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Caledonia Mine (Caladonian Mine), Kellogg, Coeur d'Alene District, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USAi
Regional Level Types
Caledonia Mine (Caladonian Mine)Mine
Kellogg- not defined -
Coeur d'Alene DistrictMining District
Shoshone Co.County
IdahoState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 31' 28'' North , 116° 10' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Smelterville603 (2017)2.3km
Wardner186 (2017)2.5km
Kellogg2,069 (2017)3.9km
Pinehurst1,580 (2017)5.5km
Osburn1,510 (2017)12.7km


Located near Wardner.

Nordic Silver ?
Structure: Vein in hangingwall of Osburn Fault, and bounded by the Osburn and New Era Faults within the overturned north limb of a WNW-trending anticline. Combination Fault (N67E 35-45SE) offsets the Caledonia vein 183 meters to the north onto the Omaha claim. Vein was followed 300 feet on the eastern side of the fault. West of the fault are two high-grade shoots of direct shipping ore, 46 and 91 meters long, separated by 38 meters of lower grade milling ore.

Alteration: Oxidation is significant and complete down to the 200 foot level. Vein outcrop consists of quartz and limonite. Massicot, cerussite, silver chlorides, and native silver were found in the oxide zone.

Tectonics: Belt Basin

Deposit: This record may have mixed information belonging to caledonia silver lead min. Co. And caledonia min. Co. (no W in asarco ?) if these are two separate companies

Deposit type: Polymetallic veins

Development: CALEDONIA AGPB HAS 25 UNPATENTED CLAIMS IN THE SLATE CREEK AREA AND 12 CLAIMS IN THE YREKA DISTRICT, THE LATTER ACQUIRED FROM NORDIC SILVER Ore was initially shipped directly to smelters, and later treated on a custom basis by the Bunker Hill Co. in a gravity concentation plant.

Geology: Host rock frequently misidentified as Burke Formation in the literature. Many workers have not recognized that bedding is overturned.

Rock formation(s): St. Regis Formation


Ore(s): Fracture filling along a NE-trending fault that connects the WNW trending Osburn and New Era Faults. Orebodies hosted by St. Regis Formation quartzite.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

25 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mineral Record (1981) 12:339-347
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Dana 7:I:493.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Shoshone County, Idaho; Joseph B. Umpleby & E. L. Jones, Jr; 1923; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Dana 7:I:493.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Dana 7:I:493.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Shoshone County, Idaho; Joseph B. Umpleby & E. L. Jones, Jr; 1923; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Dana 7:I:493.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Shoshone County, Idaho; Joseph B. Umpleby & E. L. Jones, Jr; 1923; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Shoshone County, Idaho; Joseph B. Umpleby & E. L. Jones, Jr; 1923; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Geology and Ore Deposits of Shoshone County, Idaho; Joseph B. Umpleby & E. L. Jones, Jr; 1923; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min. 70:261; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Mineral Record (1981) 12:339-347
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Dana 7:I:493.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O PlattneritePbO2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O MassicotPbO
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
PbLead
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3186914
Mesoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Purcell Group

Comments: Omineca Belt

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks; limestone,shale,argillite,quartzite,dolomite,siltstone; turbidite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2137158
St. Regis Formation

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: St. Regis Formation

Lithology: Major:: {argillite, siltite}; Minor:: {quartzite}

Reference: Zientek, M.L., P.D. Derkey, R.J. Miller, J.D. Causet et al. Spatial Databases for the Geology of the Northern Rocky Mountains - Idaho, Montana, and Washington. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1235 Version 1.0. [25]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2864159
Ravalli Group

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ravalli Group

Description: Feldspathic quartzite and subordinate siltite and argillite of the Burke, Revett, and St. Regis formations in northern Idaho; south of St. Joe River, includes correlative garnet-grade quartzite and schist. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Comments: Original map source: Lewis, Reed S., Link, Paul K., Stanford, Loudon R., and Long, Sean P., Geologic Map of Idaho, 2012, Idaho Geological Survey, Geologic Map 9 (M-9); Scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor:{metasiltstone,argillite,schist}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
UMPLEBY, J. B., AND JONES, E. L., JR., (1923) , GEOLOGY AND ORE DEPOSITS OF SHOSHONE CO., IDAHO: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULL. 732 , 156 P.
Hershey, O.H., (1911), The geology and ore deposits of the Wardner district, Idaho: Kellogg, Idaho, Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mining & Concentrating Co., 777 p. [University of Idaho, Special Collections, Bunker Hill Collection, Box 99]
Fryklund, V.C., Jr., (1964), Ore deposits of the Coeur d'Alene district, Shoshone County, Idaho: US Geological Survey Professional Paper 445, 103 p.
Ransome, F.L., and Calkins, F.C., (1908), The geology and ore deposits of the Coeur d'Alene district, Idaho: US Geological Survey Professional Paper 62, 203 p.
Dana 7: I: 492.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.

USGS MRDS Record:10073353

Localities in this Region
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