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Cornwallite

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Formula:
Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Colour:
Verdigis green, blackish-green, emerald-green; emerald-green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.17
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1846 by František Xaver Maximilian Zippe after Cornwall, England, wherein lies the type locality.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
The arsenate analogue of pseudomalachite.
The monoclinic dimorph of cornubite.

A secondary mineral formed by the oxidation of ore containing both copper and arsenic (e.g, tennantite).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of CornwalliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BD.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
41.4.2.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq
20.1.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu

Physical Properties of CornwalliteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
Satiny or rough on surfaces from terminations of minute crystals.
Colour:
Verdigis green, blackish-green, emerald-green; emerald-green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Apple green
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On one direction.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
4.17 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.64 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CornwalliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.810 - 1.820 nβ = 1.815 - 1.860 nγ = 1.850 - 1.880
2V:
Measured: 30° to 50°, Calculated: 34°
Birefringence:
0.050
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040 - 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of CornwalliteHide

Formula:
Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4

Crystallography of CornwalliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.33 Å, b = 5.82 Å, c = 4.60 Å
β = 92.22°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.978 : 1 : 0.79
Unit Cell V:
463.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Microcrystalline, radial fibrous botyroidal to globular and vitreous crusts. Less common as rounded tabular to blocky crystals.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.60 (80)
3.53 (90)
3.22 (100)
3.10 (90)
3.02 (80)
2.478 (80)
2.414 (90)

Type Occurrence of CornwalliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England, MI 1985,1754.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Copper bearing sulfide veins

Synonyms of CornwalliteHide

Other Language Names for CornwalliteHide

German:Cornwallit
Simplified Chinese:翠绿砷铜矿
Spanish:Cornwallita
Traditional Chinese:翠綠砷銅礦

Relationship of Cornwallite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Olivenite77 photos of Cornwallite associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Clinoclase70 photos of Cornwallite associated with Clinoclase on mindat.org.
Azurite31 photos of Cornwallite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Malachite27 photos of Cornwallite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Cornubite22 photos of Cornwallite associated with Cornubite on mindat.org.
Agardite-(Ce)21 photos of Cornwallite associated with Agardite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Quartz18 photos of Cornwallite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Strashimirite18 photos of Cornwallite associated with Strashimirite on mindat.org.
Conichalcite16 photos of Cornwallite associated with Conichalcite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla14 photos of Cornwallite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BD.05PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BD.05ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
8.BD.10ArsenoclasiteMn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4Orth.
8.BD.10GatehouseiteMn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BD.15ParweliteMn10Sb2As2Si2O24Mon. m : Bb
8.BD.20ReppiaiteMn2+5(VO4)2(OH)4Mon.
8.BD.25LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BD.30CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.4.2.1CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.1.1LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2Mon.
20.1.2OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
20.1.3ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.1.5CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7GeminiteCu(HAsO4) · H2OTric.
20.1.8EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.1.9StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
20.1.10ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
20.1.11LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.1.12ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.1.13LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
20.1.14CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2OTric.
20.1.15ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
20.1.16ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.

Fluorescence of CornwalliteHide

Not Fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CornwalliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1828) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 14: 228 (as Erinite).
Haidinger (1828) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 4: 154 (as Erinite).
Turner (1828) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 4: 155.
Zippe, F. X. M. (1847): Über den Cornwallit, eine neue Species des Mineralreichs. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 4, 649-654.
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. 483pp., London: 321.
Church (1868) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 21: 276.
Hillebrand and Washington (1888) American Journal of Science: 35: 299.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 63, 72.
Berry, L.G. (1951) Observations on conichalcite, cornwallite, euchroite liroconite and olivenite. American Mineralogist: 36: 484–503.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 798-799 (as Erinite), 925.
Claringbull, G.F., M.H. Hey, and R.J. Davis (1959) Cornubite, a new mineral dimorphous with cornwallite. Mineralogical Magazine: 32: 1–5.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1999): 468-480.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 129.

Internet Links for CornwalliteHide

Localities for CornwalliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary
        • Yudnamutana District
S Sorrell (pers comm)
      • North Flinders Ranges
Uwe Kolitsch collection; Uwe Kolitsch collection
          • Yudnamutana District
Personal collection of Mark Willoughby XRD Confirmation via South Australian Museum
Hodkinson, I., Segnit, E.R. (1989) Olivenite and cornwallite from Wallace Gully, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 4. pg. 14-15.
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 25-42.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
Auer, C., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. (2017): 2050) Brochantit, Camerolait, Cornwallit, Cualstibit-1M, Devillin und Langit von den Kupferschürfen am Dürrkogel in der Veitsch, Steiermark. Pp. 272-273 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Lapis 2007
            • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
            • Hof
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
        • Wörgl
          • Wildschönau
            • Thierbach
R. Poeverlein, J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (2010): Mineralien und Bergbau vom Graschberg bei Thierbach in der Tiroler Wildschönau. Lapis 35 (3), 35-40; 54 (in German).
R. Poeverlein, J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (2010): Mineralien und Bergbau vom Graschberg bei Thierbach in der Tiroler Wildschönau. Lapis 35 (3), 35-40; 54 (in German).
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Rio do Pires
Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes Filho
sergio varvello collectino
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Svoge Obshtina
      • Bov
Mincheva-Stefanova, I. (1968): Strashimirite, a new hydrous copper arsenate. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 97, 470-477 (in Russian). [Abstract in Am. Mineral. 54 (1969) 1221];
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
samples analysed by Jochen Schluter, Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by Terry Szenics.
        • Pampa Larga district
Collected and raman confirmed by Bob Jenkins.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Arturo Molina and Maurizio Dini collection
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1989): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 8(1); Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica, English Edition 4(2), 187-194; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Jiangcheng Co.
Wen Yan and Chaoyang Li (1992): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 11(4), 201-203
Wen Yan and Chaoyang Li (1992): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 11(4), 201-203
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Valverde J. (1999), L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 14-24
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Munster
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
        • Zimmerbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
      • Rouffach
        • Osenbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Johann vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Vosges
      • St Dié
        • Saulcy-sur-Meurthe
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
J.C. Escande, Z. Johan, J. Lougnon, P. Picot, F. Pillard : "Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 398-399. ; - ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54. ; - ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
- Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
CLAUDE Jean Marie Collection and trouvaille personnelle
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Baden-Baden
        • Kälbelberg
No reference listed
      • Baiersbronn
        • Schönegründ
No reference listed
      • Calw
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Emmendingen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Freudenstadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Haslach
        • Steinach
Hahn, F. (1991): Zum Mineralbestand des Steinbruchs Artenberg bei Steinach. 2. Folge. Der Erzgräber, 5 (2), 61-64.
      • Schapbach
        • Tiefenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • Villingen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
see locality page
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Sommerkahl
No reference listed
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Koch, H.-P. (2008): Die Minerale der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterberg, Harz (Teil 1). Aufschluss 59, 65-76.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 155-171
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Rösrath
        • Hoffnungsthal
min max
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
      • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Littfeld
        • Silberg
Mineralien-Welt 19 (1), 28-35.
      • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Puderbach
Lapis, 9 (9), 31-38.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
Lapis, 17 (7/8), 51-58+90.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
No reference listed
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Beara
      • Tuosist
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2006) UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 27, p41-4.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
probed by Balestra C.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
Bedognè,F,,Montrasio; A. & Sciesa;E. (2006): I minerali della media-alta Valtellina delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Bettini, Sondrio, Italia, 255.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Viù Valley
          • Usseglio
Boscardin M.,Gaetani E.,Mattioli V. (1994)-Olivenite ed altre novità di Punta Corna,Valle di Viù,Piemonte-Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,Milano-Fasc. 2,pp 113-121
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sarrabus
        • Muravera
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kawanishi City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Nara Prefecture
        • Goze City
Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Urique
      • Urique
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Naco
      • Cerro Morita
Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Bou Skour District
Georges FAVREAU collection
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. 284 (in English); Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 510 pp (in English).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52; Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus: "Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland)": Mineralogia Polonica 37 (2006) 101-111.
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
      • Poniky
Hyršl, J., Korbel, P., Šourek, J. (1984): Cornubit a cornwallit z Farbiště u Ponické Lehotky. Čas. Mineral. Geol., 29, 4, 433-434.
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
Števko M., Sejkora J. 2012: Supergene arsenates of copper from Špania Dolina-Piesky deposit, Central Slovakia. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Actract Series 7, 130.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Sejkora J., Ďuďa R., Novotná M., 2001: Minerály oxidační zóny žíly Krížová, Gelnica, Slovenské Rudohorie. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 9, 121-139.
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Števko M., Dojčanský Ľ., Volejník M., Sejkora J. (2017): Nový nález sekundárnych minerálov na Hrubej žile v Rudňanoch. Minerál, 25, 1, 87-93 (in Slovak).
      • Spišská Nová Ves (Zipser Neuendorf; Zipser Neudorf; Igló)
        • Novoveská Huta
Řídkošil, T. (1978): Novoveská Huta-nová lokalita vzácnych druhotných nerostu mědi. Čas. Mineral. Geol., 23, 2, 214.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Fiñana
José Miguel Sola
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
      • Huércal de Almería
        • Del Cura Ravine
José Miguel Sola , Raman and XRD; https://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-420445.html; Jose M. Sola collection; Jose M Sola collection
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
S.Rust collection
    • Córdoba
      • El Guijo
A. Carmona & I. Ramos Collection.
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
  • Murcia
    • Lorca
MinRec-2003-0708-315
    • Mazarrón
      • Pastrana
- Sainz de Baranda, B.,González de Tánago, J. y Viñals, J. (2003). Secondary minerals of the Mazarrón-Águilas mining distric. Murcia province, Spain. The Minerlógical Record, 34, 315-334.
- Sainz de Baranda, B.,González de Tánago, J. y Viñals, J. (2003). Secondary minerals of the Mazarrón-Águilas mining distric. Murcia province, Spain. The Mineralógical Record, 34, 315-334.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Castellnovo
        • The Mine
CASANOVA HONRUBIA, JUAN MIGUEL & CANSECO CABALLÉ, MANUEL, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
      • Vall d'Uixó
        • La Corraliza
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
      • Villahermosa del Rio
        • San Rafael claim
Collection and photos of Adrian Pesudo
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Carharrack CP
        • Redruth
          • Carharrack
            • West Clifford United Mines
Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
      • Carn Brea
        • Pool
No reference listed
      • Gwennap CP
        • Redruth
          • St Day
No reference listed
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Gwinear-Gwithian
        • Fraddam
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 1-5.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Liskeard
            • Minions
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Day
Miers, H.A. (1894) Spangolite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 10, n° 48, 273-277.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, and Nichols (xxxx) Handbook of Mineralogy.
No reference listed
      • St Just
        • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
No reference listed
BMS Database
        • Potts Gill
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • North Devon
        • North Molton
BMS Collection
      • Tavistock District
        • Tavistock Hamlets
[Ian Bruce, 1996 - pers. comm.] and BMS collection
          • Devon Great Consols
Collected Dec 2004
Collected Dec 2004
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
        • Leadhills
          • Mine Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 798.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Kaiyuh District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Bruce J. Murphy collection; Raman, Bob Jenkins, University of Arizona, May 2014
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria District
          • Mayer
Rolf Luetcke
            • Copper Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 188.
Brian Beck Collected, Attard Minerals XRF, Univ. of Arizona microprobe
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
MarekC Collection May 2016
    • Sierra Co.
      • Loyalton
Mineralogical Record 24: 381
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
        • East Ridge
          • Silver Bow Park
Mineralogical Record 33:1
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Truckee District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Cortez District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Luning
          • Rhyolite Pass
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 798.
          • Eureka
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 798; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
          • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092.; Miers, H.A. (1894) Spangolite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 10, n° 48, 273-277.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 562.; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 130.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
R&M 68:6 p372-380
R&M 68:6 p381-393
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
Mineral Collector 1:12 p179
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Collected by and in the collection of Wes Gannaway
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
SEM-EDS analzyed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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