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Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Dark gray, black
Metallic, Sub-Metallic, Dull, Earthy
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
5.246 - 5.505
Crystal System:
Named in 1905 by Waldemar Lindgren in recognition of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado [1510 Salamanca, Spain - September 22, 1554, Mexico City, Mexico], a famous Spanish explorer of the American southwest.
Chemically related to (the Pb-richer) cesàrolite. Many manganese oxides are better identified using infra-red spectroscopy than by x-ray diffraction because of issues of crystal size, disorder, etc. (Potter and Rossman, 1979).

A possible precursor mineral is known: 'Unnamed (Amorphous Pb-Mn Hydroxide)'.

Classification of Coronadite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
K : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; tunnel structures

9 : AB8X16

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of Coronadite

Metallic, Sub-Metallic, Dull, Earthy
Dark gray, black
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
5.246 - 5.505 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Coronadite

r > v strong
Colour in reflected light:
Nearly galena-white
Dark brown to gray

Chemical Properties of Coronadite

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Coronadite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.938(1) Å, b = 2.8678(5) Å, c = 9.834(2) Å
β = 90.39(2)°
a:b:c = 3.465 : 1 : 3.429
Unit Cell V:
280.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Massive. Botryoidal crusts with a fibrous structure.

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.466 (60)
3.104 (100)
2.400 (40)
2.205 (40)
2.155 (20)
2.001 (10)
1.960 (10)
1.919 (10)
1.836 (20)
1.742 (10)
1.691 (10)
1.642 (20)
1.591 (10)
1.542 (50)
1.432 (10)
1.400 (10)
1.374 (20)
1.356 (20)
1.298 (10)
1.237 (10)
1.218 (10)
1.148 (10)
1.116 (10)
ICDD 7-361. Very similar to cryptomelane.

Type Occurrence of Coronadite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Black, metallic, delicately fibrous
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian R2012, 86040
Geological Setting of Type Material:
West end of the Coronado vein, coatings and cement on and in quartz
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for Coronadite

Relationship of Coronadite to other Species

Other Members of this group:

Common Associates

WadA generic name for (often poorly crystalline) soft manganese oxides/hydroxides, often containing significant amounts ...
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Smithsonite95 photos of Coronadite associated with Smithsonite on
Wulfenite24 photos of Coronadite associated with Wulfenite on
Cerussite18 photos of Coronadite associated with Cerussite on
Vanadinite15 photos of Coronadite associated with Vanadinite on
Kaolinite13 photos of Coronadite associated with Kaolinite on
Mottramite13 photos of Coronadite associated with Mottramite on
Malachite12 photos of Coronadite associated with Malachite on
Bromian Chlorargyrite12 photos of Coronadite associated with Bromian Chlorargyrite on
Plumbogummite11 photos of Coronadite associated with Plumbogummite on
Pyromorphite11 photos of Coronadite associated with Pyromorphite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

4.DK.05Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
4.DK.10Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Manganese ore

References for Coronadite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lindgren and Hillebrand (1904), American Journal of Science: 1: 448.
Lindgren and Hillebrand (1905), USGS Bulletin 262: 42.
Lindgren and Hillebrand (1907), Zs. Kr.: 43: 380.
Lindgren (1933), American Mineralogist: 18: 548.
Frondel, C. and Heinrich, William E. (1942), American Mineralogist: 27: 48.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 742-743.
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1971): Coronadite – modes of occurrence and origin: Economic Geology: 66: 164-177.
Potter, Russell M. and Rossman, George R. (1979) The tetravalent manganese oxides: identification, hydration, and structural relationships by infrared spectroscopy, American Mineralogist, 64, 1199-1218.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 913-917.

Internet Links for Coronadite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.
The following Coronadite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Coronadite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • New South Wales
    • Bligh Co.
Ashley, P.M., and Willott, B.R. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 16-33.
    • Durham Co.
      • Moonan Brook
        • Moonan
Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood P.G (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science U.N.E. Australia.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan L.B., Byrnes J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240pp.
L.B. Gilligan and J.G. Byrnes Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000; Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
Minerals of Broken Hill, Australian Mining and Smelting Ltd, 1982 ISBN 0 909221189 p78
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
DSW collection
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.; Smithsonite: Think Zinc (2010) Extra Lapis English No. 13; Elliott, P. (2010). Crystal Chemistry of Cadmium Oxysalt and associated Minerals from Broken Hill, New South Wales (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Adelaide).
        • MMM Mine
Birch & van der Hayden 1997. AJM 3(1)
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
    • Victoria-Daly Region
      • Grove Hill
England, B. M., & Robinson, N. (1988). Mimetite and duftite from the Mount Bonnie mine, Northern Territory. Mineralogical Record, 19, 441-50.
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
      • Selwyn District
Lottermoser, B. G., Ashley, P. M., & Munksgaard, N. C. (2008). Biogeochemistry of Pb–Zn gossans, northwest Queensland, Australia: implications for mineral exploration and mine site rehabilitation. Applied Geochemistry, 23(4), 723-742.
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Puttapa
Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Economic Geology 67: 1146-1167(1972); Journ. Geol. Soc. Aust. 18, 165-171 (1971)
        • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
PA Wulser personal data
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
N.R. Kemp and R.S. Bottrill : "Crocoite : mine is from which mine", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
BOTTRILL, R. S., and BAKER, W. E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 254 pages.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Gregory Ranges District
Jones, S., McNaughton, n.j., Grguric, B., 2013. Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews. 50, 52-82.
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
    • Mukinbudin Shire
Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I., (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia.
International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-04 Magellan nonsulfide Pb and polymetallic Abra: Two stratabound giant deposits
      • Wiluna
Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kununurra
Downes, P.J., Bevan, A.W.R., Costeo, D., Verrall, M. (2011) Mafic-hosted Secondary Mineralisation from the Shangri-La Pb-Ag-Au-Cu Mine Kimberley Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, (Nov. 2011) 16: p15-24.
  • Salzburg
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • St Oswald
Ertl, A. & Brandstätter, F. (1998): Olenit mit Borüberschuß aus einem Metapegmatit östlich der Stoffhütte, Koralpe, Steiermark, Österreich. Mitteilungen der Abteilung fuer Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum 62-63, 3-21. (in German)
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
Neinaveie, M. H. (1979): Schichtgebundene Metallanreicherungen in den Schieferhüllen und in der Matreier Zone Osttirols. Unpubl. Dissertation, Universität Innsbruck, xx pp.
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Esteban Arce Province
Field collected by Alfredo Petrov.
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
[MinRec 21:133]
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Parelhas
[MinRec 29:196]
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Dobrev, S., Vassileva, M., & Kolkovski, B. (2004). Hetaerolite from Madjarovo Au-base-metal deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. In Annual Scientific Conference of the Bulgarian Geological Society “Geology 2004 (pp. 16-17).
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
      • Madan ore field
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Radonova, T. G., Daskalova, Y., & Pounev, L. (1967). Rancieite, coronadite and baidellite–new minerals for the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Bull. Geol. Inst., Geochem., Mineral. and Petrogr, 16, 127-133.
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
Watson, K.W., (1996) Table of minerals identified from the Keno-Galena Hill area: unpublished company report, United Keno Hill Mines Ltd. Report No UKH96/01 Technical Report
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Antofagasta
Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1222-1237
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
    • El Loa Province
      • Escondida
Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn
      • Zapallar district
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Liancheng Co.
        • Liancheng Mn deposit
Nanlai Zheng, Xingli Mao, and Jiansheng Ding (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 17-20; Huacai Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(10), 6-11; Shouquan Zhu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(12), 57
  • Guangdong Province
    • Foshan Prefecture
      • Gaoming District
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Mei Co.
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Qingyuan Prefecture
      • Lianzhou Co. (Lian Co.)
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Luoding Co.
Guicheng Huang, Xiongwu Wang, Shiyi Yang, Longqing Chen, and Jingsheng Ling (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 243-250
  • Hong Kong
    • New Territories
      • Tuen Mun District
Field collected by Christopher Chui. XRF shows only significant Mn and Pb. (Other Mn-Pb oxides could be possible, but less likely in this environment.)
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
Junping Dong (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 21-24, 44
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5
    • Ulaan Chab League (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Chahar Right Front Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Qianqi)
Wang Chen, Ziying Sun, Guojun Liu, Jinwa Wang, and Jianping Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(1), 26-29
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Dongxiang Co.
Tiegen Liu, Yuzhou Qiu, and Lin Ye (1996): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 16(3), 278-283
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co. (Qianshan Co.)
        • Yongping
Nianqiang Yang, Kemu Chen, and Kejiao Chen (1981): Geological Review 46(3), 265-268
  • Yunnan Province
    • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
      • Lanping Co.
Liyan Zhang and Xihui Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(6), 36-40; Fuguang Zhao (2007): Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 23(6), 20-25
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Gert Schöneborn collection (to be analysed)
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
    • Cantal
      • Aurillac
        • Maurs
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Paulhaguet
        • Mazerat-Aurouze
          • Aurouze
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Puy-Guillaume
        • Lachaux
Poughon A. (1962) - Les minéraux uranifères français, T2
Chollet Pascal collection
J. Chervet, G. Branche : "Contribution à l'étude des minéraux secondaires d'uranium français", ENSP Nancy, 1955
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Leucate
        • South Leucate Peninsula
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 140.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Sigottier mines
Jean-Luc Portes collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Titisee-Neustadt
        • Eisenbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. - Lapis 20 (5), 33-38.
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Bötzingen
Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
    • Kraichgau
      • Bruchsal
        • Rollenberg railway tunnel
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Freihung
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Neunkirchen
        • Salchendorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegen
Reinhardt, M. & Henrich, M. (2016): Die Grube Friedericke bei Siegen: Fundort schöner Blei- und Kupfermineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 27 (1), 26-31.
        • Obersdorf
peter neschen collection;
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Bernkastel-Kues
        • Monzelfeld
Thomas Straub Collection
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Wissen
        • Schönstein (Steckenstein)
peter neschen collection
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
Mineralien-Welt, 4 (5), 41-48
  • Saxony
    • Glauchau
      • Callenberg
Lapis, 16 (9), 13-26.
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Milos Island (Melos)
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 34-52.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
  • Karnataka
    • Bellary District
      • Bellary-Hospet iron belt
        • Sandur
Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
      • Gowa
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
Jörg Reichert, A metallogenetic model for carbonate-hosted non-sulphide zinc deposits based on observations of Mehdi Abad and Irankuh, Central and Southwestern Iran, Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 2007
  • South Khorasan Province
    • Nehbandan
Vachik Hairapetian collection
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
No reference listed
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Glendasan
XRD & electron probe analysis by Drs Green & Tindle.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
SEM/EDS 18/09/2001 MNHN-Paris
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Monte Argentario
Biagioni C., Cerri M., Bernocchi M., Betti C., Del Chiaro L., Mangoni G., Bazzoni C. (2016): Monte Argentario. I minerali del giacimento ferro-manganesifero. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 8-20.
  • Hokkaido
Tanida et al. (1983) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 1.
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
Nambu et al. (1981) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 76, 132.
  • Tafilah
    • Wadi Arabah (Wadi Araba)
Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 21:101-117.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
  • Michoacan
    • Mun. de Coalcomám
Ref.: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, volumen 17, número 2, p.143-153 (2000)
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2009)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
      • Taouz
        • Tadaout
Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.336)2)
    • Midelt Province
      • Mibladen Mining District
Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p. 259-60)
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Imini area
Econ Geol (1986) 81:65-79
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Cairncross, B. and Fraser, A. (2012) The Rosh Pinah lead-zinc mine. Roacks & Minerals, 87 (5), 398-407.
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Harald Folvik (2005): Mineralene på Skjerpemyr. STEIN 32 (1), 4-9 (in norwegian)
  • Aveiro District
    • Castelo de Paiva
      • Raiva
self-find Nuno Afonso
  • Beja District
    • Almodôvar
      • Almodôvar
Pedro Alves collection
    • Moura
      • Sobral da Adiça
Ko Jansen collection
  • Bragança District
    • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
      • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
F. Noronha et al. (1998) Mineralizações filonianas de chumbo-atimónio do NE de Portugal. Algumas notas para o seu conhecimento. Cumunicações do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro. Tomo 84, fasc. 1: B75-B78
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
Pekov, I. V., Vlasov, E. A., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). Raisaite, CuMg [Te6+ O4 (OH) 2]· 6H2O, a new mineral from Chukotka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2490_pap_gsw.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Uchaly
          • Il'insky ore field
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
      • Brezno
Ozdín D., 2003: Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Nízkych Tatier. Manuscript (Dissertation thesis), Archive of Dpt. of Mineralogy and Petrology, Fac. of Natural Sc., Bratislava, 1-194.
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 200; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Huebro
Dr. César Menor analysis
A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Georges FAVREAU collection
Cesar Menor-Salván
G. Leal, Antonio Arribas, Miguel A. Fernandez, Joachim Grobner, Francisco Hernandez (2005): Rodalquilar : El oro del Cabo del Agata. Bocamina, 15, 14-79.
    • Córdoba
      • Fuente Obejuna (Fuenteovejuna)
Carmona Ruiz, A.; Ramos Márquez, I.; Menor Salván, C. (2016). Grupo Minero de Navalespino y mina “La Solución”, Fuente Obejuna (Córdoba): historia, explotación y mineralogía. Acopios, 7. Pp. 21-227
Carmona Ruiz, A.; Ramos Márquez, I.; Menor Salván, C. (2016). Grupo Minero de Navalespino y mina “La Solución”, Fuente Obejuna (Córdoba): historia, explotación y mineralogía. Acopios, 7. Pp. 21-227
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Asturias
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
      • Meredo
Calvo, M. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IV. Óxidos e hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 751 págs.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Minas de Horcajo
Borja Sainz de Baranda, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia (2004) El Horcajo. Paraiso de los fosfatos. Bocamina, 13: 30-68
    • Toledo
      • Madridejos
        • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
        • Cerros de La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Sobrado
Calvo, M., Tornos, F. and García, G. (2002). Toral de los Vados. Flores de cinc en la mina "Antonina". Bocamina, (10), 46-73
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
        • Ulldemolins
Rosell, J., Rubio, C., Varela, F. (2017): Els Minerals de Vanadi de la mina Maria Magdalena. Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1/2017.
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
EDS by Th. Raber, XRD by N. Meisser (2014)
  • Savanes Region
    • Oti Prefecture
      • Nyega
Collart, J., Ouassane, I., and Sylvain, I. P. (1985) : Notice explicative de la carte géologique au 1/200 000: feuille de Dapaong.- DGMG et BNRM 1ere édition; Mémoire No 2, 38 pages.
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Eskişehir-Beylikahir district
Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
        • Weardale
          • Cowshill
B Young,, E K Hyslop and R A Fairbairn . Journal of the Russell Soc 6(2), 97 (1996)
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Hartley, J. (1959) Coronadite from Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32: 343-344 Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
        • Roughton Gill
Trevor F. Bridges, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A report on Hay Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society 14:62-68
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R. (2006): A mechanism for the formation of the mineralized Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 629-653.
  • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
Kowalski, W., & Śmietańska, I. (1983). Gorceixite from a Barite-fluorite Deposit at Stanisławów (Kaczawskie Mts.). Mineralogia Polonica, 13(1), 3-16.
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Berehivskyi Raion
      • Berehove
O.K.Babynin, L.Z.Skakun, V.M.Shklanka (2006) Object A1. Beregivsko-Beganskiy ore camp. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Gleeson
            • Costello Mine group (Costello claims)
X ray and XRF by John Attard. In the collection of Robert Bartsch.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 312.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rolf Luetcke
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Copper Plate Gulch
            • Coronado vein
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Lindgren, W. & Hillebrand (1904); Lindgren (1905); Guild, (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Fairbanks, E.E. (1923), Mineragraphic notes on manganese minerals, Am.Min.: 8: 209; Frondel, C. & E.W. Heinrich (1942), New data on hetaerolite, hydrohetaerolite, coronadite and hollandite, Am.Min.: 27: 48-56; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 40.
AmMin.: 27 (1942): 48; AmMin.: 74 (1989): 913; Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997).
          • Morenci
Van King
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144.
    • Mohave Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ, 3rd. ed.: 188; Mouat, M.M. (1962), Mn Oxides from the Artillery Mts area, AZ, Am.Min.: 47: 744-757.
        • Artillery Peak
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252, 279.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 252, 351.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mineral Mountain District
        • Superior area
          • Reymert Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165, 188, 252.; Wilson, K. S. (1984). The geology and epithermal silver mineralization of the Reymert Mine, Pinal County, Arizona. MS Thesis University of Arizona
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1-51; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Tyndall District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Amado
              • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189; Min.Rec.: 14: 299-306.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Peck District
Brian Beck Collected, Attard Minerals XRF and Microprobe
Brian Beck collected, Attard analysis XRF and Microprobe
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
        • Lookout District (Modoc District)
          • Lookout City
Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10076654.
Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24, 26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168.
Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-36; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168.
Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond, Jr. (1943), The manganese oxide minerals; a preliminary report: Economic Geology: 38: 283; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160.
      • Owlshead Mts
California Division of Mines and geology SR125 "Mines and Mineral Resources of Death Valley National Monument, California"
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Cottonwood Mts
          • Panamint Butte
Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Barstow District
        • Barstow
          • Lead Mountain [2]
Dr Robert Housley using SEM-EDS
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
EDS confirmed by Bob Housley.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Dean Allum specimen
    • Saguache Co.
      • Crystal Hill District
        • La Garita
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Rocks & Minerals (July-August, 2002)
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Huron River
Rocks & Minerals 82:298-308
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Colldection of J. Dagenais
        • Scratch Awl Mine (Scratch All Mine; Silver Prince; Cliff; Salmon; Blackmail Mine)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Las Vegas District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Wellington Hills
        • Silver Glance District (Wellington District)
          • Wellington
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Wakefield
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005)
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Florida Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Santa Fe Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
R & J DeMark Minerals of the Carnahan Mine, Santa Fe County New Mexico 10th New Mexico Mineral Symposium 1989
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
      • Hansonburg District
        • Bingham
[Mineralogical Record 30:337]
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; Virgil W. Lueth, Richard M. Chamberlin, and Lisa Peters (2004) Age of mineralization in the Luis Lopez manganese district, Socorro County, New Mexico, as determined by 40Ar/39Ar dating of cryptomelane. NMBGMR Bulletin 160 pp239-249
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553; NMBMMR OFR 186
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
R&M 68:6 p406-416
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Prof Paper 1024
  • Virginia
    • Craig Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
  • Al Jawf Governorate
Santoro, L. (2015). The Jabali, Hakkari and Reef Ridge nonsulfide Zn (Pb) deposits: an evaluation by QEMSCAN® technology, and comparison to other analytical methods. PhD thesis, Università Degli Studi Di Napoli “Federico II”
  • Central Province
    • Serenje District
      • Serenje
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol II p399
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