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Childrenite

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About ChildreniteHide

00351460014946306882045.jpg
John George Children
Formula:
Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour:
Yellowish brown, brown, clove-brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.11 - 3.19
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1823 by Henry J. Brooke in honor of John George Children [May 18, 1777 – January 1, 1852 Halstead, Kent, England, UK), English chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist; Keeper of minerals at the British Museum of Natural History.
Type Locality:
Childrenite-Eosphorite Series.
The Fe2+ analogue of eosphorite.

See also the related lefontite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Childrenite.


Classification of ChildreniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DD.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
42.7.1.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.12.57

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of ChildreniteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Yellowish brown, brown, clove-brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Poor on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.11 - 3.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.13(1) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChildreniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.644 - 1.649 nβ = 1.662 - 1.683 nγ = 1.671 - 1.691
2V:
Measured: 40° to 45°, Calculated: 50°
Birefringence:
0.035
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027 - 0.042
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
XYz = abc, twins Y^c = 4°-8°
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= yellow
Y= pink
Z= pale pink to colourless

Chemical Properties of ChildreniteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Common Impurities:
Ca,Mn

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
P2O530,97 %
Al2O321,77 %
FeO16,59 %
MnO13,55 %
MgO0,07 %
CaO0,09 %
Total:80 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Buranga pegmatite, Gatumba, Ngororero District, Western Province, RwandaFransolet, A.-M. (1980) The eosphorite-childrenite series associated with the Li-Mn-Fe phosphate minerals from the Buranga pegmatite, Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 1015-1023.

Crystallography of ChildreniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Ccc2
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.41 Å, b = 13.42 Å, c = 6.92 Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.776 : 1 : 0.516
Unit Cell V:
966.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Equant to pyramidal crystals, short prismatic [001], tabular, platy, radiating groups, fibrous crusts, massive.
Twinning:
Common. May show on {100} and {001}. Twins evident when of varying proportions but symmetrical twins consist of four to eight individuals in sectors with four individuals comprising a "termination". Visible twinning is uncommon.
Comment:
Bba2; possibly monoclinic pseudo-orthorhombic.

Crystallographic forms of ChildreniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Childrenite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Childrenite no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.71 Å(64)
5.197 Å(36)
4.362 Å(22)
3.528 Å(28)
2.816 Å(100)
2.419 Å(50)
1.521 Å(40)

Type Occurrence of ChildreniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Low temperature hydrothermal veins
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for ChildreniteHide

German:Childrenit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铁石
Spanish:Childrenita
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁鐵石

Relationship of Childrenite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
SideriteFeCO3
TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
323 photos of Childrenite associated with VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
306 photos of Childrenite associated with ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
83 photos of Childrenite associated with QuartzSiO2
42 photos of Childrenite associated with RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
32 photos of Childrenite associated with WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
21 photos of Childrenite associated with RuifrancoiteCa2(◻,Mn)2(Fe3+,Mn,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2O
19 photos of Childrenite associated with VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
12 photos of Childrenite associated with LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
9 photos of Childrenite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
8 photos of Childrenite associated with Feldspar Group

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DD.05ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.20EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.7.1.2EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
42.7.1.3Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
42.7.1.4SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of ChildreniteHide

Not Fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChildreniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brooke (1823) Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature and the Arts: 16: 274.
Church (1873) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 26: 103.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1 (1913); vol. 2: 136.
Slavík (1914) Bull. Ac. Sc. Bohême: 14, no. 4.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 57, 72.
Landes (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 384.
Palache and Shannon (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 392.
Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 930, 933.
Otto (1935) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 47: 89.
Mason (1942) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 64: 335.
Gordon (1944) Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia: 96: 349.
Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 12.
Hurlbut, C. (1950) Childrenite-eosphorite series. American Mineralogist, 35, 793–805.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 936–939.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Childrenite from the Lake District, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 498.
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and B.V. Cooper (1982) Childrenite in south-west England. Mineralogical Magazine, 46, 119–126.
Giuseppetti, G., Tadini, C. (1984) The crystal structure of childrenite from Tavistock (SW England), Ch89Eo11 term of childrenite-eosphorite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1984, 263-271.
Bermanec, V., S. Šćavničar, and V. Zebec (1995) Childrenite and crandallite from the Stari Trg mine (Trepča), Kosovo: new data. Mineralogy and Petrology, 52, 197–208.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 109.

Internet Links for ChildreniteHide

Localities for ChildreniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Nuristan
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
Kampf, A.R., F. Colombo, W.B. Simmons Jr., A. Falster, J.W. Nizamoff (2010): Galliskiite, Ca4Al2(PO4)2F8 x 5H2O, a new mineral from the Gigante granitic pegmatite, Cordoba province, Argentina. American Mineralogist. 95, 392-96
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Harrowfield, I.R., Segnit, E.R., Watts, J.A. (1981) Aldermanite, a new magnesium aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 44:333, 59-62.
        • Kapunda
Pers. comm. from Peter Elliott and Vince Peisley
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Millstatt lake
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Wolfsberg
Paar, W. (1974): Childrenit aus dem Pegmatitsteinbruch am Wolfsberg bei Spittal an der Drau/Kärnten. Der Karinthin, 70, 91-94.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938, 973; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
Richard Dale collection
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237
Menezes Filho, L. A., Chaves, M. L., Cooper, M. A., Ball, N. A., Abdu, Y. A., Sharpe, R., ... & Hawthorne, F. C. (2019). Brandãoite,[BeAl 2 (PO 4) 2 (OH) 2 (H 2 O) 4](H 2 O), a new Be–Al phosphate mineral from the João Firmino mine, Pomarolli farm region, Divino das Laranjeiras County, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 83(2), 261-267.
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
White, J., 1990, Zoned Eosphorite from Lavra da Ilha, Taquaral District, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Mineralogical Record 21, 418-422.; Moore, P. B., & Ito, J. (1978). I, Whiteite, a new species, and a proposed nomenclature for the jahnsite-whiteite complex series; II, New data on xanthoxenite; III, Salmonsite discredited. Mineralogical Magazine, 42(323), 309-323.
        • Piauí Valley
Joan Viñals analysis, Barcelona.
Hatert, F., Philippo, S., Ottolini, L., Dal Bo, F., Scholz, R., Chaves, M. L., ... & Menezes Filho, L. A. (2017). Wilancookite,(Ba, K, Na) 8 (Ba, Li,□) 6Be24P24O96· 32H2O, a new beryllophosphate with a zeolite framework. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29(5), 923-930.
Sergio Varvello collection
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237 [ p.233]
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Parelhas
Sergio Varvello collection; da Costa, M.G., Scholz, R., Karfunkel, J., Bermanec V., de Sá Carneiro Chaves, M.L. (2005): 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy on natural eosphorite-childrenite-ernstite samples. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 31, 714–720; Cornejo, C., Bartorelli, A. (2009): Minerals and precious stones of Brazil. Solaris Cultural Publications, São Paulo, 704 pp.
      • Pau dos Ferros
Luigi Chiappino data
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
      • Argyle
        • East Kemptville
Richardson, J.M. (1988) Genesis of the East Kemptville greisen-hosted tin deposit, Davis Lake complex, Southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Carleton University: 293 pg.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
[Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp19]
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47 [19].
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Jindřichův Hradec Region
Uher, P. , Breiter, K., Klecka, M., & Pivec, E. (1998). Zircon in highly evolved Hercynian Homolka granite, Moldanubian zone, Czech Republic: indicator of magma source and petrogenesis. Geologica Carpathica, 49(3), 151-160.
Finland
 
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Alavus
Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Geologique de Finlande. 224.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Le massif granitique des Colettes (Allier) et ses mineralizations. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86, 126-128.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 110.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Pleystein
Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 783, 938.; Wittern, A. (2001) Mineralfundorte in Deutschland. Schweizerbart (Stuttgart).; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf).
Japan
 
  • Ibaraki
    • Kasumigaura City
      • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco
    • Idanha-a-Nova
      • Monsanto
Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.
  • Guarda
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Alves, P (2016). Folgosinho: Fosfatos secundarios de la mina Sitio do Castelo. Revista de Minerales 2015/2, 6-27. (in Spanish).
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Viana do Castelo
Dias P, Leal Gomes C, Guimarães F, Hatert F (2014) Wylie reaction coronas on scorzalite in pegmatite dykes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 265
  • Viseu
    • São João da Pesqueira
Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero District
      • Gatumba
Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
P. Lefèvre, A.-M. Fransolet, F. Fontan, P. Keller: Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda. (http://www.minsocam.org/msa/special/pig/PIG_articles/Elba%20Abstracts%2012%20Lefevre.pdf); Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Golpejas-Vega de Tirados
        • Golpejas Mining group
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Roda-Robles, E., Vieira, R., Pesquera, A., & Lima, A. (2010). Chemical variations and significance of phosphates from the Fregeneda-Almendra pegmatite field, Central Iberian Zone (Spain and Portugal). Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(1-2), 23-34.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Tres Arroyos
Garate-Olave I, Roda-Robles M E, Gil-Crespo P, Pesquera A (2014) Fe, Mg and Mn distribution among tourmaline, micas and phosphates from the Tres Arroyos granitic pegmatites (Central Iberian Zone, Badajoz, Spain). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 265
    • Cáceres
      • Cáceres
Weibel, M. (1955): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 4, 379-411.
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Forcarei
Fuertes-Fuente, M., & Martin-Izard, A. (2001). The Forcarei Norte and Lalín pegmatite fields, Galicia, Northwest of Spain. Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century, 413.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Hansen, S. & Landa-Canovas, A. (1994): Childrenite and millisite from Västanå Mine, Skåne, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 116: 92.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington
        • Callington Consols
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
      • Calstock
        • Drakewalls
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
        • Harewood
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
        • Harrowbarrow & Prince of Wales Mines (Calstock United Tin and Copper Mines)
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
      • Carlyon
        • Carlyon Bay
BMS Database
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557; Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
      • Kea
        • Baldhu
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
      • Perranzabuloe
        • Perranporth
Collection Richard De Nul
      • Stokeclimsland
        • Callington United Mines (incl. Emmens United Mines)
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 105 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Above Derwent
          • Causey Pike
            • Scar Crag
Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) Childrenite from the Lake District, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 498.; BMS Database.
American Mineralogist (1950): 35: 793; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938; Lapis 11 (1986), 7.
      • West Devon
        • Bere Ferrers (Beer Ferris)
sample from the collection of Richard W.Barstow
        • Buckland Monachorum
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
        • Gulworthy
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
          • Devon and Cornwall United Mines
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1852) Ann. Phys. Chem. (Poggendorff), vol. 85, p. 435.; Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Rocks & Minerals (1942) 17, 127.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938; Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) Childrenite from the Lake District, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 498 (referring to Rammelsberg, 1852).
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
          • Devon Great Consols
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938; Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Dana 7:II:938; Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
        • Horrabridge
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
        • Mary Tavy
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
      • Hebron
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.; USGS Bull 445
      • Newry
Van King
https://www.mindat.org/min-1003.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Childrenite specimen image. https://www.mindat.org/photo-946291.html specimen image. https://www.mindat.org/photo-946292.html
      • Paris
https://www.mindat.org/min-1003.html https://www.mindat.org/photo-967521.html
      • Rumford
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
Hurlbut, C, 1950, AM, v. 35, p. 793-805; King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
T Mortimer collection
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 80:251
No reference listed
Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115 ; Kampf, A. R., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., & Whitmore, R. W. (2013). Nizamoffite, Mn2+ Zn2 (PO4) 2 (H2O) 4, the Mn analogue of hopeite from the Palermo No. 1 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1893-1898.
Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
Kenny Gay, Steve Adams
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.; Staatz, M. H.; Page, L. R.; Norton, J. J.; Wilmarth, V. R. (1963) Exploration for beryllium at the Helen Beryl, Elkhorn, and Tin Mountain pegmatites, Custer County, South Dakota. USGS Prof. Paper 297C.
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Unorganized mining district [5]
Van King specimen
 
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