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Manganese

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Formula:
Mn
Colour:
steel-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.01 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
The native element, described in 2001 without I.M.A. approval.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ManganeseHide

Notes:
Rejected by the IMA
1.AE.30

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.39.1

Physical Properties of ManganeseHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
steel-grey
Streak:
dark gey
Hardness:
6½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
7.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of ManganeseHide

Crystallography of ManganeseHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
I4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.287 Å
Unit Cell V:
248.50 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
angular grains

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.09 (100)
1.99 (80)
1.23 (60)

Synonyms of ManganeseHide

Other Language Names for ManganeseHide

Simplified Chinese:自然锰

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rhodochrosite7 photos of Manganese associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Vesuvianite2 photos of Manganese associated with Vesuvianite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Manganese associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Manganese associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Phillipsite1 photo of Manganese associated with Phillipsite on mindat.org.
Aegirine1 photo of Manganese associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05MolybdenumMoIso.
1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.AE.05TungstenWIso.
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFe
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ManganeseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kim, A.A. & Zayakina, N.V. (2001): Otechstvennaya Geologia H.5, 32-34 (in Russian); English abstract in American Mineralogist (2003): 88: 933; German abstract in Lapis (2003): 28: 30.

Internet Links for ManganeseHide

Localities for ManganeseHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Siete Vetas district
Sernageomin database 2006;Stgo de Chile
    • Copiapó Province
      • Zapallar district
Sernageomin database 2006;Stgo de Chile
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Milos Island (Melos)
KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Canterbury Region
      • Selwyn District
        • Coalgate
Carlson, J.R., Rodgers, K.A. (1974) The Coalgate Bentonite. A Ferriferrous-Beidellite Deposit from Canterbury, New Zealand. Clay Minerals: 10: 153-172.
Russia
 
  • Khakassia
    • Askizsky Rayon
      • Askiz ore district
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
A.A. Kim, N.V. Zayakina (2001) Native manganese from alkali picrites of central Aldan. Otechestvennaya Geologia, (5), 32–34 (in Russian).
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
    • Postmasburg manganese field
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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