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Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA

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Southern end of open pit opposite entrance

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
View from entrance tunnel to rear wall

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
View near back wall looking towards the entrance tunnel

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Southern end of open pit opposite entrance

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
View from entrance tunnel to rear wall

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
View near back wall looking towards the entrance tunnel

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Southern end of open pit opposite entrance

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
View from entrance tunnel to rear wall

Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
 


Detailed Mineral List:
Albite
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © 2012 Peter Cristofono. Albite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Almandine
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © AK 2008. Almandine from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Anglesite
Description: Small, well-formed crystals were found in partially altered galena (Bjareby, 1965).
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Autunite
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 914, 986; Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © Charles Creekmur. Autunite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Becquerelite
Description: No data or specimens known.
Reference: No published reference. Probably whimsical.
Bertrandite
Description: Found on albite crystals (Bjareby, 1965).
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © Van King. Bertrandite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Beryl
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © AK2009. Beryl from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Beryl var: Heliodor
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky. Heliodor from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Beryllonite
Description: Found in altering beryl (Bjareby, 1965).
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
'Biotite'
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © Van King. Biotite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Bismuth
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493).
Bornite ?
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Calcite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Chrysoberyl
Reference: Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH , Part III., p.19.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Clarkeite
Description: Frondel (1956) noted: "Clarkeite has been said to occur in reddish-brown gummite at the Ruggles pegmatite, Grafton Center, New Hampshire, but it was not observed in specimens from this locality examined in the present study." As gummite and other minerals were frequently reported from this and other localities without data, frequently as wishful thinking, the clarkeite folklore is unbelievable given the thoroughness of Frondel's uranium mineral research.
Reference: Discredited by Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Coconinoite ?
Description: There is a large degree of uncertainty about the locality in NH for this species. Only PRIMARY reference is Young, E., Weeks, A., and Meyrowitz,R., 1966, Coconinoite, A New Uranium Mineral from Utah and Arizona, Am Min v 51:651-663 which states of the species: "... two from unknown localities, one from Wyoming, and one from New Hampshire, which is certainly in a different geologic environment..." The specimen is not elsewhere mentioned or described. There has been a strong folklore belief that the coconinoite mentioned was from the Ruggles Pegmatite because so many uranium minerals were found there and, at one time, were abundant. No subsequent discoveries of New Hampshire coconinoite have been made and the original reference specimen is lost.
Reference: Young, E., Weeks, A., and Meyrowitz,R., 1966, Coconinoite, A New Uranium Mineral from Utah and Arizona, Am Min v 51:651-663
Columbite-(Fe)
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Cryolite
Description: misprint for cyrtolite
Curite
Description: Incorrect reference. Orange gummite was of particular interest to Frondel (personal communication, 1991) as it contained Mineral A. There was only one worldwide pegmatite (North Carolina) where he did find curite in gummite. Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.
Reference: Seaman, David (1976) Pegmatite Minerals of the World
'Cymatolite'
Reference: Morrill, P. , 1960, New Hampshite Mines and Minerals Localities.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Cameron E.N.; Larabee, D.M.; McNair, A.H.; Page. J.J.; Stewart, G.W.; Shainin, V.E. (1954): Pegmatite Investigations 1942-1945, New England. (USGS Prof Paper 255:1-352.)
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Cameron E.N.; Larabee, D.M.; McNair, A.H.; Page. J.J.; Stewart, G.W.; Shainin, V.E. (1954): Pegmatite Investigations 1942-1945, New England. (USGS Prof Paper 255:1-352.)
Fluorapatite
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © 2008 Peter Cristofono. Fluorapatite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Fourmarierite ?
Description: "Fourmarierite was doubtfully identified as a minor constituent of gummite from a number of localities, including ... Palermo and Ruggles pegmatites..."
Reference: Frondel, C., 1956, Mineral Composition of Gummite, Am Min v 41: 539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Galena
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Goethite
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493).
Graftonite ?
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
'Gummite'
Habit: massive
Colour: yellow, orange
Reference: No reference listed
Photo: © 2008 Peter Cristofono. Gummite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Haiweeite ?
Habit: crusts
Colour: yellow-green
Description: Three specimens described as: "analyzed, yellowish-green xx-crusts on granite." - Shannon and Son's Minerals catalog. No data or supporting information.
Reference: www.shannonsminerals.com
Kasolite
Description: "At the Ruggles pegmatite, kasolite occurs both as a thin outer crust about the orange gummite pseudomorphs for which the locality is noted and as complete pseudomorphs of a rather pourous consistency."
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
'Lepidolite'
Description: Morrill (1960) reported "lemon yellow" lepidolite. All specimens submitted for testing are ordinary muscovite.
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Lithiophilite
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Löllingite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Van King
Marcasite ?
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Meta-autunite
Reference: No reference listed
Photo: © AK2010. Meta-autunite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Metatorbernite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Microcline
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493).
Molybdenite
Description: Listed as a "general" mineral for the town of Grafton, only. No specific locality.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Montmorillonite
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Muscovite
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © Rockpick Legend Co.. Muscovite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Orthoclase
Description: Sample description indicates it was a perthite plus muscovite and therefore not an orthoclase.
Reference: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/spectral.lib04/DESCRIPT/orthoclase.HS13.html.
Parsonsite
Description: Discovered about 1949 by the late Philip Foster, noted mineral collector of Dover, New Hampshire. Confirmed by Clifford Frondel by XRD.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 914.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Paulscherrerite
Reference: Brugger, J., Meisser, N., Etschmann, B., Ansermet, S., Pring, A. (2011): Paulscherrerite from the Number 2 Workings, Mount Painter Inlier, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia: “dehydrated schoepite” is a mineral after all. American Mineralogist, 96
Photo: Paulscherrerite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Phosphuranylite
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 876, 914.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © 2002 John H. Betts. Phosphuranylite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
'Psilomelane'
Description: undetermined black stains on rock, sometimes dendritic.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities; Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493). Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Purpurite
Description: Listed by Morrill (1960) for no specific locality in Grafton and subsequently inappropriately claimed for this locality.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Pyrite
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.
Pyrrhotite
Description: Not a rare mineral from granite pegmatite. Listed by Morrill (1960) for no specific locality in Grafton and subsequently inappropriately claimed for this locality.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © Van King. Pyrrhotite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Quartz
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © 2012 Peter Cristofono. Quartz from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Quartz var: Amethyst
Description: No specimens known. Probably a mis-identified rose quartz.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Reference: Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © Jamison K. Brizendine. Smoky Quartz from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Reddingite
Reference: Morrill, P, 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Safflorite
Description: Unbelievable cobalt mineral for this locality. Listed by Morrill (1960) for no specific locality in Grafton and incorrectly claimed for this locality. This is a mineral not found in granite pegmatite anywhere in the world.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Schoepite
Description: Mineral A of Frondel (1956). "Mineral A is particularly abundant at the Ruggles locality, where it is one of the chief constituents of the orange gummite pseudomorphs after dendritic aggregates of uraninite crystals for which the locality is noted... It occurs as microcrystalline aggregates of a bright-orange to orange-yellow or golden-yellow color. ... The luster varies from dull and earthy to weakly vitreous in hard, translucent aggregates."
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.
Photo: © 2002 John H. Betts. Schoepite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Schorl
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Photo: © 2003 Peter Cristofono. Schorl from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Sillimanite
Description: Found in schist.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Sklodowskite
Description: Mineral B = Ca analog of kasolite. Frondel (1956).
Reference: Frondel, C., 1956, Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist, v. 41, p. 539-568.
Photo: © . Sklodowskite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Soddyite
Description: "[Soddyite] occurs abundantly at the Ruggles pegmatite..., as complete pseudomorphs after uraninite. These are yellow to straw-yellow in color, with a dense to almost pulverulent consistency, and are composed of minute shreds and fibers of soddyite admixed with small amounts of uranophane."
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Staurolite
Description: Found in metamorphic rocks. Not found in the Ruggles pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255
Topaz
Description: No specimens known.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Torbernite
Reference: Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493).
Triphylite
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 667. Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
Photo: © Van King. Triphylite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
'UM1956-02-SiO:CaHU'
Reference: Frondel, C. (1956): Mineral composition of gummite. American Mineralogist: 41: 539-568.
Uraninite
Description: Large quantities of uraninite and its alteration to other minerals have been found here.
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; USGS Prof Paper 255; Am Min (1938) 23:334-341
Photo: © Christopher O'Neill. Uraninite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Uranophane
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Uranophane-β
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.
Photo: © FED '17. Uranophane-β from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Uranospinite
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Vandendriesscheite
Description: "Vandendriesscheite occurs as dense microcrystalline aggregates. The color varies from yellow-orange, brownish orange, and orange to orange-red."
Reference: Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Vivianite
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Photo: © Van King. Vivianite from Ruggles Mine, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Zircon
Reference: Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.

References

Sterrett, D. (1914). Some deposits of Mica in the United States, USGS Bulletin 580-F: 80-81.

Elwell, Wilbur J. (1936): A Mineralogical Trip Through New England. Rocks and Minerals: 11(3): 36-7.

Shaub, Benjamin M. (1937): Age of the Uraninite from the Ruggles Mine, Grafton Center, New Hampshire, Science: 86: 156.

Shaub, Benjamin M. (1938): The Occurrence, Crystal Habit, and Composition of the Uraninite from the Ruggles Mine, near Grafton Center, New Hampshire, American Mineralogist: 23: 334-341.

Frondel, Clifford (1950): Sudies of Uranium Minerals (I): Parsonsite and Randite, American Mineralogist: 35: 235-250.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 876, 914, 986.

Cameron E.N.; Larabee, D.M.; McNair, A.H.; Page. J.J.; Stewart, G.W.; Shainin, V.E. (1954): Pegmatite Investigations 1942-1945, New England, USGS Professional Paper 255: 1-352.

Tilden, Paul M. (1955) America's First Mica Mine?, Rocks and Minerals: 30: 499-500.

Frondel, C. (1956): Mineral composition of gummite. American Mineralogist: 41: 539-568.

Morrill, P. (1960), New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.

Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7, Rocks & Minerals: 40: 491-493.

Gregory, G. (1971), The Ruggles Feldspar - Mica Mine, Grafton, New Hampshire, Rocks & Minerals: 46: 12-15.

Sweeney, Harry M. (1975), Field Trip: New Hampshire: The Treasures of Ruggles Mine, Rock & Gem: 5(2): 59-61.

Cushing, Kenneth R. (1992). Isinglass, Timber, and Wool: A History of the Town of Grafton, N.H. 1761-1992.

Korzeb, Stanley L.; Foord, Eugene E. and Lichte, Frederick E. (1997): The chemical evolution and paragenesis of uranium minerals from the Ruggles and Palermo granitic pegmatites, New Hampshire, Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 135-144.

Foord, Eugene E.; Korzeb, Stanley L.; Lichte, Frederick E.; and Fitzpatrick, Joan J. (1997): Additional Studies on Mixed Uranyl-Oxide Hydrate Alteration Products of Uraninite From the Palermo and Ruggles Granitic Pegmatites, Grafton County, New Hampshire, Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 145-151.

Davis, F. E. (2013): U.S. Mica Industry Pioneers: The Ruggles and Bowers Families, (Charleston, SC: CreateSpace.com / Amazon.com).

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