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Kaolinite-Serpentine Group

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See also the Serpentine Subgroup.

Within this group kaolinite, dickite and nacrite are actually polytypes of a single species, but the names have been "grandfathered" by the IMA. The species should probably be kaolinite, with -1A (kaolinite), -1M (nacrite), and -2M (dickite) polytypes. Most of the species in this group have multiple polytypes due to stacking sequence variations.


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Relationship of Kaolinite-Serpentine Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Dickite Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
Greenalite (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
Halloysite Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
Kaolinite Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
Manandonite Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
Nacrite Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
Odinite (Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
Serpentine Subgroup D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
  Amesite Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
  Antigorite Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
  Baumite (Mg,Al,Mn,Zn,Fe)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
  Berthierine (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
  Brindleyite (Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
  Caryopilite Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
  Chrysotile Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
    Orthochrysotile Orth.
    Parachrysotile Orth.
  Cronstedtite Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
  Fraipontite (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
  Guidottiite Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
  Kellyite Mn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex.
  Lizardite Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
  Népouite (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
  Pecoraite Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Kaolinite-Serpentine Group in petrologyHide

References for Kaolinite-Serpentine GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ross, C.S., Kerr, P.F. (1930) The kaolin minerals. USGS Professional Paper 165-E: 151-176.
Meunier, A. (2006) Why are clay minerals small? Clay Minerals: 41: 551-566.

Internet Links for Kaolinite-Serpentine GroupHide

Significant localities for Kaolinite-Serpentine GroupHide

Showing 50 significant localities out of 11,937 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Las Heras Department
      • Uspallata
        • Bonillas Cord
[Antigorite] J. A. Fallet y E. Zanoni (1999). Yacimientos de Talco en Mendoza. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (1999).(Edición E. O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Volumen I, Anales Nº 35; 715-720. Buenos Aires.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Carranya Station
[Pecoraite] MM 44 (1981), 153; HB2/2 (1995); Song, Y., Moon, H. S., & Chon, H. T. (1995). New occurrence and characterization of Niserpentines in the Kwangcheon area, Korea. Clay Minerals, 30(3), 211-224.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Kelmis (La Calamine)
[Fraipontite] Ann.Soc.géol.Belgique,(1927) 50, B106-B110
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
[Amesite] Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
[Kaolinite] R.W. Boyle and J. L. Jambor "Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S.", Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin, vol. 59, no. 654, pp. 1209-1228, 1966.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
[Chrysotile] Whittaker, E.J.W. (1956a) The structure of chrysotile . II. Clinochrysotile. Acta Crystallographica: 9: 855-862. Whittaker, E.J.W. (1956b) The structure of chrysotile . III. Orthochrysotile. Acta Crystallographica: 9: 862-864. Whittaker, E.J.W. (1956c) The structure of chrysotile . IV. Parachrysotile. Acta Crystallographica: 9: 865-867. BURKE, A.E.J. (2006): Mass discreditation of GQN minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 1557-1560.
China
 
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jingdezhen Prefecture
      • Fuliang Co.
        • Ehu town
          • Gaoling village
[Kaolinite] Keller, W.D., Hsia Cheng, Johns, W.D., and Chi-Sheng Meng (1980): Kaolin from the original Kauling (Gaoling) Mine locality, Kiangsi Province, China. Clays and Clay Minerals 28(2), 97-104.; de Fourestier, J. (2005): Rocks & Minerals
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
[Cronstedtite] Am Min 47 (1962), 781
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Březové Hory deposit
[Cronstedtite] [Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Moselle
[Berthierine] Handbook of Mineralogy; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Hagental
[Cronstedtite] Lapis 15(7/8), 38-40 (1990)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
[Nacrite] Mineralogical Magazine 1908 15 : 124-127
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Western Attikí District
      • Megara
[Brindleyite] Amer.Min. (1978) 63, 484-489
Guinea
 
[Odinite] Bailey, S. W. (1988). Odinite, a new dioctahedral-trioctahedral Fe 3+-rich 1: 1 clay mineral. Clay Minerals, 23(3), 237-247.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
[Antigorite] Schweizer E (1840) Ueber den antigorit, ein neues mineral, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 19, 595-599
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Akdzhal
[Fraipontite] Chukrov, F.V. (1956): Kora Vyvetrivania 2, 107-123, abstract in American Mineralogist 44, 208 (1959).; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Manandona Valley
[Manandonite] Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur une nouvelle espèce minérale (manandonite) des pegmatites de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, 35, 223-226; Ranorosoa, N. , Fontan, F. & Fransolet, A-M. (1989): Rediscovery of manandonite in the Sahatany Valley, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 633-638
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Poya North Commune
[Népouite] C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris (1906) 143, 1173; Bull.Soc.fr.Min.(1907) 30, 17-28
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Guidottiite] Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
[Caryopilite] Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
[Antigorite] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 43.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Lizard Peninsula
        • Grade-Ruan
          • Kennack
            • Kennack Cove (Kennack Sands)
[Lizardite] No reference listed
  • Wales
    • Caerphilly
      • Machen
[Fraipontite] Minerals of Machen Quarry, Plant & Jones, Journal of the Russell Society, Vol 6, Pt 1, 1995
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
[Dickite] BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grand Canyon
        • Hance Mine (Hance property; Hance Asbestos Company Mine)
[Chrysotile] Allen, M.A. & G.M. Butler (1921), Asbestos, Univ. AZ Bull. 113: 23-24.
  • Colorado
    • Moffat Co.
      • Fourmile District (Timberlake Creek District)
[Kaolinite] Maneotis: 2009
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • Milford
[Lizardite] Robinson (1825)
      • Orange
[Lizardite] Harold Moritz collection
      • West Haven
[Serpentine Subgroup] Deasy, Ryan, Robert P. Wintsch, Bryan Wathen, Ryan McAlteer, David Bish and Romain Meyer. (2015), Tectonic Slivers of Oceanic Terranes(s)?: Sheeted Dikes and Sheared Gabbros in south-central Connecticut: Field Trip A1 in Guidebook for Field Trips in Connecticut and Massachusetts, 107th Meeting of the New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, Martha S. Gilmore and Phillip G. Resor editors.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
      • Newbury
[Serpentine Subgroup] Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County Geoffrey Small collection, 2012
[Serpentine Subgroup] Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County
    • Hampden Co.
      • Chester
[Amesite] Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
  • Minnesota
[Lizardite var: Al-lizardite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"] Am Min53:14-24
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
[Greenalite] Am Min 20:405-425
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
[Caryopilite] Dunn (1995): Pt4: 491.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
[Fraipontite] Chukrov, F.V.: Kora Vyvetrivania:2:107-123 (1956)(abstract in Am.Min.:44:208); Dunn(1995):Pt4:505.
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
[Antigorite] Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, pp.42-43 (Dana, 1874) (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941) (Whitlock, 1903).
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
[Kellyite] Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
        • Fulton Township
[Serpentine Subgroup] The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1875-1922; Samuel G. Gordon, Pg. 204. Dana 6:1069. Ref2) American Republican, Jan. 2nd 1849 (Chester Co., Newspaper)
        • Little Britain Township
          • Texas
[Serpentine Subgroup] Dana 6:1069. Ref2) American Republican, Jan. 2nd 1849 (Chester Co., Newspaper)
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Lincoln
        • Lime Rock
[Antigorite] Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 266; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
[Antigorite] Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
      • North Providence
[Chrysotile] Morrill, Phillip and Willow Stone Winslow, Jr. (1969), Rhode Island Mines and Minerals. Privately published.
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Rock Springs
[Kaolinite] Asquith, G. B., 1968, Origin of Large Kaolinite Crystals in the Lower Almond Formation in Southwest Wyoming, J. Sed Res., v. 38, p. 948-949.
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