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Felbertalite

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About FelbertaliteHide

09967070015807728359433.jpg
Felbertal valley, Austria
Formula:
Cu2Pb6Bi8S19
Colour:
Greyish white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
6.88 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the Felbertal valley, Austria. The mine that is the type locality is in the valley.
Forms a homologous series with junoite.

Related to proudite.


Classification of FelbertaliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1999
First Published:
2001
2.JB.25b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb

Physical Properties of FelbertaliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish white
Streak:
Greyish black
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=206 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.88 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FelbertaliteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Disinct
Bireflectance:
Perceptible in air, more noticable in oil.
Reflectivity:
470nmR1=42.70%R2= 46.10%imR1= 27.40%imR2= 29.55%
546nmR1=40.65%R2= 44.30%imR1= 25.50%imR2= 27.40%
589nmR1=39.50%R2= 43.20%imR1= 24.65%imR2= 26.60%
650nmR1=38.90%R2= 43.10%imR1= 23.95%imR2= 25.90%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 46.10%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red, imR1 shown in green, imR2 shown in blue
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Greyish-white and creamy white

Chemical Properties of FelbertaliteHide

Formula:
Cu2Pb6Bi8S19

Crystallography of FelbertaliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 27.637 Å, b = 4.0499 Å, c = 20.741 Å
β = 131.258°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 6.824 : 1 : 5.121
Unit Cell V:
1745.1 ų
Z:
2

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.78 Å(S)
3.51 Å(S)
3.38 Å(S)
2.320 Å(S)
2.096 Å(S)
2.062 Å(S)
2.031 Å(S)
1.744 Å(S)
2.918 Å(S)
1.791 Å(S)

Type Occurrence of FelbertaliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Institute at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark;
National History Museum, London, U.K.;
Mineralogical Institute, University of Salzburg, Austria.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In laminated discordant quartz veins.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Criddle, A.J., Paar, W.H., and Balic-Žunić, T. (2001) Felbertalite, Cu2Pb6Bi8S19, a new mineral species from Felbertal, Salzburg Province, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 961-972.

Synonyms of FelbertaliteHide

Other Language Names for FelbertaliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Felbertalite associated with LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
1 photo of Felbertalite associated with CosalitePb2Bi2S5
1 photo of Felbertalite associated with SalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb28As15S50ClOrth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FelbertaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Topa, D., Mackovicky, E., Balic-Žunić, T., and Berlepsch, P. (2000) The crystal structure of Cu2Pb6Bi8S19. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 825–833.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Criddle, A.J., Paar, W.H., and Balic-Žunić, T. (2001) Felbertalite, Cu2Pb6Bi8S19, a new mineral species from Felbertal, Salzburg Province, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 961-972.
Gu, X.-P., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Chen, D. (2001) Felbertalite and related bismuth sulfosalts from the Funiushan copper skarn deposit, Nanjing, China. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1641-1652.
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Mumme, W.G., Topa, D., and Makovicky, E. (2009) Proudite: a redetermination of its crystal structure and the proudite-felbertalite homologous series. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 25-38.

Internet Links for FelbertaliteHide

Localities for FelbertaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Mueller, Andreas G.; Lawrance, Louisa M.; Muhling, Janet; Pooley, Gregory D. (2012): Mineralogy and PTX relationships of the Archean Hannan South Au-Cu (Co-Bi) deposit, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: thermodynamic constraints on the formation of a zoned intrusion-related skarn. Economic Geology 107, 1-24.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Flattach
        • Innerfragant
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Stanley, C.J., Paar, W.H., and Sundblad, K. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45(3), 417-435.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Mittersill Scheelite deposit
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Criddle, A. J., Paar, W. H., Balić-Žunić, T. (2001) Felbertalite, Cu2Pb6Bi8S19, a new mineral species from Felbertal, Salzburg Province, Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 961-972.; Kolitsch, U. (2009) 1585) Gustavit und andere Pb-Bi-Sulfosalze vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaues Felbertal, Salzburg. p. 207 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009) Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
China
 
  • Henan
    • Sanmenxia
      • Lingbao City
        • Qinling Mine
Wei Jian, Bernd Lehmann, Jingwen Mao, Huishou Ye, Zongyan Li, Jinge Zhang, Hai Zhang, Jiangwei Feng, and Yongzhe Ye (2014) Telluride and Bi-sulfosalt Mineralogy of the Yangzhaiyu Gold Deposit, Xiaoqinling Region, Central China. Can Mineral 52:883-898
  • Jiangsu
    • Nanjing
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
Japan
 
  • Yamagata Prefecture
    • Mogami District
      • Mogami
Yokoro, Y. and Nakashima, K. (2010): Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi-S Minerals Newly Discovered from the Ohori Base Metal Deposit, Yamagata Prefecture, NE Japan: Implications for Bi-metallogenesis in the Green-Tuff Region. Resource Geology, 60, 1-17.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2005: Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Rędziny (Western Sudetes). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 165-168.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Almodôvar
      • Almodôvar
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 961-972.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
 
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