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Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala Mining District, San Diego County, California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)Mountain
Pala- not defined -
Pala Mining DistrictMining District
San Diego CountyCounty
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 23' 23'' North , 117° 4' 18'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rainbow1,832 (2011)7.4km
Temecula112,011 (2017)13.6km
Fallbrook30,534 (2011)16.7km
Bonsall3,982 (2011)18.2km
Hidden Meadows3,485 (2011)18.7km


Summary:
Tourmaline Queen Mountain rises 1922 feet above mean sea level (AMSL), and overlooks the Pacific Ocean and San Diego City towards the distant southwest.

The mountain has been erroneously referred to as "Pala" mountain in early mineralogical literature. As of 1904, the mountain was still an unnamed feature, and not until several years later was the summit named by locals in honor of the Tourmaline Queen mine. The name "Tourmaline Queen" has appeared on most official maps produced since the late 1940's.

In much of the popular mineralogical literature, the name is shortened to "Queen Mountain", presumably to avoid confusion as to the relation between the individual mines and prospects.

The mountain geology is primarily gabbroic country rock which hosts several gem-and-rare earth element (REE)-bearing pegmatite veins or dikes.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey (2005), Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Van King
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. 1951. Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: pages 59-61.
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Colour: Greenish gray
Description: Compact masses in pegmatite as a possible alteration product of bismuthinite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities:
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: San Diego Mining Company (2009)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
'Clays'
Localities:
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Occurs sparingly as subhedral crystal sprays measuring up to 25mm long in small orthoclase-rich granite stringers at the contact between gabbro and quartzite host rocks.
Reference: San Diego Mining Company (2011)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 376-378, photographs.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Habit: mostly feathery milky tan masses, the best few microscopic crystals were flat monoclinic translucent tan, ~100µm in size
Colour: tan, milky tan
Description: Found by microscope examination of a large piece of purple phosphosiderite purchased from Gems of Pala in Jan 2018, also associated with yellow stewartite. Analyzed by Bob Housley and myself at Caltech Raman spectroscopy lab.
Reference: MarekC collection, purchased from Gems of Pala, 2018
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Magnesian Grossular
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Occurs sparingly in pocket areas.
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 34-35; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 498.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities:
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Mag 42 (1978), 309
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities:
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Van King
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities:
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 101.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 673.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 376-378, photographs.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Pyroxene Group'
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 33: pages 378-381.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
'Salmonsite'
Description: Discredited = mixture of hureaulite and jahnsite [probably jahnsite-(MnMnMn)]
Reference: Moore, Paul B. & J. Ito (1978): I. Whiteite, a new species, and a proposed nomenclature for the jahnsite-whiteite complex series. I. New data on xanthoxenite. III. Salmonsite discredited. Min. Magazine 42: 309-323
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Sicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 145.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stewartite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 143-145; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 730.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: No reference listed
'Stilbite subgroup'
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Van King
Swinefordite
Formula: Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Reference: Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 108086
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Reference: Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
Tosudite var: Lithium Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Reference: Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
'Tourmalinated Quartz'
Reference: San Diego Mining Company (2009)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: San Diego Mining Company (1998)
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Habit: Tabular and fracture-filling masses with rough faces; cleavage is fairly well developed.
Colour: Deep-tan to dark reddish-brown on freshly broken surfaces; resinous luster.
Description: Triplite occurs sparingly in the Stewart pegmatite, where it is associated with lithiophilite and triphylite. It forms crystals with rough faces, measuring 1/4 inch to 5 inches in diameter, with an average of about an inch. The mineral also occurs as tabular, fracture-filling masses within quartz, and rarely within coarse quartz-spodumene or quartz-perthite varieties of pegmatite. Most crystals are heavily stained with manganese oxides, and many are coated with a blue-gray film of very finely crystalline vivianite. The vivianite appears to have been derived from the triplite crystals.
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 124-125; Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31, 41.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
'Zinnwaldite'
Habit: Stubby prisms
Colour: Dark-gray to deep reddish brown; bronze-like luster.
Description: Zinnwaldite occurs very sparingly in several pegmatites as dark-gray to deep reddish brown crystals and flakes, and has a bronze-like luster. Most crystals are stubby prisms 1/4 inch in maximum length. They are only in the pocket-bearing parts of the pegmatites, where they are most commonly associated with quartz, cleavelandite, and beryl.
Reference: Jahns, R. A., and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 7A: 31, 40.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Greifensteinite8.DA.10Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)8.DH.15{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Sicklerite (TL)8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stewartite (TL)8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Magnesian Grossular9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Swinefordite9.EC.45Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
var: Lithium Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Salmonsite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite (TL)38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)42.11.2.4{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Stewartite (TL)42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Swinefordite71.3.1a.5Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Greifensteinite-Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Grossular
var: Magnesian Grossular
-(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Salmonsite'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tosudite
var: Lithium Tosudite
-Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
LiLithium
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O QuartzSiO2
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BismiteBi2O3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
O Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Na TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Mg Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
VVanadium
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
BiBismuth
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi BismuthBi
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Merrill, F. J. H. (1914), Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office. Chapter 1, pages 61-78.
Jahns, R. H., and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Cooper, J. R. (1962), Bismuth of U.S., USGS MR - 2. Commodities (Major) - Lithium, Bismuth. Development Status: Producer. Host Rock: Gabbro. Note: Stewart & Other Mines.

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