Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Tilly Foster Iron Mine, Brewster, Town of Southeast, Putnam Co., New York, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Roger Ericksen
 

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold ?1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite ?14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite ?16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1FeSO4 · 7H2O
Szomolnokite ?29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite ?31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite ?51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1Ca(HBSiO5)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite ?71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
var: Byssolite-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Brucite
var: Nemalite
-Mg(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinochlore
var: Leuchtenbergite
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite ?-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Olivine'-
'Psilomelane' ?-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Marmolite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mather, W. W. (1839), Third Annual Report on the Geology of the First Geological District of the State of New York. Albany, New York.
Rogers, H. D. (1840), Final report on the geology of the State of New Jersey. 12-43.
Beck, L. C. (1842), Mineralogy of New York. W. and A. White and J. Visscher, Albany, New York.
Mather, W. W. (1843), Geology of New York, Part I, Comprising Geology of the First Geological District. Albany, New York.
Cook, G. H. (1868), The Geology of New Jersey. Newark, New Jersey.
Breidenbaugh, E. S. (1873), On the minerals found at the Tilly Foster iron mines, N.Y. American Journal of Science: third series: 6: 207-213.
Dana, James D. (1874), On serpentine pseudo-morphs and other kinds from the Tilly Foster iron mine, Putnam County, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 8: 371-381, 447-459.
Dana, Edward S. (1875), Preliminary notice of chondrodite crystals from the Tilly Foster mine, Brewster, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 9: 63-64.
Dana, Edward S. (1875b), On the chondrodite from the Tilly Foster mine, Brewster, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 10: 89-103.
Merrill, F.J.H. and Britton, N.L. (1883), Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1883. 27-77.
Merrill, F.J.H. and Britton, N.L. (1885), Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1885. 36-55.
Wendt, A. F. (1885), The iron mines of Putnam County, N. Y. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 13: 478- 488.
Pelletreau, William (1886), History of Putnam County, New York. W.W. Preston, Philadelphia.
Putnam, B.T. (1886), Report on the mining industries of the United States. Tenth Census, 1880.
Ruttmann, F. S. (1887), Notes on the geology of the Tilly Foster ore-body, Putnam County, New York. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 15: 79- 90
McDowell, F. H. (1889), The reopening of the Tilly Foster iron-mine. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 17: 758-767.
Landis, E. K. (1900), The Tilly Foster mine. The Journal of the Franklin Institute: 150: 223-226.
Whitlock, H. P. (1903), List of New York mineral localities. Bulletin of the New York State Museum: 70: 70-71.
Stewart, A. C. (1908), The magnetite belts of Putnam County, N. Y. The School of Mines Quarterly: 29: 283-294.
Koeberlin, F. R. (1909), The Brewster iron bearing district of New York. Economic Geology: 4: 713-54.
Colony, R. J. (1921), The magnetite iron deposits of southeastern New York. New York State Museum Bulletin: 249-250.
Manchester, J. G. (1931), The Minerals of New York City and its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club, Bulletin: 3(1), New York, NY, 165 p., 127 plates.
Doherty, E. (1934), Report on the Rocks and Minerals Association Second National Outing. Rocks and Minerals: 9(7): 105.
Zodac, Peter. (1934), Club and society notes. Rocks and Minerals: 9(6): 91.
Elwell, Wilbur. (1936), Mineral collecting by hydroplane. Rocks and Minerals: 11(6): 92 -93.
Trainer, John N. (1938), Tilly Foster up-to-date. Rocks and Minerals: 13(10): 291-303.
Zodac, Peter. (1938), Some recent finds at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 13(6): 180-181.
Trainer, John N. (1939), Tilly Foster up-to-date. Rocks and Minerals: 14(2): 50-52.
Trainer, John N. (1940), Another year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 15(4): 126–128.
Trainer, John N. (1941), The fifth year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 16(4): 122-126.
Rosch, J. (1942), A Tilly Foster incident. Rocks and Minerals: 17(1): 16-17.
Trainer, John N. (1942), Sixth year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 17(1): 8-9.
Trainer, John N. (1943), More about Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 18(6): 168-169.
Prucha, John J. (1956), Geology of the Brewster magnetite district of southeastern New York. New York State Museum and Science Service Circular 43.
Bourne, W. (1957), Trip to Tilly Foster, New York. Rocks and Minerals: 32(5-6): 258-260.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1966), A Field Mineralogy of the Tilly Foster Iron Mine. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Sinkankas, John. (1966), Gemstones of North America, Van Nostrand, Princeton, N.J. 675 p.
Frondel, Clifford. (1970), letter to Ronald Januzzi dated January 2 1970, in reference to loss of access to the Tilly Foster mine site.
Nuwer, Henry (1971), The Tilly Foster mine. Rocks and Minerals: 46(3):147-154.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), The Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1989), Tilly Foster Mineral Chart. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Roe, A. (1990), Washington A. Roebling—his life and mineral collection. Mineralogical Record: 21(1): 13-30.
Isachsen, Y. W., Landing, E., Lauber, J. M., Rickard, L. V., and Rogers, W. B., editors. (1991). Geology of New York - A Simplified Account. Educational Leaflet No. 28, Albany, New York.
Tschernich, Rudy. (1992), Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, 116.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Lininger, Jay. (1997), Iron smelting in the Hudson Highlands: a retrospective of the Greenwood Ironworks. Matrix: 5(4): 146-151
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001a), Mineral Species Reported to Occur at the Tilly Foster Iron Mine. Matrix: 9(2): 73-77.
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001b), Tilly Foster Pseudomorphs. Matrix: 9(2): 78-79.
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001c), The Tilly Foster Iron Mine: Southeast, Putnam County, New York. Matrix: 9(2): 51-72.
Smock, J. C. Iron mines and iron-ore districts in the State of New York. Bulletin of the New York State Museum of Natural History: 7: 2223.

External Links

The New York State Museum www.nysam.org/foster/

19th century American Journal of Science search page: http://diva.library.cmu.edu/ajs/search.jsp

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 19, 2017 18:00:50
Go to top of page