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GeneralNevada’s Rich Mining History.

14th Apr 2019 16:24 BSTJon Aurich

This thread will have history, Photograghy and ore specimens of Nevada, USA. There are many ghost towns and mining camps throughout the State.

14th Apr 2019 17:12 BSTJon Aurich

Oriental Nevada. This remote mining district sits just outside of the Northern part of Death Valley. In 1864, just two months before statehood, a prospector discovered a Gold laced Quartz ledge on a hill later called Gold Mountain. Rich Gold ore was being produced and was crushed with a small Arrastra. In 1876, some of the richest Gold ore ever discovered in Nevada, was extracted from the Oriental Mine. The ore was so rich and attractive, that specimens of it were put on display at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The specimen shown below is a rare specimen from that mine. Size: 6” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/2”. 2 1/2 pounds...

14th Apr 2019 18:08 BSTJon Aurich

Wahmonie Nevada. In the remote area of Central Nevada, is the mining district of Wahmonie. In 1928, prospectors found outcrops of Gold rich Quartz, when George Wingfield of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company was personally inspecting the district, a rush of miners sprang onto Wahmonie to either file claims in the surrounding area or to work the early mines that were already producing. This mining district became Nevada’s last great Gold rush. Wingfield shortly after, became disinterested in the district as his mining engineers told him that the ore was only concentrated at the surface. It only took about a year and the town and mining district were a ghost. Wahmonie is located in the Nevada Test Site, a site that has been restricted to the public for many decades. The specimen shown was one of the pieces of high Grade Gold ore that was in the possession of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Size: 2” x 1 3/4” x 1”.....

15th Apr 2019 05:16 BSTJon Aurich

Diamondfield Nevada. The mining district of Diamondfield was looking to be a very promising mining district in 1907. Diamondfield Jack Davis discovered Quartz ledges on McMahon Ridge. As the Diamondfield Daisy Mines production increased, Iron stained Quartz veins laced with Gold were discovered at the 150’ level. After about a year of mining, the ore petered out to the 300’ level. The specimen shown below was found decades ago in an abandoned backfill in the Diamondfield Daisy Mine. The rich specimen appears unattractive in its natural state, but when cut and polished, it unveils its spectacular beauty. I made it into a cab and inserted the specimen into this antique setting.


15th Apr 2019 20:17 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. A fresh find this morning!! Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This exceedingly rich piece of high grade was found this morning, (4-15-2019). It shows Native Gold layered all through the specimen, it also contains Goldfieldite, Milltown Andesite, Alunite, Famatinite, Quartz, Bismuthinite and Cryptocrystalline Quartz. Size: 5/8” x 1 1/4” x 1 3/4”...


16th Apr 2019 05:29 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This miners candlestick belonged to C. D. Wilkinson, Chief Mining Engineer of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Just think of the high grade that this man witnessed underground!! Consolidated owned six of the seven rich mines at Goldfield.


16th Apr 2019 06:31 BSTJon Aurich

Gold Point Nevada. Originally called “Hornsilver”. This mining district is about 20 miles South of Goldfield. In the 1890s, Hornsilver was producing Silver, after 1900, Quartz veins with Gold were encountered, thinking that Gold was going to be the main commodity, the town and mining districts name was changed to Gold Point. This beautiful Silver wire specimen was detected at a mine near the portal about 10 inches deep. Size: 1” x 1” x 1 1/2”..

16th Apr 2019 16:20 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The greatest mining camp in the world !! Worthy was Goldfield to receive such praise in 1905, new high grade pockets of Gold ore were being discovered almost on a weekly basis. In the next ten years, over 85 million dollars would be produced by Goldfield’s chief mines, that is when Gold was $20.67 an ounce !! So much Gold was being produced at Goldfield in a short period of time that economists were worried that Gold may lose its value..


16th Apr 2019 17:02 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada Bell Signal Sign. The original vellum bell signal sign still hangs in the Florence Hoist House in Goldfield Nevada.

16th Apr 2019 17:04 BSTScott Rider

Thanks for sharing Jon!!! I always wondered on the economics of a particular commodity when an enormous lode has been discovered, and how the prices can fall from such a discovery. I can imagine the economists back in the early 1900's being concerned of Goldfield.

I used to work for a law firm back in the early 2000's and worked on a bankruptcy case of a large steel mill in Provo Utah. I recall the problem with bringing this company back to life was that they could never compete with the Chinese and India, whom were producing steel at records levels and a much lower cost. The sheer amount they produced literally killed our steel industry here in the states in a relatively short period of time.

I wonder what impact China has had on gold prices being that they can mine and produce so much more than we can these days... They had an enormous impact in steel prices just because they could mine the heck out of their lands (albeit Australia did provide a LOT of iron for them), use what was basically slave labor to produce the steel and not worry about environmentalists and human rights advocates... We couldn't compete... Not with the EPA, Unions/Labor organizations that protect the workers, and the sheer cost of labor in general and the bad PR you get just from mining...

16th Apr 2019 18:08 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Scott !! Thank you.... as I read your comments, I thought about how powerful Bethlehem Steel was, during the Second World War, Bethlehem received most of the war contracts and completed all of them. You would think that a powerful corporation would survive the test of time, but when another country can produce a cheaper quality product at a much much cheaper price, and without a level playing field, corporations will disappear from the U.S.. Today, I hope that the tables are turning for America, In a good way....

16th Apr 2019 18:58 BSTScott Rider

Indeed! Geneva Steel was the name of the steel producer, they produced steel for ship building for the Navy on the West coast. A pretty darn good enterprise until the Chinese flooded the market. Like you said, we were fine when the playing field was level, but when China entered the equation, all the American steel producers went belly up within a decade... The people running the company tried twice to revamp production. The 1st attempt worked, the courts granted them a restructuring. But the market was saturated with Asian steel. The 2nd time, the judge wasted no time, said the market dried up, and then it was eventually liquidated...

And guess what country was the buyer of the factory assets... China!!! I can't recall the name of the company, but they took the large smoke stacks (forgot how big but they were many stories tall) apart and shipped them to China!! It took 4-5 months, a ton of capital and manpower, a ton of road closures, and ingenuity... I can't imagine that was cheaper than building their own smoke stacks, but apparently it was a LOT cheaper...

I wonder what China's gold stockpile looks like... They seem to be very savvy with their money and I can picture many Ft Knox-like facilities all around China!!! I don't think they'd flood the market with gold as it'll depreciate the value and their investments.. Google has them as top producers (approx 13% as of the articles claims at 426 tonns). I bet they have enormous stockpiles! I may be wrong but its fun to picture a room full of gold!!!

16th Apr 2019 19:11 BSTScott Rider

Forgot to add, but Geneva Steel received some of its iron ore from Nevada. Some from Colorado and Utah as well, but I recall NV was def a major producer for them. This is one example of a centralized factory that wasn't located on a coast, that utilizes its resources from its neighbors!! And because of the extensive railroad system that ran through Provo, it was a genius spot for the steel factory!

I can't recall a name of the major mine they got their iron from, but I think it was Beuna Vista Mine, famous for its massive magnetite deposits. Its still has one of the largest reserves still today. Either way, Nevada played a big part of that steel firm, according to some of the documents I ran across!

17th Apr 2019 07:47 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. In 1909, the mining town of Goldfield held the 12th Annual mining Congress. The officials of the congress needed a building that had ample space for specimens, maps and people. George Wingfield owned the Goldfield Hotel and the Hotel Casey. When the last of the early mining leases expired in 1908, the population of Goldfield began to plummet, as this was taking place, Wingfield had trouble trying to keep his hotels in the black, soon afterwards, Wingfield Closed the Casey hotel in 1908. In 1909, Wingfield took part in the organization of the mining congress in Goldfield. Wingfield allowed the congress to use the first floor of the Casey hotel for their spectacular viewing of rare and common specimens. The badge that is shown was used for admission to the three day celebration at the “Mineral Palace” as the Hotel would be temporarily called....

17th Apr 2019 07:50 BSTJon Aurich

Great history Scott !!

18th Apr 2019 04:30 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. I just wanted the show the specimen that I found on 4-15-2019 after it had been cleaned of the excess Kaolinite.

18th Apr 2019 04:38 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Another antique watch fob that was given out during the Railroad Day Celebration on September 1st, 1905.

18th Apr 2019 06:29 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Florence Mine is one of the best preserved Mines in the state of Nevada. These interior photographs show the beautiful Florence Mine Hoist House as it stands today. Built in 1906, the walls and ceilings are made of beaded tongue and groove pine.


18th Apr 2019 06:59 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This letter from George Nixon to George Wingfield expresses a little disappointment on a bill that was sent to Nixon for an accountant going over the books of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Could you imagine $5,000 back in 1907 !! That would Probably be around $200,000 in today’s money !!

18th Apr 2019 14:32 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Milltown Mining Company adjoined the Florence Mine to the East. Nixon & Wingfield purchased this company early in 1905, it was absorbed into the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company on September 1906. For awhile, the small town called Milltown occupied this mining property. The items photographed are the corporate stamp, a stock certificate signed by George Wingfield and the stock ledger from the Milltown Mining Company.

18th Apr 2019 16:52 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This is the house that Tom Lockhart had built in 1906. Lockhart was the owner of the Florence Mine at Goldfield. During the same time, Goldfield Consolidated Mines offered Lockhart 4.5 million for the Florence, Lockhart turned it down. It’s amazing to think that almost two years before that offer , Lockhart bought the Florence for $25,000 !! Which in 1904 was big money.. The photographs show the before and after of the house restoration that was done in 2018 .



19th Apr 2019 06:26 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Sandstorm mine was one of the original claims to be laid at Goldfield in December 1902. Gold float was discovered on this claim, making it the first Gold to be discovered in the area. The first discoveries like the Sandstorm and May Queen never became rich mines as the payshoots were close to the surface, the rich one’s were to remain undiscovered until 1904 and 1905, when the true riches of Goldfield would come to light. The size of the largest specimen in the photograph is 1 3/4” x 1 3/4” x 4 1/2”.

19th Apr 2019 06:36 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company had some of the best safety standards in the U.S. , but once in a while, a bad accident would happen. This invoice from an Undertaker shows that a miner lost his life at the Mohawk Mine. GCMC paid for a nice funeral for this deceased miner in 1913.

19th Apr 2019 17:06 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This Gold scale was used for assay by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. The company owned two Mills at Goldfield, the Combination Mill, (20 stamps) and the Consolidated Mill, (100 stamps). The company built a 30’x 60’ Assay building to assay dozens of samples a day from its 6 major mines at Goldfield and other interests throughout Nevada.

20th Apr 2019 17:43 BSTJon Aurich

Belmont Mine Fire, Tonopah Nevada. Early in the morning of February 23rd, 1911, it was believed that on the 1166’ level, after the 3:30am shift of miners went home, a candle was left unattended on a stack of timbers that were being used for a nearby stope. A fire broke out and smoke was detected around 5:30am, miners at that time already started a new shift. As smoke developed, shift bosses descended throughout the mine to find out the origin of the smoke. As the toxic smoke entered from numerous stations, miners began to panic and rushed to the nearest stations to get out, confused and taken over by the smoke, miners were falling to their death as they passed out and fell from the cage. A cage operator named Bill Murphy volunteered to get down and rescue as many miners as he could, the first attempt, he brought up several confused and weak miners, the second attempt was also successful but Bill was effected by the toxic smoke, he made a third attempt, as time went by, their was no signal from Bill. He died as a hero trying to save his coworkers. 17 men died that day in the Belmont Mine. The fire only burned at the stack of piled timbers, the miners died of smoke inhalation. This miners identification check was found at the mine decades ago, it is a reminder of one of the worst mine accidents in the U.S.

24th Apr 2019 23:12 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Goldfield Mining District. It’s amazing to see in the 1940s, most of the structures of the mines were almost completely gone, except for the Florence Mine on the hill. The second photograph shows part of the main mining district in 1907.


25th Apr 2019 00:16 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Goldfield Stock Exchange as it appeared in 1908. They made good use out of the stove pipe, by the time the pipe reached the ceiling, all of the inner heat had dispersed. In the year of 1908, 24,000 people were calling Goldfield home, it was the largest city in the state of Nevada at the time. Las Vegas had a population of 400........

25th Apr 2019 01:23 BSTJon Aurich

Tonopah (Butler) Nevada. Jim Butler, the discoverer of the rich Silver ore at Tonopah, holds up his walking stick at a celebration in one of the buildings at Tonopah, January 1st, 1903.

26th Apr 2019 23:10 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This fabulous exceedingly rich Gold specimen was mined at the famous Engineers Lease of the Florence Mine. This mine was extraordinary because most of the ore was high Grade, with very little shipping grade ore. Another fascinating thing about this property is that it was leased by three mining engineers that were partners. This rare specimen would assay at well over 1,000 ounces of Gold per ton !!


30th Apr 2019 03:17 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. An interior photograph of the Rustler #2 Mine Hoist House, built in 1906. The shaft of this mine has a depth of 840 feet, pretty deep for a lease period shaft.


30th Apr 2019 04:31 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This is the original date calendar that hung on the wall of J. D. Lothrop’s mercantile store in Goldfield. This store was a favorite with miners, prospectors and mining companies. They had a wide range of provisions, hardware, and mining equipment. The date calendar lettering is done in the reverse Gold leaf style. Circa 1906.

30th Apr 2019 04:55 BSTJon Aurich

Seven Troughs Nevada. Gold was discovered in Seven Troughs Canyon in 1905, in 1906, two mines were producing good milling ore and some high grade ore as well. The mines worked consistently until 1917 when the ore was exhausted. The advertisement paperweight was probably a bonus gift to a stockholder, the specimen that is in the paperweight is specimen of Gold in Quartz. The paperweight is turning purple as there was manganese oxide in the glass that through years of sun light, (ultraviolet rays) would turn purple. Circa 1907. The medicine bottle was found deep in a mine years ago in the Seven Troughs district.


30th Apr 2019 05:18 BSTJon Aurich

Ballarat California. This beautiful Gold and Quartz specimen was found by Seldom Seen Slim at Ballarat, a colorful Nevada and California prospector. He was around when a good portion of the Nevada mining camps were at their peak. He held on to this specimen for many years and finally gave it to his good friend Earl Neisser, a Nevada miner...

30th Apr 2019 16:50 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This photograph shows one of a two compartment shaft of the Little Florence Lease, this compartment was used to transport men. The Little Florence Lease was the scene of some fabulous Gold Discoveries, within eight months, between 1907-1908, over 1.7 million dollars of Gold ore was produced at the Little Florence, when Gold was $20.67 an ounce. Several tons of rich ore assayed at over 2,800 ounces of Gold per ton. This shaft has a depth of 555 feet. The exceedingly rich Gold specimen was from this famous Lease.



30th Apr 2019 18:32 BSTJon Aurich

Diamondfield Nevada. Diamondfield Jack Davis, discovered Gold in this district.


30th Apr 2019 20:49 BSTJon Aurich

DeLamar Nevada. Around 1895, a rich ledge of Gold Quartz was discovered, since this district was very remote and sitting on a mountain, excitement was suppressed until Joseph DeLamar bought a good portion of the mining interests there. Water was very scarce in the district and was sold by the gallon to the townspeople by the Delamar Mining Company. The mining company could not get enough water to operate a standard Quartz crushing mill, so a mill that processed the ore “dry” was installed. DeLamar was often referred to the name of “widow Maker” as mill tenders and miners were becoming ill and dying from the condensed dust of Silica. Many people in town would complain as clouds of Silica dust would generally lay over the town as the mill was only a block away. Today, stone buildings, mill ruins, large waste piles and a Cemetery out side of town are all that remain.



30th Apr 2019 22:24 BSTJeff Weissman Expert

Jon, that shaft is quite impressive - wood lined all the way down?

30th Apr 2019 22:45 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Jeff !! Yes, it is ... I will add a photograph of the Florence, it is fully lined and the depth of the Florence is 1,650 feet..

30th Apr 2019 22:52 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This photograph shows one of the three compartments of the Florence Mine, the depth of this shaft is 1,650 feet.

30th Apr 2019 22:57 BSTAndrew Debnam

Jon, great photos, this material needs to be put into an article on Mindat so it has a more permanent residency (not to give you more work). I am not sure how long forum material is stored.

30th Apr 2019 23:28 BSTJon Aurich

Hello Andrew, Thank you very much !! I’m not sure how to do an article, I’m lucky that I can do threads !!

1st May 2019 01:46 BSTJon Aurich

Rhyolite Nevada. The first photograph shows the impressive John S. Cook & Co. bank. This building Became the most impressive structure in Rhyolite and held one of the most powerful banks in Nevada. When outcrops of high grade ore were discovered in 1905, a rush of miners came to see the excitement. By late 1907, a population of over 4,000 called Rhyolite their home. The district seemed to have the excitement of another Goldfield, which was 75 miles to the North, but when promised ore reserves by the engineers proved to be inaccurate, the mines dried up almost as quick as they started, by 1911, the town was virtually a ghost.



2nd May 2019 03:34 BSTJon Aurich

Kawich Nevada. Originally called Gold Reed, A ledge of Quartzite containing Gold was discovered in the Kawich mountain range in 1903. The district didn’t really take off until rich lenses of Gold ore were discovered in late 1905. By 1906, over 400 people were living in the remote district. As with many mining districts throughout Nevada, the promise of riches fell short as the Gold deposits were shallow. By 1908, the district was virtually abandoned. The town of Kawich and it’s mining district have been restricted for several decades as the U.S. Government only has access to this vast area of the state. This specimen pictured below is one of three high grade specimens known from the Kawich district. It was in a box of high grade specimens that belonged to the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company.

2nd May 2019 17:36 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Earl Niesser, a long time miner, inspects ore at the Florence Mine many decades ago.

2nd May 2019 18:03 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Incorporated in late 1906 at a capitalization of 50 million dollars, with six of the seven rich mines at Goldfield in its possession. The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company became the 17th largest corporation in the U.S. in 1907, paying out more than 32 million dollars in dividends to its stock holders in 11 years. The items shown are the original corporate stamp of the company and a stock certificate that was signed by George Wingfield in 1907. The stock holder was paid dividends for almost three decades with this certificate.

3rd May 2019 12:46 BSTChris Rayburn

Love the photo of the miner Jon! Particularly the carbide lamp flame.

3rd May 2019 14:51 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Chris !! The Carbide lamp was widely used from the 1910s, almost to the present, and yet, very few photographs show the lamp in operation. The lamp pictured below was found in an abandoned mine in a remote part of Central Nevada. The rubber gasket was the only thing replaced and it fired up with no problems. The carbide lamp was a simple but reliable invention.

4th May 2019 07:41 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original photograph shows miners sacking very rich ore at the Little Florence Lease. The ore that is shown was pretty well the same ore that was being sacked.

4th May 2019 13:01 BSTLarry Maltby Expert


I share your interest in history and thought that you would like to see this. I acquired the lamp at Tucson in the 70’s. The can of carbide and the hat was acquired at the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village where my wife worked as a historical interpreter guiding visitors through the facilities. The bottom of the can of carbide was badly bulged. Evidently moisture had gotten in. To avoid a hazard in the house, I removed the bottom of the can and poured the carbide into a bucket of water. It bubbled a long time before it neutralized.

The hat is interesting because of its small size. It sits on top of my head and I can’t begin to pull it over my brow. It is so small that it leads me to believe that it was manufactured for child labor which was outlawed by the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

4th May 2019 15:45 BSTJon Aurich

Larry, Thanks for showing me your wonderful hat, lamp and carbide!! I love underground mining items, many years ago, one of my hobbies was going down hundreds of mine shafts in Nevada and California. When you brought up the size of that cloth carbide hat, people back then were smaller, their cranium size was like two sizes smaller than our normal sizes today, men were also shorter as I would find clothes, (Levi pants, shirts) clothes that a normal 12-14 year old could wear today... Once in a while, I would find a can of carbide in a mine or antique store that still had usable carbide in the can. I learned from old timers that have been dead 30+ years now, they told me to take the carbide, pour it through a screen, the powder is waste and can be moistened with water outside to make it inert, the part that would look like small pieces of gravel would be saved by the screen, this portion can still be used some day in the carbide lamp. This portion can be preserved by taking an air tight container, preferably a “ball” glass canning jar, pour your remaining carbide in it, then used a small amount of kerosene, just enough to wet it, what this does it puts a barrier between the oxygen and carbide, as air will in time decay the calcium carbide. The carbide will work naturally as intended with the kerosene protecting it...

4th May 2019 16:23 BSTTom Rosemeyer

Larry & Jon:

Looking at the carbide lamp on the hat brings back memories when I was a student in the 1960's at Michigan College of Mining and Technology as it was called then. Most of the inclined shafts were open on the copper mines and only a barbed wire fence around them to keep people out. Two of us were going down the shafts to collect mineral specimens on some week nights and weekends. At first all we had were flashlights but then I save up enough money by selling extra copper specimens to buy a carbide lamp. This was one of the fancy Justrite ones where you wore the acetylene generator on your belt and a rubber hose went to the lamp on your hard hat. The carbide lamp was enclosed and had a vent on top and a bulls eye lens that really worked good underground and threw a good beam up a stope or down a drift. I recovered many good specimens using this lamp.

4th May 2019 18:57 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Tom !! I remember when I was a kid, we used carbide lamps when we would night fish for Catfish at Lake Isabella California. Those were some me great times !!!!!

4th May 2019 23:36 BSTWayne Corwin

Gunpowder and Flame

You have to be careful with your carbide lamp when filling paper tubes with gunpowder for blasting.

4th May 2019 23:41 BSTWayne Corwin


Children working at the sorting table

This is from a little before the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, and they probably worked underground too.

4th May 2019 23:48 BSTWayne Corwin

Note the early steel toes used in the mine, kind of cool.

5th May 2019 04:32 BSTAndrew Debnam

HI Jon, getting back to the article idea...…….when you are logged in go to your home page and click on articles. You can start putting this material with stories in a draft form until you are ready to publish. They other idea is to click on galleries and you create a photo series for any topic you want. I think it would be great to have a a history published on Florence -Rustler. Wayne et al...….the old mine photos are great


5th May 2019 06:40 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original photograph was taken in 1910, it shows a two week production of the mines owned by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, almost 29,000 ounces of Gold is shown. The value is shown at $535,000 when Gold was a little over $20.00 an ounce, in today’s value, roughly $1,300 an ounce, the value of what is shown would be worth around 37.4 million dollars !!

5th May 2019 07:57 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original photograph shows the incredible Gold production that was taking place around 1910. The rich mines of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company produced almost 29,000 ounces of Gold. In 1910, at this time period. The value of Gold was set at $20.67 an ounce. At today’s prices, ($1,300) an ounce, that 29,000 ounces would be worth over 37.4 million dollars....

5th May 2019 16:18 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Ted Hadley and friends looking things over in the 4th level of the Florence Mine.



8th May 2019 15:28 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Restoring the Hoist House of the famous Rustler #2 Mine in the spring of 2017.


8th May 2019 16:52 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Restoration of the famous Rustler #2 Mine at Goldfield Nevada. The mine was in its last stages of disrepair, it is estimated that the buildings had two more years before the walls of the Hoist and Compressor house would have totally collapsed. It is now restored and used for Mine tours...



8th May 2019 17:05 BSTTed Hadley

I was there!

Thanks, Jon.

8th May 2019 17:05 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Restoration of the Rustler #2 Mine Hoist House.


8th May 2019 17:09 BSTJon Aurich

No problem Ted, great to have you !! I hope that you get great photographs of those Goldfieldite Crystals !!

8th May 2019 23:46 BSTJon Aurich

Gold Mountain Nevada. This $5 Gold piece was found with a metal detector near the old townsite of Gold Mountain, a remote district located about 28 miles South of Goldfield. It was minted at Carson City in 1880. Chances are that most of the Gold that is in this coin came from the famous Comstock Mines, the silver mines also produced millions in Gold.


9th May 2019 04:08 BSTJon Aurich

DeLamar Nevada. This historic mining district is in a remote part of Nevada, during its peak, it had the nick name of “Widow Maker” Nevada, as water was scarce and the large mill processed ore dry, producing huge solids of fine Silica dust. For years, it caused Silicosis with mill tenders and miners. When my son was 5 years old at the time of these photos, we dug a couple miners privies, (out houses), miners camps and found 100+ year old bottles.... If you are in the area by Caliente Nevada, it’s worth the trip to see this true ghost camp...



9th May 2019 04:10 BSTJon Aurich

DeLamar Nevada.

10th May 2019 04:00 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This antique kerosene lantern at the Rustler # 2 Mine has been visited by Jack Frost. The winters in the mining district of Goldfield can be very harsh.

10th May 2019 07:04 BSTJon Aurich

Miners cigarettes. This pack of cigarettes was found decades ago in a remote mine in Nevada. They were found on top of a stope timber. This is the only pack of self lighting cigarettes that I have ever seen. The first drag after lighting the cigarette must have tasted terrible .....

10th May 2019 16:10 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This rare souvenir vase shows the famous Combination Mill at the mining district of Goldfield. The mill was one of the earliest and it was the most efficient, it’s recovery of the complex ore was 94-96%. It was one of the properties of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. In 1909, the Combination mine had mined out what was called the Hampton Stope, it was large and about 250’ below the Mill. In late 1909, the stope collapsed, causing a large portion of the mill to be devoured by the huge cave in. 3 mill tenders died in the mill. Vase circa 1907.


10th May 2019 18:12 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This rare corporate stamp was from the May Queen Mining Company. This property was one of the three claims that were first located by Harry Stimler and William Marsh in December of 1902. George Wingfield and George S. Nixon purchased the May Queen in 1904, it was later absorbed into the huge Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company in November of 1906 in which Nixon & Wingfield Consolidated six lucrative mines at Goldfield.


10th May 2019 19:11 BSTBecky Coulson Expert

Jon, thanks for continuing this thread - I find it fascinating!


10th May 2019 19:57 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Becky !! I didn’t think that many people were looking at the thread, but I am doing this just to add it to the thread archives , as it seems that the threads do not disappear... Thanks again !!! Jon.

10th May 2019 20:11 BSTDon Saathoff Expert

Jon, I agree with Becky. The reason I got into assay was very simply for the history of the practice - my dore' balance is a Heuser from 1932, still works well, very stable, My pulverizer is dated 1934, still can take a sample down to 120 mesh with no problem (but the plates are no longer available - I was told I got the last pair ~10 years ago). Most of my tools have come from antique shops where the owner had no idea what they were (crucible/scorifer tongs, cupel tongs, button mold, etc.). Please keep up the thread!!!

Don S.

10th May 2019 21:39 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Don !! It is great to use the old antique tools and equipment, it kinda keeps the memory of the prior owners in focus as I often wonder when I’m using an antique tool, (i wonder what the guy looked like that used this tool?).... The collectibles that I have put on this thread are from my own personal collection....: I appreciate your interest in the past !!!!! Jon.

11th May 2019 02:06 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This is an original hand drawn print on Vellum. The print shows the famous Clermont Mine head frame. The permanent head frame was built in 1908 for Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, the owner of the Clermont. In 1923, a huge fire devoured 42 city blocks of Goldfield, the Goldfield Consolidated Building was damaged by the fire, but the building was saved. The fire damage to this print is a stark reminder of that huge fire back almost 100 years ago.

11th May 2019 08:05 BSTJon Aurich

Tonopah Nevada. The Montana Tonopah Mining Company was a very lucrative Silver Mine in Tonopah. The original 1905 blue print shows the new head frame that replaced the smaller wood one. The original 1907 photograph shows the fabulous head frame.



11th May 2019 15:49 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The Columbia Mountain Mining Company property was located on Columbia Mountain. In 1903, some rich ore was discovered and mined there, it was believed that the mountain held undiscovered riches and was the main part of the Epithermal deposit. In 1904, George S. Nixon and George Wingfield purchased the property, they ordered a series of exploration drifts in the mountain to see if any major deposits could be found, not much of anything noteworthy was discovered and soon afterward, with the numerous discoveries of ore bodies south east of the Mountain, the two men realized that the riches were concentrated in the Jumbo, Florence, Red Top, January, Mohawk, Clermont and the Combination Mines. This early stock certificate has a rare signature of George S. Nixon, Nixon was a banker, but through the help and partnership with George Wingfield, was able to amass a huge mining company at Goldfield and become U.S. Senator of Nevada in 1905.

12th May 2019 06:56 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. During the boom period of Goldfield, there have been many sharks that took advantage of people for their money, the biggest was George Graham Rice. In 1906, he started selling Goldfield mining stocks all over the U.S. the problem was, the mines didn’t exist, they were worthless pieces of paper, backed by the fancy certificates. Since the boom was red hot and money flowed like water, It was easy for Rice to sell his stocks to corporations or just the older woman that wanted to make a few more dollars. Two of the Goldfield Banks also took Rices mining stocks as security!! Rice also helped co promote the Gans / Nelson fight in 1906, Rice and Tex Rickard, ( the promoters ) had to raise a record $35,000 in price money within a week, it took them only a day and a half to raise it in town !! The purse was made up of 1,500 $20 Gold Pieces and displayed at the John S. Cook & Co. Bank. Rice also used a friend to form a trust company called L.M. Sullivan, which was his name, for the next year, Rice was milking hundreds of thousands of dollars from anyone that he could sell his worthless stocks to, he finally was charged with mail fraud and was sent to Prison.



12th May 2019 07:05 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This photograph shows the Gans / Nelson prize money that was on display at the John S. Cook & Co. Bank. The man with the Derby hat is L.M. Sullivan.

13th May 2019 05:01 BSTKyle Bayliff

Here's an interesting bit of more recent Goldfields, NV history, and it's apparently up for sale. Fancy owning a castle in the desert with its own goldmine?

13th May 2019 16:05 BSTJon Aurich

Kyle, I know the owner, he built that place, it took about two decades in the making. He has had medical issues and needs to sell. The place is very remote and is over 100 miles from good medical care !! If you are young and with no medical issues, and want to be away from people, then that is the place to live. The place is off the grid, so you will have to keep up your solar batteries....

13th May 2019 16:48 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. An original photograph showing the construction of the large Clermont head frame back in 1907. It’s amazing that this head frame is being put together by block & tackle, no crane. This mine was part of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company..

13th May 2019 18:07 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. This photograph is of George S. Nixon. In 1905, he became U.S. Senator of Nevada, the next year, Nixon and George Wingfield formed the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. This company was capitalized for 50 million dollars at $10 a share, in 1907, it became the 17th largest corporation in the U.S. . Nixon also owned numerous banks in Nevada and vast holdings in real-estate, he was one of the richest men in Nevada at the time. In 1910, he won a second term as Senator, only to die in office in 1912. The value of his estate at his death was worth 31 million dollars..

14th May 2019 01:01 BSTKyle Bayliff

Unfortunately, I think I'd need my own goldmine in the first place before I could afford to buy a place like that, but I do think it would be cool (perhaps not literally).

I know others have said so, but you should really look into making an article, Jon (or even a book!)

14th May 2019 01:46 BSTJon Aurich

Kyle, The “Hard Luck Castle” was originally selling for 1.7 million, today, you can steal it for a mere 700K !! As for an article, it would be nice if someone knew how to take these little synopsis writings that I have here and just put them into an archive for others. These are only synopsis writings and probably not enough info for an article. I just put these out for “quick learnings”..... I do appreciate you looking at these, as Nevada is not only rich in Minerals but the history is even richer !!!!!!

14th May 2019 02:20 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. These three photographs are of Tom Lockhart, the house that he had built at Goldfield in 1906 and the original high grade ore that was found in the Sweeney Lease. In late 1903, after selling off his mining interests in Tonopah for $25,000, Lockhart left for Goldfield, hoping that he could invest in the new strike there. It didn’t take long as the majority interest in the Florence Mine was up for sale. At the time, the Florence property country rock was in Milltown Andesite, Mining Engineers at Goldfield thought that the area that had this Andesite was out of the Alaskite zone, which at the time was where the six other mines were producing ore. Lockhart was told that Columbia Mountain fault that ran through the other mines also was in the Florence property. Lockhart inquired about the Florence and was offered the majority interest for $35,000, Lockhart, only having the $25,000 from Tonopah, offered this amount to the owner, which he accepted. Through early leasing of the Florence, rich ore was struck on the Nixon, Wingfield & Sweeney Lease, and just as quick, extremely rich ore was discovered on the Little Florence, Rogers and Engineers Leases. In 1905-1906, the Florence was the leader in production, aided greatly by the extremely rich ore that was uncovered. In September 1906, just two years of having paid $25,000 for the property, Nixon and Wingfield of Goldfield Consolidated Mines offered Lockhart 4.5 million for the property, he kindly turned down their offer !!! By 1912, the Florence produced almost 9 million dollars in Gold, when the precious metal was a little over $20 an ounce...



14th May 2019 02:20 BSTPaul Brandes Manager


There is already an article in Mindat on Goldfield:

Goldfield - Short but Sweet!

What would be nice is if the author of the article and Jon could get together to add/update it with photos and such. As an aside; I still haven't gotten to photograph any of the specimens we collected back in March, Jon. Right now, Nat and I are in Hawaii. In fact, I'm currently overlooking Kilauea Crater as I write this....

14th May 2019 02:28 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Paul !! I hope that you have fun over there !!! You may want to do some diving while you are there !!! I will give you some more time to photograph those specimens. You can always send me that beautiful Goldfieldite Crystal and I will post it here ..⛏⛏⛏⛏

14th May 2019 22:35 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Miners Union #220. Goldfield was the scene of some very edgy miners Union strikes in 1907. During the Nationwide economic panic of 1907, it was tough to get hard currency, as people didn’t believe too much in the banking systems, they would hoard their money. Goldfield was no exception, although the mine operators Association was Paying miners $5 a day, double the wage of any other mining district, it was hard to get Gold coin, as that is what the miners wanted. Company script was talked about, it sparked outrage among Local Union #220. Another problem was that miners were stealing very rich high grade ore from the mines, the mine owners built special change rooms to where the miners had to strip down in front of security watchmen. Numerous strikes took place in 1907, the mine owners took the Union to Court and showed proof of wrong doing within the Union. The Court ruled in favor with the mine owners and the Union was dissolved from Goldfield in 1908. The photograph shows a key tag that belonged to the president of WFM Local #220. Circa 1905-1907.

15th May 2019 20:35 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original statement shows a three year production of the rich mines of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. It shows an amazing 1.2 million ounces of Gold produced from 455,000 tons of ore, that would average out to almost three ounces of Gold per ton !! Man, drill, powder, shovel, pick and ore car, this type of underground production and value will probably never be repeated in the U.S..


15th May 2019 21:10 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original statement shows operating costs for the calendar year from the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. The almost 1.8 million dollars in costs and the breakdown of numbers show just how big and on the ball this company was.


16th May 2019 18:24 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This miners pick has laid untouched for over 100 years, the sage brush has almost covered it. A miner probably laid it against a bush and forgot about it. By looking at the pick ends, they still have points and are sharp, it probably wasn’t used much. There is a name stamped on the head of the pick, “Comstock”, a brand of the pick. This was found on the Pan Handle Mine property, just above the Rustler #2 Mine...



16th May 2019 23:09 BSTJon Aurich

It’s snowing in Goldfield Nevada right now !!!!

17th May 2019 17:51 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. An original hand drawn and colored on Vellum underground map of the famous Rustler #2 Mine. The shaft depth is at 840’.. Circa 1908.

19th May 2019 00:44 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original photograph shows the mining metropolis of Goldfield in 1907. The town at this time had over 20,000 people, making it the largest city in the state of Nevada.

19th May 2019 13:57 BSTChris Rayburn

Interesting aerial shot for 1907. Do you know if it was taken from a nearby mountain, or a balloon, or...?

19th May 2019 15:15 BSTKevin Conroy Expert

I played around with Google Earth, and it looks like the photo was taken from somewhere on Spearhead Point, Malpais Mesa.



19th May 2019 16:52 BSTJon Aurich

The 1907 photograph was taken from the Malpais Mesa, this photograph shows the Mesa...

19th May 2019 17:23 BSTJon Aurich

This is another panorama Photograph of Goldfield in 1907. It shows most of the city , as tents and cabins were also built up to the base of Malpais Mesa, where this photograph was taken. This panorama originally has no in the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad Depot.



19th May 2019 21:18 BSTWayne Corwin

Photographs,,, History at it's Best !

20th May 2019 11:05 BSTChris Rayburn

Agree--wonderful photos Jon

20th May 2019 16:24 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Chris and Wayne !! I’ll put some more up.....

20th May 2019 17:16 BSTJon Aurich

Palmetto Nevada. This original photograph shows the old abandoned town of Palmetto around 1918. The man shown in the photograph is taking lumber from the collapsed Reduction Mill site. This district was noted for its silver deposits, in the 1890s Palmetto was prosperous until 1903, when the ore was exhausted. Palmetto is about 35 miles west of Goldfield.

20th May 2019 17:43 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original photograph shows miners and businessmen celebrating together in the Mohawk Saloon as the New Year of 1908 is hoping to be as prosperous as the last. Goldfield’s ore production for the year of 1907 was almost 8 million dollars. At the time this photograph was taken, Goldfield had 49 saloons!! I’m sure that every saloon there was elbow to elbow also...



20th May 2019 17:59 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Only in the great mining city of Goldfield that you could find a saloon that would have a continuously updated stock board showing the producing mines of Goldfield . This board was in the famous Mohawk Saloon. The full interior photo is in the entry above...

21st May 2019 16:13 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This rare original photograph, shows the early development of the Combination Mine, circa late 1903 - early 1904. The Combination was the first mine in Goldfield to Discover larger lenses of Au deposits and to ship ore. This mine also became one of the richest mines in the district.

22nd May 2019 01:22 BSTJon Aurich

Jungo Nevada. December 21st, 1913. A miner looks out into the remote Antelope Valley near Jungo. The hand winch (Windless) is sitting idle to the left of the photograph above the mine shaft. The miners face and his clothes show that water must have been scarce and only for drinking purposes!!



22nd May 2019 19:44 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This Miners Candle box was found in a drift in the Mohawk / Florence Mine near the lease shaft many years ago. The box is stamped: Palace H (Hardware) Goldfield Nevada. Via Mina & T (Tonopah). The Palace Hardware Company was a very popular store that had a full line of mining supplies. Box Circa 1906.


24th May 2019 15:19 BSTJon Aurich

Round Mountain Nevada. This original photograph, circa 1910, shows the old town of Round Mountain. Today, Round Mountain Gold is one of the most lucrative Gold mines in the U.S.....

25th May 2019 19:51 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This is the original Assay scale that was used by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. It was housed in the large assay building, (30’ x 60’) on the Clermont mining property. Dozens of assay’s were performed each day as tests were run not only on Goldfield ores but other districts as well, since Goldfield Consolidated had numerous interests . This original photograph shows the Assay office under construction in 1907, it was hard to take a clear photograph as the original photograph is under glass and a white streak is present from the shadow of the day. The Assay scale is now on loan for display at the Goldfield Visitors Center in Goldfield Nevada.



26th May 2019 19:34 BSTJon Aurich

Tonopah Nevada. This original 14” in diameter cast iron fire insurance plaque came from the five story State Bank and Trust Company of Tonopah. Supposedly, if the owner of a building had one of these plaques, they would get preferential treatment in case of a multi structure fire. Construction of the building started in 1905, the bank commenced business the following year. Through the decades, the building was used for numerous businesses. In the 1950s, the second through fifth floors were turned into apartments. For a few decades, the building was called the Belvada, or Belvada Apartments until it was closed down by the Fire Marshall in the mid 1980s. Today, the building is being restored.



27th May 2019 21:59 BSTJon Aurich

Fairview Nevada. This original blue print shows the mining district of Fairview in Humboldt County Nevada. A rich silver outcrop was discovered here in 1905. It wasn’t until George S. Nixon and George Wingfield of Goldfield started buying up several claims that a small rush started. Around 1907, there was about 3,000 people that called Fairview their home. The high grade ore was shipped out of the district as piles of milling grade ore lay inactive, since shipping the ore was expensive, Nixon & Wingfield stocked up enough lower grade ore by 1910, in 1911, Their Nevada Hills Mining Company built a 20 stamp mill that could process 200 tons of Gold and Silver ore a day. The mill stayed profitable until 1917, when the major ore body was exhausted. Today, the mill foundations mark the site of Fairview. The photograph of the mill was taken a year after it was completed. The other photograph is an original blue print of the mill just showing the corner of it.



29th May 2019 08:06 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This rare original photograph shows the famous Northern Saloon around 1907. Tex Rickard, the future king of promoting prize fights owned the saloon around this time. Miners and Business men alike enjoyed this Saloon.

30th May 2019 03:57 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This very rare vase was sold in the store of Liebes & Goodfriend in the city of Goldfield as a souvenir. It shows the famous Combination Mill. Owned by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, the Combination Mill was the largest and most efficient mill in Goldfield at the time. In 1909, the Combination mill collapsed into the famous Hampton Stope, the stope was very large and was 250’ below the mill. Engineers have thought that the large stamps that crushed the ore transmitted enough vibration to collapse the stope. Three mill tenders died in the collapse. Vase Circa 1907.


31st May 2019 00:20 BSTJon Aurich

A remote part of Central Nevada. This little shed still has many items that were used in this makeshift Black Smiths shop near a small mine. Being in a remote part of Nevada, it has remained virtually untouched for Decades......

31st May 2019 01:43 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. A beautiful sunset view of the famous Florence Mine. This mining property is one of the best preserved Mines in the State of Nevada. It was the second largest producer in the Goldfield district, producing over 450,000 ounces of Gold !! It is now a museum, along with the famous Rustler #2 Mine.

31st May 2019 17:03 BSTJon Aurich

Close to Fay Nevada. This air powered hoist sits above a Winze on the third level of this remote mine close to Fay. The photographs show the hoist and the track. I must have misplaced the photo of the incline ore car that was still at the bottom of the Winze.



1st Jun 2019 20:03 BSTJon Aurich

Some goodies that were found at a remote mine in central Nevada.

1st Jun 2019 20:15 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. This old enamel sign was found around the Palmetto Mining district. A true collectible today. The bullet holes add to the character of the sign.

3rd Jun 2019 09:39 BSTJon Aurich

Tonopah & Goldfield Nevada. This item is a very rare sterling silver souvenir badge, celebrating “Railroad Day” at Goldfield in September 1905. During this celebration, a silver spike was driven by U.S. Senator and mine owner George S. Nixon. Drilling contests and parades went on for two days at Goldfield, marking a very important period in Goldfield’s prominence and history.


4th Jun 2019 06:01 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original Assay certificate shows the richness of some of the Goldfield ores. Many assay certificates were well above 300 ounces of Gold per ton and it was common for a number of assay’s to be calculated not only by ounces per ton but ounces per pound.......


4th Jun 2019 18:11 BSTJon Aurich

Manhattan Nevada. This rare original panorama Photograph shows the main town of Manhattan. Originally, Silver was discovered in Manhattan Nevada in 1867. A year later, the district was abandoned for decades until 1905, when Gold was discovered there. In around 1906, about 4,000 people lived in Manhattan, but the Gold production declined a year afterward and so did the population. In 1909, another deposit was discovered and Manhattan intermittently produced Gold into the 1940s. Today, about 140 people live in this high elevation (7,000 feet) remote mining town.



4th Jun 2019 23:55 BSTJon Aurich

Gold Mountain Nevada. The Gold Mountain Mine is located about four miles south of GoldPoint. This Gold mine was active during the 1870s. The timbering in the mine is mostly Pinion Pine. Square nails are abundant there. The shaft has caved and is now impassable. The miners candlestick that is shown was found on the waste pile....



7th Jun 2019 03:31 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original blueprint from 1907 shows the two large forges that were installed at the Mohawk and Clermont Mines. The shop buildings at these two properties were owned by The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, they were larger than the Jumbo, Laguna, Combination and Red Top Mines that were also under the control of the company. All of the drill steel was trimmed, sharpened and hardened in these two shops for the entire operating mines of Consolidated.


7th Jun 2019 03:48 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original hand drawn on Vellum print from 1907, shows the famous Little Florence Lease on the Florence mining property. This lease was made famous because of the extraordinarily rich high grade Gold that was found there. In 1907, over 1.8 million dollars in Gold was taken out of the stopes, that is when Gold was $20.67 an ounce.... that was 90,000 ounces of Gold with a today’s value of 117 million dollars !!


8th Jun 2019 17:37 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. An original blue print of the famous Rogers Lease. This lease produced over 35,000 ounces of Gold in about four months between 1906-1907. Some of the ore was assaying from 300 to over 1000 ounces of Gold per ton. Blue print circa 1907.

10th Jun 2019 11:18 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This historical wood direction sign was down in the 5th Level of the Florence Mine. It gave the direction to the famous Little Florence workings. The nail that held it corroded away and I was laying against the foot wall of a drift.

11th Jun 2019 08:46 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. A very weathered 4”x 8” timber sticks out of an early lease period waste pile at the famous Florence Mine, shown in the background. The winter months at Goldfield can get very cold, the elevation is almost 6,000.

13th Jun 2019 07:57 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This is a trade token from the Red Top Bar, it was named after a famous mine at Goldfield. The Red Top Bar was a favorite among miners and businessmen. During 1907 and 1908, 49 saloons operated in the mining metropolis of Goldfield. This token was good “For A Drink”, this piece of history was found on top of the ground, just below a waste dump of the famous Rustler #2 Mine. Circa 1907.


13th Jun 2019 17:43 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. An original Assay bag from the California Assay Office out of Goldfield Nevada. This company was popular among prospectors and mining companies. During the early years of Goldfield, (1905 - 1908), some miners working the rich mines would steal pieces of high grade Gold ore worth $5 - 20 a pound and sell it to the less respectable Assayer’s in town, generally for 50 cents on the dollar, at least that is what the miner was supposed to get.


14th Jun 2019 18:44 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. Empty original cap tins from the 1905 - 1910 period. The California Cap Company was a favorite of the western miners and mining companies. The XXX was the most popular as it has the desired strength for the powder, the XXXX and XXXXX were a stronger cap and would yield a sharper blast....

15th Jun 2019 14:39 BSTChris Rayburn

Hi Jon--I continue to enjoy this thread very much. I didn't realize that blasting caps were already being used ca. 1905-1910. I have an image of a wild-eyed miner lighting a fuse and then scuttling away with his hound dog to hide behind a boulder. (Not really, but it captures the spirit.) These tins are beautifully preserved...they look like they just came off the shelf of the mining supply store. You have some amazing artifacts!

15th Jun 2019 16:13 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Chris !! I’m glad that you like mining history !! The cap tins were found in mines around central Nevada, the dry mines are like time capsules, I have found many things in them, even orange peels and peach pits !! I have even detected a Gold ring that was gray in color, I think that the ring came in contact with mercury at one point, it cleaned up nice !! One of my favorite things to find are unfired miners candles and candle boxes. Some of those have great graphics !!

15th Jun 2019 16:44 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. This miners candle box has spent its time underground for over 100 years. It was probably there before the Titanic sank back in 1912. Nowadays, these boxes are coveted by mining collectors.

16th Jun 2019 04:15 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. Mining candles. This box end is from the San Francisco Candle Company. It is from the 1880s , it contained Adamantine candles.

17th Jun 2019 21:32 BSTJon Aurich

Nevada. This miners candle box from Procter & Gamble advertised how well their candles performed. The candles burned longer and the hot Western Desert temperatures in the U.S. would not melt the candle too easily, they used a Stearic Acid that was a hardener ingredient in the wax. Circa 1905.

19th Jun 2019 00:03 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. These two crown top soda bottles were from the Goldfield Bottling Company. The company bottled different flavor sodas. These bottles show a deep purple color, caused by decades of ultraviolet rays from the sun chemically reacting to the manganese oxide in the glass. By 1917, during the First World War, the United States discontinued the use of manganese in the glass as the war effort needed Magnesium. Other clarifying agents were used in place of the Manganese.. Bottles Circa 1906.

19th Jun 2019 18:03 BSTJon Aurich

Virginia City Nevada. This very rare candle lantern was made by a master Blacksmith and store owner by the name of John Gillig, As candles were the primary use of light in the mines of the 1870s, a lantern was needed to transport light in the deep shafts of the Comstock mines. Gillig experimented on making a durable candle lantern that would be suitable in the Comstock Mines. During the years of 1877 and 1878, he made some lanterns in his Blacksmith shop. The design of his lanterns were being copied by other Blacksmiths during that time, so on May 20th, 1879, Gillig patented his lantern. These lanterns became known as the “Grant Lantern” as President Ulysses S. Grant visited the Comstock mines and is photographed with him and his wife holding these lanterns. Today, about four lanterns that were made for the Virginia City mines exist, this one shown is the only lantern known that shows the name and patent date of John Gillig. The original underground photograph shows women and shirtless miners with some of these lanterns. Photograph circa 1880.



19th Jun 2019 18:24 BSTJon Aurich

Virginia City Nevada. This is a photograph showing Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his wife, “both in the middle” holding Comstock lanterns. Photograph circa 1880.

20th Jun 2019 16:48 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original 1910 photograph shows a remarkable “Loving Cup” that was made for John H. Mackenzie, the manager of The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. In 1910, Mackenzie told George Wingfield, the president of the company, that he was resigning from the company to get into government services. Wingfield did what he could to talk him out of resigning but, Mackenzie had his mind made up. The original manager at the formation of the large mining company in November of 1906, Mackenzie was a well liked person, not only with the office staff, but even with mill tenders and miners. Wingfield had conversed with directors of the company and wanted to make Mackenzie’s departure a special occasion. Wingfield contacted Shreve, of San Francisco, a top jewelry store that made anything out of Gold and Silver, Shreve had some of the best Silversmiths in the country. Wingfield asked Shreve if they could make a nice trophy style cup out of solid Gold and how much Gold they would need, the jewelry company told Wingfield that an impressive Loving Cup would need 75 ounces of Gold for it, Wingfield agreed !! The Gold was produced at Goldfield, from the Mohawk, Combination, Red Top and Jumbo Mines, all of these rich mines were controlled by the Consolidated Mines. The Gold was smelted to purity in the Consolidated Mill and sent to Shreve. The Loving Cup was made and sent back to Wingfield, an evening celebration was held in honor of Mackenzie in the beautiful Goldfield Hotel to where the former manager was given this amazing cup !! An interesting note: 1910 was the best year of Gold production for the Goldfield Consolidated Mines, 11.4 million dollars was produced when Gold was $20.67 an ounce !! That Loving Cup today would have a scrap value of around $90,000 !! What other trophy or presentation piece would have had that much Gold? it may even hold a record today ....


21st Jun 2019 19:22 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This original invoice from 1908 shows the cost for the steel framed Goldfield Consolidated Mill. This custom 100 stamp mill would have a total cost of over $750,000. From 1908 -1918, the mill processed over six million tons of ore with a value of over 50 million dollars. The Consolidated was one of the finest Quartz crushing mills in the world, with a recovery between 94% - 96% of Gold, processing Telluride, Oxide, Sulfide and free milling ore. Around 1928, the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company had the mill dismantled.



22nd Jun 2019 08:26 BSTJon Aurich

Winnemucca Nevada. This original statement was from the First National Bank of Winnemucca, Nevada. In 1900, George S. Nixon was Cashier and part owner of this bank. On September 20th, 1900, the infamous Butch Cassidy and the (Hole In The Wall Gang) came into the bank and held Nixon at gun point, they told him to open the safe, he refused, Cassidy then pulled out a knife and threatened Nixon by slashing his throat, Nixon then opened the safe, the bandits took out over $32,000 in Gold Coin and left the bank. In 1905, Nixon became U.S. Senator of Nevada, in 1906, he formed the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, within a year, it became the 17th largest corporation in the U.S. . In 1910, he won re-election to the senate, only to die in office in 1912. At the time of his death, his estimated worth was around 31 million dollars...



22nd Jun 2019 20:18 BSTJon Aurich

Tonopah Nevada. This original photograph from 1906 shows that the Miners are fresh and ready for their shift to begin in the famous Belmont Mine in Tonopah. The Belmont was one of Tonopah’s largest producers of Silver. Unfortunately, in 1911, 17 miners were killed when a fire broke out deep in the mine.

24th Jun 2019 18:11 BSTJon Aurich

Seven Troughs Nevada. This very rare whiskey flask was from one of Seven Troughs famous Saloons, “ The Owl Club”. Seven Troughs is now a ghost town in Pershing County Nevada. Gold and Silver was discovered there in 1906 and in 1907, the Kindergarten Mine was the main producer. This whiskey flask was found in that mine, keeping it protected from the outside elements that would have surly destroyed the label. Bottle circa 1908.


27th Jun 2019 23:03 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. A beautiful Sunset at the historic mining district of Goldfield.

27th Jun 2019 23:31 BSTJon Aurich

Virginia Nevada. This rare cold cream pot was found many decades ago in the original Virginia City dump. Both the top and bottom were not damaged. A. M. Cole was the leading druggist for over 35 years, it was a favorite among the miners and their families. Circa 1890.

1st Jul 2019 17:28 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This great specimen was mined during the early leasing period of the Goldfield boom period, (1906-1907). It is from the famous Rustler #2 Mine. Many tons of this 300+ ounces per ton of high grade Gold ore was mined, and very little of it exists today. The specimen contains Quartz, Bismuthinite, Milltown Andesite, Cryptocrystalline Quartz, Alunite, Famatinite, Goldfieldite and Native Gold.


1st Jul 2019 21:00 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This rare master clock was used in the famous Goldfield High School. It hung in the Principal’s office and governed all of the “slave” clocks that were in each classroom. The master clock was electric, (invented in the 1890s) and had a battery inside. At every sixty seconds, by wire, the master clock would give an electric impulse, changing all slave clock minute hands accordingly. Wires were either surface mounted in the wall or were installed during construction of the school. The Goldfield High School was built in 1907, it opened in 1908 and continually operated until 1952.



1st Jul 2019 21:48 BSTJon Aurich

Rawhide Nevada. I will be putting out great original photographs of the mines of Rawhide in the next several days. Rawhide was a colorful mining district that was advertised world wide in 1907, there were many lucrative deposits all around the Rawhide mining district that the first deposit was originally located in 1906 in Mineral County Nevada, about 55 miles southeast of Fallon. The depth of the rich veins only went down a few hundred feet deep, so the peak of the districts population grew to 5,000 by 1908 and plummeted to 500 by 1910. Since the mining district was heavily promoted back in 1907, nice leasing and company signs were made and installed on mining buildings and head frames for advertisement. A lot of money was lost on (dirty) mining promotions in Rawhide as slick Con Artists were selling mining stock with fancy looking certificates that were from worthless mining properties. Today, the original mining district is gone, due to major open pit mining operations in the 1980s - 2000s, nothing is left of the old district.



1st Jul 2019 22:57 BSTJon Aurich

Rawhide Nevada. The St. Ives Lease, situated on Balloon Hill, next to the Kernes Mine. Photograph circa 1907.

2nd Jul 2019 17:43 BSTJon Aurich

Rawhide Nevada.

Grutt-Hooligan Mining Company. On Grutt Hill. 1907.

3rd Jul 2019 01:51 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. Just found today !! This specimen of high grade Gold was mined during the early leasing period of the famous Rustler #2 Mine.



3rd Jul 2019 12:26 BSTChris Rayburn

Looks like you captured one of the miners arriving for his shift in that Rustler #2 photo...

3rd Jul 2019 16:42 BSTJon Aurich

Chris, I have been told many times that the mine is Haunted !!

3rd Jul 2019 17:17 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This exceedingly rich specimen of Gold was found on July 2nd, 2019. It was mined during the early leasing period of the rich Goldfield Mines, (1906-1907).



4th Jul 2019 04:39 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This very rich Gold specimen was found on July 3rd, 2019. It was mined during the early leasing period of Goldfield’s rich mines. It is from the famous Little Florence Mine. The interior photograph is of the Rustler #2 Hoist House built in 1906.



4th Jul 2019 17:16 BSTJon Aurich

Rawhide Nevada. This original photograph shows Gold and Silver ore stacked for shipment at the Murray Mine on Murray Hill. 1908.

5th Jul 2019 19:10 BSTJon Aurich

Rawhide Nevada. This original photograph from 1907 shows miners posed around the Windless of the Rawhide Owl One Mine. Some good Placer deposits were also worked in the lower areas of the mining district. The photograph was taken from Hooligan Hill.

6th Jul 2019 15:19 BSTJon Aurich

Milltown Nevada. This Merchant Token was from a suburb town just east of Goldfield, located on the Florence group of claims. It consisted of several small wood structures. It is believed that the small area was built for a stopping point for the Bullfrog Goldfield and Tonopah and Goldfield Railroad, as the line passed through Milltown. Today, nothing exists on the site, only some rare tokens and a couple photographs are all that are left of this true ghost.


7th Jul 2019 06:51 BSTJon Aurich

Weepah Nevada. Weepah was the last great Gold Rush in the United States. A specimen of Gold that was assayed at thousands of dollars per ton was found. A small rush of prospectors assembled on the future Weepah mining district. In 1927, Frank Horton found Gold in a Quartz ledge, this caused a Gold frenzy that brought hundreds of Gold seekers to the district. As other finds were being discovered, George Wingfield of Goldfield fame came in to the district with his top mining engineer, this attracted business men with money to invest in the districts mines and thousands of men eager to make money. As Wingfield’s engineer made his assessments, it was clear to Wingfield that the veins were shallow. With Wingfield not willing to purchase or invest in the mines, a drop in interest soon developed. As the shallow high grade pockets of Gold ore were mined out, it was hard to produce enough good ore to make a decent profit as most of the ore was at a low milling grade. It didn’t take long for the last great Gold rush to fade into memory.



7th Jul 2019 16:12 BSTJon Aurich

Weepah Nevada. George Wingfield, the mining and banking Tycoon, inspects some very rich high grade Gold ore at Frank Horton’s prospect at Weepah in 1927. Wingfield, at this time was very interested in the district until some field work by his own mining engineer concluded that the good ore was not deep enough for profitable mining.

26th Aug 2019 20:43 BSTKyle Beucke

Hello John,

Looks like that might be a pan with the results of the ore being crushed (with octagon drill steel?) in the mortar and pestle in the previous photos.

Very cool photos, thanks for sharing!


8th Jul 2019 18:17 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This impressive building was built by George S. Nixon in 1905 at Goldfield Nevada. At the time, it was the first large substantial building that was erected, built of white Rhyolite and Basalt stone, it was very impressive. It housed many businesses including Lawyers and mining companies. The first floor housed Nixon’s John S Cook & Co. Bank. In 1923, a huge fire destroyed 42 city blocks of the town, including this grand building. The rare souvenir dish showing the Nixon block is from around 1907.



9th Jul 2019 08:41 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Rare. Goldfieldite. This is a rare specimen of Goldfieldite, generally, there are other Sulfides to go with it when it comes to the rich mines of the Goldfield mining district. This specimen contains Quartz and Goldfieldite. It was mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907, from the famous Engineers Lease of the Florence Mine.

12th Jul 2019 18:14 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This fabulous original photograph shows a view of Main Street in the peak of Goldfield’s population boom during a celebration there, at the time, it was always customary to have a drilling contest at one of them in the mining towns of Nevada. In the summer of 1907, the mining metropolis had close to 24,000 residents, making Goldfield the largest city in Nevada, four times larger than the second largest city of Reno. At the time, Las Vegas had a minuscule population of 400. The original photograph was found in 1995 when some Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company ephemera was discovered laying behind one of the steel shelves in the walk in vault of the Consolidated building. Photograph circa 1907.

14th Jul 2019 19:53 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. These bottles and cans were uncovered on July 13th, 2019 while restoring an old house in the mining town of Goldfield. The two whiskey bottles still have their original corks and labels, due to being under the 1908 house. One of the last residents to live in the house was Earl Niesser, a miner that lived in Goldfield for most of his life. Bottles circa 1908.



16th Jul 2019 23:17 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. My son, using the forge in the famous Florence Mine Blacksmith Shop. He is now 12 years old and gives tours of the Mine....

20th Jul 2019 19:06 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. Mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907 from the rich Goldfield Mines. This specimen is from the Little Florence Lease of the Florence Mine. It contains Quartz, Bismuthinite, Milltown Andesite, Cryptocrystalline Quartz, Alunite, Dacite, Bismuthinite and Native Gold. The production peak of the Goldfield mining district came in 1910, when 11.4 million dollars was produced, that is when Gold was valued at $20.67 an ounce..

21st Jul 2019 06:34 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Goldfieldite. This rare specimen of Goldfieldite was mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907. It was from the famous Engineers Lease of the Florence Mine.

22nd Jul 2019 08:52 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. Rare. This exceedingly rich Gold specimen is from the Mohawk Florence Mine from between 1906-1907. The coin pictured with it is an American Silver Dollar. Rich specimens this size from Goldfield are extremely rare. The brown areas at the bottom half of the specimen and a small layer above are Native Gold.

23rd Jul 2019 05:36 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. Mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907. From the Mohawk Florence Mine. Contains Quartz, Bismuthinite, Milltown Andesite, Alunite, Cryptocrystalline Quartz Famatinite and Native Gold.

23rd Jul 2019 07:10 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. A rare specimen of Goldfieldite. Goldfieldite was originally discovered and named after the mining district of Goldfield. This specimen was mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907. From the famous Engineers Lease of the Florence Mine.

24th Jul 2019 22:25 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. From the famous Rustler #2 Mine. It was mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907. Some of the ore was exceedingly rich on this property, and assayed at over 2,000 ounces per ton !!

28th Jul 2019 19:37 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. Mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907 at Goldfield. It is from the famous Rustler #2 Mine. The specimen shows bands of finely disseminated Native Gold with Cryptocrystalline Quartz. Generally, in the rich area of the district, the bands of Native Gold look like an orange rust, although the Gold is a rather a high purity between 840 - 860 fine and shows it’s beautiful metallic luster with a hand lens.

31st Jul 2019 10:18 BSTJon Aurich

Weepah Nevada. The tent town of Weepah practically sprang up overnight in 1927. The discovery of very rich Gold ore temporally held the promise of big riches to come, in which almost as it sprang up, it turned to “bust” almost as fast.

1st Aug 2019 07:14 BSTJon Aurich

George Wingfield. A rare original hand tinted photograph of the “King of Nevada”, standing on the running board of his 1924 Hudson “Big Six” Sedan. The photograph was probably taken in a remote part of Nevada as the group came upon this abandoned buggy with a mummified body of a horse attached to it !! It was very common for the millionaire to visit his mining properties and remote discoveries made by prospectors that would first contact Wingfield of their discovery. This original photograph was George Wingfield’s and hung in his house in Reno Nevada.


6th Aug 2019 08:35 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. From the famous Engineers Lease, it was mined during the early leasing period of 1906-1907. The white long areas were once Needles of Bismuthinite.

6th Aug 2019 11:04 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Homemade Corn Bread is cooling down in the Florence Mine house kitchen. The Wedgewood stove bakes great things and is still very accurate with its temperature.

8th Aug 2019 16:46 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. Restoration of one of the early residences of Goldfield. Built in 1908.

16th Aug 2019 17:47 BSTJolyon Ralph Founder

This isn't Nevada, it's just a test to see if photos are working on this thread.

16th Aug 2019 22:57 BSTScott Rider

How old is that oven?  Someone sure took care of that, it looks like its hardly used!!  Considering manufactures these days make stuff that last a couple years, its cool to see old appliances!!!  Some will probably outlast humanity LOL!!!!

I have a really short funny story about getting a dryer fixed.  The repair person comes to me with a smirk.  "Yep, it was the piece that is supposed to break that broke..."  I asked for clarification, and he said it was a plastic piece that broke, which they used to have a metal piece instead.  This way the plastic piece would degrade within a certain number of years (5 or so he said), in hopes that the person would just buy a new machine instead of paying a higher bill.  It was because when that piece broke, it broke some other stuff, effectively being a domino effect.  His repair bill was high so I ended up buying a new unit...

17th Aug 2019 02:50 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Scott , the oven was made in the late 1930s, it works so well, the enamel was never chipped, so it is pretty well in mint shape !! I do a lot of cooking on it...     Jon.

17th Aug 2019 03:38 BSTPaul Brandes Manager

Amazing photos and stories, Jon! Keep them coming.
Nathalie just said we definitely need to come back to Goldfield when I'm not sick.
Maybe next spring break.......

19th Aug 2019 06:37 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The famous Rustler #2 Mine around 2 o’clock in the morning...

19th Aug 2019 13:52 BSTChris Rayburn

Hi Jon--I'm still loving this thread, but it takes forever to load with the new discussion system.  You might consider starting a new Part II thread for future posts, as has been done with other long discussion threads.

20th Aug 2019 18:31 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Chris !! Thank you for your interest in this Nevada history thread !!! I will start another on as (part two), I just have to figure out how to do it, as the site has changed now......

20th Aug 2019 18:42 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This conglomeration was found with my metal detector in one of the empty lots in the historic town of Goldfield. These are coins that were melted together either from the 1906 or 1923 fire of this certain area of town. It consists of a silver dollar, two half dollars and a nickel. As you can see, the nickel survived the melt as the fire wasn’t hot enough to melt it. I have had this piece since the 1980s. The silver has grown fine hairs and an oxide “moss” as this has been in a cabinet with a lot of Goldfield “High Grade” that is loaded with Sulfide’s, especially Famatinite. and Goldfieldite.

20th Aug 2019 19:07 BSTKevin Conroy Expert

"The silver has grown fine hairs and an oxide moss"...   Aurichite?

20th Aug 2019 21:32 BSTJon Aurich

Kevin, I believe so, can we vote it in as a new mineral ??

20th Aug 2019 21:55 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Leslie ! That is very kind of you, I’m glad that you enjoy the thread !!

26th Aug 2019 17:38 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. In 1995, about a year after I bought the Telegraph office in Goldfield, I started restoring it. The building was built in 1906, during the boom period of the mining district. This photograph shows the side door to the building that drops down from the exterior sidewalk, I was replacing the threshold and a wood step that was original and in bad shape. During the removal and cleanup, I noticed what appeared to be Gold foil in the dirt that has been collecting since when the threshold and step was installed. I proceeded to pick up what appeared to be foil and to my surprise, was a $5 Gold piece !!! In the photograph, my friend is holding the coin in his hand. The next two photographs show the coin that was found... a great piece of Goldfield history..

26th Aug 2019 17:40 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. $5 Gold coin discovered.

26th Aug 2019 17:41 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. $5 Gold coin discovered..

26th Aug 2019 19:25 BSTDon Saathoff Expert

Jon, I'm not a coin collector but that is a BEAUTIFUL coin.....great find!!

26th Aug 2019 21:35 BSTJon Aurich

Thank you Don !! The sun hit it just right, if I didn’t see the shine coming back at me, it would have been thrown out from the dust pan to the empty lot next to the building, the about 80% of the coin was in the pile of dirt when discovered !!!

28th Aug 2019 06:56 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. This Saloon token was found today in the back lot of the famous Tom Lockhart house. The Texas Bar Saloon was a favorite place for businessmen and Miners during the boom period of Goldfield. Circa 1907.

28th Aug 2019 06:58 BSTJon Aurich

Goldfield Nevada. The reverse side of the Texas Bar Texas trade token.

28th Aug 2019 18:53 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Hope you don't mine my adding something that is not Nevada.  I lived in Bisbee Arizona for 15 years and occasionally found the trade tokens also.   Just took a couple of photos of one of my museums displays.  Hope they fit even though they are not Nevada.
Loved the $5 gold piece you found, what a great find.

28th Aug 2019 18:54 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

The Bisbee tokens I found one side.

28th Aug 2019 18:55 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Bisbee tokens other side.

28th Aug 2019 19:47 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Rolf, I don’t mind at all !! When you find historic items  like these, you think for a minute on what the person or miner looked like, and that you are the first one in a hundred or more years to touch it !!! Great finds !!! And thanks for sharing !!

29th Aug 2019 18:21 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Here are some of the hand made marbles I found while living in Bisbee.

29th Aug 2019 20:17 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Rolf, I love the marbles !! The Opium bottle is great, it is so delicate that it is a miracle that it survived harsh weather and animal paws and hoofs, especially the thin sheared lip and neck of the bottle!! This photo of the miners at Jerome, I put on for you, I love the mining history of Arizona also !!

29th Aug 2019 18:23 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Here is my favorite find from the 1800's, an old opium bottle found at a mill site up in the Chiricahua Mountains of SE Arizona, where they got much of the lumber for the early Tombstone and Bisbee mines.   

29th Aug 2019 18:25 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is a piece of Benson Arizona history.  Nor far from our home is an area with a railroad bed and running parallel to this is an old bed from the first railroad that came through the area, the narrow guage Contention railroad.   Not much left of this track but a few piece I call my "cool rust".   This plate is about half the size of the modern plates.

29th Aug 2019 18:29 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is a piece of early cavalry history.  Near our home we found a place where there was some broken glass and as I looked, I saw it was all purple with age.  Found a number of complete pieces but most were broken.  Found this piece of metal I didn't know what it was but a friend identified it as a tent tightener from the old cavalry tents.  I assumed that whatever wagon had come by here in the 1800's and camped across the road from where we live now and before leaving dumped their trash.  

29th Aug 2019 18:32 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is truly a piece of early Bisbee mining history.  I found this hand made, octagonal bar in an old mine while exploring.   It weighs about 21 pounds and is pitted from time lying in a damp mine.  The piece is solid steel and I have used it for years to dig tree holes.   A friend saw I was using it to dig with and said "how can you use that, it is an antique?"   I told him it was not getting any damage from what I was doing, it was steel!  
Loved finding those pieces of history and thanks again Jon for saying I could post some here.

4th Sep 2019 17:38 BSTJon Aurich

Hi Rolf, is there anything else that you can share from Arizona ? I find the items very interesting !!

4th Sep 2019 01:07 BSTKevin Conroy Expert

Jon has omitted a major piece of Goldfield, Nevada's mining history: himself!   See:

5th Sep 2019 19:06 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

After looking at the video I saw you had played a bit of pool.  This cue ball is from an old Bisbee establishment called Wallace's Pool Hall.   It was a business long gone by the time I moved to Bisbee but I had heard was a popular hang out for the miners and they served drinks too.
I purchased the house formerly owned by the Wallace family for all of $3000 back in 1972.   Under the house were all kinds of things the family had stored and had no interest in taking when they left.  This ivory pool cue ball was under the house and unfortunately I have no idea just how old it is.

5th Sep 2019 19:08 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This group of cavalry shells is one we got from a man who purchased a house and found boxes of these under the house.    Most are from the Cavalry of the 1800's and were found in various places in Cochise County.  A relic of the old times of fighting the Apaches that were not eager to allow the settlers, miners and any new comers into the area.

5th Sep 2019 19:11 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This old shell casing I found in a small mine shaft on top of Escabrosa Ridge, just South of the town of Bisbee.   In the previous shells, they were most likely used by the cavalry but this one has no markings on the bottom.  From where I found it, it is possible that it was used by one of the Apaches to fire at the cavalry or maybe early prospectors.    They were often tossed in places they left no sign of the Indians having been there.

5th Sep 2019 19:13 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Bisbee, as with Goldfield and many of the early mining camps, had a lot of children and they had toys.  This one is made of metal but what metal is not something I figured out.  It had been lying in the dirt for many years before I found it.

5th Sep 2019 19:15 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

One of the two houses I ended up buying in Bisbee still had the early glass knobs on the doors inside.  I took the old knobs off to preserve them and replaced them with modern knobs.   They were quite pretty.

5th Sep 2019 19:17 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

The indoor dressers also had glass knobs and as can be seen, were old since they are not identical.  I also kept these to keep them from damage.

5th Sep 2019 19:18 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Thanks Jon for letting me post some of the objects I have found and now display in our museum/shop.   This is the last one for today.
It is also a door knob but in this case made from ceramic, I believe.  Also found under the Wallace house.

5th Sep 2019 23:56 BSTJon Aurich

No problem Rolf !! There are always alot of people out there that enjoy the history here , whether it’s Nevada or Arizona. Those 45-70 casings could be from the Winchester Rifle, models 1876 and 1886......

5th Sep 2019 23:19 BSTPaul Brandes Manager

Interesting shells casings, Rolf.

Many of those appear like 45/70 which would have been a common cartridge at that time, likely fired out of a Springfield "trapdoor" model. You mentioned that some have no markings on the back. This isn't unusual from ammo manufacturers of the time, including Frankford Arsenal, especially when using a Benet primed copper case where the primer is on the inside of the case, similar to a modern rimfire cartridge.

And now you know another of my hobbies; military firearms......

6th Sep 2019 00:06 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Yes, you got it right on.  I did some study at the time we built this small collection about 20 years ago.  Since we live close to Fort Huachuca in the Sierra Vista area, the post was host to the Buffalo Soldiers and a lot of history in the area.  Even as far back as Coronado, who came through our area much longer ago.   We also have a block like the cartridge one of the old railroad date nails, that were used in the old ties to tell what date the ties were put in place.
Thanks Jon for not minding my additions.

6th Sep 2019 13:48 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is a piece I found under that one house I had in Bisbee.  It is certainly not from Bisbee but from a walrus tusk.  It has a nearly completely faded writing on the bottom but no way for me to tell what it said.  I still have no idea what it had been made to be used for.  Assume it was an object the people who owned the house picked up on a trip to Alaska or somewhere on the coast.  If anyone knows what it was meant to be used for it would be neat to hear.  We have assumed a few things but won't say just what we thought.

6th Sep 2019 13:51 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

There were also two of these dry cell batteries under the house.  You can see it is a dry climate in Bisbee since it is all paper on the outside and has not rotted away.  This side is very easy to read, next photo is not so easy and quite faded but for their age, not bad.

6th Sep 2019 13:52 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Front side of the dry cell battery.

6th Sep 2019 13:54 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This old glass bottle was broken but the stopper was in perfect condition, kind of nice to find the stopper with the bottle neck it belonged with.

6th Sep 2019 13:55 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Another kids toy dug up in the back yard in Bisbee.

6th Sep 2019 16:04 BSTJon Aurich

Rolf, that is a neat toy that you dug up !!! Also, the batteries too. It’s amazing to think no that those batteries are selling for around $40 on Ebay !! I have used them as displays in my crank Kellogg Telephones up in Goldfield, in the old houses and mine buildings.. those batteries that you have probably came out of a crank telephone that was once in your house !!!!!

15th Sep 2019 22:15 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

These bottles are a part of the Southern Arizona railroad history. The early trains used a special oil on their batteries and the bottles got tossed out after use.  They occasionally turn up on hikes, mostly broken but a few we found complete.  Second photo shows the Thomas Edison printing on the bottle.

15th Sep 2019 22:16 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is the name on the back side of the bottle of battery oil.

15th Sep 2019 22:19 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This is a hand blown bottle I found under the one Bisbee house, label still partly attached.  The date on the label says 1849 and it is easier to see on the second photo.

15th Sep 2019 22:20 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Closer view of the label on the bottle. One other shows the cat on part of the reverse label.

15th Sep 2019 22:22 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

Close up of the bit of label left on the reverse side of the bottle.

15th Sep 2019 22:24 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

This purple glass bottle bottom I found where the military wagon had probably parked overnight.  The date on the bottle is patented in 1877.  No idea what the bottle had held.

15th Sep 2019 22:25 BSTRolf Luetcke Expert

These cans were also found with the military wagon spot and the old screw openers.  The bottom of the can has a wide lead seal, great stuff to store food in.
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