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Specific Gravity:
7.01 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
The native element, described in 2001 without I.M.A. approval.
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Classification of ManganeseHide

Rejected by the IMA

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:

Physical Properties of ManganeseHide

dark gey
6½ on Mohs scale
None Observed
7.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of ManganeseHide

Crystallography of ManganeseHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
I4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.287 Å
Unit Cell V:
248.50 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
angular grains

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
2.09 (100)
1.99 (80)
1.23 (60)

Synonyms of ManganeseHide

Other Language Names for ManganeseHide

Simplified Chinese:自然锰

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rhodochrosite7 photos of Manganese associated with Rhodochrosite on
Vesuvianite2 photos of Manganese associated with Vesuvianite on
Quartz1 photo of Manganese associated with Quartz on
Hematite1 photo of Manganese associated with Hematite on
Phillipsite1 photo of Manganese associated with Phillipsite on
Aegirine1 photo of Manganese associated with Aegirine on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ManganeseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kim, A.A. & Zayakina, N.V. (2001): Otechstvennaya Geologia H.5, 32-34 (in Russian); English abstract in American Mineralogist (2003): 88: 933; German abstract in Lapis (2003): 28: 30.

Internet Links for ManganeseHide

Localities for ManganeseHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Siete Vetas district
Sernageomin database 2006;Stgo de Chile
    • Copiapó Province
      • Zapallar district
Sernageomin database 2006;Stgo de Chile
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Milos Island (Melos)
KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • Canterbury Region
      • Selwyn District
        • Coalgate
Carlson, J.R., Rodgers, K.A. (1974) The Coalgate Bentonite. A Ferriferrous-Beidellite Deposit from Canterbury, New Zealand. Clay Minerals: 10: 153-172.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
A.A. Kim, N.V. Zayakina (2001) Native manganese from alkali picrites of central Aldan. Otechestvennaya Geologia, (5), 32–34 (in Russian).
South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
    • Postmasburg manganese field
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
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