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About CotunniteHide

Domenico Cotugno
Colourless, white, light yellow, light green
Adamantine, Silky, Pearly
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Domenico Cotugno (29 January 1736, Ruvo di Puglia, Italy - 6 October 1822, Naples, Italy), Professor of Anatomy, University of Naples.
In the experimental volcanic gas condensation by Africano et al. (2002) it deposits below 325°C.

Classification of CotunniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu

2 : AX2

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Physical Properties of CotunniteHide

Adamantine, Silky, Pearly
Transparent, Translucent
Colourless, white, light yellow, light green
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
On {010}.
5.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CotunniteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.199 nβ = 2.217 nγ = 2.260
Measured: 67° , Calculated: 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.061
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of CotunniteHide


Crystallography of CotunniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.6222(5) Å, b = 9.0448(7) Å, c = 4.5348(4) Å
a:b:c = 0.843 : 1 : 0.501
Unit Cell V:
312.63 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Usually flattened {010} and elongated [001]. Doubly terminated with equivalent faces unequally developed. Reentrant angles may be present in the prism zone due to oscillatory combination of {210} and {110}. Massive, granular.
On {120} (artificial crystals).
Space group Pnam (non-standard setting)

Epitaxial Relationships of CotunniteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.057 Å(35)
3.890 Å(75)
3.810 Å(40)
3.579 Å(100)
2.776 Å(55)
2.510 Å(45)
2.096 Å(40)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Alteration product of galena under arid, saline conditions.

Type Occurrence of CotunniteHide

Synonyms of CotunniteHide

Other Language Names for CotunniteHide

Simplified Chinese:氯铅矿
Traditional Chinese:氯鉛礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Cotunnite associated with ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
2 photos of Cotunnite associated with PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
2 photos of Cotunnite associated with BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with GalenaPbS
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with TenoriteCuO
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
1 photo of Cotunnite associated with PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25BismocliteBiOClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CotunniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Monticelli, T., Covelli, N. (1825) Cotunnia (Piombo muriato). Prodromo della Mineralogia Vesuviana, Napoli: 1: 47-52.
Von Kobell, F. (1830) Charakteristik der Mineralien. Part 1 (1830); part 2 (1831), Nürnberg: 2: 179.
Stöber (1895) Académie royale des sciences de Belgique, Brussels, Bull.: 30(3): 345.
Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 890.
Hintze, Carl (1912) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [2B]: 2350.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 2: 193.
Lorenz and Eitel (1915) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 91: 48.
Russell, A. (1920) On the Occurrence of Cotunnite, Anglesite, Leadhillite, and Galena on Fused Lead from the Wreck of the Fire-Ship ‘Firebrand’ in Falmouth Harbour, Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine: 19(90): 64-68.
Bräkken and Harang (1928) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 68: 123.
Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 42-44.
Mineralogial Abstracts (1969) 69: 1075.
Nozik, Y.Z., Fykin, L.E., Muradyan, L.A. (1976) Crystal structure of cotunnite, PbCl2, determined more precisely by application of the neutron diffraction method. Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 21: 38-40.
Nozik, Y.Z., Fykin, L.E., Muradyan, L.A. (1976) Crystal structure of contunnite PbCl2 determined more precisely by application of the neutron diffraction method. Kristallografiya: 21: 76-79.
Semenova, T.F., Filatov, S.F., Vergasova, L.P., Petukhova, V.V., Dobroskok, T.A. (1988) Exhalation-derived cotunnite PbCl2. A new find in the USSR. Mineralogiceskij Zhurnal: 10: 92–96.
Africano, F., Van Rompaey, G., Bernard, A., Le Guern, F. (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high-temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space: 54: 275-286.

Internet Links for CotunniteHide

Localities for CotunniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Heiligenblut am Großglockner
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína kimberlite field
      • Juína
        • Sorriso river
Kaminsky, F. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Wirth, R. (2015). A primary natrocarbonatitic association in the Deep Earth. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-12.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Dare, S. A., Barnes, S. J., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2014). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Cu-Rich Ores from the McCreedy East Ni-Cu-PGE Deposit (Sudbury, Canada): Implications for the Behavior of Platinum Group and Chalcophile Elements at the End of Crystallization of a Sulfide Liquid. Economic Geology, 109(2), 343-366.
    • Thunder Bay District
Liferovich & Mitchell pers. comm. L. Horváth 2005: L. Horváth 2009
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 44.
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • Tarapacá
    • Tamarugal Province
Brent Thorne specimen. EDS analyzed by Joy Desor.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 44; J. Schlüter at al.: N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101 (2005)
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
            • Sankt Wilhelm vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Mende
        • St Etienne-du-Valdonnez
D. Gol (2009), Le Règne Minéral n°90
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Orpierre
Jean-Luc Portes collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, F. Brandstätter and R. Bayerl (2010): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (IV): Calcioandyrobertsit, Cotunnit, Gerhardtit, Khaidarkanit, Lukrahnit, Mckinstryit, Moolooit, Rhabdophan-(La), Rouait und Uricit. Lapis 35 (9), 22-27; 62 (in German).
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Freyung-Grafenau
        • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Helbra
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
No reference listed
          • Elaiochori
            • Dipseliza Mines
Branko Rieck Collection
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.
          • Passa Limani area
No reference listed
          • Sounion area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags,page 74,in genaral all discribed minerals can occur at all the slag places mentioned in this book written by Piet gelaude Piet vsn Kalmthout and Christia Rewitzer
  • South Aegean
    • Milos
      • Milos Island
Papavasiliou, K., Voudouris, P., Kanellopoulos, C., Alfieris, D., & Xydous, S. (2016) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Triades-Galana Pb-Zn-Ag-Au Intermediate-High Sulfidation Epithermal Deposit, Milos Island, Greece. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, vol. L, Proceedings of the 14th Intern. Congress, Thessaloniki, May 2016
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
      • Kolar Gold Fields
        • Central Schist Belt
Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
  • Isfahan Province
    • Nain County
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64. [Locality description in brief and mineralogical list with photographs] Bariand, P. 2003. Un apercu général sur la Minéralogie de I'Iran. Le Règne Minéral, 54: 41-51.
  • Makhtesh Ramon area (Ramon crater area)
Itamar, A. (1993): Hydrothermal alteration of quartz syenite in Shen Ramon, Israel: mineralogy, petrography and economic evaluation. Proc. Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 8th, 823-834.
Italy (TL)
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Zambonini, F. (1907): Sulla radioattività della cotunnite vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 16, 1,975-978; Soviet Physics, Crystallography, volume 21, pp. 38(1976); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 43; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58.; Balassone, G.; Petti, C.; Mondillo, N.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; de Gennaro, R.; Cappelletti, P.; Altomare, A.; Corriero, N.; Cangiano, M.; D’Orazio, L. (2019) Copper Minerals at Vesuvius Volcano (Southern Italy): A Mineralogical Review. Minerals 9, 730.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Lattanzi P. Tanelli G.,1978: Considerazioni genetiche sulla cotunnite del giacimento a pirite di Niccioleta (Toscana). 'Rend.Soc.Ital.Mineral.Petrol. 34 (1) Milano pp. 37-44 Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
          • Madonna di Fucinaia (Madonna della Fucinaia) slag heaps
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 1 (1-1992), 1-14 [1a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Raman and EDS confirmed by Joy Desor.
New Zealand
  • Waikato Region
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • Vest-Agder
    • Flekkefjord
      • Hidra (Hitterø)
Griffin W. L., Nilsen, B. & Jensen, B, B (1977): Mineralogiske undersøkelser av tinntallerkener fra Hidra-vraket. Norsk Sjøfartsmuseums Årsberetning 1976, 111-114
  • Áncash
    • Pallasca Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 44.
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019
    • Tolbachik volcano
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
        • Southern Breakthrough (South Breach)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Olginsky District
Perevoznikova, E. V., & Miroshnichenko, N. V. (2009). Tausonite and aluminum-fluorine titanite from the metamorphosed metalliferous sediments of the Triassic chert formation of the Sikhote Alin. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 3(3), 294-297.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Paramushir Island
Shevko, E. P., Bortnikova, S. B., Abrosimova, N. A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Bortnikova, S. P., Panin, G. L., & Zelenski, M. (2018). Trace Elements and Minerals in Fumarolic Sulfur: The Case of Ebeko Volcano, Kuriles. Geofluids, 2018.
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Pechina
        • Baños de Alhamilla
Rewitzer, C., Hochleitner, R. y Fehr, T. Mina Casualidad, Baños de Alhamilla, Almería, Spain (part2). Mineral Up, 5, (5), 8-36
    • Córdoba
      • Alcaracejos
Carmona Ruiz, A., Ramos Márquez, I. y Jiménez Martínez, R. (2018). Paragénesis. Revista de Mineralogía. Editor: Grup Mineralògic Català (GMC). Vol. I, Núm. 5, 2018-1. Barcelona. Pag. 7-52.
  • Asturias
Calvo Rebollar, M. y Viñals i Olia, J. (2018). Cotunnita, cumengeita, diaboleita y otros minerales secundarios de plomo y cobre en la mina "La Reixidora", Monte Bedures, Meredo, Vegadeo (Asturias). Revista de Minerales, 7 (1), 26-30.
      • Meredo
        • Bedures hill (Vidures hill)
Calvo Rebollar, M. and Viñals i Olia, J. (2018). Cotunnita, cumengeita, diaboleita y otros minerales secundarios de plomo y cobre en la mina "La Reixidora", Monte Bedures, Meredo, Vegadeo (Asturias). Revista de Minerales, 7 (1), 26-30.
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Cabo de Palos Range
Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Cotunnite, caracolite, sideronatrite and other rare secondary minerals in the "Ferruginosa" mine, Cabo de Palos, Cartagena, Murcia, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (1), 66-79.
  • Mahdia
    • Mahdia
Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
      • Falmouth
        • Falmouth Harbour
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Devon
      • Torbay
        • Torquay
No reference listed
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2007) Merehead Mineralogy - an Update. Russell Soc Newsletter, No 50, pp 17-18 (March 2007); Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanengan
          • Abersoch
Hubbard, N. & Green, D.I., 2005. Cotunnite from Penrhyn Du Mine, Gwynedd, Wales. Journal of the Russell Society, 8(2), 106-107.
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Grand Wash Cliffs
        • Bentley Mining District
          • Grand Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 190; Hill, J.M. (1914b), The Grand Gulch Mining Region, Mohave Co., AZ, USGS Bull.580: 39-58; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Mineras of AZ: 44.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mountains
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Collected by Bob Housley. SEM EDS analzyed.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Shepard, C. U. (1866). Cotunnite at Southampton lead mine (American Journal of Science, 2nd series 47:247-48).
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Victorio Mountains
Robert E Walstrom (2015) Skarn Minerals of the Victorio Mountains, Luna County, New Mexico. 36th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium p 34
Robert E. Walstrom collecdtion
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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