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Clinotyrolite

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Formula:
Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the relation to tyrolite (considered to be orthorhombic at that time).
"Clinotyrolite" was published without CNMMN approval because the authors thought it is different from tyrolite (which was considered to be orthorhombic at that time). However, tyrolite was later shown to be monoclinic(-pseudo-orthorhombic), with at least two monoclinic polytypes being detected (Krivovichev et al., 2006); one of them seems to be identical to "clinotyrolite".
Since it is well-known that also carbonate-free varieties of tyrolite exist, "tyrolite" may actually represent more than two minerals/polytypes.

In 2014, clinotyrolite was discredited due to being identical with the (approved) tangdanite.

Clinotyrolite was originally described from Lanniping Mine, Dongchuan Cu ore field, Dongchuan District, Kunming Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China and Tangdan Mine, Dongchuan Cu ore field, Dongchuan District, Kunming Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.


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Classification of ClinotyroliteHide

Discredited
8.DM.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
M : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
42.4.4.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
22.3.4

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Optical Data of ClinotyroliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.666 nβ = 1.686 nγ = 1.694
2V:
Measured: 65° to 66°, Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of ClinotyroliteHide

Formula:
Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O

Crystallography of ClinotyroliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.51 Å, b = 5.56 Å, c = 27.61 Å
β = 94°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.89 : 1 : 4.966
Unit Cell V:
1,609.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Other Language Names for ClinotyroliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Azurite32 photos of Clinotyrolite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Tyrolite7 photos of Clinotyrolite associated with Tyrolite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla7 photos of Clinotyrolite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Malachite3 photos of Clinotyrolite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Lavendulan2 photos of Clinotyrolite associated with Lavendulan on mindat.org.
Olivenite1 photo of Clinotyrolite associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Conichalcite1 photo of Clinotyrolite associated with Conichalcite on mindat.org.
Yakhontovite1 photo of Clinotyrolite associated with Yakhontovite on mindat.org.
Chenevixite1 photo of Clinotyrolite associated with Chenevixite on mindat.org.
Strashimirite1 photo of Clinotyrolite associated with Strashimirite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DM.05MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.DM.05EsperanzaiteNaCa2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2OMon.
8.DM.10TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-CaCa[Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DM.15Melkovite[Ca2(H2O)15Ca(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O36(OH)]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-NaCa[Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-BaBa[V4+4P2O8(OH)8]·12H2OIso.
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-CaCa[V4+4P2O12(OH)4] · 12H2O Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
8.DM.25YukoniteCa3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OOrth. mm2
8.DM.30UdumineliteCa3Al8(PO4)2O12 · 2H2O
8.DM.35DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed · Amor.
8.DM.40Santafeite(Na,Ca,Sr)12(Mn2+,Fe3+,Al,Mg)8Mn4+8(VO4)16(OH,O)20 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.19OrpheitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.26SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth.
22.3.29TooeleiteFe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?Amor.
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ClinotyroliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Clinotyrolite: A new mineral of the hydrous copper arsenate discovered in Dongchuan, Yunnan. Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143 (in Chinese with English abstract). - Mineralogical Abstracts 80, 4909 (abstract).
"Clinotyrolite has been published without CNMMN approval. It might well be a separate phase." (Ernst Burke - 21/06/2004).
Krivovichev, S. V., Chernyshov, D. Yu., Döbelin, N., Kahlenberg, V., Tessadri, R., Armbruster, T. and Kaltenhauser, G. (2005): The crystal structure of tyrolite, Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8(H2O)10: synchrotron X-ray diffraction study. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 151, 74. (Poster abstract)
Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyshov, D. Yu., Dobelin, N., Armbruster, Th., Kahlenberg, V., Kaindl, R., Ferraris, G., Tessadri, R., Kaltenhauser, G. (2006). Crystal chemistry and polytypism of tyrolite. American Mineralogist, 91, 1378-1384.
Zhesheng, M., Guowu, L., Chukanov, N. V., Poirier, G., Nicheng, S. (2014): Tangdanite, a new mineral species from Yunnan Province, China and the discreditation of 'clinotyrolite'. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 559-569.

Internet Links for ClinotyroliteHide

Localities for ClinotyroliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
        • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
R.Poeverlein (2016)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
            • Vogel Alp
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Styria
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
        • Cu deposit (Schönberg)
Gröbner, J. (2000): Neue Mineralienfunde aus Österreich (2). Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 49-51.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
                • West slope ("Am Geyer")
Der Aufschluß (2006)
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
            • Hof
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
            • St Gertraudi
              • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
          • Schwaz
            • Falkenstein District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Chile
 
  • Tarapacá Region
    • Iquique Province
      • Santa Rosa-Huantajaya District
Rob Lavinky samples; analysed by XRD methods in USA
China
 
  • Yunnan Province
    • Kunming Prefecture
      • Dongchuan District
        • Dongchuan Cu ore field
Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143.
Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
Mari G., Sarp H., Dalia A. (1997), Le gîte cuprifère de l'Hubac de Jourdan (Daluis et la Croix-sur-Roudoule, Alpes-Maritimes, France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 13, pp: 30-37
Sarp, H. and Cerny R., 2001, Theoparacelsite, Cu3(OH)2As2O7, a new mineral: its description and crystal structure: Archs Sci. Geneve, 54:7-14.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Schnorrer, G. & Tetzer, G. (2006): Clinotyrolite, cupro-allophane, chrysokolla, partzite and claraite from the former fluorite mine Flossberg in greater Andreas valley in Bad Lauterberg in the Southern Harz Mountains. Aufschluss 57, 39-42. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
Sarp et al (1987) Arch. Sci. Geneve, 40, p.47-50.
Italy
 
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Valli del Pasubio
Zordan, A., Saccardo, D. (2001): I minerali delle arenarie di contrada Cortiana nel Vicentino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 25, 2 (2-2001), 109-113; Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52; Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus: "Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland)": Mineralogia Polonica 37 (2006) 101-111.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Poniky
- Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
Števko M., Sejkora J. 2012: Supergene arsenates of copper from Špania Dolina-Piesky deposit, Central Slovakia. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Actract Series 7, 130.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
GRÖBNER, J. and FERNÁNDEZ PÉRIZ, M., A. (2006): Los minerales de los yacimientos de Cu y Co de Molvizar y Cerro Minado en Andalucia. Revista de Minerales, 3, 1, 48-56. (in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
    • Granada
      • Molvizar
J. Gröbner and M. A. Fernández Périz (2006): Minerals of the Copper-Cobalt Deposits Molvizar and Cerro Minado in Andalusia. Mineralup February 2006, 48-56.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Vall de Almonacid
        • Fuente Huerpita
Juan Miguel Casanova
      • Villahermosa del Rio
        • San Rafael claim
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
Collection and photos of Adrian Pesudo
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
[R.Tayler Minerals catalogue 70 p.2]
Self collected by Brent Thorne
Mineral and/or Locality  
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