Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Green Cabin Mine (F. A. Salmons claim; Frank A. Salmons mine; Tourmaline Queen group), Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Located in the S2SW4SW4 Sec. 14 and the N2NE4NW4 Sec. 23 T9S R2W SBM, about 1.75 miles north-northeast of Pala, the workings are situated low on the east side of Tourmaline Queen Mountain, along the extreme northern part of the Stewart pegmatite dike.

The Green Cabin mine was first located by L. H. Doss of Valley Center in the early 1900's, and was initially developed by several shallow cuts made into the Stewart pegmatite outcrop.

By 1939, Tucker and Reed described the main workings as consisting of two tunnels measuring 30 and 35 feet respectively, an open-cut, and a smaller shaft approximately 15 feet deep. The mine was considered to be idle, and was soon abandoned by Doss. The mine was relocated around this time by Margaret S. Moore and Mildred S. Wear of Pala (daughters of Frank A. Salmons), naming the new lode mining claim in his honor. This claim was part of the Tourmaline Queen group of claims.

The main workings were described in 1947 by Edward R. Swoboda as a bench cut measuring 40 x 20 x 12 feet with two underground drifts heading north 50 degrees by 60 degrees west. The northern adit was reported as caved for the first 20 feet back, but the tunnel could be examined via the southern adit. The northern tunnel pegmatite was described as rich in sprays of muscovite and coarse graphic granite, with good pocket zone chiefly along the footwall, consisting of a quartz and microcline core zone.

The southern tunnel was described by Swoboda as heading north 40 degrees west for 30 feet, then a slow bend to the north for 20 feet, then 12 feet beyond the bend heading north for 6 feet where it connected with the north tunnel. Garnet rich bands of line rock were reported. Pockets were reported as fairly common, with production mainly consisting of a small amount of gem tourmaline and quartz. In 1951, Jahns and Wright described these underground workings as the North Star mine.

In 1963, Weber reported that the claim was still being managed by F. D. Fitzsimmons of Pauma Valley as late as 1960. Several years later the claim was permanently abandoned. Ultimately the government lot was sold off, and the northern portion in Sec. 14 became encumbered by private land, while the southern portion in Sec. 23 is within lands managed for the benefit of the Pala Band of Mission Indians by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

15 entries listed. 6 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
            • Green Cabin Mine (F. A. Salmons claim; Frank A. Salmons mine; Tourmaline Queen group)

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Tucker, W. B., Reed, C. H. (1939), Los Angeles Field District - Mineral Resources of San Diego County. California Journal of Mines and Geology, quarterly chapter of State Mineralogist's Report 35; January: p. 38-42, Illus., maps.

Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 14, 72 pp.

Weber, F. H. (1963), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 103.

Swoboda, E. R. (2001), Pala district 1946-48: Unpublished field notes and personal interviews. Swoboda Inc., Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, CA; 5/2; 8 p.

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 17, 2019 16:05:51 Page generated: January 11, 2015 19:21:31
Go to top of page