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Manganvesuvianite

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Formula:
Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Colour:
Deep red-brown, red, nearly black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6 - 7
Specific Gravity:
3.404 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named in 2002 by T. Arbruster, E. Gnos, R. Dixon, J. Gutzmer, C. Hejny, N. Döbelin and O. Medenbach in allusion to the dominance of Mn#3+# in the formula and its relationship to Vesuvianite. The original "manganvesuvianite" from Harstigen, Langban District, Sweden is discredited as manganoan vesuvianite. The redefined Fe#3+# analog of vesuvianite is not found at Langban.
Vesuvianite Group. The manganese 3+ analogue of Vesuvianite.


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Classification of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2000
9.BG.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination

Pronounciation of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Deep red-brown, red, nearly black
Streak:
white
Hardness:
6 - 7 on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.404 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.735 nε = 1.724
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
O dark red, E yellowish

Chemical Properties of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Formula:
Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
IMA Formula:
Ca19Mn3+Al10Mg2(SiO4)10(Si2O7)4O(OH)9

Crystallography of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/n
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.575 Å, c = 11.824 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.759
Unit Cell V:
2868.5 ų
Z:
2

Type Occurrence of ManganvesuvianiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Deep maroon red prisms up to 1.5 cm in length and as rock-forming mineral.

Synonyms of ManganvesuvianiteHide

Other Language Names for ManganvesuvianiteHide

Relationship of Manganvesuvianite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlumovesuvianiteCa19Al(Al10Mg2)Si18O69(OH)9Tet. 4/m : P4/n
CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
HongheiteCa19Fe2+Al4(Fe3+,Mg,Al)8(◻,B)4BSi18O69(O,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
MagnesiovesuvianiteCa19Mg(Al10Mg2)(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10Tet.
WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Andradite15 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Oyelite5 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Oyelite on mindat.org.
Natrolite5 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)5 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Hausmannite3 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Hausmannite on mindat.org.
Baryte2 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite2 photos of Manganvesuvianite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Poldervaartite1 photo of Manganvesuvianite associated with Poldervaartite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Manganvesuvianite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BG.XCyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Mukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05bManganiandrosite-(La){Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
9.BG.05Tawmawite{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Niigataite{CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Epidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.10Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.BG.15MacfalliteCa2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon.
9.BG.15SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2(Mn,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.25GanomalitePb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)OHex.
9.BG.30RustumiteCa10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2Mon.
9.BG.35Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10Tet.
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BG.40Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)(Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7
9.BG.45DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2FMon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ManganvesuvianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Armbruster, T. and Gnos, E. (2000a) Tetrahedral vacancies and cation ordering in low-temperature Mn-bearing vesuvianites: indication of a hydrogranet-like substitution. American Mineralogist: 85: 570-577.
Armbruster,T., E. Gnos, R. Dixon, J. Gutzmer, C. Hejny, N. Döbelin & O. Medenbach (2002): Manganvesuvianite and Tweddillite, two new Mn3+-silicate minerals from the Kalahari Manganese fields, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine: 66: 137-150.
Groat, Lee A. and Evans, R. James (2012) Crystal Chemistry of Bi- and Mn-bearing Vesuvianite from Langban, Sweden, American Mineralogist, v. 97, p. 1627-1634.

Internet Links for ManganvesuvianiteHide

Localities for ManganvesuvianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150
Jesse Crawford
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Groat, Lee A. and Evans, R. James (2012) Crystal Chemistry of Bi- and Mn-bearing Vesuvianite from Langban, Sweden, American Mineralogist, v. 97, p. 1627-1634.
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
Van King
Mineral and/or Locality  
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