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Collinsite

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William H. Collins
Formula:
Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
Light brown; light yellow-brown to colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
2.99
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named by E. Poitevin and M.F. Connor in 1924 in honor of William Henry Collins (26 October 1878, near Chatsworth, Ontario, Canada - January 14, 1937, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), geologist and Director, Geological Survey of Canada (1920-1936).
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Classification of CollinsiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1924
8.CG.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
40.2.2.3

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
19.14.20

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of CollinsiteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Light brown; light yellow-brown to colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
On {001} and {010}, fair.
Density:
2.99 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CollinsiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.632 nβ = 1.642 nγ = 1.657
2V:
Measured: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of CollinsiteHide

Formula:
Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O

Crystallography of CollinsiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.73 Å, b = 6.78 Å, c = 5.44 Å
α = 97.29°, β = 108.56°, γ = 107.28°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.845 : 1 : 0.802
Unit Cell V:
185.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Radial blades or lath-like fibers elongated [100], comprising layers.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of CollinsiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Vein deposit in andesite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for CollinsiteHide

German:Collinsit
Simplified Chinese:磷钙镁石
科林斯石
Spanish:Collinsita
Traditional Chinese:磷鈣鎂石

Relationship of Collinsite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
NeomesseliteA structural variety of messelite.Tric.
NickeltalmessiteCa2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
Unnamed (Fe2+-analogue of Parabrandtite)Ca2Fe2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Robertsite13 photos of Collinsite associated with Robertsite on mindat.org.
Scholzite8 photos of Collinsite associated with Scholzite on mindat.org.
Kovdorskite8 photos of Collinsite associated with Kovdorskite on mindat.org.
Bobierrite7 photos of Collinsite associated with Bobierrite on mindat.org.
Hillite7 photos of Collinsite associated with Hillite on mindat.org.
Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite6 photos of Collinsite associated with Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite on mindat.org.
Leucophosphite6 photos of Collinsite associated with Leucophosphite on mindat.org.
4 photos of Collinsite associated with on mindat.org.
Dolomite4 photos of Collinsite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Tinsleyite4 photos of Collinsite associated with Tinsleyite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CG.05CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.05GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.05ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.05HilliteCa2(Zn,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2 H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CG.10BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10WendwilsoniteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.10ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
8.CG.10RruffiteCa2Cu(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CG.15FerrilotharmeyeriteCa(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon.
8.CG.15MounanaitePbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
8.CG.15CobaltlotharmeyeriteCa(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15CabalzariteCa(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15KrettnichitePbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15CobalttsumcoritePb(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15NickellotharmeyeriteCa(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15ManganlotharmeyeriteCaMn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15Schneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.15Nickelschneebergite(Bi3+,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CG.20GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.20HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.20ZincgartrellitePb(Zn,Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.20RappolditePb(Co,Ni,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
8.CG.20PhosphogartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+)2(PO4,AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric.
8.CG.20LukrahniteCa(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.CG.25Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
8.CG.35NickeltalmessiteCa2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.2.2.1FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
40.2.2.2MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
40.2.2.4CassidyiteCa2(Ni2+,Mg)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.5TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.6GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.7β-RoseliteCa2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
40.2.2.8ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.14.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed · Amor.
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe3+24Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CollinsiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Poitevin, E., Connor, M.F. (1924) Collinsite (hydrated phosphate of lime), a new mineral. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada: 18: XLII.
Poitevin, E. (1926) A new Canadian occurrence of phosphorite from near Francois Lake, British Columbia. Geological Survey of Canada, Museum Bulletin: 46: 1-21.
Poitevin, E. (1927) A new Canadian occurrence of phosphorite from near Francois Lake, British Columbia. Canada Department of Mines, Bulletin: 46: 2-12.
Foshag, W.F. (1928) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 13: 201-202.
Wolfe, C.W. (1940) Classification of minerals of the type A3(XO4)2·nH2O. American Mineralogist: 25: 746-747.
Bridge, P.J. Pryce, M.W. (1974) Magnesian collinsite from Milgun Station, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 39(305): 557–559.
Brotherton, P.D., Maslen, E.N., Pryce, M.W., White, A.H. (1974) Crystal structure of collinsite. Australian Journal of Chemistry: 27: 653-656.
(1972) New data on collinsite and dypingite. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 800A: 103.
Liferovich, R.P., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bagdanova, A.N., Balaganskaya, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Gehör, S., Chukanov, N.V. (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor complex, northeastern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1081-1094.
Fleck, M., Kolitsch, U., Hertweck, B. (2002) Natural and synthetic compounds with kröhnkite-type chains: review and classification. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 217: 435-443.
Yakubovich, O.V., Kabalov, Y.K., Gavrilenko, P.G., Liferovich, R.P., Massa, W. (2003) Strontium in the Collinsite Structure: Rietveld Refinement. Crystallography Reports: 48(2): 226–232.
Herwig, S., Hawthorne, F.C. (2006) The topology of hydrogen bonding in brandtite, collinsite and fairfieldite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1181-1196.

Internet Links for CollinsiteHide

Localities for CollinsiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Martins Well
Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24
        • Wilmington
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bahamas
 
  • San Salvador District
    • San Salvador Island
Onac B.P., Mylroie J.E., White W.B. (2001): Mineralogy of cave deposits on San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Carbonates and Evaporites, 16, 1, 8-16.; Onac B.P., Sumrall J., Mylroie J.E., Kearns J. (2009): Cave minerals of San Salvador Island, Bahamas. The University of South Florida karst studies series, 1, 70 pp.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
Neil Hubbard specimen
Canada (TL)
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Francois Lake
POITEVIN, E. (1926): A new Canadian occurrence of phosphorite from near Francois Lake, British Columbia. Geological Survey of Canada, Museum Bulletin 46, 1-21. POITEVIN, E. & CONNOR, M.F. (1924): Collinsite (hydrated phosphate of lime), a new mineral. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 18, XLII.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
[Mineralogical Record 23 31]
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
[Mineralogical Record 23 31]
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
        • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Doug Wilson material
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Messel
U. Kolitsch and M. Fleck (2005): Second update on compounds with kröhnkite-type chains. Z. Kristallgr. 220, 31-41. [single-crystal structure refinement + EDS on sample labeled as "messelite"]
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Tasman
      • Glenhope
Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Overntjern
Chopin, C., Ferraris,G..Prencipe, M., Brunet, F. and Medenbach, O. (2001): Raadeite, Mg7(PO4)2(OH)8: a new dense-packed phosphate from Modum (Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy. 13: 319-327.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, BP; Effenberger, HS; Collins, NC; Kearns, JB; Breban, RC (2011): Revisiting three minerals from Cioclovina Cave (Romania). International Journal of Speleology 40, 21-30.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
World of Stones 95: 5-6, 64.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Serbia
 
  • Raška District
    • Raška
      • Jarandol Basin
        • Baljevac na Ibru
Stopanovic, Dobrica R. (1978): Carbonate apatite and collinsite in sedimentary magnesite at Bela Stena near Baljevac na Ibru, Serbia. Zapisnici Srpskog Geoloskog Drustva 1978, 11-14.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Balearic Islands
B. Onac et al (2009) Mineral Diversity in Caves from Mallorca Island, Spain. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 325
      • Llucmajor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Ginés, A., Ginés, J. (2005): Mineralogical reconnaissance of caves from Mallorca Island. Endins, 27, 131-140.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
Camprubí, A., Costa, F., Melgarejo, J.C., 1994. Mineralizaciones de fosfatos férrico-alumínicos de Gavà (Catalunya): tipología. Boletín Geológico y Minero, v. 105-5, p. 444-453.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.168463-00 and 123891-00
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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