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Clinoenstatite

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Formula:
MgSiO3
Colour:
Colourless, greenish yellow, yellowish brown, green-brown
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Isostructural with:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ClinoenstatiteHide

Clinoenstatite and its relation to other pyroxenes (after Morimoto et al, 1989)

Previous petrological nomenclature of clinopyroxenes from basaltic magmas (after Poldervaart & Hess, 1951)

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DA.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family
65.1.1.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
14.4.3

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
4 : Silicates of Mg

Physical Properties of ClinoenstatiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, greenish yellow, yellowish brown, green-brown
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Optical Data of ClinoenstatiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.651 nβ = 1.654 nγ = 1.660
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of ClinoenstatiteHide

Formula:
MgSiO3
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Cr,Fe,Mn,Ca,Na

Crystallography of ClinoenstatiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.6 Å, b = 8.81 Å, c = 5.17 Å
β = 108.28°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.09 : 1 : 0.587
Unit Cell V:
415.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Other Language Names for ClinoenstatiteHide

Relationship of Clinoenstatite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon.
DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6Mon.
JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon.
JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6Mon.
KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6Mon.
NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6Mon.
Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ruizite4 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Ruizite on mindat.org.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)4 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Rhodic Ferroplatinum3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Rhodic Ferroplatinum on mindat.org.
Augite3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Augite on mindat.org.
Glass3 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Glass on mindat.org.
Anorthoclase2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Anorthoclase on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Kenyaite2 photos of Clinoenstatite associated with Kenyaite on mindat.org.
Niningerite1 photo of Clinoenstatite associated with Niningerite on mindat.org.
Schöllhornite1 photo of Clinoenstatite associated with Schöllhornite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DA.05Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
9.DA.05EnstatiteMgSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.05FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.10ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon.
9.DA.10KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.15Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.15DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
9.DA.25AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.25JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.25JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.25KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6Mon.
9.DA.25NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.25NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.30SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.1.1.2ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon.
65.1.1.2EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
65.1.1.3KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
65.1.1.4Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.4.1ForsteriteMg2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.4.2EnstatiteMgSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.4.4ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
14.4.5ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
14.4.6OrthochrysotileOrth.
14.4.7ParachrysotileOrth.
14.4.8LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
14.4.9TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
14.4.10SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
14.4.11SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
14.4.12LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
14.4.13EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30Hex.
14.4.14Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
14.4.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
14.4.16 Magnesio-anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ClinoenstatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Clark, J.R., Appleman, D.E., Papike, J.J. (1969) Crystal-chemical characterization of clinopyroxenes based on eight new structure refinements. MSA Special Paper: 2: 31-50.
Poldervaart, A , Hess, H.H. (1951) , "Pyroxenes in the Crystallization of Basaltic Magma," The Journal of Geology 59, no. 5 (Sep., 1951): 472-489.
Morimoto, N. (1989) Nomenclature of pyroxenes. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 143-156.

Internet Links for ClinoenstatiteHide

Localities for ClinoenstatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
McCoy, T. J., Keil, K., Bogard, D., Casanova, I. & Lindstrom, M. M. (1992) ILAFEGH 009: A New Sample of the Diverse Suite of Enstatite Impact Melt Rocks (Abstract). LPSC XXIII: page 869. (March 1992)
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
        • Lewis Cliff
Lindstrom, M. M., Ed. (1993) New meteorites: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 12 (1), 4-20. (March 1993)
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Lindstrom, M. M., ed. (1990). New Meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 13 (2): 9-24. (March 1990)
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Meteorite Working Group (1985) Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 8(1). Johnson Space Center, Houston, (Feb 1985).
Brian Mason (1978) Antarctic Meteorite Data Sheet, ALHA77397: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 1 (3). (Nov 1978)
      • Elephant Morraine
Meteorite Working Group (1985) Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 8(1). Johnson Space Center, Houston, (Feb 1985).
Enstatite; Calcite, Clinoenstatite, Cristobalite, Daubréelite, Goethite, Gypsum, Nickel-iron, Plagioclase, Kamacite, Schreibersite , Troilite
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Barcoo Shire
      • Windorah
        • Tenham Station
http://webmineral.com/specimens/picshow.php?id=2940; American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 267–271, 1999
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Adelaide
Davy, R., Whitehead, S. G. & Pitt, G. (1978): The Adelaide Meteorite. Meteoritics 13 (1): 121-140. (March 1978)
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
No reference listed
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
  • Western Australia
    • Mount Marshall Shire
      • Bencubbin
Horton E. Newsom & Michael J. Drake (1977). Metal Fractionation Patterns in the Bencubbin Meteorite. Meteoritics 12, p. 326.
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Wingellina Community
Trommsdorff, V., and Wenk, H.-R. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 158-168.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Kapfenstein
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Azerbaijan
 
  • Ağcabədi District (Aghjabadi)
    • Shusha
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/roedderite.pdf.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 902–909, 2008
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Jour. of South American Earth Sci. 15:709–723
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Abee
Brian Harold Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
RRUFF project specimen R080108.9.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Yuexi Co.
T21A-0507 0800h : Clinoenstatite Exsolution in Diopside of Dabieshan, China - Evidence of Origin $>$ 250km Tectonophysics 2004 Fall Meeting
    • Bozhou Prefecture
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang and Junxin Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 238-244
  • Guizhou Province
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Qingzhen Co.
Daode Wang and Rambaldi, E.R. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(4), 324-335
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Jilin Prefecture
      • Chuanying District
Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
Egypt
 
  • New Valley Governorate
Methot, R. L. et al., (1975) Mineralogy, petrology and chemistry of the Isna (C3) meteorite. Meteoritics 10 (2): 121-131. (Jun 1975)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Aubres
Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Avèze
collected by François Périnet
      • Châtelguyon
        • Charbonnières-les-Varennes
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
      • Rochefort-Montagne
        • Vernines
collected by François Périnet
      • Singles
collected by François Périnet
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Loir-et-Cher
Rhian H. Jones & Adrian J. Brearley. (1994). Reduced, Plagioclase-rich Chondrules in the Lancé and Kainsaz CO3 Chondrites. Abstracts of the 25th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. p. 641. (March 1994).
    • Loiret
      • Gien
collected by François Périnet
  • Normandy
    • Manche
Wahl, W. (1952) The brecciated stony meteorites and meteorites containing foreign fragments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 2, 91-117.
  • Occitanie
    • Haute-Garonne
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
Kent Brooks, R.G Platt (1975): Kaersutite-bearing gabbroic inclusions and the late dike swarm of Kangerdlugssuaq, East Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine Vol 40 pp 259-283
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Uzsa (Uzsabánya)
Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994)
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Maurbhanj district
      • Deoli pargana
Reid, A. M., Buchanan, P. C., Zolensky, M. E., Nicols, R. H. & Barrett, R. A. (1990) The Bholgati Howardite: Petrography and mineral chemistry. G&CA 54 (8): 2161-2166. (Aug 1990)
  • Tamil Nadu
Brearley, A. J. (1988) Nature and Origin of Matrix in the Unique Chondrite, Kakangari: A TEM Investigation, Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, 130-131. (March 1988); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
    • Madurai District
Binns, R.A. (1970) Pyroxenes from non-carbonaceous chondritic meteorites: Mineralogical Magazine 37(290): 855-669. (June 1970).;Bridges, J.C., Franchi, I.A., Hutchison, R., Morse, A.D., Long, J.V.P. & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Cristobalite- and tridymite-bearing clasts in Parnallee (LL3) and Farmington (L5): MAPS 30(6): 715-727. (Nov 1995).
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Azamgarh District
Ruzicka, A. (1990). Deformation and thermal histories of chondrules in the Chainpur (LL3.4) chondrite, Meteoritics 25 (2): 101-113. (June 1990)
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Ferrara Province
      • Cento
        • Renazzo
Brian Mason & H. B. Wiik (1962). The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, #2106.
      • Vigarano Mainarda
        • Vigarano Pieve
Abreu, N. M. & Brearley, A. J. (2011): Deciphering the nebular and asteroidal record in silicates and organic material in the matrix of the reduced CV3 chondrite Vigarano: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46 (2): 252-274. (Feb 2011).
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
      • Firenzuola
Carapezza, M., Nuccio, P. M. & Valenza, M. (1976) Piancaldoli meteorite - Chemistry, mineralogy and petrology: Meteoritics 11:195-205. (Sept 1976).
Japan
 
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Ogasawara Islands
      • Chichijima Group
Forrest Cureton specimens
Wada (1904): Minerals of Japan; Professor Takashi Kitagawa (1949-2009) collection, Hiroshima University.
      • Mukojima Group
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 2011).
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Malawi
 
  • Nkhotakota District
Brian Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
Namibia
 
  • Hardap Region
    • Mariental District
Ashwal, L. D. (2001) Korra Korrabes: A new, large H3 chondrite breccia from Namibia: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (8),1027-1038. (Aug 2001).
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Poya North Commune
      • Népoui
T. Sameshima et al. , Am. Min. , 1983, 68, pp. 1076-1082. / C. Campiglio et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 423-440.
Northwest Africa
 
Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2016) New Kind of Chondrite: A Clast with Carbonaceous, Ordinary, and Unique Characteristics in the Northwest Africa 10214 LL3 Breccia: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVII. LPI Contribution No. 1903, pdf.1048. (March 2016).; Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2017) NWA 10214 - An LL3 chondrite breccia with an assortment of metamorphosed, shocked, and unique chondrite clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(2): 372-390. (Feb 2017).
Norway
 
  • Telemark
Haas,Gerardus Johannes Lambertas Maria de (2012) Source,Evolution,And Age Of Coronitic Gabbros From The Aredal-Nelaug Area,Bamble,Southeast Norway
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Astor District (Astore District)
      • Astor valley (Astore valley)
P Haas collection; Thomas P.Moore (2016) Moore`s Compendium of Mineral Discoveries. Vol. 1, p.8
  • Punjab
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966); Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Poland
 
  • Lubelskie
    • Zamość
Przylibski, T. A., Zagozdzon, P. P., Kryza, R. & Pilski, A. S. (2005) The Zaklodzie enstatite meteorite: Mineralogy, petrology, origin, and classification. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (S9): A185-A2000. (Sept 2005)
  • Łódzkie
    • Łowicz District
Karwowski Ł. 2003: The new mineralogical data on the Łowicz meteorite. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 102-104
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
  • Mureş Co.
Michel‐Lévy, M. C. (1988). A New Component of the Mezö‐Madaras Breccia: A Microchondrule‐and Carbon‐Bearing L‐Related Chondrite. Meteoritics, 23(1), 45-48.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Koriak Autonomous Okrug
      • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
        • Iomrautvaam Massif
          • Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange
            • Khatyrka river
              • Listvenitovyi stream
Scientific Report 5:9111; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • Cape Winelands District
      • Ceres
        • Koue Bokkeveld Mtn
Miyahara, M., Uehara, S., Ohtani, E., Nagase, T., Nishijima, M., Vashaei, Z. and Kitagawa, R. (2008): THE ANATOMY OF ALTERED CHONDRULES AND FGRS COVERING THEM IN A CM CHONDRITE BY FIB- TEM/STEM. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, 1194.
Sudan
 
  • Kassala Wilayah
    • Gash delta
Hey, M. H. & Easton, A. J. in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(10):1789-1790 (1967)
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Utzenstorf
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 500
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Riviera
      • Bellinzona
        • Gorduno
Science, 2 April 1999, Vol. 284
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Trojan
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 307; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 386.
  • Colorado
    • Kit Carson Co.
Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966).
  • Kansas
    • Decatur Co.
Workshop on Parent-Body and Nebular Modification of Chondritic Materials 4038.pdf http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/chondrite/pdf/4038.pdf
Kracher, A., Scott, E. R. D., & Keil, K. (1984) RELICT and other anomalous grains in chondrules - Implications for chondrule formation: Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement vol. 89: pp. B559-B566. (15 Feb 1984).
    • Norton Co.
Akihiko Okada, Klaus Keil & G. J. Taylor (1980). The Norton County enstatite achondrite: A brecciated, plutonic igneous rock. Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Forty-Third Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution 412, edited by Paula Criswell, published by the Lunar and Planetary Institute: Houston, p.170.
  • Kentucky
    • Whitley Co.
Alan E. Rubin (2010). Impact melting in the Cumberland Falls and Mayo Belwa aubrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, #2, 265-275.
  • Maryland
    • St. Mary's Co.
Noonan, A. F., Jarosewich, E., & Clarke, R. S., Jr. (1977) The St. Mary's County, Maryland, Chondrite: Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Science 19,96-103.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
        • Prospect Ridge
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Curry Co.
      • Clovis
Noonan, A.F. (1975) The Clovis (no.1), New Mexico meteorite and Ca, Al, and Ti-rich inclusions in ordinary chondrites. Meteoritics 10 (1): 51-59. (March 1975).
    • Lea Co.
      • Jal
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
    • Santa Fe Co.
      • La Bajada District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Monroe
        • Lake Mombasha
Lupulescu, Marian: Rocks& Min. -- May/June 2008
  • Oklahoma
    • Washita Co.
Rubin, A. E., James, J. A., Keck, B. D., Weeks, K. S., Sears, D. W. G. & Jarosewich, E. (1985) The Colony meteorite and variations in CO3 chondrite properties. Meteoritics 20(2, part 1): 175-196. (June 1985)
  • South Carolina
    • Lee Co.
      • Bishopville
Rubin, A. E. (2015). Shock and annealing in aubrites: Implications for parent-body history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50(7): 1217-1227. (July 2014).
  • Texas
    • Armstrong Co.
Olsen, E. J., Bunch, T. E., Jarosewich, E., Noonan, A. F. & Huss, G. I. (1977) Meteoritics 12 (2), 109-123. (June 1977)
    • Grayson Co.
Davis, A. M. & Olsen, E. (1984). Carbonaceous Chondrite Related to c1 and c2 Chondrites (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, 190-191. (March 1984)
    • Lubbock Co.
Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 24, Dec. 1989, p. 195-208.
    • Terry Co.
Ferraris, C., Folco, L., & Mellini, M. (2002) Chondrule thermal history from unequilibrated H chondrites: A transmission and analytical electron microscopy study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37(10): 1299-1321. (Oct. 2002).
  • Washington
    • Clark Co.
      • Washougal
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.85
Outer Space
European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
The Moon
J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Gornostaeva T.A., Kartashov P.M., Mokhov A.V., Bogatikov O.A. (2012) Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in the Lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecundidatis, - Doklady Earth Sciences, 444(2), p. 770-772.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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