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Chañarcillo, Copiapó Province, Atacama Region, Chile

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Detailed Mineral List:


Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality: Chañarcillo, Copiapó Province, Atacama Region, Chile
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
'Atlasite'
Formula: near Cu15(CO3)6Cl2(OH)16 · H2O
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Bromargyrite var: Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Bromargyrite var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)Br
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Capgaronnite
Formula: AgHgClS
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chañarcillite'
Formula: Ag-As-Sb
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fettelite
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Garnet'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Moschellandsbergite
Formula: Ag2Hg3
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Tocornalite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)I
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3

References

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Allison, R.E. (1859): Geologische Skizze von Chile. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung 18(50), 458-460.
Moesta, F.A. (1870): Ueber das Vorkommen der Chlor-, Brom- und Jodverbindungen des Silbers in der Natur - Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Geologischen und Bergbaulichen Verhältnisse von Nordchile. Verlag von Oscar Eberhardt's Universitätsbuchhandlung (Marburg), 47 pp.
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Observations on Metalliferous Deposits: On the Mining District of Chañarcillo in Chili. Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 69-153.
Whitehead, W. L. (1919): The veins of Chanarcillo, Chile. Economic Geology: 14: 1-45.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Cook, R. B. (1979): Famous mineral localities; Chanarcillo, Chile. Mineralogical Record, 10(4), 197-204.
Mayer, Ch. K. & Fontboté, L. (1986): New Observations on the Silver Mining District of Chañarcillo, Northern Chile. Zbl. Geol. Paläont. Teil I, 1985, 1637-1648.
Symes, Dr. R.F. & Harding, Dr. R.R. (1999): Eyewitness Guides, Crystal & Gem.

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