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Beck Mine [1] (Beck deposits; Kingston Iron deposit; Iron Gossam; Beck Mine; Gossan No. 1; 2 & 5 claims), Kingston Peak, Kingston Range District, Kingston Range, San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Beck Mine [1] (Beck deposits; Kingston Iron deposit; Iron Gossam; Beck Mine; Gossan No. 1; 2 & 5 claims)Mine
Kingston PeakPeak
Kingston Range DistrictMining District
Kingston RangeMountain Range
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 47' 5'' North , 115° 56' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tecopa150 (2011)27.2km
Sandy Valley2,051 (2011)27.5km
Pahrump36,441 (2011)47.3km


A Fe occurrence/mine located in secs. 7 & 8, T21N, R10E, and in sec. 31, T20N, R10E, SBM, 6.6 km (4.1 miles) NNW of Kingston Peak (coordinates of record), at/near Beck Spring, along Excelsior Mine Road (about 20 miles ESE of Tecopa), on land of mixed ownership, including private (patented) (located claim). Owned by The Standard Slag Company (100%), Ohio (1981). Owned and operated by Standard Industrial Minerals, Inc. (100%), Ohio (1990). First produced in 1971. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 10 meters. The property contains Gossan No. 1, 2 & 5. They have exposed lengths of 430, 1,130 and 1,070 feet, respectively, from SE to NW. Their widths are from 50 to 100 feet.

Mineralization is a replacement deposit hosted in limestone. The ore body is lenticular, strikes N50W and dips 70E at a thickness of 152 meters, depth-to-top of 76 meters, depth-to-bottom of 182.88 meters, width of 30.48 meters and a length of 344.42 meters. The primary mode of origin was contact metasomatism and the secondary mode was metamorphic. Primary ore control was lithology and the secondary was fracturing. The limestone and diabase sill lie in the middle or upper part of the Crystal Spring Formation. A drilling project by the Pacific Coke and Coal Company in 1924 showed a major, low-angle thrust fault beneath the Beck Spring area, that truncates steeply dipping Crystal Spring units. This fault limits the downward extent of the iron gossan No. 5. The degree of wallrock alteration is moderate (sericitic, carbonatization). Associated rocks include diabase. Local rocks include Precambrian rocks, undivided, unit 1 (Death Valley).

Workings include surface and underground openings with a length of 111.25 meters and an overall depth of 19.81 meters. A 300 foot drift was driven on the Gossan No. 5 and a 65 foot shaft. An open pit mine was proposed (status =?). The road to Cima was improved for 77 km for the mine development. Water is obtained from a well 19 km from the mine. An existing power line was extended 16 km to the site.

Production statistics: Year: 1971 (Fe concentrates at 40% Fe): 204,508 tonnes per year.

Year: 1972 (Fe same): 719,829 tonnes per year.

Year: 1973 (Fe same): 625,444 tonnes per year.
Year: 1973 (direct shipping ore at 56.9% Fe): 30,864 tonnes per year.

Year: 1974 (Fe concentrates at 56.9% Fe): 380,646 tonnes per year.

Year: 1974 (direct shipping ore at 57.0% Fe): 25,561 tonnes per year

Year: 1975 (Mining operation terminated in 1974).

Year: 1976 (Fe concentrates at 40% Fe): 48,332 tonnes per year.
Year: 1976 (direct shipping ore at 50% Fe): 5,385 tonnes per year.

Year: 1977 (Fe concentrates at 56.9% Fe): 1,585 tonnes per year.

Year: 1978 (Fe concentrates at 57% Fe): 10,567 tonnes per year.

Reserves and resources: Type: in-situ (estimate year = 1944): Inferred reserves: 1,415,000 metric tons of ore; demonstrated reserves: 5,102,000 metric tons; indicated: 5,102,000 metric tons of ore. Total resources are 6,517,000 metric tons of ore. Commodity is Fe at 56.4 weight percent Fe (1944). Production has been 2,054,000 tons. The original reserve estimates were 5,021,000 tons of demonstrated and 6,414,000 tons of identified (11,435,000 tons).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hewett, Donnel Foster (1948), Iron deposits of the Kingston Range, San Bernardino County, California: California Division Mines Bulletin 129: Part M: 194-206; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): 90-91; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 162; Calzia, J. P.; Frisken, J. G.; Jachens, R. C.; McMahon, A. B.; Rumsey, C. M. (1987), Mineral Resources of the Kingston Range Wilderness Study Area, San Bernardino County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1709-D, 34 p.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Some occurs.
Reference: Hewett, Donnel Foster (1948), Iron deposits of the Kingston Range, San Bernardino County, California: California Division Mines Bulletin 129: Part M: 194-206; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): 90-91; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 162; Calzia, J. P.; Frisken, J. G.; Jachens, R. C.; McMahon, A. B.; Rumsey, C. M. (1987), Mineral Resources of the Kingston Range Wilderness Study Area, San Bernardino County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1709-D, 34 p.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Widespread here.
Reference: Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): 90-91; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72; Calzia, J. P.; Frisken, J. G.; Jachens, R. C.; McMahon, A. B.; Rumsey, C. M. (1987), Mineral Resources of the Kingston Range Wilderness Study Area, San Bernardino County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1709-D, 34 p., maps.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Albert Russ
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Albert Russ
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bull1709D
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: USGS Bull1709D

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Butner, D. W. (1944) Kingston Iron Deposit, U.S. Bureau of Mines War Minerals Report, 10 pp.
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1948), Iron deposits of the Kingston Range, San Bernardino County, California: California Division Mines Bulletin 129: Part M: 194-206.
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956), Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 144.
Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 49): 49(1-2): 90-91, tabulated list No. 232, p. 72.
Skillings Mining Review (1971). Standard Slag Co. Develops New Iron Ore Mine in California. Skillings Mining Review, November 1971: 14.
Skillings Mining Review (1971). Standard Slag Ships First Ore from Beck Property. Skillings Mining Review, January 8, 1972: 22.
Skillings, Jr., David N. (1973), The Standard Slag Co. Skillings Mining Review, January 20, 1973: 11-15.
Engineering and Mining Journal (1974), Beck Mine - A Small California Operation, Engineering and Mining Journal: 175(11): 154.
Anonymous (1977), International Directory of Mining and Mineral Processing Operations, published by Engineering and Mining Journal: 174.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72, 162.
California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 85-15 (1985): No. 14, Pl. 6B & 7.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report MLA 36-86 (1986): 16-18.
Calzia, J. P.; Frisken, J. G.; Jachens, R. C.; McMahon, A. B.; Rumsey, C. M. (1987), Mineral Resources of the Kingston Range Wilderness Study Area, San Bernardino County, California. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1709-D, 34 p., maps.
California Division of Mines and Geology (1990), Mines and mineral producers active in California (1988-89), California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 103.
Straam Engineers, Inc.; Capital and Operating Cost Estimating System Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Mines Contract No. JO255026.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10036214, 10262700.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file #0060710209.

USGS MRDS Record:10036214

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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