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Servette-Chuc mining complex, Saint-Marcel, Aosta Valley, Italy

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List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Slavíkite31.9.13.1(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Deerite69.2.3.3(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Barroisite-☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Crossite'-
Hydrowoodwardite-(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Alurgite
-K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Omphacite
var: Chrome-Omphacite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Slag'-

References

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- Saint-Martin de La Motte, F. (1784-85): Sur la fontaine verte de Saint-Marcel dans la vallée d'Aoste. Mem. R. Acc. Sci. Torino [1], 7, 1-12.
- Nicolis de Robilant, S.B. (1786-87): Description du Duché d'Aoste, suivi d'un essai sur deux minières des anciens Romains et d'un supplément à la théorie des montagnes et des mines. Mem. R. Acc. Sci. Torino [1], 8, 245-274.
- De Saussure, H.B. (1796): Voyages dans les Alpes, précédés d'un essai sur l'histoire naturelle des environs de Genève. Fauche, Barde-Manget, Fauche-Borel Ed., Neuchâtel et Genève, tome 4, page 459.
- Natale, P. (1969): Recrystallization and remobilisation in some pyrite deposits of the Western Alps. In: (Ed.) Zuffardi, P., Remobilization of ores and minerals. Atti del Convegno sulla rimobilizzazione dei minerali metallici e non metallici, Ente Minerario Sardo, Cagliari, 23 pp.
- Scaini, G.(1971): La slavikite della miniera di Servette a Saint Marcel (Aosta). Natura, 62, 1, 135.
- Castello, P. (1979): Studio geologico-giacimentologico nelle valli di Saint-Marcel e di Fenis e quadro sinottico delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese della Valle d’Aosta. Tesi, Università degli Studi di Torino, 338 pp.
- Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192.
- Castello, P (1981): Inventario delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese del Complesso piemontese dei calcescisti con pietre verdi in Valle d'Aosta. Ofioliti, 6, 1, 5-46.
- Krutow-Mozgawa, A. (1988) : Métamorphisme dans le sédiments riches en fer ou magnesium de la couverture des ophiolites piémontaises (mine de Servette, Val d’Aoste). Thèse de 3ème cycle, Universitè P. et M. Curie, Paris VI, 166 pp.
- Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156.
- Martin, S., Meggiolaro, V., Tartarotti, P. (1990): Sulphide and oxide phases in the eclogitic mineralized lithologies of the lower St. Marcel valley. Plinius, 2, 67-68.
- Lorenzini, C. (1995): Le antiche miniere della Valle d'Aosta. Musumeci, Ed., Quart (Aosta), 165 pp.
- Zinetti, G. (2002): Analisi ambientale del dissesto idrogeologico causato dallo stato di abbandono e di degrado della miniera di Cu e Fe di Servette nel versante destro della bassa valle di Saint-Marcel (AO) e proposta di recupero ambientale. Tesi di Laurea, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria (Como).
- Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd International Geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp.
- Martin, S., Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): Walking on a Paleo Ocean Floor. The subducted Thetys in the Western Alps - An Excursion Guide. In: (Eds.) Beltrando M., Lister G., Ganne J., Boullier A., Evolution of the western Alps: insights from metamorphism, structural geology, tectonics and geochronology. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol.16, Paper 2.
- Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
- Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
- Martin, S., Rebay, G., Kienast, J.R., Mével, C. (2008): An eclogitised oceanic palaeo-hydrothermal field from the St. Marcel valley (Italian western Alps). Ofioliti, 33, 49-63.
- Tumiati, S., Godard, G., Masciocchi, N., Martin, S., Monticelli, D. (2008): Environmental factors controlling the precipitation of Cu-bearing hydrotalcite-like compounds from mine waters. The case of the "Eve verda" spring (Aosta Valley, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 73-94.

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