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Shepherd Hill Quarry (Brukunga Quarry), Nairne, Mount Barker, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Shepherd Hill Quarry (Brukunga Quarry)Quarry
Nairne- not defined -
Mount BarkerMountain
South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)Mountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 0' 10'' South , 138° 56' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Nairne3,648 (2012)4.1km
Blakiston696 (2014)6.5km
Woodside1,969 (2012)7.4km
Little Hampton2,062 (2018)7.8km
Oakbank1,207 (2012)8.4km


An old pyrite quarry located 3.5 km NNE of Nairne (Brukunga), now used as a training place for the fire brigade. It was mined for sulphur production in the 1960's.

The name Brukunga is believe to be a corruption of the Peramangk aboriginal word Barruka-ngga (= Place of Hidden Fire). The quarry was an extremely important site for the Peramangk people who were mining pyrite at the quarry site long before white settlement of the Adelaide hills began in the 1830's. The pyrite was used for fire-making kits consisting of kangaroo thigh bones filled with pieces of pyrite, flint and tinder. These were traded with other aboriginal tribes as far away as Lake Victoria in New South Wales.

The deposit consists of Cambrian sedimentary pyrite-rich beds at the base of the Kanmantoo Group (comprising quartzites, greywackes and siltstones).
The mineralization has a sedimentary origin and was affected by a remobilization during amphibolite facies metamorphism.
Tension Gash Veins, perpendicular to fold axis and mineral lineation, are mineralized with manganochromite, hexagonal and monoclinic pyrrhotite, nickel, graphite, 2 apatite minerals, REE phosphates (Ca-Th-Ce phosphate and lanthanide phosphate) and a PdSb2 mineral.
The mineralization also contains hyalophane and barium micas.

"PIRSA is currently responsible for managing the former Brukunga pyrite mine site and investigating different remedial options aimed at achieving an environmentally sustainable solution to acid metalliferous drainage generated from the waste rocks and tailings." (MESA Journal 61 (2011) p. 25).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


49 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: J. Graham : "Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia", American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 1978, pp. 1166-1174.; ; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Gneneu, J., & Australia60l4, W. (1978). Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, 63, I166-l174.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482 Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Clinochlore var:
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: No reference listed
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. Grieco, G., & Merlini, A. (2012). Chromite alteration processes within Vourinos ophiolite. International journal of earth sciences, 101(6), 1523-1533.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482 Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Inclusions in pyrrhotite (Orebody N° 3).
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482
'Hornblende'
Description: Contains V and Cr.
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Manganochromite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Cr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Grieco, G., & Merlini, A. (2012). Chromite alteration processes within Vourinos ophiolite. International journal of earth sciences, 101(6), 1523-1533. Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Microcline var:
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Description: Matrix mineral and inclusions in pyrite.
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Grieco, G., & Merlini, A. (2012). Chromite alteration processes within Vourinos ophiolite. International journal of earth sciences, 101(6), 1523-1533.; Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Description: Hexagonal and monoclinic (oxidation rims around hexagonal pyrrhotite) pyrrhotite.
Reference: Grieco, G., & Merlini, A. (2012). Chromite alteration processes within Vourinos ophiolite. International journal of earth sciences, 101(6), 1523-1533.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482; Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482 Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Contains V, Cr and Mn.
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Siderite var:
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Contains up to 7.5% Mn
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: R Bottrill, unpub data.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174. SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1482
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.; Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
'UM1978-21-Sb:Pd'
Formula: PdSb2
Reference: Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Manganochromite (TL)4.BB.05Mn2+Cr2O4
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'UM1978-21-Sb:Pd'-PdSb2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Manganochromite (TL)7.2.3.2Mn2+Cr2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'UM1978-21-Sb:Pd'-PdSb2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S GalenaPbS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S AlabanditeMnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
MnManganese
Mn ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni NickelNi
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
PdPalladium
Pd UM1978-21-Sb:PdPdSb2
AgSilver
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb UM1978-21-Sb:PdPdSb2
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BaBarium
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Skinner, B. J. (1958) The geology and metamorphism of the Nairne pyritic formation. Econ. Geol., 53, 546-562
LaGanza, R. F. (1959a) The Nairne sulphide deposit M.Sc. Thesis, University of Adelaide.
LaGanza, R. F. (1959b) Pyrite investigations at Nairne, South Australia. Econ. Geol.. 54, 895-902.
George, R. J. (1967). Metamorphism of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Adelaide.
George, R. J. (1969a) Sulphide-silicate reactions during metamorphism of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit Proc. Australasian Inst. Min. Metall. 230, l-9.
George, R. J. (1969b) Sulphide vein formation during metamorphism of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit. Proc. Australasian Inst Min. Metall., 230, 9-t9.
Nenke, J. A. (1972). Geochemistry and Mineragraphy of the Nairne Pyrite Deposit, Brukunga, South Australia. Honors thesis, University of Adelaide.
Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, 63, 1166-1174.
Tindale, NB, 1934-40, Journals of Researches in South East South Australia, Adelaide University, Private note books stored at South Australian Museum (Maraura Vocabulary List).

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