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Tilly Foster Iron Mine, Brewster, Town of Southeast, Putnam Co., New York, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Roger Ericksen
 

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification


Group 1 - Elements
Gold ?1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
var: Nemalite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite' ?5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite ?5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Melanterite'7.CB.35FeSO4 · 7H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite ?7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Szomolnokite ?7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Autunite'8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Axinite-(Fe)'9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Leuchtenbergite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Danburite'9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
'Datolite'9.AJ.20Ca(HBSiO5)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hisingerite ?9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite ?9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Natrolite'9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite ?9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
var: Byssolite-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
Chabazite-
Chrysolite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Heulandite-
Hornblende-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Olivine-
Psilomelane ?-
Pyroxene Group-
Riebeckite Root Name-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Marmolite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Stilbite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mather, W. W. (1839), Third Annual Report on the Geology of the First Geological District of the State of New York. Albany, New York.
Rogers, H. D. (1840), Final report on the geology of the State of New Jersey. 12-43.
Beck, L. C. (1842), Mineralogy of New York. W. and A. White and J. Visscher, Albany, New York.
Mather, W. W. (1843), Geology of New York, Part I, Comprising Geology of the First Geological District. Albany, New York.
Cook, G. H. (1868), The Geology of New Jersey. Newark, New Jersey.
Breidenbaugh, E. S. (1873), On the minerals found at the Tilly Foster iron mines, N.Y. American Journal of Science: third series: 6: 207-213.
Dana, James D. (1874), On serpentine pseudo-morphs and other kinds from the Tilly Foster iron mine, Putnam County, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 8: 371-381, 447-459.
Dana, Edward S. (1875), Preliminary notice of chondrodite crystals from the Tilly Foster mine, Brewster, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 9: 63-64.
Dana, Edward S. (1875b), On the chondrodite from the Tilly Foster mine, Brewster, New York. American Journal of Science, third series: 10: 89-103.
Merrill, F.J.H. and Britton, N.L. (1883), Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1883. 27-77.
Merrill, F.J.H. and Britton, N.L. (1885), Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1885. 36-55.
Wendt, A. F. (1885), The iron mines of Putnam County, N. Y. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 13: 478- 488.
Pelletreau, William (1886), History of Putnam County, New York. W.W. Preston, Philadelphia.
Putnam, B.T. (1886), Report on the mining industries of the United States. Tenth Census, 1880.
Ruttmann, F. S. (1887), Notes on the geology of the Tilly Foster ore-body, Putnam County, New York. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 15: 79- 90
McDowell, F. H. (1889), The reopening of the Tilly Foster iron-mine. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 17: 758-767.
Landis, E. K. (1900), The Tilly Foster mine. The Journal of the Franklin Institute: 150: 223-226.
Whitlock, H. P. (1903), List of New York mineral localities. Bulletin of the New York State Museum: 70: 70-71.
Stewart, A. C. (1908), The magnetite belts of Putnam County, N. Y. The School of Mines Quarterly: 29: 283-294.
Koeberlin, F. R. (1909), The Brewster iron bearing district of New York. Economic Geology: 4: 713-54.
Colony, R. J. (1921), The magnetite iron deposits of southeastern New York. New York State Museum Bulletin: 249-250.
Manchester, J. G. (1931), The Minerals of New York City and its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club, Bulletin: 3(1), New York, NY, 165 p., 127 plates.
Doherty, E. (1934), Report on the Rocks and Minerals Association Second National Outing. Rocks and Minerals: 9(7): 105.
Zodac, Peter. (1934), Club and society notes. Rocks and Minerals: 9(6): 91.
Elwell, Wilbur. (1936), Mineral collecting by hydroplane. Rocks and Minerals: 11(6): 92 -93.
Trainer, John N. (1938), Tilly Foster up-to-date. Rocks and Minerals: 13(10): 291-303.
Zodac, Peter. (1938), Some recent finds at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 13(6): 180-181.
Trainer, John N. (1939), Tilly Foster up-to-date. Rocks and Minerals: 14(2): 50-52.
Trainer, John N. (1940), Another year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 15(4): 126–128.
Trainer, John N. (1941), The fifth year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 16(4): 122-126.
Rosch, J. (1942), A Tilly Foster incident. Rocks and Minerals: 17(1): 16-17.
Trainer, John N. (1942), Sixth year at Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 17(1): 8-9.
Trainer, John N. (1943), More about Tilly Foster. Rocks and Minerals: 18(6): 168-169.
Prucha, John J. (1956), Geology of the Brewster magnetite district of southeastern New York. New York State Museum and Science Service Circular 43.
Bourne, W. (1957), Trip to Tilly Foster, New York. Rocks and Minerals: 32(5-6): 258-260.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1966), A Field Mineralogy of the Tilly Foster Iron Mine. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Sinkankas, John. (1966), Gemstones of North America, Van Nostrand, Princeton, N.J. 675 p.
Frondel, Clifford. (1970), letter to Ronald Januzzi dated January 2 1970, in reference to loss of access to the Tilly Foster mine site.
Nuwer, Henry (1971), The Tilly Foster mine. Rocks and Minerals: 46(3):147-154.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), The Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1989), Tilly Foster Mineral Chart. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Roe, A. (1990), Washington A. Roebling—his life and mineral collection. Mineralogical Record: 21(1): 13-30.
Isachsen, Y. W., Landing, E., Lauber, J. M., Rickard, L. V., and Rogers, W. B., editors. (1991). Geology of New York - A Simplified Account. Educational Leaflet No. 28, Albany, New York.
Tschernich, Rudy. (1992), Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, 116.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
Lininger, Jay. (1997), Iron smelting in the Hudson Highlands: a retrospective of the Greenwood Ironworks. Matrix: 5(4): 146-151
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001a), Mineral Species Reported to Occur at the Tilly Foster Iron Mine. Matrix: 9(2): 73-77.
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001b), Tilly Foster Pseudomorphs. Matrix: 9(2): 78-79.
Nightingale, Stephen L. (2001c), The Tilly Foster Iron Mine: Southeast, Putnam County, New York. Matrix: 9(2): 51-72.
Smock, J. C. Iron mines and iron-ore districts in the State of New York. Bulletin of the New York State Museum of Natural History: 7: 2223.

External Links

The New York State Museum www.nysam.org/foster/

19th century American Journal of Science search page: http://diva.library.cmu.edu/ajs/search.jsp

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