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Servette-Chuc mining complex, Saint-Marcel, Aosta Valley, Italy

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Detailed Mineral List:


Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
'Crossite'
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Omphacite var: Chrome-Omphacite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Slag'
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

References

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- Saint-Martin de La Motte, F. (1784-85): Sur la fontaine verte de Saint-Marcel dans la vallée d'Aoste. Mem. R. Acc. Sci. Torino [1], 7, 1-12.
- Nicolis de Robilant, S.B. (1786-87): Description du Duché d'Aoste, suivi d'un essai sur deux minières des anciens Romains et d'un supplément à la théorie des montagnes et des mines. Mem. R. Acc. Sci. Torino [1], 8, 245-274.
- De Saussure, H.B. (1796): Voyages dans les Alpes, précédés d'un essai sur l'histoire naturelle des environs de Genève. Fauche, Barde-Manget, Fauche-Borel Ed., Neuchâtel et Genève, tome 4, page 459.
- Natale, P. (1969): Recrystallization and remobilisation in some pyrite deposits of the Western Alps. In: (Ed.) Zuffardi, P., Remobilization of ores and minerals. Atti del Convegno sulla rimobilizzazione dei minerali metallici e non metallici, Ente Minerario Sardo, Cagliari, 23 pp.
- Scaini, G.(1971): La slavikite della miniera di Servette a Saint Marcel (Aosta). Natura, 62, 1, 135.
- Castello, P. (1979): Studio geologico-giacimentologico nelle valli di Saint-Marcel e di Fenis e quadro sinottico delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese della Valle d’Aosta. Tesi, Università degli Studi di Torino, 338 pp.
- Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192.
- Castello, P (1981): Inventario delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese del Complesso piemontese dei calcescisti con pietre verdi in Valle d'Aosta. Ofioliti, 6, 1, 5-46.
- Krutow-Mozgawa, A. (1988) : Métamorphisme dans le sédiments riches en fer ou magnesium de la couverture des ophiolites piémontaises (mine de Servette, Val d’Aoste). Thèse de 3ème cycle, Universitè P. et M. Curie, Paris VI, 166 pp.
- Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156.
- Martin, S., Meggiolaro, V., Tartarotti, P. (1990): Sulphide and oxide phases in the eclogitic mineralized lithologies of the lower St. Marcel valley. Plinius, 2, 67-68.
- Lorenzini, C. (1995): Le antiche miniere della Valle d'Aosta. Musumeci, Ed., Quart (Aosta), 165 pp.
- Zinetti, G. (2002): Analisi ambientale del dissesto idrogeologico causato dallo stato di abbandono e di degrado della miniera di Cu e Fe di Servette nel versante destro della bassa valle di Saint-Marcel (AO) e proposta di recupero ambientale. Tesi di Laurea, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria (Como).
- Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd International Geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp.
- Martin, S., Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): Walking on a Paleo Ocean Floor. The subducted Thetys in the Western Alps - An Excursion Guide. In: (Eds.) Beltrando M., Lister G., Ganne J., Boullier A., Evolution of the western Alps: insights from metamorphism, structural geology, tectonics and geochronology. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol.16, Paper 2.
- Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
- Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
- Martin, S., Rebay, G., Kienast, J.R., Mével, C. (2008): An eclogitised oceanic palaeo-hydrothermal field from the St. Marcel valley (Italian western Alps). Ofioliti, 33, 49-63.
- Tumiati, S., Godard, G., Masciocchi, N., Martin, S., Monticelli, D. (2008): Environmental factors controlling the precipitation of Cu-bearing hydrotalcite-like compounds from mine waters. The case of the "Eve verda" spring (Aosta Valley, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 73-94.

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