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Buffalo Mine, Coleman Township, Cobalt area, Cobalt-Gowganda region, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 23' 37'' North , 79° 41' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.39361,-79.69056
GeoHash:G#: f0rmdeepg
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Discovered in 1906 right next to the Townsite Mine, and operated until 1919 by Buffalo Mines Ltd. By various operators after that and finally by Agnico Mines Ltd. in 1957. The last work done on it was underground exploration from 1963-1967. The property was developed by 4 main shafts the deepest being 235 ft. Total production was about 14 million oz. Ag; and 150,000 lbs of Co.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: geological survey of canada paper 73-13
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ontario Dept. of Mines, 1968, MRC No.10, Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, by A.O.Sergiades; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: geological survey of canada paper 73-13; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 54.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Royal Ontario Museum
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 54.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 215; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 54.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: geological survey of canada paper 73-13
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 54.
Safflorite ?
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: M.Kampf; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.; Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18, P. 312.
'Saussurite'
Reference: Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 54.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Ontario Dept. of Mines, 1968, MRC No.10, Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, by A.O.Sergiades; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: geological survey of canada paper 73-13; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: geological survey of canada paper 73-13; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Dyscrasite'2.AA.35Ag3Sb
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Safflorite' ?2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
'Skutterudite'2.EC.05CoAs3
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite ?2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 624198
Huronian Supergroup (2.2 Ga to 2450 Ma); Cobalt Group; Gowganda Formation

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gowganda Formation

Comments: Southern and Superior Province

Lithology: Conglomerate, sandstone, silstone, argillite

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185030
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cobalt Group

Comments: Southern Province

Lithology: Mudstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sabina, Ann P., 2000. Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec, GSC. Miscellaneous Report 57, 266 p.
Sergiades, A.O. (1968) Silver - Cobalt - Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, Ontario Dept. of Mines, MRC No.10.
Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.


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