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Kaveltorp Mines, Kopparberg, Ljusnarsberg, Västmanland, Sweden

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° North , 14° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~22km
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Skarn between dolomite-oficalcite and metavolcanics-cordierite gedrite quartzite.

The Kaveltorp Mines (Swedish: Kaveltorpsfältet) are located in Ljusnarsberg parish (& municipality), just south of the town of Kopparberg and roughly 500 meters south of Nya Kopparberg. They were discovered in 1849 by Erik Elzwik. However, production only started in 1857 due to lack of funds. Copper was the primary object but also lead, silver and later zinc was of importance. The mines were finally closed around 1970.
Production until 1905: 3,505 tonnes of Cu, 4,870kg of Ag, 8,442 tonnes of Pb and 38kg of Au (Tegengren, 1924).

The following mines exist:
Alexandergruvan, Åkergruvan, Äng-gruvan, Auroragruvan, Björkgruvan, Elzviksgruvan, Erikagruvan I, Erikagruvan II, Eriksgruvan, Fransgruvan, Fredriksgruvan, Guldgruvan, Gustafsgruvan, Hag-gruvan, Haraldsgruvan (the oldest mine in the area), Juliagruvan, Katarinagruvan, Mariagruvan, Nya Äng-gruvan, Rostgruvan, Smedsgruvan, Trekantgruvan, Väg-gruvan, Varpgruvan, and Vaskgruvan.

NOTE: in the collection at Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (NRM) Stockholm, there are about 180 chondrodites listed from Kaveltorp. Five more from Nya Kopparberg, but 3 of them originate from the dealer W. Anderberg, who is known to have mixed the two places (pers comm). Flink, in his great work “Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi”, lists ONLY Kaveltorp for chondrodite (group) and fresh, clear crystals up to 5 cm.

http://wretling.net/?p=137 has some nice locality pictures.

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,024 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

32 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: No reference listed
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: No reference listed
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: No reference listed
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: No reference listed
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: No reference listed
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Per Geijer (1924) On cubanite and »chalcopyrrhotite« from Kaveltorp, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 46:3-4, 354-355, DOI:10.1080/11035892409442373
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: No reference listed
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: No reference listed
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: No reference listed
'Hornblende'
Reference: No reference listed
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: G von Rath (?):Ueber Humitkrystalle von Nya-Kopparberg in Schweden. Mineralogische Mittelungen no 56
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: No reference listed
'Scapolite'
Reference: No reference listed
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: No reference listed
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: No reference listed
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: No reference listed
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Valleriite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Öfvers. KVA handl.(1870) 27, 19

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Breithauptite'2.CC.05NiSb
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Dyscrasite'2.AA.35Ag3Sb
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Valleriite' (TL)2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Hydrotalcite'5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Chondrodite'9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Clinohumite'9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Cummingtonite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Fayalite'9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Gedrite'9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Humite'9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Tremolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite (TL)2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
CCarbon
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
NiNickel
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6.
Tegengren, F.R. (1924): Sveriges ädlare malmer och bergverk. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning (SGU), Serie Ca 17, 406p.

Localities in this Region
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  • Västmanland

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