
Bastin, E.S. (1923), Silver Enrichment in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USGS Bulletin 735-D: 65-129.
Spurr, J.E. (1925), The Campbird Compound Veindike, Economic Geology: vol ?: 115-152.
Burbank, W.S. (1930), Revision of Geologic Structure and Stratigraphy in the Ouray District of Colorado, and Its Bearing on Ore Deposition, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 12(6): 151-232.
Collins, G.E. (1931), Localization of Ore Bodies at Rico and Re___ Mountains, Colorado, as Conditioned by Geologic Structure History, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 12(12): 407-424.
------ (1933), Ore Deposits in the Central San Juan Mountains, Colorado, in Ridge J.D., editor, Ore Deposits of the United States, A.I.M.E., Graton-Sales Volumes, Chapter 33, Volume 1, 1880 pp.
------ (1933), The Western San Juan Mountains, in Colorado: 1st. International Geol. Congress Guidebook 19: 34-63.
------ (1933), Vein Systems of the Arrastre Basin and Regional Geologic Structure of the Silverton and Telluride Quadrangle, Colorado: Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 13(5): 135-214.
Cross, W., and Larsen, E.S. (1935), A Brief Review of the Geology of the San Juan Region of Southwestern Colorado, USGS Bulletin, 189 pp.
Moehlman, R.S. (1936), Ore Deposition South of Ouray, Colorado, Geology: 31: 377-397, 488-504.
------ (1940), Structural Control of Ore Deposition in the Uncompahgre District, Ouray County, Colorado, USGS Bulletin 960-E: 189-265.
------ (1941), Structural Control of Ore Deposition in the Sneffels and Telluride Districts of the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 14(5).
Kelley, V.C. (1946), Geology, Ore Deposits and Mines of the M Point, Poughkeepsie, and Upper Uncompahgre Districts, Ouray, San Juan, and Hinsdale Counties, Colorado, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 14(7): 287-466.
Kelly, V. C., and Silver C. (1946), Stages and Epochs of Mineralization in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, as Shown at the Dunmore Mine, Ouray County, Colorado, Economic Geology: 41: 159.
Burbank, Wilbur Swett, et al (1947), The San Juan Region, in Vand, J.W., editor, Mineral Resources of Colorado, State of Colorado Mineral Resources Board.
Varnes, D.J. (1947), Recent Developments on the Black Bear Vein, San Miguel County, Colorado, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 15: 135-1__.
Rocks & Minerals (1948): 23: 704.
Bejnar, W. (1949), Lithologic Control of Ore Deposits in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado: Compass: 26: 117-130.
------ (1950), Problems of Wallrock Alteration in Shallow Envirionments, in Van Tuyl and Kuhn, editors, Applied Geology, Colorado School of Mines Quarterly: 45 (1B): 287-3__.
King, W. H., and P. T. Allsman (1950), Reconnaissance of Metal Mining in the San Juan Region, Ouray, San Juan and San Miguel Counties, Colorado, U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular IC7554: 25-26.
------ (1951), The Sunnyside, Ross Basin, and Bonita Fault Systems and Their Associated Ore Deposits, San Juan County, Colorado, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings: 13(7): 285-304.
Larsen, Jr., Esper S., and Cross, W. (1956), Geology and Petrology of the San Juan Region, Southwestern Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 258.
Kottlowski, F.E., editor (1957), Guidebook to the Geology of the Southwestern San Juan Mountains, Colorado, New Mexico Geo. 8th. Field Conference Guidebook: 102-207, 217-221.
------ (1960), Silverton, Colorado, in Relation of Ore Deposit Doming in North American Cordillera, Geological Society of America Memorandum:
Burbank, Wilbur Swett (1960), Pre-ore Ptopylization, Silverton Caldera, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 400-B, Short Papers in the Geological Sciences: B12-B13.
Burbank, Wilbur Swett and Luedke Robert G. (1961), Origin and Evolution of Ore Forming Solutions, Silverton Caldera, San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 424-C: C7-C11.
Luedke, R.G., and Burbank, W.S. (1962), Geology of the Ouray Quadrangle, Colorado, USGS Geologic Quadrangle 152, 1 inch to 5280 feet.
------ (1963), Tertiary Volcanic Stratigraphy in the Western San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 475C: C39-C44.
------ (1964), Revised Tertiary Volcanic Sequence in the Central San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 475-D: D54-D63.
------ (1966), Geologic Map of the Telluride Quadrangle, Southern Colorado, USGS Geologic Quadrangle map GQ 504, 1:24000.
------ (1968), Geology and Ore Deposits of the Western San Juan Mountains, Colorado, in Ridge, J.D., editor, Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, (Graton-Sales Volumes): Chapter 3, Volume 1, 1880 pp.
------ (1968), Volcanism and Cauldron Development in the Eastern San Juan Mountains, Colorado, Colorado School of Mines Quarterly: 63: 175-208.
Baars, D.L.,and See, P.D. (1968), Pre-Pennsylvanian Stratigraphy Paleotectonics of the San Juan Mountains, Southwestern Colorado, Geological Society of America Bulletin: 79: 333-349.
------ (1970), Geology and Ore Deposits of Eureka and Adjoining Districts, San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 535, 73 pp.
Lipman, P.W. et al (1970), Volcanic History of the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, as indicated by Potassium-Argon DAting, Geological Society of America Bulletin: 81: 2329-2352.
Gentry, Don W. (1975), Lead and Zinc Deposits in Colorado and Wyoming, U.S. Bureau of Mines Contract G0264005, 201 pp.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Yearbook (1988) - Zinc: 9.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 388.
Rocks & Minerals (1989): 64: 140-141.
Rocks & Minerals (1990): 65: 114-149;
Rocks & Minerals (1995): 70(5): 298-310.
Rocks & Minerals (1996): 71: 168-169.
Eckels, E. B. (1997), Minerals of Colorado.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10240569.
New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts (2009).
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0080910005.
------, Geology and Ore Deposits of the South Silverton Mining District, San Juan County, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 378-A: A1-A_.
-------, Analysis of Plastic Deformation According to Von Mis Theory with Application to the South Silverton Area, San Juan County, Colorado, USGS Professional Paper 378-B, 49 pp.
Federal Resources 1980 Annual Report: 2.
USGS Geologic Atlas, Ouray Folio, Colorado, Folio No. 153, 20 pp.


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