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Meteorites268 minerals in meteorites

4th Jan 2014 07:10 GMTHans Kloster

The Google-Wikipedia information abaout minerals in meteorites is to short. With help of Mindat locality the result is:

268 minerals in meteorites:

Aenigmatite, ahrensite, akermanite, akimotoite, alabandite, albite, allabogdanite, allendeite, altaite, anatas, andradite, andreyivanorite, anorthoclase, anorthite, antitaenite, aragonite, arfvedsonite, armalcolite, arupite, ataxite, aspidolite, augite, awaruite,

Baddeleyite, barringerite, beusite, biotite, blödite, bobdownsite, bornite, bravoite, brearleyite, brezinaite, brianite, browneite, brucite, buchwaldite, burnettite, buseckite, bütownite,

Calcite, carlsbergite, cassidyite, caswellsilverite, Celestine, chabasite-Na, chamosite, chavite, chladniite, chopinite, chromite, chukanovite, chrysotile, clinochlore, clinoenstatite, cobaltite, coesite, cohenite, copper, cordierite, corundum, covellite, cristobalite, cronstedtite, cronusite, cubanite,

Daubreelite, davisite, diamond, diopsid, djerfisherite, dmisteinbergite, dmitryivanovite, dolomite, droninoite,

Enstatite, epsomite, erinovite, erionite, eskolaite,

Farringtonite, fayalite, ferrihydrite, ferringtonite, ferromerrillite, ferrosilite, ferrowinchite, florenskyite, forsterite,

Galileite, gehlenite, geikielite, gersdorffite, goethite, gold, graftonite, greenalite, grossmanite, grossite, gupeiite, gysum,

Halite, hapkeite, haxonite, heazlewoodite, hedenbergite, heideite, hematite, hercynite, heulandite, hexahydrite, hexamolybdenium, hibbingite, hibonite-(Fe), hollandite, honessite, hutcheonite, hydroxylapatite, ,

Idaite, iddingsite, illite, ilmenite, iridium, iron, isocubanite,

Jadeite, jarosite, johnsomervilleite,

Kaersutite, kamiokite, kansite, keilite, kirschsteinite, kosmochlore, krinovite, krotite, kuchiroite, kumdykolite,

Larnite, lawrencite, lepidocrocite, lingunite, linzhiite, lipscombite, lonsdaleite,

Mackinawite, maghemite, magnesiochromite, magnesioferrite, magnesiowüstite, magnesite, magnetite, majindeite, majorite, margarite, maricite, martensite, maskelynite, melilite, melliniite, mendozite, mercury, merrihueite, merrillite, microcline, moissanite, monazite, moncheite, monipite, montmorillonite, montecellite, moraskoite, mordenite, murchisite, muscovite,

Nepheline, nepouite, nickel, nickeline, nickelphosphide, niente, nierite, niningerite, nuwaite,

Offretite, oldhamite, oligoclase, olivine, orthoclase, osbornite, oxyphlogopite,

Panethite, panguite, paraotwayite, paqueite, pecoraite, pentlandite, perowskite, perryite, pigeonite, plagionite, pyrope, pyrrhotite,

Quarz

Rammelsbergite, rhenium, rhönite, reevesite, ringwoodite, roaldie, roedderite, rudashevskkyite, rutil,

Safflorite, sandine, sarcopside, schöllhornite, schreibersite, schwertmannite, seifertite, selenium, siderite, sillimanite, sinoite, sodalite, sphalelrite, spinel, stanfieldite, stilbite, suessite, sulphur, sylvite,

Taenite, tazheranite, tetrataenite, tissintite, tistarite, tochilinite, tourmaline, tridyite, troilite, tranquillilyite, tschermakite, tugarinovite, tuite,

Ulvöspinel,

Valleriite, violarite, vivianite,

Wadsleyite, wairauite, wilkinsonite, wollastonite-1T, wollastonite-2M,

Xenophyllite, xieite, xifengite,

Yagiite

Zaratite, zhanghengite, zircon, zirconolite

4th Jan 2014 12:16 GMTGrzegorz Słowik

Hello Hans,

This is polish side with info about minerals in meteorites : http://www.woreczko.pl/meteorites/features/glossary-Minerals.htm

4th Jan 2014 15:35 GMTHans Kloster

Thanks for the information. I find 9 more minerals in meteorites:

akaganeite, antigorite, celsian, chaoite, clinoferrosilite, graphite, lechaetierite, morenosite and plagioclase. Now there is 277 minerals in meteorites.

4th Jan 2014 16:25 GMTAlfredo Petrov Manager

Some of the species are really terrestrial because they occur by weathering of meteoritic material after falling to the ground, i.e. contamination by oxygen, water and carbon dioxide from Earth. I don't think those should be counted as meteorite minerals - They did not form in an extraterrestrial environment. For example: akaganeite, morenosite, paraotwayite, zaratite...

7th Jan 2014 17:08 GMTBindi Luca

Please add icosahedrite to your list.

11th Jan 2014 19:35 GMTLon Clay Hill Expert

I too noticed how the very scanty Google list and, indeed, this is one reason I began to explore Mindat resources and have made some recent additions to some location sites. I think there needs to be a couple of additions before the list can be fully functional.


The first distinction is obvious: Which previously known minerals have been discovered in meteorites and which minerals were first found in meteorites.


The issue of weathering is a little more complicated. Often the hydrated iron oxides are obvious weathering products. On the other hand, the mineral Schöllhornite was first discovered as a product of the interaction between the unusual chemistry of the Norton County aubrite and the terrestrial environment. Even more problematic are some sulfates and carbonates in carbonaceous chondrites — some sulfates and carbonates came with the meteorites and some were produced later — and it is not always so easy to determine which category is applicable.

19th Mar 2014 22:01 GMTMatteo Chinellato Expert

melliniite found in my two meteorites

9th Feb 2018 15:02 GMTUwe Kolitsch Manager

Hans: do you have an updated list?

Quite a large number of meteorites were described in the last 3 years.

9th Feb 2018 17:12 GMTAntonio Romano

I agree with Alfredo, some minerals are product of terrestrial weathering of meteorites, coesite is produced by impact on terrestrial rocks, is not meteoritic, chaoite too.

Sillimanite and wollastonite are typical metamorphic minerals of sedimentary rocks.

Microcline, ortoclase and oligoclase are minerals of granitoids and meteorites are never of granitic composition.

For me the oddest mineral in the list is quartz, meteorites never contain quartz.

Iddingite is a pure mineral?

9th Feb 2018 17:57 GMTJolyon Ralph Founder

> For me the oddest mineral in the list is quartz, meteorites never contain quartz.


This is simply not true.


For example, the description for NWA 7496


"Petrography: Set in a fine, fragmental groundmass, up to 5 mm size clasts have variably coarse, subophitic to protogranular textures of plagioclase and pyroxene with minor quartz and cristobalite domains. Symplectitic portions, 0.2 mm in size, of very fine grained, euhedral augite, ferrosilite, olivine and silica are also observed in these clasts. Aphanitic, clast-rich impact-melt fragments and the variable shock metamorphic deformation of the lithic clasts indicate a polymict nature. Ilmenite is a common minor component, chromite, troilite and baddeleyite are accessories. The stone appears fresh with very little alteration present outside a 0.1 mm thick iron-hydroxide bearing vein. The scarcity of metal or troilite in the thin section may inhibit an evaluation of the extent of alteration."

9th Feb 2018 18:00 GMTPavel Kartashov Manager

You forget about impacts of meteorites between themselve in space.

Microcline, orthoclase and oligoclase are components of Lunar basalts and consequently of Lunar meteorites.

Meteorites contains quartz, particularly Gandom Berian meteorite.


But of course cronusite is terrestrial formation.

1st Mar 2018 14:03 GMTUwe Kolitsch Manager

There is a new review paper:


Rubin, A.E. & Ma, C. (2017): Meteoritic minerals and their origin. Chemie der Erde 77, 325-385.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009281916301970


About 435 mineral species have been identified in meteorites including native elements, metals and metallic alloys, carbides, nitrides and oxynitrides, phosphides, silicides, sulfides and hydroxysulfides, tellurides, arsenides and sulfarsenides, halides, oxides, hydroxides, carbonates, sulfates, molybdates, tungstates, phosphates and silico phosphates, oxalates, and silicates from all six structural groups. The minerals in meteorites can be categorized as having formed by a myriad of processes that are not all mutually distinct: (1) condensation in gaseous envelopes around evolved stars (presolar grains), (2) condensation in the solar nebula, (3) crystallization in CAI and AOI melts, (4) crystallization in chondrule melts, (5) exsolution during the cooling of CAIs, (6) exsolution during the cooling of chondrules and opaque assemblages, (7) annealing of amorphous material, (8) thermal metamorphism and exsolution, (9) aqueous alteration, hydrothermal alteration and metasomatism, (10) shock metamorphism, (11) condensation within impact plumes, (12) crystallization from melts in differentiated or partially differentiated bodies, (13) condensation from late-stage vapors in differentiated bodies, (14) exsolution, inversion and subsolidus redox effects within cooling igneous materials, (15) solar heating near perihelion, (16) atmospheric passage, and (17) terrestrial weathering.


Will try and get a PDF to see how many minerals are due to point "(17) terrestrial weathering."

5th Mar 2018 09:14 GMTUwe Kolitsch Manager

"Although Buddhue (1957) found that the most important minerals formed in meteorites by terrestrial weathering are goethite and magnetite, there are more than 60 such species (Table 7 of Rubin,1997a; Rubin, 2016 and references therein)."


The next paragraphs describe these species in detail and give refs.

10th Mar 2018 05:20 GMTJohn Mason Expert

I don't see kamacite in the main list. Has something changed WRT nomenclature?

10th Mar 2018 05:36 GMTAlfredo Petrov Manager

John, probably because it's a variety of Native Iron and no longer regarded as a separate species.

11th Mar 2018 05:30 GMTJohn Mason Expert

Ah yes - this paper explains:


Burke, E.A.J. (2006) A mass discreditation of GQN minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(6): 1557-1560.

11th Mar 2018 06:39 GMTTom Goodland

John,


what are GQN minerals?


cheers


tom

4th May 2018 12:34 BSTThomas Ejsing

Thanks for the information.

19th Jan 2019 15:28 GMTHerwig Pelckmans Expert

Gentle(wo)men,


Does anybody have an updated list of meteoric minerals?

It seems to me such a list would be worthy of his own Mindat page.


BTW, does anybody have a list of minerals first found in meteorites?

BTW2: does anybody have a list of minerals first found in meteorites but not found on earth (= in terrestrial material) yet?


Again and IMHO, suchs lists seem worthy of having their own Mindat page and being kept up to date by the Mindat community.


Cheers, Herwig

Herwig Pelckmans

MKA (Min.Soc.Antwerp), Belgium

19th Jan 2019 15:51 GMTAlfredo Petrov Manager

There are already several excellent articles on this topic by Lon Clay Hill:

https://www.mindat.org/user-37834.html#5
 
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