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Magma Mine (Magma Superior Mine; Irene claim; Hub claim; Pomeroy; Superior Division; Silver Queen; Monarch claim; Magma Copper Mine; Broken Hill; Apex), Superior, Pioneer District, Pinal Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA

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Detailed Mineral List:


Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Colusite
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
'Wad'
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

References

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Ransome, F.L. (1912) Copper Deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540: 139, 156-158.
Ransome, F.L. (1914), Copper deposits near Superior, Arizona, USGS Bull. 540-D: 139-158.
Jones, Jr., E.L. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 159, 162-163.
Bateman, A.M. (1929), Some covellite-chalcocite relationships, Economic Geology: 24: 424-439.
Wilson, E.D. and Butler, G.M. (1930), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese Ore Deposits in Arizona.
Elsing, M.J. and Heineman, E.S. (1936) USGS Bulletin 140: 99.
Harcourt, G.A. (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite), American Mineralogist: 22: 517-525.
Short, M.N. and Wilson, E. (1938), Some Arizona Ore Deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 90-97.
Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Economic Geology: 38: 269-286;
Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 151.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 196.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull 153: 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 27, 28.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 156: 84-94.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 31, 40, 46, 53, 72.
Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Economic Geology: 55: 1-55.
Farnham, L.L., Stewart, L.A., and Delong, C.W. (1961), Manganese deposits of eastern Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7990: 124, 126, 130-132.
Gustafson, L.B. (1961) Paragenesis and Hypogene Zoning at the Magma Mine, Superior, Arizona, Unpublished dissertation, Harvard University.
Sell, J.D. (1961) Bedding Replacement Deposit of the Magma Mine, Superior, Arizona, MS thesis, University of Arizona.
Hammer, D.F. and Webster, R.N. (1962) Some Geologic Features of the Superior Area, Pinal County, Arizona, New Mexico Geological Society, Thirteenth Field Conference Guidebook: 148-152.
USGS Mineral Investigations Field Studies Map MF-253 (1962).
Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Economic Geology: 58: 1-51.
Brett, R. & R.A. Yund (1964), Sulfur-rich bornites, American Mineralogist: 49: 1084-1098.
Mills, J.W. & H.T. Eyrich (1966), The rate of unconformities in the localization of epigenetic mineral deposits in the United States and Canada, Economic Geology: 61: 1232-1257.
Ridge, John D. (1967) (editor). Ore Deposits in the United States 1933-1967, A.I.M.E. Graton Sales, Volume 2.
Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
Morimoto, N. & A. Gyobu (1971), The composition and stability of digenite, American Mineralogist: 56: 1889-1909.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 387.
Pierce, L. & P.R. Buseck (1978), Superstructuring in the bornite-digenite series: A high-resolution electron microscopy study, American Mineralogist: 63: 1-15.
Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Mineralogical Record: 14: 72-82.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 329.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 14 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 129, 142, 152, 163, 166, 182, 186, 188, 191, 195, 204, 206, 213, 219, 229, 240, 256, 287, 341, 343, 353, 354, 361, 373, 377, 385, 388, 393, 416, 417, 422.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources V file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Directory of Active Mines in Arizona 1980: 14.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet #608.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining Claims Lead file #60069.
USGS Superior Quadrangle map.
New Mexico Bureau of Mines Bull. 65: 14-15, 29.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10048316, MRDS ID #M89985; and Dep. ID #10069201, MRDS ID #W002674; and Dep. ID 10210793, MAS ID #0040210654; Dep. ID # 10137553, MRDS ID #M899885, MAS ID 0040210038.

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