Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kramer Borate deposit, Boron, Kramer District (Kramer Borate District), Kern Co., California, USA

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
 

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SassoliteH3BO3
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
LiLithium
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
BBoron
TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
SassoliteH3BO3
BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
CCarbon
Strontian Aragonite(Ca,Sr)CO3
AragoniteCaCO3
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
CalciteCaCO3
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
RhodochrositeMnCO3
StrontianiteSrCO3
WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
ApatiteCa5(PO4)3X
GarnetX3Z2(SiO4)3
Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Strontian Aragonite(Ca,Sr)CO3
TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
ArsenoliteAs2O3
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
HematiteFe2O3
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
QuartzSiO2
RutileTiO2
SassoliteH3BO3
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
TridymiteSiO2
AragoniteCaCO3
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
CalciteCaCO3
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
RhodochrositeMnCO3
StrontianiteSrCO3
TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
WitheriteBaCO3
BaryteBaSO4
CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
ThénarditeNa2SO4
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
HaliteNaCl
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
ThénarditeNa2SO4
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
MgMagnesium
Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
GarnetX3Z2(SiO4)3
Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
OpalSiO2 · nH2O
QuartzSiO2
TridymiteSiO2
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
ApatiteCa5(PO4)3X
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
SSulfur
Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
SulphurS8
BerthieriteFeSb2S4
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
MetacinnabarHgS
PyriteFeS2
PyrrhotiteFe7S8
RealgarAs4S4
Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
StibniteSb2S3
BaryteBaSO4
CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
ApatiteCa5(PO4)3X
Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Strontian Aragonite(Ca,Sr)CO3
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AragoniteCaCO3
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
CalciteCaCO3
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
RutileTiO2
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
BerthieriteFeSb2S4
GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
PyriteFeS2
PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
HematiteFe2O3
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
NiNickel
Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AsArsenic
ArsenicAs
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
RealgarAs4S4
ArsenoliteAs2O3
SrStrontium
Strontian Aragonite(Ca,Sr)CO3
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
StrontianiteSrCO3
TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
YYttrium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
ZrZirconium
ZirconZr(SiO4)
SbAntimony
BerthieriteFeSb2S4
GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
WitheriteBaCO3
BaryteBaSO4
GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
LaLanthanum
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
CeCerium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
NdNeodymium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
SmSamarium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
DyDysprosium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)
HgMercury
MetacinnabarHgS
ThThorium
Monazite(Ce,La,Nd,Th,Y,Dy,Sm)(PO4)

References

Yale, Charles G. & Hoyt S. Gale (1913), Borax: Mineral Resources of the United States, 1912, part 2: 839-846.

Noble, Levi Fatzinger (1926a), Borate deposits in the Kramer district, Kern County, California: USGS Bulletin 785-C: 45-61; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 37: 185 (1928)]: 45-61.

Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1927), Kernite, a new sodium borate: American Mineralogist: 12: 24-25.

Eakle, Arthur Starr (1929), Probertite, a new borate: American Mineralogist: 14: 427-430.

Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1930), Borate minerals from the Kramer district, Mohave Desert, California: USGS PP 158-I: 137-170; […Mineralogical Magazine: 22: 622 (1931)]: 137-170.

Murdoch, Joseph (1945), Probertite from Los Angeles County, California: American Mineralogist: 30: 719-721.

Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1946), Geology of the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 332, 362.

Frondel, Clifford & V. Morgen (1956), Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 839-843.

Frondel, Clifford, V. Morgan & J.L.T. Waugh (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928.

Smith, George Irving, Hy Almond, & D.L. Sawyer, Jr. (1958), Sassolite from the Kramer borate district, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 1068-1078.

Christ, C.L. & R.M. Garrels (1959), Relations among sodium borate hydrates at the Kramer deposit, Boron, California: American Journal of Science: 257: 516-528.

Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25, 31.

Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Mary Emma Mrose (1960), The naming of the hydrous magnesium borate minerals from Boron, California – a preliminary note: American Mineralogist: 45: 732-734.

Barnard, R.M. & R.B. Kistler (1961), Stratigraphic and structural evolution of the Kramer sodium borate ore body, Boron, California, in: Second Symposium on Salt, J.L. Rau (editor): Northern Ohio Geol. Sc.: 133-150.

Bowser, C.J. & F.W. Dickson (1961), Chemical zonation of the borates of Kramer, California, In: J.L. Rau (ed.), Second Symposium on Salt: 1: 122-132, Northern Ohio Geological Society.

Obert, L. and Long, A.E. (1962) Underground borate mining, Kern County, California. US Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 6110, 67 pp.: 1-12.

Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 63.

Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1962), Kramer Borate District, California Division of Mines and Geology; County Report 1: 39-40.

Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1367.

Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428.

Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 49-50, 147-148.

Dickson, F.W. and W.J. Raab (1965) Origin of stibnite associated with borax at Kramer, California. Geological Society of America Program: 44-45.

Pecora, W.T. and Staff (1965) Mineral Resources. Geological Survey Research, 1965. USGS Professional Paper 525-A, 376 pp.: 9.

Hay, Richard Le Roy (1966) Zeolites and zeolitic reactions in sedimentary rocks: Geological Society of America Special Paper 85, 130 p.: 44.

Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 154, 229, 235, 236-237, 295, 319.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1967a) Areal geology of western Mojave Desert, California. USGS Professional Paper 522: 126-127.

Smith, W.C. (1968) Borax solution at Kramer, California. Economic Geology: 63(2): 877-883.

Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 143-153, 165-172.

Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10.

Razmanova, .P., Rumanova, I.M., and Belov, N.V. (1970) Crystal structure of kurnakovite Mg2B6O11•15H2O = 2Mg[B3O3(OH)5]•5H2O. Soviet Physics, Doklady: 14: 1139-1142.

Kistler, R.B., and Smith, W.C. (1975), Boron and Borates, in: Lefond, S.J., editor, Industrial Minerals and Rocks (non-metallics other than fuels): New York, A.I.M.E.: 473-496.

Puffer, J.H. (1975) The Kramer borate mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record: 6: 84-91.

U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Yearbook, 1978-1979: volume 1: 120.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51, 52, 66, 69, 71, 72, 115, 127, 132, 137, 161, 162, 168 (photo 4-5), 171, 174, 186, 191, 210, 213, 215, 219, 222, 216, 240, 243, 249, 256, 259, 266, 278-279, 280, 286, 292, 315, 355, 360, 368, 375, 382, 385, 401, 427, 428, 438, 439, 510, 512.

Smith, George Irving (1985) Borate deposits in the United States: Dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting, in Barker, J.M., and LeFond, S.J., 1985, Borates: Economic Geology and Production; Proceedings of a symposium held on October 24, 1984, at the fall meeting of SME-AIME in Denver, Colorado: New York, Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc: 38-51.

California Division of Mines and Geology (1990), Mines and mineral producers active in California (1988-89), California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 103.

O'Driscoll, Mike (1990), “Minerals in the US Southwest - breaking rocks in the hot sun” Industrial Minerals, no. 272: 56, 59.

Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World: 64.

Roskill Information Services Ltd. (1993), “The Economics of Boron 1993, 7th ed.” London, Roskill Information Services Ltd., 156 p.

American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191.

USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10080426 & 10284982.

Currier, Rock (2010), personal communication with Mindat/org.

U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file #0060291052.

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 23, 2017 05:16:25 Page generated: April 4, 2017 12:45:38
Go to top of page