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About ColophoniteHide

Name attributed to Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten in 1804 by Rene Just Haüy, referenced probably by personal communication or trade of a specimen. The French name is in allusion to the mineral's visual appearance to a resin "colophony" (also known as colophonia resina or Greek Pitch). Also spelled kalophonit.
A variety of Andradite

A coarsely granular variety of brown, yellow-orange or reddish garnet, usually andradite. An early chemical analysis [Simon, 1807] of "colophonite" from "nordisches Gegenden" [Nordic regions], probably Arendal iron mines, Norway, was neither of type material nor specifically from the type locality, but was a granular light brown mineral. Haüy (1809) said that the analysis was "similar" to a garnet [grossular], but listed the analyses in the section on Idocrase, suggesting the mineral originally tested was misidentified.

The name has also been used for vesuvianite.

Chemical Properties of ColophoniteHide


Other Language Names for ColophoniteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ColophoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haüy, Rene Just (1804) Notes du Cours de Minéralogie de l'an XII.
Lucas, Jean Andre Henri (1806) Tableau Méthodique Espèces Minérales. d'Hautel, Paris, v. 1, p. 265.
Simon (1807) Journal für die Chemie, Physik und Mineralogie, Volume 4, p. 410.
Haüy, René Just (1809) Tableau comparatif des résultats de la Cristallographie et de l'analyse Chimique, relativement a la Classification des Minéraux. Chez Courcier, Paris, p. 164.
Raade, G. (1996) Minerals originally described from Norway. Including notes on type material. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 11, 104 pp. + plates 1-7.

Internet Links for ColophoniteHide

Localities for ColophoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
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