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Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel

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Approaching the Hatrurim Formation

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hilltop With Contrasting Hatrurim Rock

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hilltop of Hatrurim Formation Rock

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Approaching the Hatrurim Formation

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hilltop With Contrasting Hatrurim Rock

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hilltop of Hatrurim Formation Rock

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Approaching the Hatrurim Formation

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hilltop With Contrasting Hatrurim Rock

Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
 

Detailed Mineral List:


Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3 - Ca3Ti4+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apophyllite'
Aradite
Formula: BaCa6[(SiO4)(VO4)](VO4)2F
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ariegilatite (TL)
Formula: BaCa12(SiO4)4(PO4)2F2O
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bayerite (TL)
Formula: Al(OH)3
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Bentorite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
'Biotite'
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bredigite
Formula: Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Brownmillerite
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Calciolangbeinite
Formula: K2Ca2(SO4)3
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
'Chabazite'
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Chlorite Group'
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Chromatite
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Ellestadite'
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Flamite (TL)
Formula: Ca8-x(Na,K)x(SiO4)4-x(PO4)x
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Fluorkyuygenite (TL)
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2]
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Gazeevite (TL)
Formula: BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Gismondine'
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Gmelinite'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Grossite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4O7
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Gurimite (TL)
Formula: Ba3(VO4)2
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Halamishite (TL)
Formula: Ni5P4
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hashemite
Formula: Ba(CrO4)
Hatrurite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(SiO4)O
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
'Heulandite'
Hexacelsian (TL)
Formula: BaAl2Si2O8
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katoite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Khesinite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Fe3+9Si3)O36
Kilchoanite
Formula: Ca6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Levantite (TL)
Formula: KCa3Al2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(PO4)
'Lévyne'
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Merwinite
Formula: Ca3Mg(SiO4)2
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Murashkoite (TL)
Formula: FeP
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nabimusaite
Formula: KCa12(SiO4)4(SO4)2O2F
Nagelschmidtite (TL)
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)2(PO4)2
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Negevite (TL)
Formula: NiP2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Periclase var: Ferropericlase
Formula: (Mg,Fe)O
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Phillipsite'
Plombièrite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Pseudowollastonite'
Formula: CaSiO3
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Reinhardbraunsite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Riversideite
Formula: Ca5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shulamitite (TL)
Formula: Ca3TiFe3+AlO8
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silicocarnotite (TL)
Formula: Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Srebrodolskite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2O5
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Stracherite (TL)
Formula: BaCa6(SiO4)2[(PO4)(CO3)]2F
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tacharanite
Formula: Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Ternesite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(SO4)
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thomsonite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Transjordanite (TL)
Formula: Ni2P
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Truscottite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Ulvöspinel
Formula: Fe2TiO4
'UM1977-02-CO:AlCaH' (FRL)
Formula: Ca6Al2(CO3)3O6 · 32H2O
Type Locality: Hatrurim Formation, Negev, Israel
'UM1977-07-O:AlCaFeH'
Formula: Ca(Fe,Al)2O4•nH2O
'UM1977-08-O:AlCaH'
Formula: Ca2Al2O5•nH2O
'UM1977-09-O:AlCaH'
Formula: Ca4Al2O7•nH2O
'UM1977-14-SiO:CaH'
Formula: Ca2SiO4•H2O
'Unnamed (Ca-Ti-Fe-Al Oxide II)'
Formula: Ca5Ti(Fe,Al)4O13
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Volkonskoite
Formula: Ca0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ye'elimite
Formula: Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
Zadovite
Formula: BaCa6[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4)2F
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoharite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,K)6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S27
Zuktamrurite (TL)
Formula: FeP2

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Burg, A., Starinsky, A., Bartov, Y. & Kolodny, Y. (1991): Geology of the Hatrurim Formation (`Mottled Zone') in the Hatrurim Basin. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 40, 107-124.
Gur, D., Steinitz, G., Kolodny, Y., Starinsky, A., McWilliams, M. (1995): 40Ar/39Ar dating of combustion metamorphism ("Mottled Zone", Israel). Chem. Geol. 122, 71-184.
Burg, A., Kolodny, Y. & Lyakhovsky, V. (1999): Hatrurim-2000: The "Mottled Zone" revisited, forty years later. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 48, 209-223.
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko, M., Sharygin, V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Sokol, E. V.; Novikov, I. S.; Zateeva, S. N.; Sharygin, V. V.; Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Pyrometamorphic rocks of the spurrite-merwinite facies as indicators of hydrocarbon discharge zones (the Hatrurim formation, Israel). Doklady Earth Sciences 420, 608-614.
Sokol, E.V., Gaskova, O.L., Kokh, S.N., Kozmenko, O.A., Seryotkin, Y.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M.N. (2011): Chromatite and its Cr3+- and Cr6+-bearing precursor minerals from the Nabi Musa Mottled Zone complex, Judean Desert. American Mineralogist 96, 659-674.

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