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Aluminium

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Formula:
Al
Colour:
Grayish-White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 3½
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
The name is the British spelling for the element of which it is comprised. The name was given by Sir Humphry Davy, who discovered the element.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Aluminium.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AluminiumHide

Approved
1.AA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.22.1
1.1.1.5

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.21

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of AluminiumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grayish-White
Hardness:
2 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Malleable

Optical Data of AluminiumHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of AluminiumHide

Formula:
Al
CAS Registry number:
7429-90-5

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Crystallography of AluminiumHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Setting:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.0494 Å
Unit Cell V:
66.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Typically granular massive, may be platy or scaly, to 1 mm.
Comment:
Space group for the synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.338 (100)
2.024 (47)
1.221 (24)
1.431 (22)
0.9289 (8)
0.9055 (8)
0.8266 (8)

Type Occurrence of AluminiumHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
usually granular-massive; also platy to scaly, with individuals up to 1 mm.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Museum, Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
gabbro-dolerite massif (TL); also known from Al-rich rocks and HT hydrothermal Sn-W deposits; and from volcanic ashes.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of AluminiumHide

Other Language Names for AluminiumHide

Afrikaans:Aluminium
Asturian:Aluminiu
Basque:Aluminio
Belarusian:Алюміній
Bosnian (Latin Script):Aluminijum
Breton:Aluminiom
Catalan:Alumini
Corsican:Alluminiu
Croatian:Aluminij
Czech:Hliník
Danish:Aluminium
Dutch:Aluminium
Erzya:Люм
Esperanto:Aluminio
Estonian:Alumiinium
Finnish:Alumiini
French:Aluminium
Friulian:Alumini
Galician:Aluminio
German:Aluminium
Haitian:Aliminyòm
Hungarian:Alumínium
Icelandic:Ál
Indonesian:Aluminium
Irish Gaelic:Alúmanam
Italian:Alluminio
Javanese:Alumunium
Kapampangan:Aluminiu
Kurdish (Latin Script):Bafûn
Latin:Aluminium
Latvian:Alumīnijs
Lithuanian:Aliuminis
Low Saxon:Aluminium
Luxembourgish:Aluminium
Malay:Aluminium
Manx:Ollymin
Min Nan:Al
Mongolian (Cyrillic Script):Хөнгөн цагаан
Norwegian (Bokmål):Aluminium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Aluminium
Novial:Aluminie
Occitan:Alumini
Polish:Glin
Portuguese:Alumínio
Ripuarian:Allu
Romanian:Aluminiu
Saterland Frisian:Aluminium
Scottish Gaelic:Almain
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Алуминијум
Serbo-Croatian:Aluminijum
Sicilian:Alluminiu
Simplified Chinese:自然铝
Slovak:Hliník
Slovenian:Aluminij
Spanish:Aluminio
Swahili:Alumini
Swedish:Aluminium
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Алюминий
Traditional Chinese:自然鋁
Turkish:Alüminyum
Uzbek (Latin Script):Alyuminiy
Vietnamese:Nhôm
Welsh:Alwminiwm

Common AssociatesHide

AntimonySb
CadmiumCd
CopperCu
HematiteFe2O3
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
IronFe
JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
LeadPb
MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
MoissaniteSiC
PyriteFeS2
SulphurS8
TinSn
ZincZn
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Lead5 photos of Aluminium associated with Lead on mindat.org.
Tin3 photos of Aluminium associated with Tin on mindat.org.
Cerussite2 photos of Aluminium associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Magnetite1 photo of Aluminium associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Akdalaite1 photo of Aluminium associated with Akdalaite on mindat.org.
Bayerite1 photo of Aluminium associated with Bayerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AA.05CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05Electrum(Au, Ag)
1.AA.05GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
1.AA.10aAuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.AA.10bTetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.AA.10aCuproaurideCu3Au
1.AA.15AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.AA.15Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.AA.15IodineI2
1.AA.15NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
1.AA.20Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.AA.25HunchuniteAu2PbIso.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.1.1GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.3CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.4LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeHex.
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AluminiumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Oleinikov, B.V., Okrugin, A.V., and Leskova, N.V. (1978) Petrological significance of the occurrence of native aluminum in basites. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR: 243: 191-194 [in Russian].
Fleischer, M., Mandarino, J.A., and Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 205-210.
Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., and Steinhardt, P.J. (2016) Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. (2016) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 113: 210-215.

Internet Links for AluminiumHide

Localities for AluminiumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Bulgaria
 
  • Kyustendil Oblast
    • Rila Mtn (Rila Planina)
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1283–1286, 2009
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Chaozhou Prefecture
      • Raoping Co.
Shuangmei He, Fenyuan Cao, and Yanzhong Liu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(9), 32-34; Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Anlong Co.
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xichuan Co.
Zongli Deng and Shoujing Jiao (1990): Journal of Chengdu College of Geology 17(3), 29-37
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Maobei
Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Palenzona, A. & Gruppo Mineralogico COOP Liguria “A. Negro” (1993): L’alluminio di M.te Ramazzo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1993, 186-187; Palenzona A. (1996): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1995. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20, 2 (2-1996), 149-172; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
        • Aldan
Shcheka, S. A., Ignat’ev, A. V., Nechaev, V. P., & Zvereva, V. P. (2006). First diamonds from placers in Primorie. Petrology, 14(3), 299-317.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
      • Northern Yakutia
        • Olenyok (Olenek) river basin
Koval'skii, V.V., Oleinikov, O.B. (1985): Native metals and natural polymineralic alloys of copper, zinc, lead, tin and antimony in rocks from the "Leningrad" kimberlite pipe. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 285: 203-208; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 227
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Oleinikov B V, Okrugin A V, Leskova N V (1978) Petrological significance of the occurence of native aluminum in basites, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Karpov, G. A., & Mokhov, A. V. (2010). Microparticles of native metals, sulfides, and oxides in andesitic ashes of Karymskii Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 4(3), 164-179.
      • Tolbachik volcano
[MinRec 31:202]
    • Koriak Autonomous Okrug
      • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
        • Iomrautvaam Massif
          • Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange
            • Khatyrka river
              • Listvenitovyi stream
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data; [AmMin 84:992]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
M.I. Novgorodova Doklady AN SSSR, 1979, v.248, N4, pp.965-968
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Polar Urals
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
Venezuela
 
  • Bolívar
Franco Urbani, Carlos Rojas, Rafael Carreño and Ander De Abrisqueta (2007) SEM, SAM Characterization of a Native Aluminum Occurrence in the “Roraima South Cave System”, Venezuela. Acta Microscopica Vol 16 No1-2,(Supp.2)
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
The Moon
 
  • Apollonius Highlands
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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