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Kit Hill United Mines (incl. Kit Hill Great Consols), Callington, Stokeclimsland, Cornwall, England, UK

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 31' 9'' North , 4° 17' 36'' West (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Primarily exploited for Cassiterite and Wolframite as late as the first world war, the hill has been mapped and is said to contain up to 1000 shafts, pits and other trials for minerals.

One of the final trials was the Excelsior mine tunnel see the separate entry.

Regions containing this locality

Devon and Cornwall metalliferous mining district, England, UK

Mining District - 752 mineral species & varietal names listed

Callington and Tavistock Mining District, Cornwall/Devon, England, UK

Mining District - 213 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Steve Rust collection
'Apatite'
Reference: BMS Database
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 105 pp.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: BMS Database
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Collection Richard De Nul
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Collected Jan 2005.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Richard De Nul collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: M. Kieron collection
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: BMS Database
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386; Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Löllingite'2.EB.15aFeAs2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Varlamoffite'4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Ferrimolybdite'7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Bertrandite'9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnataseTiO2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

Localities in this Region
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UK

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