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Chondrodite

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Formula:
(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Colour:
Yellow, Red or Brown.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Specific Gravity:
3.16 - 3.26
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1817 by Baron Abraham Constantin Mouradgea d'Ohsson from the Swedish "grynig och körtelaktig" meaning gritty and gland-like in allusion to its occurring in isolated grains. (Later given as χονδρωδης meaning grain.) The original chemical analysis by d'Ohsson did not find fluorine, but reported a 100% total. Seybert (1822) analyzed a similar mineral that did contain fluorine from Sparta, New Jersey, USA and named it maclureite for William Maclure, geologist-mineralogist, educator, and philanthropist. A minor controversy arose between Henry Seybert and Thomas Nuttall in 1822-1824 regarding priority of who first found fluorine in maclureite. Eventually, the maclureite of Seybert (1822) was indirectly equated with norbergite rather than chondrodite (Larsen et al., 1928). See also Thomson and Torrey (1836).
Dimorph of:
May be confused with clinohumite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Chondrodite.


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Classification of ChondroditeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AF.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
52.3.2b.2

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
17.1.10

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of ChondroditeHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Yellow, Red or Brown.
Streak:
White-gray, yellow
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on {100}
Parting:
on {001}
Density:
3.16 - 3.26 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.177 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChondroditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.592 - 1.643 nβ = 1.602 - 1.655 nγ = 1.619 - 1.675
2V:
Measured: 64° to 90°, Calculated: 76° to 78°
Birefringence:
0.030
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027 - 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v weak to strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= colorless, very pale yellow, brownish yellow
Y= colorless, yellow green
Z= colorless, pale green

Chemical Properties of ChondroditeHide

Formula:
(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
IMA Formula:
Mg5(SiO4)2F2
Idealised Formula:
Mg5(SiO4)2F,2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Mn

Crystallography of ChondroditeHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.84 Å, b = 4.73 Å, c = 10.25 Å
β = 109°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.658 : 1 : 2.167
Unit Cell V:
359.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Typically slightly flattened crystals, frequently rounded grains, massive
Twinning:
On {001}

Crystallographic forms of ChondroditeHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
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Chondrodite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Chondrodite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Transparency
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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.41 (8)
4.841 (30)
3.987 (14)
3.715 (16)
3.660 (6)
3.562 (35)
3.479 (25)
3.384 (30)
3.020 (45)
2.847 (12)
2.805 (6)
2.758 (35)
2.667 (30)
2.617 (30)
2.570 (6)
2.510 (45)
2.477 (10)
2.447 (6b)
2.423 (10)
2.320 (30)
2.288 (35)
2.258 (100)
2.148 (12)
2.108 (8)
2.083 (4)
2.027 (6)
2.019 (6)
2.003 (4)
1.984 (4)
1.964 (6)
1.937 (6)
1.878 (8)
1.839 (4)
1.815 (8)
1.802 (8)
1.740 (70)
1.692 (10)
1.677 (4)
Comments:
ICDD 12-527 (Tilly Foster Mine, Brewster, NY, USA). See also ICDD 33-865 (titanian) Buell Park, Arizona, USA.

Type Occurrence of ChondroditeHide

Synonyms of ChondroditeHide

Other Language Names for ChondroditeHide

Relationship of Chondrodite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon.
Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

CalciteCaCO3
CalciteCaCO3
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite48 photos of Chondrodite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Spinel40 photos of Chondrodite associated with Spinel on mindat.org.
Magnetite31 photos of Chondrodite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Clinochlore25 photos of Chondrodite associated with Clinochlore on mindat.org.
Graphite17 photos of Chondrodite associated with Graphite on mindat.org.
Aragonite13 photos of Chondrodite associated with Aragonite on mindat.org.
Diopside9 photos of Chondrodite associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Lizardite9 photos of Chondrodite associated with Lizardite on mindat.org.
Molybdenite7 photos of Chondrodite associated with Molybdenite on mindat.org.
Quartz5 photos of Chondrodite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon.
9.AF.55SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.65Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2b.1AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
52.3.2b.3ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
52.3.2b.4Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon.
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26Zircophyllite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Zr,Ti)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7Tric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Chondrodite in petrologyHide

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

References for ChondroditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
d’Ohsson, Abraham Constantin Mouradgea (1817) Undersökning af någre Mineralier, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens handlingar för år 1817 Stockholm: 206-210.
d’Ohsson, Abraham Constantin Mouradgea (1822) Analyses of Some Northern Minerals, Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature, and the Arts, 12: 329.
Seybert, Henry (1822) Analysis of the Maclureite or Fluosilicate of Magnesia, a New Mineral Species from New Jersey, American Journal of Science 5: 336-344.
Thomson, Thomas and Torrey, John (1836) Chemical Examination of Some Minerals, Chiefly from America (read November 5, 1827 by John Torrey), Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New-York, 3: 54-61.
Larsen, Esper S., Bauer, Lawson H., and Berman, Harry (1928) Norbergite from Franklin, New Jersey, American Mineralogist, 13: 349-353.
American Mineralogist(1970): 55: 1182-1194.
Sinogeikin, S. V. and Bass, J. D. (1999) Single-crystal elastic properties of chondrodite: implications for water in the upper mantle. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 26: 297-303.
Langer, K., Platonov, A. N., Matsyuk, S. S., and Wildner, M. (2002) The crystal chemistry of the humite minerals Fe 2+ - Ti 4+ charge transfer and structural allocation of Ti 4+ in chondrodite and clinohumite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14: 1027-1032.

Internet Links for ChondroditeHide

Localities for ChondroditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
http://rruff.info/hydroxylclinohumite/display=default/
Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008) John Attard (2014) Private Communication
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Byrd glacier
Faure, G.; Felder, R.P. (1984) Lithium-bearing pegmatite and bismuth-antimony-lead-copper-bearing veinlets on Mount Madison, Byrd Glacier area. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 19(5), 13-14.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
          • Mount Fitton homestead
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Virgen valley
        • Umbal valley
          • Islitz Alp
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Inverness Co.
A.K. Chatterjee, "Mineralization and associated wall rock alteration in the George River Group, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", Ph.D. thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 197 p., 1980.
      • Meat Cove
A.K. Chatterjee, "Tungsten Mineralization in the Carbonate Rocks of the George River Group, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", Nova Scotia Dept. Mines, Report 77-7, 1977.
    • Victoria Co.
A.K. Chatterjee, "Copper-Zinc Deposit at McMillan Brook, Victoria County, Cape Breton Island", Nova Scotia Dept. Mines, Report 77-1, 1977.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
Sage (1988) Ont. Geol. Survey Study 47.
    • Frontenac Co.
      • Bedford Township
Analyzed at Queen's University 1976
Sabina, A. P. (1983), Rocks and minerals for the collector, miscellaneous report 32: 11-12.
      • Olden Township
Schneider, Stuart. Collecting Flourescence Minerals. Page 141-148, Long Lake Zinc Mine Minerals.
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
Ann P. Sabina, Rocks & Minerals for the Collector: Geoligical Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39. Page 83.
Schroetter, Ralph. The Bancroft & Area Mineral Collectors Guide. Cradiff Uranium Mine, mineral list. ODM 1956, Vol.65, pt.6,p.46-50 ODM 1957, Vol.66, pt.3,p.63-66 ROM: M28674
Schroetter, Ralph. The Bancroft & Area Mineral Collectors Guide. Chondrodite Occurrence, mineral list.
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31E01SE00152.html
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31E01SE00021.html
Hewitt, D. F. (1965) Graphite in Ontario. Industrial Minerals Report No. 20, Ontario Department of Mines
Bancroft Mineral Museum, Bancroft, Ontario
      • Monmouth Township
GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
    • Hastings Co.
      • Carlow Township
Matthew Neuzil Collection
      • Dungannon Township
        • York River area
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
      • Herschel Township
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
      • Monteagle Township
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
    • Kenora District
Sage, R.P. (1983) Geology of the Schryburt Lake Carbonatite Complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5413, 114 p.
    • Lanark Co.
      • Ramsay Township
GSC misc report 41
    • Renfrew Co.
Sabina, Ann P., Some new mineral occurrences in Canada; Current Research, Part A, Geol. Surv. Can., Paper 78-1A, p. 253-258, 1978.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
- Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33
- Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33
    • Outaouais
      • La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau RCM
        • Lac-Sainte-Marie (Lac Ste Marie)
J. Ackermand, et al (2005) Mineralogy and Petrology, 66, #4, 259-270.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Huaibei Prefecture
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Zhaowen Xu, Xiancai Lu, Geng Gao, Changquan Fang, Yunjian Wang, Xiaonan Yang, Shaoyong Jiang, and Bangguo Chen (2007): Geological Review 53(1), 44-51
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Guangdong Province
    • Heyuan Prefecture
      • Lianping Co.
Jintao Weng (1977): Acta Geologica Sinica 51(2); Daqiu Huang and Zhangqi Peng (1985), In: Collected Papers of the Yichang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Geological Society of China Publications, Vol. 9
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hezhou Prefecture
      • Pinggui District
Lairen Lai and Nanshi Zeng (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(6), 16-21, 28
  • Hebei Province
    • Baoding Prefecture
      • Laiyuan Co.
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18; Chang Zhaoshan and Feng Zhongyan (1996): Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 32(6), 724-733
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Yingshouyingzikuang District
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
    • Handan Prefecture
      • Wu'an Co.
Jianmin Zheng, Jingwen Mao, Maohong Chen, Guangdong Li, and Changyong Ban (2007): Geological Bulletin of China 26(2), 150-154
  • Henan Province
    • Jiyuan Co.
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
Guang Wu, Yuchuan Chen, Zongyan Li, Xinsheng Yang, Jun Liu, and Cuijie Qiao (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(4), 809-822
      • Lushi Co.
        • Babaoshan intrusion
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
Bing Mao, Huishou Ye, Chao Li, Zhongjun Xiao, and Guoqiang Yang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(6), 1069-1074
  • Hong Kong
    • New Territories
      • Sha Tin District
        • Ma On Mountain (Ma On Shan)
McQueen, K. G., & Cross, A. J. (1995). The Composition of Magnetite from the Ma On Shan Magnetite Skarn, Hong Kong. Hong Kong Geologist, 1, 49-51.
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
          • Furong Sn-polymetallic ore field
Donghong Liu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(suppl.), 99-104
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Aleksandrov, S.M. (1998): Geochemistry of Skarn and Ore Formation in Dolomites. VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), 300 pp.
Yuzhou Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(6), 29-35
      • Suxian District
        • Dongpo ore field
Zhaojian Zeng (1997): Hunan Geology 16(3), 163-166
    • Hengyang Prefecture
      • Changning Co.
        • Dayishan Sn-polymetallic ore field
Yang Guangming, Peng Zhizhong, and Pan Zhaolu (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(2), 97-101; Guangming Yang, Zhaolu Pan, and Zhizhong Peng (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(3), 229-236
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Jianping Co.
Junzhi Dai, Jingwen Mao, Caisheng Zhao, Guiqing Xie, Fuquan Yang, and Yitian Wang (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 235-244.; Junzhi Dai, Guiqing Xie, Ruiting Wang, Tao Ren, Tao Wang, and Xishe Zhang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 273-279
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
      • Kuandian Co.
Yanfei Zhang, Jingdang Liu, and Zirong Yang (2010): Geoscience 23(1), 166-174
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
      • Lianshan District
        • Yangjiazhangzi ore field
Wenwei Lin (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 22-34
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).
      • Yingkou Prefecture
        • Dashiqiao Co.
Rongge Xiao, Jingdang Liu, Zhen Wu, Bin Wang, and Jiarui Feng (2007): Geoscience 21(4), 638-644
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Miao Yu, Chengyou Feng, Guangying Bao, Hongchuan Liu, Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Ye Xiao, and Jiannan Liu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 55-76
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Shangluo Prefecture
      • Luonan Co.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391
      • Shangzhou District
Cuixia Lian, Zhiqiang Ouyang, and Zhongchun He (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(3), 448-456
  • Shanxi Province
    • Linfen Prefecture
      • Yicheng Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Yunnan Province
    • Baoshan Prefecture
      • Tengchong Co.
        • Tengchong Sn belt
          • Diantan
Feibao Wu and Zongyu Li (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(8), 20-26; Shilu Zhang (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(3), 19-26
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (1987): Acta Geoscientia Sinica 9(2), 237-252; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Písek
Houzar, S., Litochleb, J., Sejkora, J., Cempirek, J., & Cicha, J. (2008). Unusual mineralization with niobian titanite and Bi-tellurides in scheelite skarn from Kamenné doly quarry near Písek, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. Journal of Geosciences, 53(1), 1-16.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v ČEském macívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
      • Strakonice
        • Volyně
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém macívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v ČEském macívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Houzar, S.: Chondroditový mramor a skarny od Štěpánovic u Třebíče. Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 4, s. 270-271.
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Raasepori (Raseborg)
Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
Jukka Reinikainen (2001) Petrogenesis of Paleoproterozoic Marbles in the Svecofennian Domain, Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimus raportti 154.
d'Ohsson, C. M. (1817) Undersökning af någre mineralier. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1817: 206-210
Eskola et. al 1919
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp
Mellis, O.(1927): Beitrag zur Kenntnis der optischen Eigenschaften des gesteins- bildenden Chondrodits von Pargas. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 49, 220-228
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp; Niedermayr, (2008): Für den Sammler- Informationen für den Sammler – Ausgabe 2008. Carinthia II. 118, 275–290 (p.283)
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp
    • Salo
      • Kisko
Geological Survey of Finland Liipola-N - ZINC Database
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
        • Altenberg
Les minéraux de Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Editions du Piat 2013, Editor Alain Martaud
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 74.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Waldshut
        • Detzeln
Falkenstein, F. (2010): Ein bislang unbekanntes Mineral- und Fossilvorkommen im Porphyr-Steinbruch bei Detzeln, im südöstlichsten Schwarzwald. Aufschluss, 61, 157-74.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Gailbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Untergriesbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Vilshofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Windorf
        • Rathmannsdorf
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
Frenzel, A. (1874 ): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen. Leipzig, Wilh. Engelmann
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Udaipur Division
      • Sirohi District
        • Deri-Ambaji Zn-Pb-Cu deposit
Econ Geol (1980) 75:572-591
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Tirunelveli District
Am Min 89:7 pp 1056-1060
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Ayas Valley
      • Ayas
        • Champoluc
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Cogne Valley
      • Cogne
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Salerno Province
        • Nocera Inferiore
Scacchi, A. (1885): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Atti della R. Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, serie 2, 2 (1888), 108 pp.; Scacchi, A. (1890): La regione vulcanica fluorifera della Campania. Memorie del R. Comitato Geologico Italiano, 4, 1-52; Zambonini, F. (1913): Grothina, un nuovo minerale. Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 22, 1, 801-803; Zambonini, F. (1919): Il tufo piperinoide della Campania e i suoi minerali. Memorie per servire alla descrizione della Carta geologica d'Italia, 7, 2, 130 pp.; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A. (1995): Chondrodite from metamorphic carbonatic ejecta of Campanian Ignimbrite. Plinius, 14, 44-45; Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Tolfa Mts District
        • Allumiere
Della Ventura G., Bellatreccia F., Cámara F., Oberti F., Lorand J.P., Parodi G.C., Carlier G., Di Domenico D. – 2006 - Carbon-bearing cordierite from Allumiere (Tolfa volcanic center, Latium, Italy): occurrence, crystal-structure and FTIR microspectroscopy. Periodico di Mineralogia, V. 75, pp. 113–126.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Bregaglia Valley
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 701-714.
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Ferry J.M., Wing B.A., Penniston-Dorland S.C., Rumble D. (2002): The direction of fluid flow during contact metamorphism of siliceous carbonate rocks: new data for the Monzoni and Predazzo aureoles, northern Italy, and a global review. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 142, 679–699.
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Daone & Breguzzo
          • Valbona (Val Bona) & Val d'Arnò
Gerdes M.L., Baumgartner L.P., Person M., Rumble D. (1995): One- and two-dimensional models of fluid flow and stable isotope exchange at an outcrop in the Adamello contact aureole, Southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 80, 1004-1019.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Hida City
Okuno, T. (1964) Skarns in the Kamioka mine. Annual Reports of Misasa Medical Center, Okayama University pp63-94
    • Chugoku Region
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Masuda
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); USGS Bulletin 1930
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Miyako City
          • Kamineichi
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Madaya Township
Ma Kyu Kyu Aung (2004): Petrology and mineralogy of the Yetkansin area, Madaya Township. M.S. thesis, Yangon University, Department of Geology.
      • Mogok Township
        • Mogok Valley
Sieghard Ellenberger data; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
        • On-dan
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo District
A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
North Korea
 
  • North Hwanghae Province
    • Suan-gun
      • Hol Kol mine (Holgol; Suan; Namjong)
Watanabe, T. : Boron mineral resources in Korea (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
Watanabe, T. : Boron mineral resources in Korea (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
  • South Hwanghae Province
    • Pyongsan-gun
      • Pongsan-myon
        • Namchol-li
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 24, 12.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
Glocker, E.F. (1839): Grundriss der Mineralogie mit Einschluss der Geognosie u. Petrefactenkunde. Nürnberg. p. 457
  • Nordland
    • Lofoten
      • Vågan
        • Laukvika
Atle Michalsen collection
  • Telemark
    • Nissedal
Pers. Com. K.Brastad o1.1982 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 103
  • Troms
    • Skjervøy
Nordrum, F.S. (2000): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 1999-2000. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17: 59-63
  • Vest-Agder
    • Kristiansand
      • Kalkheia
Vogt, J.H.L.(1897): Norsk Marmor. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 22: p. 289; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68,p. 146
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Gilgit District
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
Ş. Marincea: "Suanite in two boron-bearing magnesian skarns from Romania: data on a longtime ignored mineral species", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 182:183-192 (2006)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
Ş. Marincea: "Suanite in two boron-bearing magnesian skarns from Romania: data on a longtime ignored mineral species", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 182:183-192 (2006)
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Simeria
Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): Mineral data and crystal structrure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy 18, 503-508
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 15, pp. 437-445 (1977)
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
        • Kusinskii raion
          • Medvedevka
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Vishnevye Mts (Vishnyovye; Cherry)
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Ugu District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Thabazimbi
          • Glenover carbonatite
Minerals of South Africa
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Minerals of South Africa; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Bonghwa-gun
Lee, C.H., Lee, H.K., and Kim, S.J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 379-390.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Estepona
Brumós, R. (1981). La condrodita de Estepona (Málaga), Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1, (13), 26-27.
      • Igualeja
Curras, J. y Torres, J. (1992).Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 15 (1), 319-322.
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Oriental
        • Gualba
Laura Palacios Pérez, Minerals i roques, Pòrtic Natura, 2003
  • Madrid
ANGEL ORTIZ MAELLAS AOM
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Svärdsjö
    • Hedemora
Jansson, N. (2009): The origin of the Ryllshyttan stratabound Zn-Pb-Ag-(Cu) + magnetite deposit, Garpenberg, Bergslagen, Sweden, LICENTIATE THESIS, Luleå university of Technology
    • Leksand
    • Ludvika
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Smedjebacken
  • Gästrikland
    • Hofors
      • Torsåker
NRM (Stockholm) database
    • Sandviken
      • Årsunda
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
Stenberg, T. (2002): Los den 7-8 september 2002- berättelser från mineralljakt och viltsafari. Berg & Mineral (Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap), 12 (nr 37), 7-13
    • Nordanstig
      • Hassela
  • Östergötland
    • Finspång
      • Ruda
No reference listed
  • Södermanland
    • Katrineholm
      • Sköldinge
SGU Ca35, 572
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München p 150
    • Nynäshamn
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    • Strängnäs
      • Åker
The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection, Jacob Berzelius’ mineralsamling # 18481559
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Långban district
No reference listed
      • Nordmark district
No reference listed
      • Nyttsta ore field
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 848.
      • Persberg district
        • Ansvik ore field
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Econ Geol (1984) 79:696-715
        • Pajsberg
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Burträsk
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Lindesberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Nora
No reference listed
    • Norberg
      • Getback ore field
Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
      • Kallmora
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 369.
      • Röberg ore field
Grew et al. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a New member of the epidote group and the Mg analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 76, 1990-1997.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Maggia Valley
      • Someo
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 113.
    • Verzasca Valley
      • Frasco
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 113.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Lake Manyara
Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Elazig Province
      • Keban
Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Assynt
        • Ledmore
          • Ledbeg
Paul Render
      • Glenelg
        • Glen Beag
Paul Render
      • Isle of Skye
Paul Render
        • Broadford
          • Kilchrist
      • Loch Duish
Paul Render
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Nome Borough
      • Seward Peninsula
USGS Bull 358; Faust G T, Schaller W T (1971) Schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 134, 116-141
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Little Dragoon Mts
        • Cochise District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 171; Cooper, J.R. & L.T. Silver (1964), Geology and ore deposits of the Dragoon quadrangle, Cochise Co., AZ, USGS PP 416.
Rolf Luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Eastlick, J.T., 1968, Geology of the Christmas mine and vicinity, Banner mining district, Arizona, in Ridge, J.D., ed., Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933?1967: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc., p. 1191-1210.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
        • Slate Mts
          • Casa Grande District
            • North Komelik area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 171, 327.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
AmMin 26:352-381
Rogers, Austin Flint (1918b), An American occurrence of periclase and its bearing on the origin and history of calcite brucite rocks: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 46: 581-586; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 367; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 137; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 460.
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381.
      • Glen Avon
Robert Housley, Microbits (Southern California Micromineralogists bulletin), Oct/Nov 2001
      • Jurupa Mts
        • Jurupa
Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461; Devito, F. and Ordway, A. (1984), The Jensen Quarry, Riverside County, California. Mineralogical Record: 15(5): 273-290.
      • Riverside
        • Fairmont Park
          • North Hill
Rogers, Austin Flint (1918b), An American occurrence of periclase and its bearing on the origin and history of calcite brucite rocks: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 46: 582; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 174.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Clark Mountain
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1917), Minerals associated with the crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California: University of California Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 10: 333; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 138.
      • New York Mts
        • Vanderbilt District (New York District)
          • Drum Peak
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
      • Santa Cruz Mts
        • Ben Lomond Mountain
          • Ben Lomond Mountain area
Leo, G.W. (1967) The plutonic and metamorphic rocks of the Ben Lomond Mountain area, Santa Cruz County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 91: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461.
Leo, G.W. (1967) The plutonic and metamorphic rocks of the Ben Lomond Mountain area, Santa Cruz County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 91: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461.
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
Rocks & Minerals 82:484-488
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
      • Danbury
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut: 192-201; Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70 (6): 397.
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury.
    • Litchfield Co.
Rocks & Minerals 82:484-488
      • New Milford
        • Boardman's Bridge
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995), Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue), 70(6): 398.
Dana, James D. (1890), Archaean limestone and other rocks in Norfolk, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: s. 3, 39: 321.
      • North Canaan
Schooner, Richard. (1961), The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey, Hartford Connecticut Bulletin 51.
  • Georgia
    • Habersham Co.
      • Alto
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Mount Hyndman
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Massachusetts
    • Berkshire Co.
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
Emerson, B. K. (1899). Geology of Eastern Berkshire County, Mass. (USGS Bulletin 159).
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
      • New Marlborough
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Emerson, B. K. (1899). Geology of Eastern Berkshire County, Mass. (USGS Bulletin 159).
Skehan, James. Roadside Geology of Massachusetts (2001), p. 290.
    • Hampshire Co.
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Middlesex Co.
Hitchcock, 1841. Geology of Massachusetts
    • Worcester Co.
      • Bolton
Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • Franklin Hill Iron Deposit (Tarriff; Courtney Manganiferous Iron Deposit; Courtney Prospect)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Gabbs District
          • Gabbs
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
Gems and Minerals of America -Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Sussex Co.
      • Byram Township
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 79.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Marble
Larsen, Bauer, and Berman (1928) Am. Min, v. 13, p. 349-353
Betancourt, P.P. (The Picking Table, Vol. 27(2):2-10.
          • Franklin Mine
Cook, D.K.: Recent work on the minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:4:62-66 (1973); Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
      • Hardyston Township
        • Rudeville
Pete Dunn (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey p.347
Rocks & Min.: 21:416, 576-577.
      • Sparta Township
A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
    • Warren Co.
      • Hope
NJ State Bull. 56(1942), Van Voorhis, J.M.
      • Oxford Township
        • Pequest
The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:205.
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/staff/dunbar/abstract/dm99.html.; Kelly M. Donahue (2002) Geochemistry, geology, and geochronology of the Victorio mining district, Luna County, New Mexico: Linking skarn and porphyry systems to carbonate-hosted lead-zinc replacement deposits. NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-471 Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Newcomb Township
Kevin Czaja
John H. Betts (2009) "The minerals of New York City", Rocks & Minerals, 84, 204-240.
    • Orange Co.
      • Arden (Greenwood)
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 75.
      • Town of Highlands
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 66.
      • Town of Monroe
        • Lake Mombasha
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 85; New York State Museum Bull. Nos. 249-250 (Sep-Oct 1921), Magnetic Iron Deposits of SE NY, Clarke, John M.: 109.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 81.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 95.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Glenn Rhein
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 71.
          • Edenite Hill
Van King
Van King
Kearns (1977)
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Van King
        • Pine Island
Rocks & Min.: 15: 162-164.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
The Geology of Orange Co., Geol. Survey of NY, Reis, Heinrich (1895): 406.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
      • Woodbury
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 95.
    • Putnam Co.
      • Carmel
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 80; NY State Museum Bull. Nos. 249-250, Magnetic Iron Deposits of SE NY, Clarke, John M. (Sep-Oct 1921): 125.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 214. (Bridenbaugh, 1873) (Dana, 1874) (Dana, 1875, 1875b) (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whitlock, 1903).
    • Rockland Co.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 98.
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Rossie
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Pennsbury Township
Dana 6:541.
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Bodie Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.72
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Radar Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.72
    • Pend Oreille Co.
      • Blueslide
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.72
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.48,72,75
Vietnam
 
  • Yenbai Province (Yen Bai Province)
A.-K. Malsy, S. Karampelas, D. Schwarz, L. Klemm, T. Armbruster and D.A. Tuan (2012): Orangey-red to orangey-pink gem spinels from a new deposit at Lang Chap (Tan Huong-Truc Lau), Vietnam. Journal of Gemmology 33 (1-4), 19-27.
    • Luc Yen
      • An Phu (Anfu)
Min Rec 2007 38:443-453
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