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Coalingite

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About CoalingiteHide

Formula:
Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
Colour:
Redish brown
Lustre:
Resinous
Hardness:
1 - 2
Specific Gravity:
2.32 - 2.33
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For the nearby town of Coalinga
This page provides mineralogical data about Coalingite.


Classification of CoalingiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1965
5.DA.55

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations
16b.7.6.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : Miscellaneous
11.13.5

11 : Carbonates
13 : Carbonates of Fe

Physical Properties of CoalingiteHide

Resinous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Redish brown
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Basal?
Density:
2.32 - 2.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of CoalingiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.588 - 1.635 nε = 1.560 - 1.590
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028 - 0.045
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Golden brown to colorless

Chemical Properties of CoalingiteHide

Formula:
Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg10Fe3+2(CO3)(OH)24 · 2H2O

Crystallography of CoalingiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.12 Å, c = 37.4 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 11.987
Unit Cell V:
315.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Hexagonal plates, equant grains.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014454CoalingitePastor-Rodriguez J, Taylor H F W (1971) Crystal structure of coalingite Mineralogical Magazine 38 286-2941971New Idria serpentinite, Coalinga, California, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of CoalingiteHide

Synonyms of CoalingiteHide

Other Language Names for CoalingiteHide

German:Coalingit
Spanish:Coalingita

Relationship of Coalingite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Akopovaite Al4Li2(OH)12(CO3)(H2O)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
Cualstibite GroupA group within the Hydrotalcite supergroup characterized by (M2+,M3+)(OH)2 brucite-type sheets, in which M2+ ...
DritsiteLi2Al4(OH)12Cl2·3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Fougèrite Group
Glaucocerinite Group
Hydrocalumite Group
Hydrotalcite GroupMg6R3+2(OH)16CO3·4H2O, where R3+ = Al, Cr, or Fe
MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
Quintinite Group
UM1987-05-OH:AlCMgMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3,SO4)•3H2O
Wermlandite Group
Woodwardite GroupMay be considered a subgroup of the Hydrotalcite Group.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Coalingite associated with Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
1 photo of Coalingite associated with MagnesiteMgCO3
1 photo of Coalingite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Coalingite associated with HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DA.AlexkhomyakoviteK6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.05DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)Mg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O ?Mon.
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m : R3c
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?Iso.
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
5.DA.30Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2OTric.
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
5.DA.40CaresiteFe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
5.DA.40CharmariteMn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiNi6Co2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.13.1SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.13.2PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.13.3Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.13.4BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
11.13.6AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CoalingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Munro, R.C. & K.M. Reim (1962), Coalingite – a newcomer to the asbestos industry: Mining Engineering: 14(9): 60-62.
Mumpton, F.A., H.W. Jaffe & C.S. Thompson (1965), Coalingite, a new mineral from the New Idria serpentinite, Fresno and San Benito counties, California: American Mineralogist: 50: 1893-1913.
Pastor-Rodriguez, J. and Taylor, H.F.W. (1971) Crystal structure of coalingite. Mineralogical Magazine: 38: 286-294.
Mills, S. J., A. G. Christy, J.-M. R. Genin, T. Kameda, and F. Colombo (2012) Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine 76(5), 1289-1336.

Internet Links for CoalingiteHide

Localities for CoalingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Darling Co.
Oskierski, H. C., Dlugogorski, B. Z., & Jacobsen, G. (2013) Sequestration of atmospheric CO₂ in chrysotile mine tailings of the Woodsreef Asbestos Mine, Australia: Quantitative mineralogy, isotopic fingerprinting and carbonation rates, Chemical Geology, vol. 358, 156-169.; Turvey, C. C., Wilson, S. A., Hamilton, J. L., Tait, A. W., McCutcheon, J., Beinlich, A., ... & Southam, G. (2018). Hydrotalcites and hydrated Mg-carbonates as carbon sinks in serpentinite mineral wastes from the Woodsreef chrysotile mine, New South Wales, Australia: Controls on carbonate mineralogy and efficiency of CO2 air capture in mine tailings. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 79, 38-60.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
R Bottrill, unpub MRT rept
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Breitenau am Hochlantsch
        • Eibegggraben
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
    • Murtal District
      • Sankt Margarethen bei Knittelfeld
        • Sankt Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Coppermine River area
AmMin 54:437
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Launay
Crook III, W.W. & Jambor, J.L. (1979) Nickelbischofite, a new nickel chloride hydrate. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 107-109.
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Oslavany
        • Hrubšice
Kovář, O., Losos, Z., Houzar, S., Zeman, J., 2008: Hydromagnezit, brugnatellit a coalingit v minerální asociasi puklin serpentinitu z kamenolomu „U Pustého mlýna“ u Hrubšic, moldanubikum, západní Morava. – Acta. Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 93: 19-35.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Montjovet
Ferraris, G. (1971) Novità piemontesi (Coalingite e Todorokite). Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Piemontese, 3, 15; Castello, P. (1978) Informazioni di mineralogia valdostana. Minerali delle serpentine e delle rodingiti di Châtillon e Montjovet. Revue Valdôtaine d'Histoire Naturelle, 32, 95-99; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Cogoleto
Antofilli M., Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1985): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. II Edizione. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 296 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
        • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
        • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
      • Torre di Santa Maria
        • Ciappanico
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Shinshiro city
Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
  • Fukuoka Prefecture
    • Kasuya District
上原誠一郎. (1987). Serpentine minerals from Sasaguri area, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. 岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌, 82(3), 106-118.
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Kamikawa Subprefecture
      • Nakagawa (Teshio) District
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Mie Prefecture
Gunnar Färber specimens
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
      • Wodzisław Śląski
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data
Romania
 
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Khompu–May kimberlite field
N. V. Zayakina, O. B. Oleinikov, T. I. Vasileva, N. A. Oparin (2015) Coalingite from kimberlite breccia of the Manchary pipe, Central Yakutia. Geology of Ore Deposits 57:732-736
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Wright Mountain
Mumpton, F.A. Jaffe, H.W., and Thompson, C.S. (1965) Coalingite, a new mineral from the New Idria serpentinite, Fresno and San Benito counties, California. American Mineralogist: 50: 1893-1913; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 198.
    • San Benito Co.
American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 1893-1913.
        • Idria (New Idria)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199.
        • Idria Peak
www.mineralsocal.org
        • Santa Rita Peak
Emil Box
    • San Francisco Co.
      • San Francisco
Learned, E. (1965) Sjogrenite confirmed from California. Gems and Minerals: 332: 54; Schlocker, J. (1974) Geology of the San Francisco North quadrangle. USGS Professional Paper 782, 109 pp.: 59, 62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199.
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Rockville
minerals of washington d.c. area; L.R. Bernstein
  • New York
    • New York City
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.83
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
        • Fulton Township
FM newsletter vol.31 no.1 Jan-Mar '01 pg.6
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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