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About ClinoenstatiteHide

Colourless, greenish yellow, yellowish brown, green-brown
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Named for being the monoclinic polymorph of enstatite.
Isostructural with:

Classification of ClinoenstatiteHide


Clinoenstatite and its relation to other pyroxenes (after Morimoto et al, 1989)


Previous petrological nomenclature of clinopyroxenes from basaltic magmas (after Poldervaart & Hess, 1951)

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
4 : Silicates of Mg

Physical Properties of ClinoenstatiteHide

Transparent, Translucent
Colourless, greenish yellow, yellowish brown, green-brown
5 - 6 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ClinoenstatiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.651 nβ = 1.654 nγ = 1.660
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of ClinoenstatiteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of ClinoenstatiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.6065 Å, b = 8.8146 Å, c = 5.1688 Å
β = 108.335°
a:b:c = 1.09 : 1 : 0.586
Unit Cell V:
415.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Synthetic sample.

Other Language Names for ClinoenstatiteHide

Relationship of Clinoenstatite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
BurnettiteCaVAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
4 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Rhodic Ferroplatinum(Pt,Rh,Fe)
3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Glass
2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
1 photo of Clinoenstatite associated with Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
1 photo of Clinoenstatite associated with SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DA.ProtoenstatiteMg2Si2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DA.05EnstatiteMgSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.05FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.10ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.15Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
9.DA.25AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.25JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.4.1ForsteriteMg2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.4.2EnstatiteMgSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.4.5ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
14.4.9TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
14.4.10SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
14.4.11SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
14.4.12LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
14.4.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
14.4.16 Magnesio-anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ClinoenstatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Clark, J.R., Appleman, D.E., Papike, J.J. (1969) Crystal-chemical characterization of clinopyroxenes based on eight new structure refinements. MSA Special Paper: 2: 31-50.
Poldervaart, A. and Hess, H.H. (1951): Pyroxenes in the Crystallization of Basaltic Magma. The Journal of Geology 59, 472-489.
Morimoto, N. (1989) Nomenclature of pyroxenes. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 143-156.

Internet Links for ClinoenstatiteHide

Localities for ClinoenstatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Adrar Province
McCoy, T. J., Keil, K., Bogard, D., Casanova, I. & Lindstrom, M. M. (1992) ILAFEGH 009: A New Sample of the Diverse Suite of Enstatite Impact Melt Rocks (Abstract). LPSC XXIII: page 869. (March 1992)
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Tanezrouft
Oba, T., Nagase, K. & Hayashi, A. (1998) Mineralogy and petrology of chondrule in Ouallen (Tanezrouft) meteorite: Bulletin Joetsu Univ. Educ. 17(2): 891-899. (March1998).
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
        • Lewis Cliff
Lindstrom, M. M., Ed. (1993) New meteorites: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 12 (1), 4-20. (March 1993)
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Lindstrom, M. M., ed. (1990). New Meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 13 (2): 9-24. (March 1990)
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Meteorite Working Group (1985) Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 8(1). Johnson Space Center, Houston, (Feb 1985).
Brian Mason (1978) Antarctic Meteorite Data Sheet, ALHA77397: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 1 (3). (Nov 1978)
      • Elephant Moraine
Meteorite Working Group (1985) Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 8(1). Johnson Space Center, Houston, (Feb 1985).
      • Queen Alexandra Range
Enstatite; Calcite, Clinoenstatite, Cristobalite, Daubréelite, Goethite, Gypsum, Nickel-iron, Plagioclase, Kamacite, Schreibersite , Troilite
  • Queensland
    • Barcoo Shire
      • Windorah
        • Tenham Station; Tomioka, N. and Fujino, K. (1997) Natural (Mg,Fe)SiO3-ilmenite and -perovskite in the Tenham meteorite. Science: 277: 1084–1086.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.; Tomioka, N. and Fujino, K. (1999) Akimotoite, (Mg,Fe)SiO3, a new silicate mineral of the ilmenite group in the Tenham chondrite. American Mineralogist: 84: 267-271.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Adelaide
Davy, R., Whitehead, S. G. & Pitt, G. (1978): The Adelaide Meteorite. Meteoritics 13 (1): 121-140. (March 1978)
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
No reference listed
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
  • Western Australia
    • Mount Marshall Shire
      • Bencubbin
Horton E. Newsom & Michael J. Drake (1977). Metal Fractionation Patterns in the Bencubbin Meteorite. Meteoritics 12, p. 326.
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Wingellina Community (Irrunytju)
Trommsdorff, V., and Wenk, H.-R. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 158-168.
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Kapfenstein
Collection of NHM, Vienna
  • Ağcabədi District (Aghjabadi)
    • Shusha; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 902–909, 2008
  • Minas Gerais
Jour. of South American Earth Sci. 15:709–723
  • Alberta
    • Abee
Brian Harold Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
RRUFF project specimen R080108.9.
  • Anhui
    • Anqing
      • Yuexi Co.
T21A-0507 0800h : Clinoenstatite Exsolution in Diopside of Dabieshan, China - Evidence of Origin $>$ 250km Tectonophysics 2004 Fall Meeting
    • Bozhou
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang and Junxin Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 238-244
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Qingzhen Co.
Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
  • Jilin
    • Jilin
      • Chuanying District
Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
  • New Valley
Methot, R. L. et al., (1975) Mineralogy, petrology and chemistry of the Isna (C3) meteorite. Meteoritics 10 (2): 121-131. (Jun 1975)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Aubres
Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Avèze
collected by François Périnet
      • Châtelguyon
        • Charbonnières-les-Varennes
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
      • Rochefort-Montagne
        • Vernines
collected by François Périnet
      • Singles
collected by François Périnet
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Loir-et-Cher
Rhian H. Jones & Adrian J. Brearley. (1994). Reduced, Plagioclase-rich Chondrules in the Lancé and Kainsaz CO3 Chondrites. Abstracts of the 25th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. p. 641. (March 1994).
    • Loiret
      • Gien
collected by François Périnet
      • Montargis
Baziotis, I., Asimow, P. D., Hu, J., Ferrière, L., Ma, C., Cernok, A., ... & Topa, D. (2018). High pressure minerals in the Château-Renard (L6) ordinary chondrite: implications for collisions on its parent body. Scientific reports, 8(1), 9851.
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Poya North Commune
        • Népoui
T. Sameshima et al. , Am. Min. , 1983, 68, pp. 1076-1082. / C. Campiglio et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 423-440.
  • Normandy
    • Manche
Wahl, W. (1952) The brecciated stony meteorites and meteorites containing foreign fragments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 2, 91-117.
  • Occitanie
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Saint-Jory
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
  • Veszprém County
    • Tapolca district
      • Lesenceistvánd
Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
  • Assam
Nakamuta, Y., & Toh, S. (2013). Transformation of graphite to lonsdaleite and diamond in the Goalpara ureilite directly observed by TEM. American Mineralogist, 98(4), 574-581.
  • Madhya Pradesh
Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994)
  • Odisha
    • Maurbhanj district
      • Deoli pargana
Reid, A. M., Buchanan, P. C., Zolensky, M. E., Nicols, R. H. & Barrett, R. A. (1990) The Bholgati Howardite: Petrography and mineral chemistry. G&CA 54 (8): 2161-2166. (Aug 1990)
  • Tamil Nadu
Brearley, A. J. (1988) Nature and Origin of Matrix in the Unique Chondrite, Kakangari: A TEM Investigation, Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, 130-131. (March 1988); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
    • Madurai District
Binns, R.A. (1970) Pyroxenes from non-carbonaceous chondritic meteorites: Mineralogical Magazine 37(290): 855-669. (June 1970).;Bridges, J.C., Franchi, I.A., Hutchison, R., Morse, A.D., Long, J.V.P. & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Cristobalite- and tridymite-bearing clasts in Parnallee (LL3) and Farmington (L5): MAPS 30(6): 715-727. (Nov 1995).
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Azamgarh District
Ruzicka, A. (1990). Deformation and thermal histories of chondrules in the Chainpur (LL3.4) chondrite, Meteoritics 25 (2): 101-113. (June 1990)
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Ferrara Province
      • Cento
        • Renazzo
Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
      • Vigarano Mainarda
        • Vigarano Pieve
Abreau, N. M., Brearley, A. J. (2011) Deciphering the nebular and asteroidal record in silicates and organic material in the matrix of the reduced CV3 chondrite Vigarano. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 46, 2 (Feb. 2011), 252-274.
  • Tuscany
    • Metropolitan City of Florence
      • Firenzuola
Carapezza, M., Nuccio, P. M. & Valenza, M. (1976) Piancaldoli meteorite - Chemistry, mineralogy and petrology: Meteoritics 11:195-205. (Sept 1976).
  • Tokyo
    • Ogasawara Islands
      • Chichijima Group
Forrest Cureton specimens
Wada (1904): Minerals of Japan; Professor Takashi Kitagawa (1949-2009) collection, Hiroshima University.
      • Mukojima Group
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 2011).
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Pavlodar
Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
  • Central Region
    • Nkhotakota
Brian Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
  • Hardap Region
    • Gibeon
Ashwal, L. D. (2001) Korra Korrabes: A new, large H3 chondrite breccia from Namibia: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (8),1027-1038. (Aug 2001).
Northwest Africa Meteorites
Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2016) New Kind of Chondrite: A Clast with Carbonaceous, Ordinary, and Unique Characteristics in the Northwest Africa 10214 LL3 Breccia: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVII. LPI Contribution No. 1903, pdf.1048. (March 2016).; Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2017) NWA 10214 - An LL3 chondrite breccia with an assortment of metamorphosed, shocked, and unique chondrite clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(2): 372-390. (Feb 2017).
  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Astore District
      • Astor valley (Astore valley)
P Haas collection; Thomas P.Moore (2016) Moore`s Compendium of Mineral Discoveries. Vol. 1, p.8
  • Punjab
    • Sargodha District
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966); Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
  • Lublin Voivodeship
    • Zamość Co.
Przylibski, T. A., Zagozdzon, P. P., Kryza, R. & Pilski, A. S. (2005) The Zaklodzie enstatite meteorite: Mineralogy, petrology, origin, and classification. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (S9): A185-A2000. (Sept 2005)
  • Łódź Voivodeship
    • Łowicz Co.
Karwowski Ł. 2003: The new mineralogical data on the Łowicz meteorite. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 102-104
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Harghita
Pál Molnár, E. (2000): Hornblendites and diorites of the Ditró syenite massif. University of Szeged, Szeged Hungary, 172 p.
  • Mureş
Michel‐Lévy, M. C. (1988). A New Component of the Mezö‐Madaras Breccia: A Microchondrule‐and Carbon‐Bearing L‐Related Chondrite. Meteoritics, 23(1), 45-48.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
      • Iomrautvaam Massif
        • Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange
          • Khatyrka river
            • Listvenitovyi stream
Scientific Report 5:9111; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
  • Saratov Oblast
Semenenko, V. P., Girich, A. L., and Sharkin, O. P. (1992) Highly porous fragments in Saratov (L4) ordinary chondrite. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, volume 23, page 1261; Bezaeva, N.S., Badjukov, D.D., Rochette, P., Gattacceca, J., Trukhin, V.I.,Kozlov, E.A., Uehara, M. (2010) Experimental shock metamorphism of the L4 ordinary chondrite Saratov induced by spherical shock waves up to 400 GPa. Meteoritics & Planetary Sciences, 45, 6, 1007-1020.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
  • Western Cape
    • Cape Winelands District
      • Ceres
        • Koue Bokkeveld Mountain
Miyahara, M., Uehara, S., Ohtani, E., Nagase, T., Nishijima, M., Vashaei, Z. and Kitagawa, R. (2008): THE ANATOMY OF ALTERED CHONDRULES AND FGRS COVERING THEM IN A CM CHONDRITE BY FIB- TEM/STEM. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, 1194.
  • Kassala
    • Gash delta
Hey, M. H. & Easton, A. J. in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10):1789-1790 (1967)
  • Dalarna County
    • Avesta
      • Folkärna
Lars Bergström (1959) Geologiska studier i Lövsvedsgruvan, Folkärna socken, Dalarna, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 81:4, 641-669, DOI:10.1080/11035895909449181
  • Bern
    • Emmental
      • Utzenstorf
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 500
  • Ticino
    • Riviera
      • Bellinzona
        • Gorduno
Science, 2 April 1999, Vol. 284
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Trojan
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 307; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 386.
  • Colorado
    • Kit Carson Co.
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966).
  • Kansas
    • Decatur Co.
Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf
Kracher, A., Scott, E. R. D., & Keil, K. (1984) RELICT and other anomalous grains in chondrules - Implications for chondrule formation: Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement vol. 89: pp. B559-B566. (15 Feb 1984).
    • Norton Co.
Akihiko Okada, Klaus Keil & G. J. Taylor (1980). The Norton County enstatite achondrite: A brecciated, plutonic igneous rock. Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Forty-Third Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution 412, edited by Paula Criswell, published by the Lunar and Planetary Institute: Houston, p.170.
  • Kentucky
    • Whitley Co.
Alan E. Rubin (2010). Impact melting in the Cumberland Falls and Mayo Belwa aubrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, #2, 265-275.
  • Maryland
    • St. Mary's Co.
Noonan, A. F., Jarosewich, E., & Clarke, R. S., Jr. (1977) The St. Mary's County, Maryland, Chondrite: Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Science 19,96-103.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
        • Prospect Ridge
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Lea Co.
      • Jal
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
    • Roosevelt Co.
Noonan, A.F. (1975) The Clovis (no.1), New Mexico meteorite and Ca, Al, and Ti-rich inclusions in ordinary chondrites. Meteoritics 10 (1): 51-59. (March 1975).
    • Santa Fe Co.
      • La Bajada District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
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    • Sierra Co.
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  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Monroe
        • Lake Mombasha
Lupulescu, Marian: Rocks& Min. -- May/June 2008
  • Oklahoma
    • Washita Co.
Rubin, A. E., James, J. A., Keck, B. D., Weeks, K. S., Sears, D. W. G. & Jarosewich, E. (1985) The Colony meteorite and variations in CO3 chondrite properties. Meteoritics 20(2, part 1): 175-196. (June 1985)
  • Oregon
    • Lake Co.
      • Plush
Xu, H., Hill, T.R., Konishi, H., Farfan, G. (2017): Protoenstatite: A new mineral in Oregon sunstones with “watermelon” colors. American Mineralogist, 102, 2146-2149
  • South Carolina
    • Lee Co.
      • Bishopville
Rubin, A. E. (2015). Shock and annealing in aubrites: Implications for parent-body history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50(7): 1217-1227. (July 2014).
  • Texas
    • Armstrong Co.
Olsen, E. J., Bunch, T. E., Jarosewich, E., Noonan, A. F. & Huss, G. I. (1977) Meteoritics 12 (2), 109-123. (June 1977)
    • Grayson Co.
Davis, A. M. & Olsen, E. (1984). Carbonaceous Chondrite Related to c1 and c2 Chondrites (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, 190-191. (March 1984)
    • Lubbock Co.
Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 24, Dec. 1989, p. 195-208.
    • Terry Co.
Ferraris, C., Folco, L., & Mellini, M. (2002) Chondrule thermal history from unequilibrated H chondrites: A transmission and analytical electron microscopy study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37(10): 1299-1321. (Oct. 2002).
  • Washington
    • Clark Co.
      • Washougal
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.85
Outer Space
European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
The Moon
Frondel, J.W. (2009) Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 332 pages.
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Gornostaeva T.A., Kartashov P.M., Mokhov A.V., Bogatikov O.A. (2012) Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in the Lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecundidatis, - Doklady Earth Sciences, 444(2), p. 770-772.
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