Black Queen Mine, Yudnamutana District, Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station) , North Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||30° 10' 37'' South , 139° 17' 0'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-30.17694,139.28333|
|Köppen climate type:||BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate|
A copper mine located 140 metres southeast of the Yudnamutana smelters. The deposit is associated with the actinolitic marble of the Wywyana Formation that has a north-south trend along the western boundary of Arkaroola. There are two properties, the western workings mentioned above are the "Block Lode" workings and the "Eastern workings" that lie 360 metres further to the southeast. The orebodies were originally mined between 1899 and 1904. In 1914 they were taken up by the Flinders Copper Mining Company and a small amount of ore was extracted up to 1917.
H.Y.L. Brown - 1908, notes from a visit in 1902 " A lode formation, about 12ft. wide, containing small veins of green and blue carbonates of copper, has yielded some rich ore" His description of the mines is that they were "crude and unminerlike" simply following the ore and not using the standard shaft and cross-cut method.
10 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
635 - 720 Ma
Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)
Stratigraphic Name: Callanna Group
Description: Siltstone, locally carbonaceous; sandstone, locally stromatolitic, ripple marks, halite casts, heavy mineral lamination; carbonates; evaporites; basalt, minor acid and intermediate volcanics.
Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia).