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Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite, Kragerø, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatitePegmatite
KragerøMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° North , 9° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~21km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatitten, Kragerø kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge


A large granite pegmatite body hosted in amphibolites and albitites ("kragerødite"). The main part of the pegmatite forms a dike about 500 m in length and 3o m wide.

Situated about 2 km W of the town Kragerø.

The pegmatite is a Ca-Ti-B-Y rich pegmatite and can be classified as a NYF pegmatite. It has been quarried extensively along its length. 2 of the most famous prospects/quarries are the Lindvikskollen quarry and Kalstadgangen. These are famous for their rare minerals. Mineral samples from these two are frequently just labelled "Lindvikskollen". The pegmatite with its quarries and prospects will now be included in Gea Norvegica, a Geopark.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

27 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2010): Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen ! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø - en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 38, 37-44
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2010): Norske typelokaliteter. Lindvikskollenbruddet, Kragerø. Stein, 37 (3): 8-13
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2010): Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen ! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Habit: Long thin flakes
Colour: black
Description: partly altered to chlorite in the fringes
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
'Gadolinite'
Colour: brown
Description: A calsium-rich gadolinite. The spacing are slightly larger than ordinary gadolinite. Oftedal postulated that Ca probably occupy a large number of the Fe positions in the structure
Reference: Oftedal, I. (1972): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, No 48. Calsium-rich Gadolinite from Kragerø. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 197-200
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221; Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439 ; American Mineralogist, 62, 89, 1977); American Mineralogist, 87, pages 745–752, 2002;
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?
Formula: (Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
Description: First classified as Hellandite-(Yb), then Hellandite-(Y). Modern and more complete analyses are needed to correctly name the samples.
Reference: American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921, 1999; American Mineralogist, 87, 745–752, 2002
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Habit: as 2-3mm large irregular masses
Colour: greyish green
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
'Hornblende'
Description: found close to the contact with the amphibolite
Reference: Green, J.C. (1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Green, J. C. (1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: large crystals including Carlsbad twins
Colour: greenish to reddish to buff
Description: Common as component of the graphic granite. Perthitic. It has been found as welldeveloped crytsals embedded in quartz.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: found in plagioclase
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Description: Brögger (1906) describes the find of one crystal 3 ,5 cm x 11,3 cm embedded in matrix.
Reference: Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: large masses
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø - en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 38, 37-44
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
'Scapolite'
Habit: prismatic, lustrous < 3 cm long
Description: One crystal found in 1953
Reference: Green, J.C.(1956):Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16; Kolitsch, U., Husdal, T. A., Brandstätter, F. & Ertl, A. (2011) : New crystal-chemical data for members of the tourmaline group from Norway: occurences of fluor-schorl and luinaite-(OH). Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 17- 24
Tengerite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Brøgger, W. C. (1906): Hellandit von Lindvikskollen bei Kragerö. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 42, 417-439
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Habit: small red nodules
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 17,1-16.
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1903): Über Hellandit, ein neues Mineral (Vorlaüfige Mittheilungen). Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 41, 213-221
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: large crystals up to 3-4 kg has been found
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16.
Titanite var: Yttrian Titanite
Formula: (Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Description: large crystals up to 3-4 kg has been found
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Alvite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Green, J. C.(1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Tengerite-(Y) ?5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Caysichite-(Y)9.DJ.15Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Yttrian Titanite9.AG.15(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Alvite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fergusonite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?-(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y) ?15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Hellandite-(Y) (TL)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Caysichite-(Y)70.1.2.2Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fergusonite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Hellandite-(Yb)' ?-(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
Titanite
var: Yttrian Titanite
-(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Alvite
-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
BBoron
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
CCarbon
C Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
O Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AnataseTiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Si Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
AsArsenic
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
YYttrium
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Titanite (var: Yttrian Titanite)(Ca,Y)TiSiO5
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
YbYtterbium
Yb Hellandite-(Yb)(Ca,Y)4(Yb,Y)2(Al,Fe3+,Ti4+)(Be,Li)2[B4Si4O22](O,F,OH)2
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Andersen, O.(1931): Feltspat II. Forekomster i fylkene Buskerud og Telemark, i flere herreder i Aust-Agder og i Hidra i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske undersøkelse 128b, 1-109
Bjørlykke, H. (1937): Mineral parageneses of some granite pegmatites near Kragerø, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 17, 1-16.
Green, J. C. (1956): Geology of the Storkollen-Blankenberg area, Kragerø, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 36, 89-140 + plate I.
Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø - en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift 38, 37-44.
Kolitsch, U., Husdal, T. A., Brandstätter, F. & Ertl, A. (2011) : New crystal-chemical data for members of the tourmaline group from Norway: occurences of fluor-schorl and luinaite-(OH). Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 17- 24 [with an analysis of schorl from this pegmatite]

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