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Clinohumite

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Formula:
Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1876 Alfred Lewis Oliver Legrand Des Cloizeaux in allusion to its monoclinic crystal structure and relationship to humite, which was named after Sir Abraham Hume [February 20, 1749 London, england, UK – March 24, 1838 Wormley Bury. England. UK], English connoisseur and collector of gems, minerals, and artwork.
Humite Group.

Fluorine analogue of Hydroxylclinohumite.

May be confused with chondrodite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Clinohumite.


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Classification of ClinohumiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AF.55

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
52.3.2d.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
17.1.12

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Pronounciation of ClinohumiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ClinohumiteHide

Hardness:

Optical Data of ClinohumiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.623 - 1.702 nβ = 1.636 - 1.709 nγ = 1.651 - 1.728
2V:
Measured: 52° to 90°, Calculated: 64° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of ClinohumiteHide

Formula:
Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ti,Al,Mn,Ca,(OH)

Crystallography of ClinohumiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.71 Å, b = 4.75 Å, c = 10.29 Å
β = 100.83°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.886 : 1 : 2.166
Unit Cell V:
658.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystallographic forms of ClinohumiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Clinohumite no.27 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of ClinohumiteHide

Other Language Names for ClinohumiteHide

Simplified Chinese:斜硅镁石
Spanish:Clinohumita
Traditional Chinese:斜矽鎂石

Varieties of ClinohumiteHide

TitanclinohumiteA Ti-bearing variety of Clinohumite.

Relationship of Clinohumite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Spinel48 photos of Clinohumite associated with Spinel on mindat.org.
Calcite23 photos of Clinohumite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Graphite6 photos of Clinohumite associated with Graphite on mindat.org.
Forsterite4 photos of Clinohumite associated with Forsterite on mindat.org.
Szaibélyite3 photos of Clinohumite associated with Szaibélyite on mindat.org.
Cordierite2 photos of Clinohumite associated with Cordierite on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Clinohumite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Clinochlore2 photos of Clinohumite associated with Clinochlore on mindat.org.
Spinel Group2 photos of Clinohumite associated with Spinel Group on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Clinohumite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.65Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2d.2JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
52.3.2d.3SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Clinohumite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for ClinohumiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 43-49.
V.M. Gekimyants, E.V. Sokolova, E.M. Spiridonov, G. Ferraris, N.V. Chukanov, M. Prencipe, V.N. Avdonin, Yu.A. Polenov (1999): Hydroxylclinohumite Mg9(SiO4)4(OH,F)2 - a new mineral of the humite group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 128(5): 64-70.
FERRARIS, G., PRENCIPE, M., SOKOLOVA, E.V., GEKIMYANTS, V.M., SPIRIDONOV, E.M. (2000): Hydroxylclinohumite, a new member of the humite group: Twinning, crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the clinohumite subgroup. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 215, 169-173.
Langer, K., Platonov, A.N., Matsyuk, S.S., and Wildner, M. (2002) The crystal chemistry of the humite minerals Fe 2+ - Ti 4+ charge transfer and structural allocation of Ti 4+ in chondrodite and clinohumite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 1027-1032.

Internet Links for ClinohumiteHide

Localities for ClinohumiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection http://rruff.info/hydroxylclinohumite/display=default/
RWMW Collection
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6 Dudley Blauwet Private Communication RRUFF identification
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Mac Robertson Land
      • Prince Charles Mts
Kogarko L N, Kurat G, Ntaflos T (2007) Henrymeyerite in the metasomatized upper mantle of eastern Antarctica. The Canadian Mineralogist 45, 497-501
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Sør Rondane Mts
Grew, E. S., Essene, E. J., Peacor, D. R., Su, S. C. and Asami, M. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the magnesium analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist 76, 1990-1997.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Strangways Range
Dampier Mining Company Ltd (1977) Exploration Licences 1341 and 1342. "Strangways Range" and "Hale River". Arunta Complex, Northern Territory Final Report CR77/139.
        • Pinnacles Bore Copper Area
Shaw, R.D. (1970) Geology and copper deposits of the Pinnacles Bore Area, Strangways Range, Northern Territory. Department of National Development, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Record 1970/115.
  • Tasmania
    • King Island municipality
      • King Island
        • Grassy
Bottrill & Baker (2008)
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Saualpe
      • Reisberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
        • Dunkelsteinerwald
          • Kochholz
Erwin Löffler & Gerald Knobloch collections
Knobloch, G. (2004): Unverhofft kommt oft - die Entdeckung einer unbekannten kleinen Sphalerit-Lagerstätte im Dunkelsteinerwald, Niederösterreich. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (1), 28-33. ; Kolitsch, U. & Gröbner, J. (2008)
    • Waldviertel
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.;
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Fusch valley
        • Brennkogel area
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Stubach valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • Wildbachgraben
Aufschluss 1972(SB), 43-47
    • Weiz
      • Stubenberg am See
Bernhard, F. & Leikauf, B. (2007); Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2007); http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
        • Dorf valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Virgen valley
        • Umbal valley
          • Islitz Alp
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • North Tyrol
      • Ötz valley
        • Polles valley
Hoernes S., Miller Ch., Purtscheller F. (1971): Neue Mineralfunde aus den westlichen Tiroler Zentralalpen. Veröff. Mus. Ferdinandeum 51, 79-86.
        • Sulz valley
          • Gries
Hoernes S., Miller Ch., Purtscheller F. (1971): Neue Mineralfunde aus den westlichen Tiroler Zentralalpen. Veröff. Mus. Ferdinandeum 51, 79-86.
      • Zillertal
        • Schlegeis valley (Schlegeisgrund)
G. Franz, D. Ackermann, E. Koch: Amer. Mineral. 66:872-877 (1981)
Brazil
 
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 81–87, 2008; Melcher, G. C. (1965). O carbonatito de Jacupiranga. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras, Universidade de São Paulo. Geologia, (21), 5-70.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
    • Pirin Mts
      • Bayuvi dupki
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
Maggie Wilson
    • Hastings Co.
      • Dungannon Township
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SE00151.html; Sabina A. P. (1986) Rocks And Minerals For The Collector, Bancroft - Parry Sound and Southern Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous paper 39, p.20.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
        • Notre-Dame-du-Laus
Van Velthuizen, J. V. (1993): The Parker Mine, Notre Dame du Laus (Québec). Mineralogical Record, 24(5): 369-373.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Chelsea
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 41
        • Wakefield
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Qianshan Co.
Am. Min. , V 84, pp. 564-569, 1999.
    • Huaibei Prefecture
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, Kaijian Tang, and Qingan Sun (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 1-10; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Yongxue Xu, Guilan Zhang, and Jiazeng Li (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 90-96; Zhaowen Xu, Xiancai Lu, Geng Gao, Changquan Fang, Yunjian Wang, Xiaonan Yang, Shaoyong Jiang, and Bangguo Chen (2007): Geological Review 53(1), 44-51
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Maobei
Liu Xiangwen, Jin Zhenmin, Qu Jing, and Wang Lu (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(9), 1368-1376; Zhenyu Chen, Denghong Wang, Jinjie Yu, and Jue Xu (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 63-66
        • Zhimafang
Tianfu Li, Jingsui Yang, and Ruyuan Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0247.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
Xuehui Xia, Fei Yan, Yuhai Zhao, and Wenzong Chang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(1), 83-88; Guyue Hu, Yanhe Li, Changfu Fan, Kejun Hou, Chengyu Wang, and Guiqing Xie (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(4), 821-832
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Lianshan District
        • Yangjiazhangzi ore field
Wenwei Lin (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 22-34
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).
      • Yingkou Prefecture
        • Dashiqiao Co.
Rongge Xiao, Jingdang Liu, Zhen Wu, Bin Wang, and Jiarui Feng (2007): Geoscience 21(4), 638-644
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Shangluo Prefecture
      • Luonan Co.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Chengsi Bi, and Lihe Guo (1998): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 72(4), 382-391
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Weihai Prefecture
        • Rongcheng Co.
http://www.ngu.no/FileArchive/165/2003_055.pdf Geological Survey of Norway / The Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium / Abstract Volume.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Klatovy (Klattau)
        • Horažďovice
          • Hejná
Hofmanovi P. a R.: Mineralizace vápencového lomu na vrcholu Radvanka u Hejné. Minerál, 2010, 18, 3, 201-211.
Černý, P., Vítovec, J.: Minerály ložisek Rabí a Rabí - Lišná u Sušice. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 2, s. 139-142.
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Prachatice
        • Záblatí
Štědrá V.: Ca-Ba-Mn trhlinová mineralizace s rùžovým klinozoisitem, vázaná na mramor,u Záblatí na Prachaticku. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 197-201.
      • Strakonice
Litochleb, J. et al.: Korund ze skapolitem bohaté vápenatosilikátové horniny v moldanubických mramorech u Krtů na Strakonicku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 169-172.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Oslavany
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
      • Znojmo (Znaim)
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč District
        • Okříšky
Houzar S.: Zinkem a baryem bohaté minerální asociace (sfalerit - Zn-spinel - hyalofán - Ba-flogopit) z mramoru u Číchova na západní Moravě (moldanubikum). Acta rerum naturalium (Jihlava), 2015, 18, 1-7.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
        • Třebíč
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Nové Město na Moravě
Pauliš, P: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001, s. 29-30.
        • Velké Meziříčí
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Němec, D: Výskyt minerálů humitové skupiny v Českém masívu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1971-72, roč. LVI-LVII, s. 41-46.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
    • Raasepori (Raseborg)
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp. (p.164)
  • Southwestern Finland Region
No reference listed
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Tarascon-sur-Ariège
Queneau Patrice collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Untergriesbach
        • Kropfmühl-Untergriesbach Graphite Mining District
          • Kropfmühl
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Pfaffenreut
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Krause, W., Klinohumit vom Emmelberg - ein Erstfund für die Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/1994
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
India
 
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Tirunelveli District
Journ. of Metamorphic Geology 19:395 (July, 2001)
Indonesia
 
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Ayas Valley
      • Ayas
        • Champoluc
Dal Piaz, G.V. (1967) Le "granatiti" (rodingiti l.s.) nelle serpentine delle Alpi occidentali italiane. Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, 6, 267-313.
          • Gobba di Rollin-Rocca di Verra ridge - Blu Lake area
Erik Vercammen collection
Dal Piaz, G.V. (2004) From the European continental margin to the Mesozoic Thetyan Ocean: A geological map of the upper Ayas Valley (Western Alps). In: Pasquaré, G., Venturini C.,(Eds), Groppelli G., (Ass.t Ed.), Mapping Geology in Italy. APAT - Agenzia per la Protenzione dell'Ambiente e per i Servizi Tecnici, Dipartimento Difesa del Suolo - Servizio Geologico d’Italia, S.EL.CA., Firenze, pages 267-272.
Dal Piaz, G.V. (2004) From the European continental margin to the Mesozoic Thetyan Ocean: A geological map of the upper Ayas Valley (Western Alps). In: Pasquaré, G., Venturini C.,(Eds), Groppelli G., (Ass.t Ed.), Mapping Geology in Italy. APAT - Agenzia per la Protenzione dell'Ambiente e per i Servizi Tecnici, Dipartimento Difesa del Suolo - Servizio Geologico d’Italia, S.EL.CA., Firenze, pages 267-272.
Dal Piaz, G.V. (2004) From the European continental margin to the Mesozoic Thetyan Ocean: A geological map of the upper Ayas Valley (Western Alps). In: Pasquaré, G., Venturini C., (Eds), Groppelli G., (Ass.t Ed.), Mapping Geology in Italy. APAT - Agenzia per la Protenzione dell'Ambiente e per i Servizi Tecnici, Dipartimento Difesa del Suolo - Servizio Geologico d’Italia, S.EL.CA., Firenze, pages 267-272.
Dal Piaz, G.V. (1967) Le "granatiti" (rodingiti l.s.) nelle serpentine delle Alpi occidentali italiane. Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, 6, 267-313.
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975) Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.
Dal Piaz, G.V., Gianotti, F., Monopoli, B., Pennacchioni, G., Tartarotti, P., Schiavo, A., with contributions of Carraro, F., Bistacchi, A., Massironi, M., Martin, S., Ratto, S., (2008) Note illustrative della Carta geologica d’Italia alla scala 1:50.000, foglio 091, Châtillon. Apat - Agenzia per la protezione dell'ambiente e i servizi tecnici, Dipartimento Difesa del Suolo - Servizio Geologico d’Italia, Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta, B. Monopoli - Land Technology & Services, Treviso, and La Nuova Lito, Firenze, 152 pp.
Pelloux, A. (1946): Mineralogy of Aosta Valley. Rend. soc. mineral. ital. 3, 188-206.
    • Cogne Valley
      • Cogne
C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
Grill, E. (1922): Sui giacimenti d'amianto delle Alpi piemontesi. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 60, 3-4, 287-301; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
Grill, E. (1922): Sui giacimenti d'amianto delle Alpi piemontesi. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 60, III-IV, 287-301; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Castello, P. (1974): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse. Bull. Soc. Flore Valdôtaine, 28, 63-67; Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Castello, P. (1981): Il giacimento di amianto di Emarèse (AO). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 5, 3 (3-1981), 86-90.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Phil.Mag.,London (1876) 2, 286; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
luigi mattei
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
No reference listed
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
        • Voltri
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Antofilli, M., Borgo, E., Palenzona, A. (1985): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. II Edizione. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 296 pp.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Bregaglia Valley
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 701-714.
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
Sigismund, P. (1949) Titanclinohumite, olivine e ripidolite di Valmalenco. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 88, 145-171. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai Minerali. Fabbri ed., Milano, 208 pp. De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Ed. De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp. Mariani P., Scaini G. (1978) I minerali d'Italia. Rizzoli, Milano. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975) Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Mauro, F. (1910) I minerali della Val Malenco (Valtellina). Boll. Club Alpino Ital., 40, 107-122. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1962) I minerali valtellinesi nella raccolta di Pietro Sigismund. Ed. privata, Milano, 179 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1962) I minerali valtellinesi nella raccolta di Pietro Sigismund. Ed. privata, Milano, 179 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
              • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
              • Scerscen Valley
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1962) I minerali valtellinesi nella raccolta di Pietro Sigismund. Ed. privata, Milano, 179 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Torre di Santa Maria
            • Ciappanico
Sigismund, P. (1949) Titanclinohumite, olivine e ripidolite di Valmalenco. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 88, 145-171. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
            • Torreggio Valley
Sigismund, P. (1949) Titanclinohumite, olivine e ripidolite di Valmalenco. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat., 88, 145-171. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
        • Valfurva
          • Cedec Valley
Tomasi, L. (1950) Studi petrografici dei filoni e contatti del Passo della Bottiglia (Gruppo dell'Ortler). Acta geol. Alpina, 2, 9-49. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Sampeyre
Compagnoni, R., Ferraris, G., Mellini, M. (1985) Carlosturanite, a new asbestiform rock-forming silicate from Val Varaita, Italy. American Mineralogist, 70, 767-772.
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Ala Valley
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
            • Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
- Groppo, C., and Compagnoni, R. (2007): Metamorphic veins from the serpentinites of the Piemonte Zone, western Alps, Italy: a review. Per. Mineral., 76, 127-153.
        • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
        • Lanzo Torinese
Groppo, C., and Compagnoni, R. (2007): Metamorphic veins from the serpentinites of the Piemonte Zone, western Alps, Italy: a review. Per. Mineral., 76, 127-153.
      • Susa Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Ferry J.M., Wing B.A., Penniston-Dorland S.C., Rumble D. (2002): The direction of fluid flow during contact metamorphism of siliceous carbonate rocks: new data for the Monzoni and Predazzo aureoles, northern Italy, and a global review. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 142, 679–699.
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Breguzzo
          • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
            • Malga Trivena hut
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T. (1992): REE-bearing minerals in a Ti-rich vein from the Adamello contact aureole (Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 83-100.
        • Daone & Breguzzo
          • Valbona (Val Bona) & Val d'Arnò
Bucher-Nurminen K. (1982): On the mechanism of contact aureole formation in dolomitic country rock by the Adamello intrusion (northern Italy). Am. Mineral., 67, 1101-1117.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Ibigawa-cho
          • Kasuga-mura
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Miyako City
          • Kamineichi
Watanabe et al (1963) Kotoite, Mg3(BO3)2, from the Neichi mine, Iwate prefecture, Japan. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, series B, 39, 164-169.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
    • Prirechnoye
      • Lake Kumdikol (Lake Kumdykol'; Ozero Kumdykol')
Tectonophysics [T] T21A-0501 0800h http://www.agu.org/meetings/fm04/fm04-sessions/fm04_T21A.html
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Andrembesoa Commune
          • Ampanivana area
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (# M-569 + M-576)
http://rruff.info/clinohumite/
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Urique
      • Piedras Verdes
http://www.diabras.com/en/bolivar_field_reports.php
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
Werner & Marianne Teich collection
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo District
A. Wohlschläger, U. Kolitsch and E. Libowitzky (2001): Large "gahnites" from near Okahua, Namibia: only Fe- and Zn-bearing spinels. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 323.
North Korea
 
  • North Hwanghae Province
    • Suan-gun
Handbook of Mineralogy, v5
Watanabe, T. : Boron mineral resources in Korea (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
  • South Hamgyong Province
Satou, S. (1933) Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute, sect. 2, vol. 1, 17-24.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Arendal Iron Mines
        • Øyestad
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 147
  • Nordland
Vogt, Th. (1910): Om eruptivbergarterne paa Langøen i Vesteraalen. Aarbok for 1909. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 53, 1-39. + Vogt, Th. 1912: Studien über die Humitgruppe. Skrifter Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. 1, 5, 1-27
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Albert I. Land
Knut Eldjarn specimens; Kjærnet, T. (2000): Minerallokaliteter på Svalbard. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 17: 12-18
  • Troms
    • Kvæfjord (Kvaefjord)
      • Hinnøya
Bøe, P. (1997): Boratmineralet ludwigitt i høymetamorf marmor i Vesterålen. STEIN 24 (3), 130-136
  • Vest-Agder
    • Kristiansand
      • Kalkheia
BARTH, T.F.W. (1925): On contact minerals from Pre-Cambrian limestones in Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 8, 93-114. BARTH, T.F.W. (1928): Kalk- und Skarngesteine im Urgebirge bei Kristiansand. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Beilageband 57A, 1069-1108.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Gilgit District
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Shimizu, M., Kato, A., Cioflica, G., Lupulescu, M., Shimizu, M. (1998): Friedrichite from Băița Bihor, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 861-868.
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Aleksandrov, S.M. (2007): Endogeneous transformation of kotoite in calciphyres at magnesian-skarn deposits of boron. Geochem. Internat., 45, 666-684.
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
Marincea, S. (1999) Ludwigite from the type locality, Ocna de Fier, Romania: new data and review. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1343-1362.; Marincea, S. (1999). Ludwigite from the type locality, Ocna de Fier, Romania; new data and review. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37(6), 1343-1362.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
        • Aldan
Pavel M. Kartashov data.; USGS Open File Report 2005-1252: 23.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Dogdo River Basin
          • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
Rudnev, V.V., Chukanov, N.V., Nechelyustov, G.N., Yamnova, N.A. (2007): Hydroxylborite, Mg3(BO3)(OH)3, a new mineral, and the isomorphous fluoborite-hydroxylborite series. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 136(1), 69-82.; http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm
              • Izvestkovyi Stream
Galuskina I.O., Kadiyski M., Armbruster T., Galuskin E.V., Pertsev N.N., Dzierzanowski P., Wrzalik R. (2008) A new natural phase in the system Mg2SiO4-Mg2BO3F-Mg2BO3(OH): composition, paragenesis and structure of OH-dominant pertsevite, - Eur. J. Mineral., 20, p. 951-964.
      • Verkhoyansk
        • Yana River Basin
          • Dogdo river
W. Schreyer et al. (2003) Eur. Journ. Mineral. 15, 1007-1018
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
N. I. Krasnova (2001): The Kovdor phlogopite deposit, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 33–44.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
      • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
Popov, V.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., McCammon, C., and Bazhenova, L.F. (2001) Polyakovite-(Ce), (REE,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22, a new metamict mineral species from the Ilmen Mountains, southern Urals, Russia: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1095-1104.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Ugu District
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Goesan-gun (Koesan-gun)
      • Yonpung-myon
        • Chil-li
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, v. 24, no. 10.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
      • Marbella
Locker, H. Schüller, W. & Guzmán, A. (2012) Sammelszenen aus Andalusien - LAPIS 37 Heft 6, 48-35
      • Mijas
- Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA Malaga County Council. 318pp. 1 map
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • San Pablo de los Montes
        • Morro Viñas
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=132136#132136
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • A Cañiza
Martin-Izard, A., Paniagua, A., Moreiras, D. (1995) Metasomatism at a granitic pegmatite-dunite contact in Galicia: the Franqueira occurrence of chrysoberyl (alexandrite), emerald, and phenakite. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 775-792.
  • Madrid
    • San Lorenzo de El Escorial
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=130922#130922
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
  • Uppland
    • Norrtälje
      • Stabby ore field
- Welin, E (1964) - Uranium disseminations and vein fillings in iron ores of N Uppland, C. Sweden. GFF 86 p 51-
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
[MinRec 32:311]
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Zakrezewski, M.a., Lustenhouwer, W.H., Nugteren, H.J. & Williams, C.T. (1992). Rare earth minerals yttrian zirconolite and allanite-(Ce) and associated minerals from Koberg Mine, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 56: 27-35.
  • Västmanland
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
No reference listed
    • Norberg
      • Röberg ore field
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Forno Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 241.
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
        • Selva
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 241.; Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Maggia Valley
      • Someo
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 113.
    • Verzasca Valley
      • Frasco
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 113.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas-Almagell
Christian Bracke Collection
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Pyandzh River Valley
        • Kukh-i-Lal (Kukhilal; Kuhi-lal)
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Aymeric Longi bought material from this location
Tanzania
 
  • Morogoro Region
    • Mahenge
http://www.fieldgemology.org/gemology%20tanzania%202005.php
Hintze, J. (2011): Afrikanisches Tagebuch (III): Die Spinelle von Mahenge, Tansania. Lapis 36 (7-8), 26-30.
Hintze, J. (2011): Afrikanisches Tagebuch (III): Die Spinelle von Mahenge, Tansania. Lapis 36 (7-8), 26-30.
    • Uluguru Mts (Uruguru Mts)
      • Morogoro
Min Rec 36:3 p294
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
Paul Render
        • Broadford
          • Kilchrist
          • Torrin
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
BMS Database
      • Lochalsh
        • Dornie
Paul Render
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Buell Park
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56; Balk, R. (1954), Petrology section, in Mineral resources of Fort Defiance and Tohatchi quadrangles, AZ & NM, NM Bur. of mines, Min. Resource Bull. 36: 192; Sun, M.S. (1954), Titanclinohumite in kimberlitic tuff, Buell Park, AZ (abstract), Geol.Soc.Amer.Bull. 65: 1311-1312; McGetchin, T.R., et al (1970), Titanclinohumite: A possible mineralogical site for water in the upper mantle, Jour.Geophys.Res.: 75: 255-259.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 151; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
      • Lakeshore
www.mineralsocal.org
      • Twin Lakes
        • Lower Twin Lake
Chesterman, C.W. (1942), Contact metamorphic rocks of the Twin Lakes region, Fresno County, California: California Division Mines Report 38: 254; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 147, 460.
    • Monterey Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Slates Hot Springs
Wise, Wm. S. (1959), An occurrence of geikielite: American Mineralogist : 44: 879-882; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Burnham, C. W. (1959), Contact metamorphism of magnesian limestones at Crestmore, California Geological Society of America Bulletin: 70: 879-920; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 460.
      • Jurupa Valley
        • Jurupa Mts
MinRec 15:273-290
      • Riverside
Cal Div of Mines & Geo Bulletin 189 " Minerals of California"
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Bristol Mts
        • Amboy area
Otton, James K.; Glanzman, Richard K.; Brenner-Tourtelot, Elizabeth F. (1980) Uranium, rare-earth and thorium mineralization at the Hope Mine, eastern Bristol Mountains, San Bernardino County, California. USGS Open file report 80-821.
      • Marble Mts
        • Cadiz
Econ Geol (1988) 83:568-587
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
      • Hardscrabble District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Cotopaxi District
        • Cotopaxi
          • Mine Gulch
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Am Min 50:1179-1212
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Park Co.
      • Guffey District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Spring Mountain District
        • Quartzite Canyon
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Massachusetts
    • Worcester Co.
      • Bolton
Harvard Mineralogical Museum no.130909.
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Ruby Range
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Reilly, L.C.: Senior Thesis, Yale Univ. (1983); Dunn, P.J.: Am. Min.:70:379-387 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Camel Mountain-Eagle Nest District
NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-459
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996 Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
    • McKinley Co.
      • Red Lake volcanic field
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Warwick
NY State Museum spec. no. 19334
    • Putnam Co.
      • Carmel
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 80.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
(Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938).
    • St. Lawrence Co.
Van King
  • Oklahoma
    • Comanche Co.
Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
AmMin 42:686 (1957)
    • Kiowa Co.
U.S.Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston,Virginia
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Beaver Lake Mts
        • Beaver Lake District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Bluff
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
  • Washington
    • Pend Oreille Co.
      • Metaline District
        • Metaline
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.75
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.72,75
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Mweza Range (Wedja)
      • Sandawana-Belingwe District
Sminia, T., & Zwaan, J. C. (2006) Gemmology, geology and origin of the Sandawana emerald deposits, Zimbabwe. Scripta Geol., 131
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