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Halloysite-10Å

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About Halloysite-10ÅHide

04940000014946259261634.jpg
Jean-Baptiste-Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy (1783-1875)
Formula:
Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after the Belgian geologist Jean-Baptiste d'Omalius d'Halloy, (February 16th 1783 - January 15th 1875), who discovered the mineral. He was a nobleman, a statesman, and pioneer of modern geology in Belgium. The 10-Å(ngström) refers to the layer thickness.
Note: halloysite-10Å is not a polytype of halloysite.
It is an approved (grandfathered) species distinct from halloysite-7Å which does not contain molecular water.

Synonyms are "endellite" (name for halloysite-10Å in European literature; discredited in 2006), "hydrated halloysite" and "hydrohalloysite."
Further localities are listed under "endellite".





Classification of Halloysite-10ÅHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

Chemical Properties of Halloysite-10ÅHide

Formula:
Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O

Crystallography of Halloysite-10ÅHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.1 Å, b = 8.9 Å, c = 10.25 Å
β = 100.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.573 : 1 : 1.152
Unit Cell V:
457.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group Cc.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10 Å(10)
4.36 Å(7)
3.35 Å(4)
2.54 Å(3.5)
1.48 Å(3)
1.672 Å(1.4)
1.281 Å(0.8)

Type Occurrence of Halloysite-10ÅHide

Synonyms of Halloysite-10ÅHide

Other Language Names for Halloysite-10ÅHide

Simplified Chinese:叙永石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Halloysite-10Å associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
4 photos of Halloysite-10Å associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Halloysite-10Å associated with OpalSiO2 · nH2O
1 photo of Halloysite-10Å associated with Limonite
1 photo of Halloysite-10Å associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Halloysite-10ÅHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berthier, P. (1826) Analyse de l'halloysite. Annales de Chimie et de Physique: 32: 332-334.
Hofmann, U., Endell, K., Wilm, D. (1934) Röntgenographische und kolloidchemische untersuchungen über ton. Angewandte Chemie: 47: 539-558.
Mehmel, M. (1935) Uber die struktur von halloysit und metahalloysit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 90: 35-43.
Alexander, L.T., Faust, G.T., Hendricks, S.B., Insley, H., McMurdie, H.F. (1943) Relationship of the clay minerals halloysite and endellite. American Mineralogist: 28: 1-18.
Faust, G.T. (1955) The endellite-halloysite nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 40: 1110-1118.
Powder Diffraction File (International Center for Diffraction Data) 29-1489.
Kohyama, N., Fukushima, K., Fukami, A. (1978) Observation of the hydrated form of tubular halloysite by an electron microscope equipped with an environmental cell. Clays and Clay Minerals: 26: 25-40.
Bailey, S.W. (1980) Summary of recommendations of the AIPEA nomenclature committee. The Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 143-150.
Loughnan, F.C., Roberts, F.I. (1981) The natural conversion of ordered kaolinite to halloysite (10 Å) at Burning Mountain near Wingen, New South Wales. American Mineralogist: 66: 997-1005.
Bayliss, P. (1989) Unit-Cell Determinations of Two-Dimensional Clay Minerals. Powder Diffraction: 4: 19-20.
Kloprogge, J.T., Frost, R.L. (1999) Infrared emission spectroscopy study of the dehydroxylation of 10Å halloysite from a Neogene cryptokarst of South Belgium. Geologica Belgica: 2(3-4): 213.
Kloprogge, J.T., Frost, R.L. (1999) Raman microprobe spectroscopy of hydrated halloysite from a neogene cryptokarst from Southern Belgium. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 30: 1079-1085.
Joussein, E., Petit, S., Churchman, J., Theng, B., Righi, D., Delvaux, B. (2005) Halloysite clay minerals — A review. Clay Minerals: 40: 383–426.
He, H., Ji, S., Tao, Q., Zhu, J., Chen, T., Liang, X., Li, Z., Dong, H. (2017) Transformation of halloysite and kaolinite into beidellite under hydrothermal condition. American Mineralogist: 102: 997-1005.

Internet Links for Halloysite-10ÅHide

Localities for Halloysite-10ÅHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Río Negro Province
    • Ñorquincó Department
      • Mamuel Choique
CRAVERO, Fernanda; MARTINEZ, Gabriel Alexis and PESTALARD, Fernando. Halloysite deposits in Mamil Choique, provinceof Río Negro, Patagonia. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.65, n.3, pp. 586-592.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien.
  • Styria
    • Südoststeiermark District
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61, 3-76.; Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction; Halloysite-10Å)
Belgium (TL)
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Liège
Ann.Chim.Phys., sér. 2 (1826) 32, 332-335
    • Namur
      • Onhaye
Kloprogge, J.T., Frost, R.L. (1999) Infrared emission spectroscopy study of the dehydroxylation of 10 Å halloysite from a neogene cryptokarst of South Belgium. Geologica Belgica, 2(3-4), 213.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
          • Alacrán
XRD by Joachim Lorenz
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Xiamen
      • Tong'an District
Mao Xingli and Yan Yipeng (1987): Journal of Fuzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 15(3); Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(2), 146-156 (1992)
  • Jiangsu
    • Suzhou
      • Huqiu District
Kecong Han and Shengyun Ma (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 58-68
  • Sichuan
    • Luzhou
      • Xuyong Co.
Guoping Zhou (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 46-51
  • Tibet
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Jomdo Co. (Jiangda Co.)
Zengqian Hou, Yuling Xie, Wenyi Xu, Yinqing Li, Xlangkun Zhu, Zaw Khin, Beaudoin, G., Zongyao Rui, Wei Huang, and Ciren Luobu (2007): International Geology Review 49(3), 235-258.
Finland
 
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Hämeenlinna
      • Kalvola
Lindquist, K. & Alviola, R. (1996): Fracture filling endellite from Iittala, Finland. in: 14th Conference on Clay Mineralogy and Petrology, September 2-6, 1996, Banská Štiavnica, Slovak Republik. Abstracts. Geologia Carpathica-Series Clays. 4 (4), 101-102
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Luzenac
Pascale & Daniel Journet
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Seelbach
          • Seelbach
            • Weiler
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
          • Menzenschwand
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
  • Hesse
    • Giessen Region
      • Limburg-Weilburg
        • Weinbach
Blaß, G. & Möhn, G. (2010): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 26-29.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
            • Mercati mines
No reference listed
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém County
    • Tapolca district
      • Zalahaláp
Kónya-MÁFI,2008
Italy
 
  • Abruzzo
    • Chieti Province
      • Taranta Peligna
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
  • Basilicata
    • Potenza Province
      • Melfi
Giorgio Bortolozzi collection (analysed by AMI UK Service)
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Pozzuoli
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
        • Solfatara di Pozzuoli
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
  • Lazio
    • Frosinone Province
      • Giuliano di Roma
De Gennaro M., Franco E. (1975): Su alcuni casi di alterazione della biotite in vermiculite. Rend. Acc. Sc. Fis. Mat., Soc. Naz. Sc. Lett. Arti in Napoli, ser. 4, 42, 1-18; Pozzuoli A., Vila E., Franco E., Ruiz-Amil A., De La Calle C. (1992): Weathering of biotite to vermiculite in Quaternary lahars from Monti Ernici (Central Italy). Clay Minerals, 27, 175-184.
      • Supino
De Gennaro M., Franco E. (1975): Su alcuni casi di alterazione della biotite in vermiculite. Rend. Acc. Sc. Fis. Mat., Soc. Naz. Sc. Lett. Arti in Napoli, ser. 4, 42, 1-18; Pozzuoli A., Vila E., Franco E., Ruiz-Amil A., De La Calle C. (1992): Weathering of biotite to vermiculite in Quaternary lahars from Monti Ernici (Central Italy). Clay Minerals, 27, 175-184.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Castel Giuliano
Di Sabatino, B., Barrese, E., Giampaolo, C. (1979): Sulla genesi delle fluoriti «sedimentarie». Area meridionale del Sistema Vulcanico Sabatino. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 35, 439-451.
Lombardi, G., Mattias, P. (1979): Petrology and mineralogy of the kaolin and alunite mineralizations of Latium (Italy). Geol. Romana, 18, 157-214; Lombardi, G. (1984): Thermal analysis in the investigation of zeolitized and altered volcanics of Latium, Italy. Clay Minerals, 19, 789-801.
  • Marche
    • Ancona Province
      • Genga
Bertolani, M., Garuti, G., Rossi, A., Bertolani Marchetti, M. (1976) Motivi di interesse mineralogico e petrografico nel complesso carsico Grotta Grande del Vento-Grotta del Fiume. Le Grotte d’Italia, 4, 4, 109-144; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Carbonia
        • Barbusi
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Torri, R., Bargellini, C., Biagioni, C. (2017) Wulfenite. Novità mineralogiche da Botro ai Marmi, Campiglia Marittima (LI). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 238-240.
Torri, R., Bargellini, C., Biagioni, C. (2017) Novità mineralogiche da Botro ai Marmi, Campiglia Marittima (LI). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 238-240.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Carrara
        • Torano quarrying basin
Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325; Passarino, G. (1990) Minerale argilloso nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 1 (1-1990), 48-49.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Sigillo
        • Monte Cucco
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Japan
 
  • Okinawa Prefecture
    • Shimajiri District
      • Tonaki Island
Alfredo Petrov specimens; PXRD by John Attard, 1-2013.
Libya
 
American Mineralogist 28:1-18
Mexico
 
  • Queretaro
    • Tolimán Municipality
      • Soyatal
Panczner (1987): 144-363.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhneuralsky District
      • Mezhozyorny
Igor Savin data
    • Verkhny Ufaley
      • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Svetlyi
      • Buruktal District
        • Buruktal massif
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S., Roth, P., Meisser, N. (2021) Topographie minéralogique de la Suisse et des régions limitrophes, 3ème partie − Vals d’Anniviers et de Tourtemagne (VS). Le Cristallier Suisse 55(1), 2-15 (in French and German).
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Dolbenmaen
        • Prenteg
          • Fron Olau
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Bisbee
        • Hendricks Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Schwartz, G.M. (1956), Argillic alteration and ore deposits, Econ.Geol.: 51: 407-414.
    • Gila Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352.
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Inspiration
            • Castle Dome area (Castle Dome Mine area; Pinto Valley Mine area)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Peterson, N.P., et al (1946), Hydrothermal alteration in the Castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 41: 820-840; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 108.
    • Graham Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
    • Greenlee Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177.
www.azminerals.com
    • Pima Co.
      • Silver Bell Mountains
        • Silver Bell Mining District
          • Mineral Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213.
    • Pinal Co.
      • San Manuel Mining District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Lovering, T.S., et al (1950), Dispersion of copper from the San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 45: 493-514; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
      • Scott Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Stephens, J.D. & R.A. Metz (1967), The occurrence of copper-bearing clay minerals in oxidized portions of the disseminated copper deposit at Ray, AZ (abstract), Econ.Geol.: 62: 876-877.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin Mining District
          • Darwin
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 436.
    • San Diego County
      • Pala Mining District
        • Pala
Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
  • Georgia
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Grant,Williard H.( ) Weathering Of Stone Mountain Granite:Emory University,Atlanta,Georgia
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Hawaii
    • Kauai County
      • Kauai Island
Patterson,Sam H. and Murray,Haydn H. (1984) Kaolin,Refractory Clay,Ball Clay,and Halloysite in North America, Hawaii, and the Caribbean Region: USGS Professional Paper 1306
  • Indiana
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Bedford
Indiana Geo. Sur. pub. B1 (1948)
    • Martin Co.
      • Shoals
Patterson,Sam H.,and Murray,Haydn H.(1984) Kaolin,Refractory Clay,Ball Clay, and Halloysite in North America,Hawaii and the Caribbean Region:U.S Department of the Interior,Geological Survey Professional Paper #1306
Sunderman, J & C. Beck (1959) Hydrobasaluminite from Shoals, Indiana: American Mineralogist: 54: 1363-1373.
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Journ. of Cave & Karst Stud., April 1998
    • Socorro Co.
      • Magdalena District
        • Magdalena
collection of Patrick haynes
  • North Carolina
    • Avery Co.
      • Ingalls Township
Sam H. Patterson and Haydn H. Murray (1984) Kaolin,Refractory Clay,Ball Clay and Halloysite in North America,Hawaii,and the Caribbean Region :USGS Professional Paper 1306 pp. 43
    • Yancey Co.
      • Celo
Sam H. Patterson and Haydn H. Murray (1984) Kaolin,Refractory Clay,Ball Clay and Halloysite in North America ,Hawaii, and the Caribbean Region :USGS Professional Paper 1306 pp.43
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Silver City
Patterson,Sam H. and Murray.Haydn H. (1984) Kaolin,Refractory Clay,Ball Clay,and Halloysite in North America,Hawaii and the Caribbean Region : USGS Professional Paper 1306
    • Utah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Soldiers Pass Area
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Albemarle Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Amherst Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
 
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