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Calumet and Arizona Mine (Junction Mine; Junction shaft), Calumet and Arizona group of claims (Calumet and Arizona Mining Company group of claims), Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Calumet and Arizona Mine (Junction Mine; Junction shaft)Mine
Calumet and Arizona group of claims (Calumet and Arizona Mining Company group of claims)Group of Claims
Bisbee- not defined -
Warren DistrictMining District
Mule MtsMountain Range
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 25' 50'' North , 109° 53' 35'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bisbee5,208 (2017)3.9km
Naco1,046 (2011)11.8km
Naco6,064 (2018)12.6km
Palominas212 (2011)22.1km
Miracle Valley644 (2011)25.3km


A former large-volume underground Cu-Pb-Zn-Mn-Au-Ag (Bi-Cd-In-Sn) mine located in the center of sec. 15, T.23S., R.24E. (Bisbee 7.5 minute topo map). The mine was just SW of the junction of US highway 80 and highway 92, on private land. One of the major mines in the district. Owned at times, or in part, by the Junction Development Co., Junction, Superior & Duluth Mining Co., Superior & Pittsburg Mining Co., Calumet & Arizona Mining Co. and the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is a replacement deposit with largely oxidized copper, with minor lead-zinc, ores in large irregular replacement bodies in relatively unaltered Mississippian Escabrosa Limestone in a wide zone of strong fracturing, faulting, and numerous porphyry dike and sill intrusions. Psilomelane found along fissure zone in Devonian Martin Limestone and some alabandite with the lead-zinc ores. An exceptional body of manganese ore found on the 1300 level about 800 feet NW of the briggs shaft, in the Martin Limestone along a North-South fissure. It appeared to be from 12 to 15 feet thick & at least 40 feet long from North to South & extended 75 or 100 feet vertically above the level. The ore bodies are near dikes and sills, and ore control was faulting and associated brecciation. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration is gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. An associated rock unit is the Sacramento Hill Stock.

Local structures include pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. The main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings include a shaft(s) to a depth of 396.24 meters. At this time the shaft may be covered by tailings. One of the major mines of the district producing several hundred thousand tons of copper ore and large amounts of lead-zinc ore after 1939. Production was included under the Calumet and Arizona Mine in ABGMT-USBM files.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4).
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file#10027118, MRDS ID #M002152.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file#10027118, MRDS ID #M002152.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP: 21; Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, Am.Min.: 7: 80-83; Omori, K. & P.F. Kerr (1963), Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals, Geol.Soc.Amer.Bull.: 74: 709-734; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75; Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, Am.Min.: 26: 567-672; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 25.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: As stalactites.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 160; Mitchell, G.J. (1921), Rate of formation of copper sulfate stalactites, Mining & Metallurgy: 170: 30.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 28.; USGS Bulletin 625
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Habit: Irregular crystal plates
Description: Embedded in connellite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165; Palache, C. & H.E. Merwin (1909), On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, AZ, Amer.Jour. Sci.: 28: 537-540; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Dana 6:A3:19.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: As a massive orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr.Mining Jour.: 109: 1411.; USGS Bulletin 625
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Richard Graeme, Bisbee geologist for many years personal communication
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 29.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Habit: Slender; radiating aggregates
Description: Small radiating aggregates of slender crystals.
Reference: Palache, C. and Merwin, H.E. (1909) On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, Arizona. American Journal of Science: 28: 537-540.; Holden, E.F. (1924) "Ceruleofibrite" is connellite. American Mineralogist: 9: 55-56 (referring to Palache and Merwin (1909)).; Bannister, F.A., Hey, M.H., and Claringbull, G.F. (1950) Connellite, buttgenbachite, and tallingite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 29, n° 211, 280-286 (referring to Palache and Merwin (1909).; Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona:: 65, 76.; Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 165, 185.; Dana 7: II: 573.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Habit: Small
Description: Small crystals & irregular networks throughout cuprite & earthy mixtures of cuprite, limonite & kaolinite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP: 21; Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, Am.Min.: 7: 80-83; Papish, J. (1928), New occurrence of germanium, Econ.Geol.: 23: 660-670; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75; Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, Am.Min.: 26: 567-672; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 32; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 9, 30.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Occurs as blue films and coatings on fracture surfaces of massive chalcopyrite-pyrite ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 190; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Colour: Ruby-red
Description: Large crystalline masses with copper.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 165, 196; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP: 21; Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, Am.Min.: 7: 80-83; Omori, K. & P.F. Kerr (1963), Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals, Geol.Soc.Amer.Bull.: 74: 709-734; Palache, C. & H.E. Merwin (1909), On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, AZ, Amer.Jour. Sci.: 28: 537-540; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr.Mining Jour.: 109: 1411; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 9, 30.
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Occurs on the 1800 level as a post-mining mineral.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 3.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: various added photos
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Disseminated in limestone east of the manganese orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 228; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 45-46; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 113.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Description: Occurs as splendent, botryoidal & stalactitic masses & coatings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 249; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 39.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 9.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 9.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Occurs as massive, fine-grained material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 281; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 285; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
'Psilomelane'
Description: More cavernous or spongy than most of the local surface ores.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 45-46; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 113.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs disseminated in Martin Limestone east of the manganese orebody.
Reference: Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 45-46; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 113.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs on the 1800 level as a post-mining mineral.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 3.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Colour: Purple
Description: Occurs on the 1400 level as small fragments in a sample of sulfide pulp.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 355; Crawford, W.P. (1930), Notes on Rickardite, a new occurrence, Am.Min.: 15: 272-273; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 17; Moore, R.T. (1953), Minerals and Metals of Increasing Interest, Rare and Radioactive Minerals, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 163: 19.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Richard Graeme, Bisbee geologist for many years personal communication
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Occurs disseminated in Martin Limestone east of the manganese orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 45-46; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 13; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 113.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Occurs on the 1500 level as small crystals with sphalerite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 13.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: With wad in a botryoidal growth lining a natural cavern wall.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.; Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500: 119.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Wad'
Description: With tenorite in a botryoidal growth lining a large natural cavern wall.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cuprocopiapite7.DB.35CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuprocopiapite31.10.5.3CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O TenoriteCuO
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
AlAluminium
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S AlabanditeMnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S SulphurS8
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
CuCopper
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
ZnZinc
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
TeTellurium
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2847794
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Douglas, J. (1899) The Copper Queen mine, Arizona, A.I.M.E. Transactions: 29: 511-546.
Ford, W.E. (1915) Appendix 3 to Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 19.
Ransome, F.L. (1903) The copper deposits of Bisbee, Arizona: Engineering and Mining Journal: 75: 444-445: 444.
Ransome, F.L. (1904) The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500.
Palache, C. and Merwin, H.E. (1909) On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, Arizona, American Journal of Science: 28: 537-540.
Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, and Feuchere (1917) Geology of the Warren mining district: A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 55: 284-355: 329, 337.
University of Arizona Bull. 41 (1916-17) Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 25, 28, 29, 32, 33.
Jones, E.L., Jr. and Ransome, F.L. (1920) Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 113.
Mitchell, G.J. (1920) Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, Arizona, Engineering and Mining Journal: 109: 1411.
Ransome, F.L. (1920) Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona: Bisbee and Tombstone districts: USGS Bull. 710: 96-119: 113.
Mitchell, G.J. (1921) Rate of formation of copper sulfate stalactites, Mining & Metallurgy: 170: 30.
Holden, E.F. (1922) Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, American Mineralogist: 7: 80-83.
Papish, J. (1928) New occurrence of germanium, Economic Geology: 23: 660-670.
Crawford, W.P. (1930) Notes on Rickardite, a new occurrence, American Mineralogist: 15: 272-273.
Wilson, E.D. and Butler, G.M. (1930) Manganese ore deposits in Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127: 45-46.
Schwartz, G.M. Park, C.F., Jr. (1932) A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, Arizona, Economic Geology: 27: 39-51.
Schwartz, G.M. (1934) Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Economic Geology: 29: 55-75.
Trischka, C. (1938) Bisbee district, in Some Arizona ore deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 32-41: 37, 38.
Palache, C. (1939b) Brochantite, American Mineralogist: 24: 463-481.
Frondel, C. (1941) Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, American Mineralogist: 26: 567-672.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947) Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 9, 13, 17, 30.
Bannister, F.A., Hey, M.H., and Claringbull, G.F. (1950) Connellite, buttgenbachite, and tallingite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 29, n° 211, 280-286 (referring to Palache and Merwin (1909) and Holden (1922)).
Hogue, W.G. and Wilson, E.D. (1950) Bisbee or Warren district, in Arizona zinc and lead deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 156: 27.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 573.
Moore, R.T. (1953) Minerals and Metals of Increasing Interest, Rare and Radioactive Minerals, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 163: 19.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 27, 39, 65, 76.
Farnham, L.L., et al. (1961) Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7990: 24.
Cooper, J.R. (1962) Bismuth in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Investigations Resource Map MR-22, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:3,168,000.
Burnham, C.W. (1962) 17, 31.
Omori, K. and Kerr, P.F. (1963) Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals, Geological Society of America Bull.: 74: 709-734.
Bryant, D.G. and Metz, H.E. (1966) Geology and ore deposits of the Warren Mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 189-203.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 88 (Table 4).
Niemuth, N.J. and Phillips, K.A. (1992) Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 5 (Table 1).
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited, Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 125, 146, 160, 165, 185, 190, 196, 228, 249, 281, 355, 386.
Grant, R.W., Bideaux, R.A. and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 3.
MRDS database Dep. ID file#10027118, MRDS ID #M002152; and, Dep. ID #10282977, MAS ID #0040030634.

USGS MRDS Record:10027118
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