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A group of minerals, common in soils. Many doubtful clays are probably impure kaolinite. [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]. Other clay may be halloysite, montmorillonite or smectite etc.

Classification of Clays

Other Names for Clays

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:粘土

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clays

Reference List:
Cleveland, G.B. (1957): Clay: Calif. Div. Mines & Geol. Bull. 176: 131-152.

Karickhoff, S.W. & G.W. Bailey (1973): Optical absorption spectra of clay minerals: Clays and Clay Minerals: 21: 59-70.

Weaver, C.E. and L.D. Pollard (1973): The chemistry of clay minerals: 55-77. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Lippmann, F. (1982): The thermodynamic status of clay minerals. In H. van Olphen and F. Veniale, Editors, Proceedings of the International lay Conference Pavia, Italy, 475-485. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Velde, B. (1984): Electron microprobe analysis of clay minerals: Clay Minerals: 19: 243-247.

Velde, B. (Ed.) (1985) Clay minerals: A physico-chemical explanation of their
occurrence. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Newman, A.C.D. and G. Brown (1987): The chemical constitution of clays. In A.C.D. Newman, Editor, Chemistry of Clays and lay Minerals: 1-128 Mineralogical Society, London.

Madejova, J. and P. Komadel (2001): Baseline studies of the Clay Mineral Society source clays: Infrared methods: Clays and Clay Minerals: 49: 410-432.

Meunier, A. (2006): Why are clay minerals small? Clay Minerals, 41, 551-566.

Jana Madejová, Helena Pálková and Peter Komadel (2010): IR spectroscopy of clay minerals and clay nanocomposites. Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds: Techniques, Materials and Applications, 41, 22-71.

Robert M. Hazen, Dimitri A. Sverjensky, David Azzolini, David L. Bish, Stephen C. Elmore, Linda Hinnov and Ralph E. Milliken (2013): Clay mineral evolution. Am. Mineral. 98, 2007-2029.

Association Internationale pour l’Étude des Argiles [International Association for the Study of Clays],

Internet Links for Clays URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Clays

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