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Carharrack Mine, Carharrack, Gwennap, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Carharrack MineMine
Carharrack- not defined -
GwennapCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 14' 4'' North , 5° 10' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SW738421
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
St. Day700 (2011)1.0km
Chacewater1,226 (2017)2.7km
Redruth42,690 (2017)3.6km
Perranwell1,207 (2017)4.5km
Ponsanooth967 (2017)4.5km


According to a district mining map dating to 1845, the Carharrack Mine sett is a roughly triangular shape and extends from the north-eastern side of Carharrack village, bounded by the B3298 on its western side, the southern boundary being approximately indicated by an unnamed road located to the north of Consols Road and separated from Wheal Jewell to the north by the stream in the valley.

The apex of the sett to the north-east meets the western side of Wheal Maid Mine, with which Carharrack Mine was worked at one stage.

It would appear that there are no known extant plans of the mine, although it is noted that the upper levels are located within the killas and the granite (noted to contain green and purple fluorite) is encountered at depth.

The mine is noted for being the type locality for the arsenate minerals olivenite and pharmacosiderite.

Little is now to be seen of this mine with the majority of the shafts having been obscured and areas of dumps reclaimed as rough farm land.

Although located near Carharrack, only a part of the Carharrack sett is actually in current Carharrack civil parish, it lies mostly within the current Gwennap CP.

One of a number of small mines amalgamated under the name of Consolidated Mines in 1780. (checking for verification)

St Day United was the name given to Poldice and Carharrack Mines together with Wheal Maid when they amalgamated in 1852.

In 1864, Wheals Unity, Gorland, Creegbrawse and Penkevil were added to the group and in 1870 the group's name changed to Poldice Mines.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 33; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
'Bitumen'
Reference: Carne, J. (1822): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 2, 49-128; Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 108; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 1, pp. 409-410.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 108; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 40; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: BMS Collection
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 32; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
Olivenite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
'Petroleum'
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Pharmacosiderite (TL)
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 63; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 49
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 28; Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Olivenite (TL)8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite (TL)8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Axinite Group'-
'Bitumen'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Petroleum'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite (TL)41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite (TL)42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Axinite Group'-
'Bitumen'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Petroleum'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
SSulfur
S ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
CuCopper
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
UUranium
U ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 1, pp. 409-410.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
UK

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