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Advance Mine (Zaca Mine; Zaca group; North Advance Mine; Collosus Mine; Colorado No. 2 Mine; Tarshish Mine), Colorado Hill, Loope (Monitor; Loopeville), Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA

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Detailed Mineral List:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 9-13; Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 8; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 106.
Photo: © R.D. Green. Acanthite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: [MinRec 20:129-142]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Root, E.W. (1868) On enargite from the Morning Star Mine, California. American Journal of Science, 2nd. Series: 46: 201-203; Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 17, 19, 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 135.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 132; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Photo: Freibergite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): No. 354: 413; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 101; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): No. 354: 413; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 101; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Description: Encrusts ore minerals and quartz crystals.
Reference: Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 341-347; Partridge, John F., Jr. (1941), Tungsten resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 37): 37(2): 264; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 331.
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky & irocks.com. Hübnerite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 138; Mineralogical Record 20 129-142]
Photo: © R.D. Green. Polybasite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Steve Pullman
Photo: © Michael D. Cline. Pyrargyrite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Photo: Pyrite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1991): 22: 37.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs in cavities.
Reference: Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 342; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 25; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 331, 344.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs in cavities.
Reference: Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 342; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 25; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 331, 344.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Colour: Pink
Description: Occurs as pink crystals and as gangue.Occurs as crystals.
Reference: Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 342-343; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213.; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 159; Irelan, William, Jr. (1887), Sixth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau Report 6, part 2, 222 pp.: 105; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 25; Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 339-348.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 17, 19, 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 82.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 9-13; Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 342; Partridge, John F., Jr. (1941), Tungsten resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 37): 37(2): 264; Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 23; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 140.
Photo: © Doug Merson 2007. Stephanite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 9-13; Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 8, 24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 108; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Photo: Tetrahedrite from Advance Mine, Colorado Hill, Loope, Monitor - Mogul District, Alpine Co., California, USA

References

Root, E.W. (1868) On enargite from the Morning Star Mine, California. American Journal of Science, 2nd. Series: 46: 201-203.

Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 159.

Irelan, William, Jr. (1887), Sixth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau Report 6, part 2, 222 pp.: 105.

Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 5-27; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394 (1922)]: 9-13, 25.

Logan, Clarence August (1921), Auburn field division: Alpine County, California Mining Bureau, 17th Report of the State Mineralogist: 401.

Logan, Clarence August (1922), California Mining Bureau. Report 18: 358.

Gianella, Vincent Paul (1938), Epithermal hübnerite from the Monitor district, Alpine County, California: Economic Geology: 33: 339-348.

Partridge, John F., Jr. (1941), Tungsten resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 37): 37(2): 264.

Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines: 53(3&4): No. 354: 413.

Evans, J.R., ed. (1966), Guidebook Along the East-Central Front of the Sierra Nevada: Geological Society of Sacramento, Annual Field Trip, June, 1966.

Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 320, 347, 385.

Campbell, Ian & staff (1968), California Mining Review, 1967: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 21: 19-28.

Wachter, B.G. (1971) Rapid fresh and altered rock-analysis for exploration reconnaissance: infrared absorption applications in the Monitor district, California. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.

Clark, Wm. B. (1977), Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County, California: California Division Mines and Geology County Report 8; 48 pp.: 17, 19, 22-27.

Evans, James R. (1977) Zaca Mine. In W.B. Clark, Mines and mineral resources of Alpine County. California Division Mines and Geology County report 8: 8, 24-25.

The Mining Record, California Silver 1981 Exploration Report (1981) (December 16, 1981).

Mining Congress Journal (1982), Joint Development set for Zaca Property (June 1982): 12.

Engineering and Mining Journal (1983) (January): 56.

Mining Engineering (1983), Exploration (May 1983): 418.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 82, 101, 106, 108, 132, 135, 138, 140, 213, 331, 344.

U. S. Bureau of Mines Contract No. SO221028, Report on the California Silver Ltd. - Zaca Mine, Markleeville, California, Final report (1983) (July).

Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.

Randol Mining Directory (1990).

Prenn, N. and P. Merrick (1991), The Monitor-Mogul Mining District. Mineralogical Record. 22: 29-40.

American Mines Handbook (1993).

American Mines Handbook (1996).

Randol Mining Directory (1996/97): 170.

American Mines Handbook (1997).

USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10034297, 10006821 & 10211705.

U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060030001.

Morrison-Knutson Co., Inc. - Mining Group, Mine deposit file.

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