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Belvidere Mountain Quarries (Vermont Asbestos Group Mine; VAG Mine; Ruberoid Asbestos Mine; Eden Mills Quarries), Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA

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Main Processing Mill and Talings Dumps, Belvidere Mountain Quarr

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Vermont Asbestos Group Mine (Belvidere Mt. Quarries) Enterance G

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Main Tailings Piles, over 350 feet high at Highest, Belvidere Mt

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Main Processing Mill and Talings Dumps, Belvidere Mountain Quarr

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Vermont Asbestos Group Mine (Belvidere Mt. Quarries) Enterance G

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Main Tailings Piles, over 350 feet high at Highest, Belvidere Mt

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Main Processing Mill and Talings Dumps, Belvidere Mountain Quarr

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
Vermont Asbestos Group Mine (Belvidere Mt. Quarries) Enterance G

Belvidere Mountain Quarries, Lowell & Eden, Orleans & Lamoille Cos., Vermont, USA
 

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification


Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Gersdorffite ?2.EB.25NiAsS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Artinite'5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Axinite-(Fe)'9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Barroisite'9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Chamosite'9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Leuchtenbergite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochrysotile9.ED.
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15(Ca,Cr)MgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinozoisite-Epidote Series-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Olivine-
Orthochrysotile-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Stilbite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Stuart, J. (1823): Localities of Minerals. American Journal of Science and Arts: 6: 249.
Robinson, Samuel (1825): A Catalogue of American Minerals, with Their Localities: 24.
Marsters, Vernon F. (1904). Petrography of the Amphibolite, Serpentine, and Associated Asbestos Deposits of Belvidere Mountain, Vermont. Geological Society of America Bulletin, Volume 16.: 419-445.
Diller, J. S. (1910). The Types, Modes of Occurrence, and Important Deposits of Asbestos in the United States. USGS Bulletin 470: 507-512.
Rocks & Minerals (1946): 21: 490.
Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 925.
Crane, C. E. (1954). Vermont makes silk from stone – the story of the nation’s largest asbestos operation located on a remote mountainside of northern Vermont, Vermont Life: 8(3): 2-9.
Cady, Wallace Martin; Albee, Arden Leroy; Chidester, A. H. (1963) Bedrock Geology and Asbestos Deposits of the Upper Missisquoi Valley and Vicinity, Vermont. USGS Bull 1122-B.
Gosse, Ralph (1968): Notes on Rare and Unusual New England Gemstones. Rocks & Minerals: 43: 756.
Clairborne, W.L., (1976). Vermont Asbestos Group: Worker-owned mine shows bright prospects, Vermont Life: 30(3): 9-13.
Chidester, A.H., Albee, A.L., and Cady, W.M., (1978). Petrology, structure and genesis of the asbestos-bearing ultramafic rocks of the Belvidere Mountain area in Vermont: U.S. Geologic Survey Professional Paper 1016, 95 p.
Labotka, T. C. and Albee, A. L. (1979). Serpentinization of the Belvidere Mountain ultramafic body, Vermont. The Canadian Mineralogist: 17(4): 831-845.
Gale, M.H., (1986). Geologic Map of the Belvidere Mountain Area, Eden and Lowell, Vermont: U.S. Geological Survey Misc. Investigations Series map I-1560.
Wallace, Paulette (1990). Eden asbestos mine among first in United States, News and Citizen, Morrisville, VT, February 22, 1990.
King, Vandall and Cares, J. (1996), Vermont Mineral Locality Index, Rocks and Minerals: 71: 324-335, 337-338.
Hadden, Sue (1996): Minerals of the Quarries of Lowell-Eden, Vermont. Rocks & Minerals: 71: 236-246.
Hollmann, Ken (1996). Recent Collecting at the Belvidere Mt. Quarry, Lowell, Vermont, Mineral News: 12(7): 1, 6-7.
Van Baalen, M., Francis, C., and Mossman, B. (1999). Mineralogy, petrology and health issues at the ultramafic complex, Belvidere Mountain, Vermont, USA: in Guidebook to Field Trips in Vermont and Adjacent Regions of New Hampshire and New York: 91st Annual New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference Meeting, Burlington, Vermont.
Hollmann, Ken (2001): Epidote from the VAG Mine, Belvidere Mtn., Lowell, Vermont. Mineral News: 17(2): 1-7. (See also v. 12, #7.)
Hadden, Sue; Carlsen, Ken; Bentley, Arlene (2008): Grossular and associated minerals from the Eden Mills quarries, Vermont. Mineralogical Record: May 2008.
Levitan, Denise et al. (2009): Mineralogy of mine waste at the Vermont Asbestos Group mine, Belvidere Mountain, Vermont. American Mineralogist: 94(7): 1063-1066.

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