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Magma Mine (Magma Superior Mine; Irene claim; Hub claim; Pomeroy; Superior Division; Silver Queen; Monarch claim; Magma Copper Mine; Broken Hill; Apex), Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA

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Detailed Mineral List:
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Tabular to 2 by 0.5 inches (5 by 1.25 cm)
Colour: Black, brown, maroon, gray, white, yellow & golden-yellow
Description: Brilliant crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Photo: © 2001 John H. Betts. Baryte from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Description: Occurs in the deepest levels.
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Ransome, F.L. (1914), Copper deposits near Superior, AZ, USGS Bull. 540-D: 139-158; Harcourt, G.A. (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite), Am.Min.: 22: 517-525; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Brett, R. & R.A. Yund (1964), Sulfur-rich bornites, Am.Min.: 49: 1084-1098; Morimoto, N. & A. Gyobu (1971), The composition and stability of digenite, AmMin.: 56: 1889-1909; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 17; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Photo: Bornite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Scalenohedral
Colour: Delicate pink
Description: Crystal groups.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 46.
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky & irocks.com. Calcite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Habit: Slender, prismatic to 2 cm long & 'V' shaped twins (3260 level).
Description: Occurs as large, nearly pure, secondary bodies; also, primary mineral in ore at deeper levels with associated sulfides.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 15, 16; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky & irocks.com. Chalcocite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: Very fine up to 2.5 cm diameter
Description: Occurs as massive replacements of limestone; as crystals in places.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 166; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 19; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 287; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Colusite
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 182; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 416.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Occurs in small amounts; as crystal groups.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 186; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Description: Occurs on the 1000 level with other sulfates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 186.
Photo: © Causeway Minerals. Coquimbite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Small amounts near lower limits of the oxidized zone with sauconite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1-51; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Photo: © Dana Slaughter Minerals. Coronadite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Sparsely distributed.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 191; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Bateman, A.M. (1929), Some covellite-chalcocite relationships, Econ.Geol.: 24: 424-439; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 21.
Photo: © 2017JSS. Covellite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Description: Occurs in deeper levels forming part of all chalcocite-bornite intergrowths (on & below the 3400 level).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163, 204; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Pierce, L. & P.R. Buseck (1978), Superstructuring in the bornite-digenite series: A high-resolution electron microscopy study, Am.Min.: 63: 1-15; Morimoto, N. & A. Gyobu (1971), The composition and stability of digenite, AmMin.: 56: 1889-1909; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Colour: Deep green
Description: Famous at the shaft collar (No. 1 glory hole); as crystal incrustations partly coated with small olivenite crystals (upper levels).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Min.Rec.: 20:69, 387; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Localities: Recorded from at least 1 other locality in this region.
Photo: © Edelweissminerals.com. Dioptase from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163, 206; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Morimoto, N. & A. Gyobu (1971), The composition and stability of digenite, AmMin.: 56: 1889-1909.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Most important copper ore in lowest levels of the mine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213 Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 28; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Description: Occurs with hypogene ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 219; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Occurs in sphalerite ores. Also as intergrowths with bornite and chalcopyrite in unimportant amounts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 229; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 18; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Habit: Small, prismatic
Description: Occurs as coatings of crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Above the east 1800 and 200 levels.
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Colour: White
Description: Occurs on the 1600 level as films on sphalerite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 256; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 53; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Not analyzed. Specimens look like they are hematite.
Reference: Specimen aquired from Ray Grant
Photo: © Michael Cline. Lepidocrocite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Principal copper oxide mineral with chrysocolla.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 287; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs near zsurface at the No. 1 Glory Hole outcrop. Coats dioptase.
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Localities: Recorded from at least 1 other locality in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Large
Description: Occurs as large bodies; large crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 341; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Mills, J.W. & H.T. Eyrich (1966), The rate of unconformities in the localization of epigenetic mineral deposits in the United States and Canada, Econ.Geol.: 61: 1232-1257; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 23; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Photo: © 2002 John H. Betts. Pyrite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Description: Occurs in vein outcrops.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 31.
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky & irocks.com. Pyrolusite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Description: Occurs as massive material and as rare small crystals in the South vein.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 353; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs on the 1000 level with other sulfates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 388.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as soft, waxy, gouge-like material from near the lower limit of the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188, 361.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Occurs in upper portions of the orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 373; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 9.
Photo: © Michael Cline. Silver from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: Fine crystals to 2.5 cm diameter
Colour: Dark colored, green
Description: Abundant on eastern margin of Main orebodyin the upper levels. In lower levels abundant in scattered oreshoots east of shafts Nos. 2 & 3.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 377; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 18; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Photo: © Bob Griffis and Bob Griffis Minerals. Sphalerite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Description: Occurs sparingly in hypogene ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 385; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 16; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Photo: © 2007 Michael C. Roarke. Stromeyerite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Colour: Colorless to tan
Description: Clear, crystalline material associated with other sulfates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 388.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 93.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Description: Abundant below the 900 level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 393; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull 153: 27.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: American Museum of Natural History specimen 92111
Photo: © J.Ralph 2012. Vanadinite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Habit: Crystals to 0.25 inches (1.15 cm) diameter.
Description: Occurs on the 1000 level with other sulfates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 388, 416.
'Wad'
Description: East part 1600 level as veins & irregular masses.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 31.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Description: Occurs in hypogene ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 422; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82.
Photo: © Trevor Boyd/ Causeway Minerals. Wulfenite from Magma Mine, Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA

References

Ransome, F.L. (1912) Copper Deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540: 139, 156-158.

Ransome, F.L. (1914), Copper deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540-D: 139-158.

Jones, Jr., E.L. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 159, 162-163.

Bateman, A.M. (1929), Some covellite-chalcocite relationships, Economic Geology: 24: 424-439.

Wilson, E.D. and Butler, G.M. (1930), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese Ore Deposits in Arizona.

Elsing, M.J. and Heineman, E.S. (1936) USGS Bulletin 140: 99.

Harcourt, G.A. (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite), American Mineralogist: 22: 517-525.

Short, M.N. and Wilson, E. (1938), Some Arizona Ore Deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 90-97.

Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Economic Geology: 38: 269-286;

Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 151.

Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 196.

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Pierce, L. & P.R. Buseck (1978), Superstructuring in the bornite-digenite series: A high-resolution electron microscopy study, American Mineralogist: 63: 1-15.

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MRDS database Dep. ID #10048316, MRDS ID #M89985; and Dep. ID #10069201, MRDS ID #W002674; and Dep. ID 10210793, MAS ID #0040210654; Dep. ID # 10137553, MRDS ID #M899885, MAS ID 0040210038.

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