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Magma Mine (Magma Superior Mine; Irene claim; Hub claim; Pomeroy; Superior Division; Silver Queen; Monarch claim; Magma Copper Mine; Broken Hill; Apex), Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA

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List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu12VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4MnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

References

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Ransome, F.L. (1912) Copper Deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540: 139, 156-158.
Ransome, F.L. (1914), Copper deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540-D: 139-158.
Jones, Jr., E.L. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 159, 162-163.
Bateman, A.M. (1929), Some covellite-chalcocite relationships, Economic Geology: 24: 424-439.
Wilson, E.D. and Butler, G.M. (1930), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese Ore Deposits in Arizona.
Elsing, M.J. and Heineman, E.S. (1936) USGS Bulletin 140: 99.
Harcourt, G.A. (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite), American Mineralogist: 22: 517-525.
Short, M.N. and Wilson, E. (1938), Some Arizona Ore Deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 90-97.
Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Economic Geology: 38: 269-286;
Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 151.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 196.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull 153: 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 27, 28.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 156: 84-94.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 31, 40, 46, 53, 72.
Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Economic Geology: 55: 1-55.
Farnham, L.L., Stewart, L.A., and Delong, C.W. (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7990: 124, 126, 130-132.
Gustafson, L.B. (1961) Paragenesis and Hypogene Zoning at the Magma Mine, Superior, Arizona, Unpublished dissertation, Harvard University.
Sell, J.D. (1961) Bedding Replacement Deposit of the Magma Mine, Superior, Arizona, MS thesis, University of Arizona.
Hammer, D.F. and Webster, R.N. (1962) Some Geologic Features of the Superior Area, Pinal County, Arizona, New Mexico Geological Society, Thirteenth Field Conference Guidebook: 148-152.
USGS Mineral Investigations Field Studies Map MF-253 (1962).
Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Economic Geology: 58: 1-51.
Brett, R. & R.A. Yund (1964), Sulfur-rich bornites, American Mineralogist: 49: 1084-1098.
Mills, J.W. & H.T. Eyrich (1966), The rate of unconformities in the localization of epigenetic mineral deposits in the United States and Canada, Economic Geology: 61: 1232-1257.
Ridge, John D. (1967) (editor). Ore Deposits in the United States 1933-1967, A.I.M.E. Graton Sales, Volume 2.
Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
Morimoto, N. & A. Gyobu (1971), The composition and stability of digenite, American Mineralogist: 56: 1889-1909.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 387.
Pierce, L. & P.R. Buseck (1978), Superstructuring in the bornite-digenite series: A high-resolution electron microscopy study, American Mineralogist: 63: 1-15.
Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Mineralogical Record: 14: 72-82.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 329.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 14 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 129, 142, 152, 163, 166, 182, 186, 188, 191, 195, 204, 206, 213, 219, 229, 240, 256, 287, 341, 343, 353, 354, 361, 373, 377, 385, 388, 393, 416, 417, 422.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources V file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Directory of Active Mines in Arizona 1980: 14.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet #608.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining Claims Lead file #60069.
USGS Superior Quadrangle map.
New Mexico Bureau of Mines Bull. 65: 14-15, 29.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10048316, MRDS ID #M89985; and Dep. ID #10069201, MRDS ID #W002674; and Dep. ID 10210793, MAS ID #0040210654; Dep. ID # 10137553, MRDS ID #M899885, MAS ID 0040210038.

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